Обзор систем высшего образования стран ОЭСР: Система высшего образования в Ирландии

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<ul><li><p> - </p><p> ! : , , </p><p> - ( -) - . , - ? </p><p> - , - , , - , , - . </p><p> - , , - , , . - , , - . </p><p> , , , . </p><p> . . -, - - , . -, - - , - , . </p><p> . -, -</p><p> . - , -, - . </p><p>-, , - . 28 . - , - . </p><p>-, - -</p><p> 1</p></li><li><p> - </p><p>. -. </p><p>-, , , IT-. (- , , IT- , ) - . </p><p>, , ; , - , - . </p><p> -</p><p>, , - IT-. </p><p> 2000-2001 . 126 - ( , 1965 . 18,5 ) 121 - . 32 -. 60% . </p><p> . </p><p> - , - (Trinity College Dublin University, www.tcd.ie). 1, - , - . , , , , . . - . 10% (undergraduate). -, -. </p><p> ( ) (National University of Ireland, NUI). : University College Dublin ( 1908 ., -, www.ucd.ie), University College Cork (www.ucc.ie), University College Galway (www.nuigalway.ie) University College Maynooth (www.may.ie). - : -, . , - : -</p><p> 1 , - , , . </p><p> 2</p><p>http://www.tcd.ie/http://www.ucd.ie/http://www.ucc.ie/http://www.nuigalway.ie/http://www.may.ie/</p></li><li><p> - </p><p> The Royal College of Surgeons (www.rcsi.ie), (St. Patrick's College, www.spd.dcu.ie) (St. Angela's College). </p><p> , - (University of Lim-erick, www.ul.ie) (Dublin City Univer-sity, www.dcu.ie). </p><p> (www.maynoothcollege.ie, ), . </p><p> - . - , - , - , , . . </p><p> -. . , - , , - . 1992 ., - , ( -, - ), , , , -. ( - ). . 2004 . - , . </p><p> 1992 (Dublin Institute of Technology, DIT, www.dit.ie), . 22 . , -, , , , . DIT - . </p><p> - . , , , , . IT- - . </p><p> . (www.cice.ie) - (www.mic.ul.ie). - . ( - ) -. , , , . - , , (B.Ed). </p><p> 3</p><p>http://www.rcsi.ie/http://www.spd.dcu.ie/http://www.ul.ie/http://www.dcu.ie/http://www.maynoothcollege.ie/http://www.cice.ie/http://www.mic.ul.ie/</p></li><li><p> - </p><p> , , - -. Griffith College Dublin (www.gcd.ie), American College Dublin (www.amcd.ie), Portobello College Dublin (www.portobello.ie). (Dublin Business School, www.dbs.edu), . - . </p><p> -</p><p> , , : </p><p>- -; </p><p>- - IT-, ; </p><p>- ; - , -</p><p> . -</p><p> 1973 . - -. 1971 . , , - . </p><p> 1989 . . , -. 1992 - . </p><p> , 1992-, : , - . </p><p> 1995 . . : , - , - 1997. </p><p> - . , , , , , . , - 1998 . ( ) - 1999 . ( -), . </p><p> -</p><p> (http://www.education.ie/). 1971 . : -</p><p> 4</p><p>http://www.gcd.ie/http://www.amcd.ie/http://www.portobello.ie/http://www.dbs.ie/http://www.education.ie/</p></li><li><p> - </p><p>, (Higher Education Au-thority, www.hea.ie). -, , 2004 - . </p><p> - () . : </p><p>- ; - ; - </p><p>; - -</p><p>. </p><p> , - , - , , , - . , , , - , . </p><p>, -, - , , . 2004 - , , . </p><p> , , , , - , . , (National Qualifications Authority of Ireland, NQAI) . , . - - . </p><p> - -, - ( -; ), - ( , ), , ( , - ). </p><p> 90- -</p><p> - . </p><p> 1996 - ( , -</p><p> 5</p><p>http://www.hea.ie/</p></li><li><p> - </p><p> , - ), , . . </p><p> 1973 , , - -, -, . - 569 . 1973 . ( 740 . ) 9 1983 . (11 700 . ). </p><p> 1994-1999 .. - 84 . 33 . . - - (, High-Tec ). </p><p> , - , - . 90- ( , , ) - - . </p><p> - -, , - . - . </p><p> - . 1998 - - , -; : , . 1998 2004 600 . . . </p><p> : . -</p><p> 17 , - . . , - , , . , - -. </p><p> , 1,9 . - -, . 6 , , , 4 9 . </p><p> . , - (Leaving Certificate, A level). , </p><p> 6</p></li><li><p> - </p><p> , -. </p><p> 1992 . -. 1995-1996 - . 30 . 2001-2002 .. 37% -, 24%. </p><p> , , - . 650 ( 2003-2004 ..). , , . - 15 . . , - 10-15 ., - ( ) 10 . - . </p><p> , 1995 ., ( , -). - - , . , - - 250 . 1998 . 1 . 2000 . </p><p> , . , . </p><p> , - , , - , . - . , . </p><p> IT- -</p><p> . : - 5400 -</p><p> (70 . ); - -</p><p> (200 . ); - </p><p> (30 . ). High-</p><p>Tech . , Intel - , : - , - ; , Intel </p><p> 7</p></li><li><p> - </p><p>Ireland; ; ; - ( -); ; . Intel 10 . . - 1 . -. - , . </p><p> IT- 90- - . - . </p><p> , , - . </p><p> 2003 </p><p> . - - . , , , . : </p><p>- - , ; </p><p>- , -, ; </p><p>- , - ; </p><p>- . </p><p> , , - : </p><p>- , ; </p><p>- ; , - . - , , . . , , - . </p><p> - : </p><p>- , ; </p><p>- . ; </p><p> 8</p></li><li><p> - </p><p>- - ; </p><p> - . , , - . </p><p> 9</p></li></ul>

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