ВЛИЯНИЕ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКИХ И СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИХ ПРОЦЕССОВ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ИМПЕРИИ НА РАЗВИТИЕ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННОГО БАЛТИЙСКОГО ФЛОТА

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  • . .

    14 14

    21. 1649 . ., 1830. . 5.

    22. - . - . ., 1907. . 2.

    23. . . 200. . 1. . 113. 24. .- .

    ( , . . ) // . 1869. 10. . 15691650.

    25. . ., 1869. . 1: II (17681796 .).

    ., - -

    . E-mail: vap_87@inbox.ru

    About the author Alexey Blandov, PhD student, Saint Petersburg State University, Faculty of History. E-mail: vap_87@inbox.ru

    359

    . .

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    . . - , - .

    This paper explores the influence of the development processes taking

    place in the Russian Empire on the Baltic Fleet. Five periods of the Baltic Fleet development are identified. The Fleet is interpreted as a significant element of the state mechanism for defending national interests in peace and wartime.

    : , , , -

    , , . Key words: Russian Empire, Baltic fleet, politics, economics, development, na-

    tional interests. , 1703 .

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    . ., 2013. . . . 2013. . 12. . 1422.

  • 15 15

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    3. ( 1764 1856 .).

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  • 17 17

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    18 18

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    4. ( 1856 1905 .).

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  • 19 19

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  • . .

    20 20

    18561860 . - . . , . . - . . - . 1858 . - [8, . 3, . 122, . 707].

    18601861 . - . . - [9, . 1, . 14, . 1]. 1880 . - . . - [10, . 2, . 4080, . 20]. 1866 1868 . -- . . . 1882 . - - , . 1886 . - . . - [11, . 482, . 2419, . 24 .]. 1897 1898 . - . . . . - [12, . 1, . 1793, . 36 .].

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    . . - 19041905 . , -. - - .

    5. - ( 1906 1917 .).

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  • 21 21

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    1907 . - . 1908 . . - - . . . - , . - -.

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    , - . -- . 1907 . . , . 1914 . . - 19141918 ., .

  • . .

    22 22

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    , 1917 . . - - .

    1703 1917 ., - , , - - - . - , , - .

    1. . . . ., 1976. 2. : 5 . ., 1994. . 1. 3. ( ) : 2 . .,

    2004. . 1. 4. . ., 1948. 5. . . 248. . . 276. 6. - . . 205. 7. . . 283. 8. . . 541. 9. . . 410. 10. . . 151. 11. - . . 417. 12. . . . 19061914. ., 2010.

    - . , ., - - - (, . ).

    E-mail: ren1956.39@mail.ru

    About the author Prof. Evgeny Rukavishnikov, Naval Academy Military Training Centre (Kalin-

    ingrad branch), Kaliningrad. E-mail: ren1956.39@mail.ru

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