Выбор и расчет параметров системы разработки: Методические указания и задания к расчетно-графической работе

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  • -

    130404 130403

    2007

  • 2

    622.271 33.22 92 , - . ,

    - ; , .

    22.02.2007 ., 6 .. , . . , ..

    , 2007

  • 3

    ............................................................................................................................... 4 ................................................................................................ 5 - ............................................................................... 5 ............................................. 18 ................................................................................... 28 ...29

  • 4

    - , - - 130403 - 130404

    - - .

    - -, . , , - .

    -, -.

    - - , , 130403 .

  • 5

    -

    - -, 8.

    : (, ). . m, . L, . ., . , . h, . , , ( -

    1): , /3. , /3. = 2 /3.

    H,.

    . . . h = 15 . h., , h. .., .: 1) : .. = 41; . = . ( . < .);

    . = . ( . > .); 2) : .. = 16. b = 40 .

  • 6

    . , 3. . . . : 1. -

    . 2.

    . 3. ,

    . 4. (

    ). 5. . 6. . 7. :

    7.1 . 7.2 . 7.3 . 7.4 . 7.5 . 7.6 . 7.7 (-

    . 7). 8. , ,

    .

    . ,

    - , .

    - .

  • 7

    : ; . 3; . 3 . ; , .

    , . 4 , -

    , , . -

    9.

    1.

    1.1. .

    , (b = 40 ). -

    . .. h, . (. 1).

    .. () .. = (H h) (ctg . + ctg .) + b.

    () = . + 2 h ctg 16,

    . 1.2. L = L. -

    (. 2). -

    : b ()

    b = (H h) ctg .; b ()

  • 8

    b = (H h) ctg .. : b ()

    b = b + h ctg .; b ()

    b = b + h ctg .. L ()

    L = L + 2 b. L ()

    L = L + 2 b, .

  • 9

    .1. . 1:10000

    = ..=

    =

    h =

    ..=. .=

    m =

    ..=

    b=

  • 10

    b

    b

    b

    b

    L g

    L c

    L

    B

    .2. . 1:10000

  • 11

    2. 2.1. () -

    , . - , (. 3) L. ( h) m , , .

    (. 3) :

    ( ) ( ) p..

    2

    2)ctgctg(L

    bmhHm

    += .

    2.2. () (. 3) -

    :

    11

    = ,

    , . ( 4).

    . , . . 3 .

    3.

    3.1. (V.)

    , - -, (40 ) .

    , - .

  • 12

    - .

    V... (. 3) :

    ( )( ) ( )[ ] c... LhbbbhHbbV ++++= ( .. = ..); p

    ... 2

    2)(

    22

    Lhbbbbb

    hHbbb

    V

    +++++++= ( .. = .);

    V... (. 3) :

    ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) c2c2

    ... 4

    3 bhbbhbbbhHbhHbV +++++= ( .. = ..);

    ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) .

    8

    8

    6

    6

    ccc

    2cc

    cc

    2c

    ...

    bhbbhbbbbh

    bbbhHbhHbbhHbV

    +++++

    ++++=

    ( .. = .). V.. (. 3)

    V.. = V.. + V.. 3.2. (V ) V (. 3) V = V.. , . 3.

    4.

    4.1. (n.) n. (3/3)

    Vn = .

    .

    4.2. (n1)

    n1 (3/3)

  • 13

    ( ) cp1 1 nn = , 1 (-) , 1,151,65 ( 1,21,35); - n0 n.

    ( .)

    cp

    0nn= ,

    2,005,0 = . n1 .

    5. (Q)

    Q (. 3) - :

    Q = q , q 1 3 - , 120170 . 3/3. - q 120135 . 3/3.

    6. (G)

    - - V. -: , .

    (24 ) -

    : V = 1 : 4 1 : 6 . 1 : 7 -

    , - ,

  • 14

    - .

    g () g = ,

    , ( 5).

    G () -

    G = g 4 g7. ,

    . - : 42, 75, 90, 105, 110, 120, 130, 150, 180 .

    7.

    7.1. ()

    ( 1).

    7.2. (a)

    a () = R. (1,51,7),

    R. ( 6).

    - , .

    7.3. (L)

    L.min ( 6).

    L = (1,52,0) L.min, .

    L = 1,5 L.min, .

  • 15

    7.4. (V)

    V (/)

    Lh

    QV = .

    7.5. (..)

    .. () : 1) () :

    .. = .. + V, .. ( . - Q 50 , 2). 0,5 .

    - 2,5 ., 0,21 .

    V .. - .

    2) .. a. . ()

    : . = . + . max.,

    ..max .. - .

    7.6. (..)

    .. (.)

    ....

    ctgarcctg

    hh += ,

    .

  • 16

    7.7.

    h ()

    ..

    ctgctg +=

    Vh ,

    . -

    , = ..

    h (. 7).

    -, h . , 50 55 , 8 3 h 18 20 ( ): h = 19 .

    h , h' - .

    7.8.

    . :

    h', /V (/):

    ( ).// ctgctg += hV . Bp. ():

    /p. VB = . Bp. ,

    . -

    /L ():

  • 17

    /

    / Vh

    QL = ,

    .

    8. , ,

    8.1. () . 3 -

    , - Sp -

    11

    p = Sh .

    , . 3 . . .

    , Sp (. 2)

    pp LmS = .

    8.2. ()

    (. 3) -

    1 n = . A . 3, 8.1. - . . 3. A - . 3.

    8.3. (.)

    . (. 3)

    . = + , . 3.

  • 18

    8.4. (N) N (.) -

    :

    Q

    .= ,

    . , .

    ( ) : . . m = 110 . L = 2 000. .. = 60. . h = 20 . , 1. 3. (-

    1). = 2,9 /3. = 2,8 /3. = 2,0 /3, 3.1. ( 1). = 380 . -

    . . h = 15 . h , h. : 1) : . = 41; . = 41.

  • 19

    2) : . = 16. b = 40 . . -10, = 10 3. . . : 1. -

    . 2.

    . 3. ,

    . 4. (

    ). 5. . 6. . 7. :

    7.1 . 7.2 . 7.3 . 7.4 . 7.5 . 7.6 . 7.7 (-

    . 7). 8. , , .

  • 20

    1.

    1.1.

    ( = 380 ) - b = 40 .

    - . .. - h - . (. 1).

    (.) . = 2( h) ctg 41 + b = 2 (380 20)1,1504 + 40 = 868 . () = . + 2 h ctg 16 = 868 + 2203,4874 = 1 007 , 1 010 .

    1.2.

    L = L = 2 000 . : (bc): bc = ( h) ctg . = (380 20)1,1504 = 414 ; (b): bc = (H h) ctg . = 414 . : (b): b = b + h ctg . = 414 +203,4874 = 484 ; (b): b = b + h ctg . = 484 . (L): L = L + 2bc = 2 000+2414 = 2 828 . (L): L = L + 2b = 2 000+2484 = 2 968 , 2 970 .

  • 21

    2.

    2.1. () -

    :

    ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )3

    2

    p...

    2

    .364760002

    )1504,15774,0(24011020380110

    )ctgctg(2

    =

    +

    =

    += Lbmhm

    2.2. ()

    11

    = .

    ( 4) m = 110 , h = 15 . = 60 = 3 % 0,03; - = 5 % 0,05.

    9727705,0103,0136476 =

    = . 3 226 118 . , 226 120 . 77 972 . 3.

    3.

    3.1 (V.)

    V.. - (V...) (V...).

    : ( )( ) ( )[ ]

    ( ) ( ) ( )[ ] 400364000220404844142038040414pcc..

    =++++==++++= LhbbbhHbbV

    . 3.

    :

    ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( ) ( ) ( )

    ( ) 32

    2

    c2

    cc

    2c

    ..

    .92383402048441420

    484414414,3402038041420380

    341414,3

    4

    3

    =+++++=

    +++++=

    bh

    bbhbbbhHbhHbV

  • 22

    : 32344892383400364...... =+=+= VVV . 3.

    3.2. (V)

    35137097277323448.. ===VV . 3, 370 350 . 3.

    4.

    4.1. (n)

    7,497277350370

    . === Vn 3/ 3.

    4.2. (n1)

    ( ) 11 1 nn = , 1 (-) , 1,15 1,65.

    n - n

    onn= ,

    = 0,05 0,2. h,

    1 = 1,2; = 0,1.

    (n1) -

    n1 = 1,2 (10,1)4,7 = 5,1 3/3.

    5. (Q)

    ( = 10 3 ) . . -

    , q = 135 .3/3,

  • 23

    Q = 13510 = 1 350 . 3/.

    6. (G)

    -10 (g) g = = 102,90,58 = 16,82 ,

    , = 2,9 /3 = 0,58 ( 5).

    G = g 4 g 7 = 16,824 16,827 = 67,3 117,7 .

    G = 120 .

    7.

    7.1. (.)

    1.3. = 75 ( ).

    7.2. (a)

    ( )7,15,1. = Ra , . -10 R . = 12,6 , ( 6)

    ( ) 42,219,187,15,16,12 ==a . a = 21

    .

    7.3. (L)

    -10 L. min = 700 , ( 6).

    L = (1,5 2,0) L min. L = 1,5700 = 1 050 .

    7.4. (V)

    7,850501150003501

    === Lh

    QV /.

  • 24

    7.5. (.)

    .. = . + r V. G = 120 -

    . = 31,5 ( 2). r 2,5

    . 0,21 . r V = .., .. = 0,2185,7 = 18 . .. = a. a = 21 . .. = 31,5 + 21 = 52,5 .

    7.6. (.)

    ...

    ctgarcctg

    hh += ,.

    157679,3arcctg15

    2679,0155,52arcctg15

    57ctg155,52arcctg. =+=+= .

    7.7. (h)

    ..

    ctgctg +=

    Vh , /.

    , - .. = . = 60.

    9,193095,4

    7,855774,07321,3

    7,85 ==+=h , .

    (18 , - 7), h = 18 - .

    7.8

    -.

    :

  • 25

    6,773095,418)ctgctg( ../ ==+= hV , /.

    .. = 3,166,7721,0 / ==V . .

    . = a =21, a. . :

    15916,7715

    0003501

    === Vh

    QL , .

    L = 1 160 1 200 .

    8. , ,

    8.1. ()

    368043405,0103,0100022018

    11

    ==

    =

    Sh

    3 12 130 105 .

    (Sp) : Sp= m Lp = 1102000 = 220 000 2.

    = 12 000 . (4 138 . 3).

    8.2. ()

    104211,513841 === n . 3. 21 100 . 3.

    8.3. (..)

    .. = + = 4 138 + 21 100 = 25 238 . .3. 25 240 . 3.

    8.4. (N)

    7,18350124025.

    === Q

    , .

    19 , 3 .

  • 26

    . 1. . 1:10000

    =970 ..=868

    =380

    h = 20

    ..=41. .=41

    m =110

    ..=60

    b=40

    16

  • 27

    b =4

    84

    b =414

    b =484

    b =414

    L =2

    000

    g

    L=

    2826

    c L =2

    970

    b=40

    .2. . 1:10000

  • 28

    1. : / .. [ .].

    . : , 1994. 590 . 2. -

    . . : , 1970. 293 . 3. -

    . . : -, 1986. 264 .

  • 29

    1 ( )

    , .

    ,

    -

    > 80

    1.1. , 1.2. , 1.3. -,

    1520

    1520

    1520

    90

    80

    75

    7075

    6075

    5560

    6570

    5560

    5055

    , - = 880

    2.1. , - , , , . , -, , , , 2.2. , - , - (, -, .)

    1015

    1015

    7075

    6070

    5055

    3545

    4550

    3540

  • 30

    2

    II ,

    ,

    , 2730 4045 7580 110120 120150 170180 /

    7,25

    8,12

    10,25

    11,25

    11,25

    13,58

    3,48 3,79 5,36 6,10 6,10 7,64 8,7 10,2 10,5 12 16 16 :

    50 50100

    13,5 12,5

    15,0 14,0

    21,0 19,5

    24,0 22,0

    24,0 22,0

    30,0 28,0

    b.. - / -:

    23 30

    24 30

    29 37

    *: . = 4,5 + + 2,5h + b,, b : 1,5 ; 1,0 , h

    1,0

    1.0

    1,3

    1,5

    1,5

    1,75

    * . 0,5 .

  • 31

    3

    ( )

    - , .

    -, > 80

    1.1. - 1.2. ( 60) ( 15) 1.3. - - 3555 1.4. - - 2030

    55

    4045

    3045

    2030

    , - - , = 880

    2.1. - - 2.2. - 3555 2.3. - 2.4. 2030

    4045

    3040

    3035

    2030

    ,

  • 32

    4

    , %

    , 1012 1520

    ,

    - -, .

    , ,

    ,

    ,

    550

    60 60

    34 24

    46 47

    36 35

    68 57

    50

    60 60

    23 13

    36 35

    34 23

    47 36

    5

    ,

    , /3

    ,

    -

    ( -),

    , = /

    2 000 1,35 0,95 0,70

    IV 2 500 3 000

    1,50 1,55

    0,90 0,90

    0,60 0,58

    V 3 500 1,60 0,90 0,56

  • 33

    6

    - (),

    -

    , 3

    -

    ,

    ,

    --

    /

    -

    , . (-)

    5 10,3 9,0 500 1 000 10 8 12,5 12,2 600 1 200 20 10 13,5 12,6 700 1 400 40

    12,5 15,0 14,3 700 1 400 70 15 16,4 15,6

    7

    ()

    , 3

    , . 5 8 10

    30 11 15 14 45 13 18 16 60 15 20 18

  • 34

    8 -

    ---

    . ,

    mr,

    -

    , L.,

    , .., .

    . ,

    h.,

    -

    , ,

    , , /3

    ,, /3

    , , 3

    0 80 2 000 40 10 400 2,7 2,6 8 1 45 1 500 55 20 350 3,2 3,0 5 2 125 2 500 30 20 350 2,8 2,7 10 3 50 2 000 65 10 385 3,0 2,9 5 4 65 2 200 50 24 445 2,9 2,8 8 5 70 1 600 30 24 355 3,0 2,8 8 6 105 1 900 70 20 380 2,9 2,8 10 7 120 2 500 75 15 435 3,2 3,0 10 8 85 1 800 40 15 315 2,8 2,9 8 9 75 1 700 60 20 380 2,7 2,6 8

  • 35

    9

    -

    __________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

    : _________________ ____________ _____________

    () () (...) :_________________ : _______________ ____________ _____________

    () () (...)

    : ___________________

    2007

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