Строительные машины. Учебная программа и контрольные задания

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  • 290300

    2003 658.21.002.5(075) 6-573

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  • 15 : . / . . . . : - . . . -, 2003. 32 .

    . ,

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    (), 2003

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    05.02.2003

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    . . . , . , . , . . -

    . . , . : [1, c. 8 10, 60 64]; [2, c. 7 18].

    1 ? 2 ? 3 ? 4 ?

    . 5 , ?

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    . . -. . .

    . . . , , . , , .

    . . , - . .

    . . . , . .

    , . , -, , .

    : [1, c. 11 51]; [2, c. 18 53]; [1, c. 57 60]; [2, c. 62 67].

    6 ? ? . . , ?

  • 7 ? ? ? .

    8 ? ? - .

    9 ? ? 10 ? 11 ? ?

    ? - . 12 , ?

    ? 13 ? ? ? 14 ? ,

    ? . 15 ? 16 ? -

    . 17 ? ? -

    . 18 ? , ? -

    . 19 ? , ? -

    . 20 ? ? . 21 , -

    ? 22 . 23 . .

    . . -.

    . . . .

    . . . . . -

    . . : . , . . . .

    . . : [1, c. 51 57]; [2, c. 53 62].

    :

    24 . ? 25 ? . 26 , . . 27 . 28 .

    , -

    , . , , , -

    , ; (-, , ).

    , , , , -, , , .

    -.

    , , , , -, , .

    : [1, c. 64 100]; [2, c. 104 139].

  • 29 , ? - - .

    30 ? , , , .

    31 ? .

    32 , ? - .

    33 , ? . 34 ?

    . 35 ? ? 36 , -

    . 37 , ? -

    .

    . . , , ; -

    . , .

    . . , , , , -, , , -, (, , , , ) , -, , . . .

    . : [1, c. 100 147]; [2, c. 139 184].

    38 , , , , .

    39 . - , , .

    40 , . 41 , ,

    . 42 , ,

    . 43 , . 44 ,

    . 45 . -

    . 46 -

    . 47 ?

    . . .

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    , , , . - . . .

    , , , -. , , , . , . -

    , , .

    , . . . -

    , , . . . . , , , .

    : [1, c. 147 215]; [2, c. 184 279].

    48 . 49 , , -

    . 50 , . 51 , ,

    . 52 , . 53 , , , , - -

    , , , , -.

    54 . 55 . 56 . 57 , - -

    , . 58 , -

    ; . 59 , , , -

    . 60 - . 61 , . ,

    , -. 62 . 63 , -

    . 64 -

    . 65 , , , . 66 , , - ,

    . 67 . 68 , . 69 , , , ,

    - , .

    . . , , ,

    . : [1, c. 215 225]; [2, c. 260 271].

    70 . 71 . 72 , . 73 .

  • 74 , , , - -, , , .

    ,

    . . , , -

    , , , . , , .

    . , . . , , , - .

    . .

    : [1, c. 225 239]; [2, c. 288 295].

    75 , , ? . 76 , . 77 - ? -

    . 78 , .

    ,

    , ( ).

    . -.

    , , - - . , .

    . , - , , , - . - .

    , . : [1, c. 239 267]; [2, c. 288 318].

    79 , . 80 . 81 . 82 -. 83 , . 84 , . 85 . 86 . 87 , . 88 . 89 . 90 .

    . ,

    , . , , , , -, , , , , - , .

    , , , - , .

    , , . : [1, c. 267 305]; [2, c. 318 347].

    91 . 92 . 93 .

  • 94 . 95 . 96 , . 97 . 98 , . 99 - . 100 , , . 101 , . 102 , . 103 , . 104 , , . 105 , , . 106 , , . 107 . 108 , , . 109 , . 110 , . 111 , , . 112 , . 113 . 114 . 115 , . 116 . 117 , . 118 , . 119 . 120 . 121 .

    . . .

    . : [1, c. 305 314].

    122 . 123 . 124 . 125 -

    . 126 , , .

    210 297 : 30; 10 ; 20 . , , . - , , , , , .

    . , .

    1

    1 . 1, . 2.

    1 . ( 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) ( 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

  • ( , , ) (, ).

    I

    0, 1, 2, 3, 4. : , (. . 1, . 1, ).

    [4, . 56, 178 # 181, 499]: ( ); , , ; , ; ; ; . .

    5, 6, 7, 8, 9. : , ; ( ) [4, . 287 297, 489]: ( ) ; -; ; ; . .

    I I

    . N, ; n, /; ip, , .

    0. - z1 z2 (. 1, ) [7, . 106 107, 97 106]: ; - ; ; ; - ; [3, . 261]; [3, . 76], [5, . 32]; , [6, . 325, 499].

    .

    ) )

    . 1 : -: 1 ; 2 ;

    3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 6 ; 7 ; 8 : D1 = 140 , D 2 = 420 , z1 = 18; z2 = 105;

    : z1 = 18; z2 = 64; z3 = 20; z4 = 60

    1. - (. 1, ) D1 D2 >. [3, . 241, 76, 261], [5, . 164, 273]: ; (); ; ; -; ; ; ; - ( , , , ) [6, . 200 205].

    - .

    2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9. [3, . 76, 153 155]: ; - ; ( ) ; - ; ; ; [3, . 261]; [3, . 76], [5, . 92]; , [6, . 352, 493].

  • . 4, 7. [3, . 76, 186 188]: -

    , ; -; ; ; [3, . 261]; [3, . 76], [5, . 92]; , [6, . 332 334].

    .

    2

    2 . 3, . . 4.

    . - [8] (. 2):

    (. 3, 4) ; , ; ,

    .

    . 2

  • . 3 -651, -652, -652 -652: : z1 = 23; z2 = 96; : z3 = 13; z4 = 70; z5 = 78; : z6 = 15; z7 =

    15; z8 = 19; z9 = 15; z10 = 15; z15 = 24; z16 = 30; z17 = 49; z18 = 10; z19 = 79; z20 = 40; : z21 = 17; z22 = 11;

    : z23 = 10; z24 = 19; z25 = 8; t25 = 255 ; : z11 = 18; z12 = 27; : z13 = 12; z14 = 17. : D = 700 ;

    Dc = 300 ; D = 500

  • . 4 -1251, -1252 -1252: : z1 = 16; z2 = 60;

    z3 = 40; z4 = 40; z5 = 160; z6 = 23; z7 = 128; z8 = 17; z9 = 65; z10 = 40; z11 = 11; z12 = 11; z13 = 11; : z14 = 14; t14 = 50 ; t15 = 50 ;

    z16 = 20; z17 = 29; : z18 = 20; z19 = 52; z20 = 38; z21 = 38; z20 = 38; z22 = 15; z23 = 130; z24 = 14; z25 = 42; z26 = 9; z27 = 17; z28 = 10; t28 = 50 ; z29 = 12;

    z30 = 1; z31 = 24. : D = 700 ; D = 300

  • 1 .., .., .., .. : . / . .. . .: . ., 1998. 319 .

    2 .. : . - . .: . ., 1995. 400 .

    3 .. . 4- . .: . ., 1984. 336 . 4 .., .., .., .. -

    . : . ., 1978. 420 . 5 / . .. . 2- . .:

    . ., 1981. 423 . 6 .., .. . . .: .

    ., 1975. 551 . 7 .., .., .. . -

    : - . 5- . .: , 1984. 567 .

    8 - - / . .. . : , 1996. 13 .

    9 : . / . .. . : , 1994. 13 .

    10 - : . / .: .. , .. , .. , .. . : , 1991. 38 .

    11 : . . / . . . , : - . . -, 1999. 14 .

  • 1 1

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    0 --

    (. . 1, )

    = 15 %; G = 65; n = 750; H = 5; i = 5

    = 15 %; G = 50;

    n = 1000; H = 10; i = 5

    = 15 %; G = 40;

    n = 1500; H = 7,5;

    i = 5

    = 25 %; G = 30;

    n = 1000; H = 12; i = 3

    = 25 %; G = 25; n = 750; H = 15; i = 3

    = 25 %; G = 20;

    n = 1500; H = 10; i = 2

    = 25 %; G = 30;

    n = 1000; H = 5; i = 2

    = 40 %; G = 15; n = 750; H = 25; i = 2

    = 40 %; G = 40;

    n = 1500; H = 10; in = 5

    = 15 %; G = 55;

    n = 1000; H = 12; in = 5

    1 --

    (. . 1, )

    -

    2 - (. . 1, )

    -

    = 40 %; G = 60;

    n = 1000; H = 10; i = 4

    = 40 %; G = 55;

    n = 1500; H = 15; i = 4

    = 40 %; G = 45; n = 750; H = 5; i = 4

    = 40 %; G = 35; n = 950; H = 7,5;

    i = 3

    = 25 %; G = 18;

    n = 1000; H = 8; i = 2

    = 25 %; G = 15; n = 750; H = 20; i = 2

    = 25 %; G = 10;

    n = 1500; H = 14; i = 2

    = 15 %; G = 32; n = 950; H = 5; i = 3

    = 15 %; G = 28; n = 750; H = 12; i = 3

    = 15 %; G = 22;

    n = 1000; H = 16; i = 3

    . 1

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    3 - (. . 1, ) -

    4 - (. . 1, )

    z1 = 4; z2 = 40

    5 - ( )

    L = 25 - -

    = 30; = 0

    = 100; = 5

    = 70; = 10

    = 50; = 15

    = 80; = 20

    = 90; = 16

    = 110; = 12

    = 120; = 8

    = 130; = 6

    = 40; = 10

  • . 1

    -

  • 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    6 ( ) L = 50 - - -

    7 ( ) L = 15 -

    8 ( ) L = 60

    9 ( ) L = 80

    : 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 = 15 % ; n, / -; , L, - ; - , . = 25 % ; = 40% . G, ; . 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 , 3/ .

    2 1

    - - 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    0 1,20,43 2,21,44 3,22,45 4,23,46 5,24,47 6,25,48 7,26,49 8,27,50 9,28,51 10,29,52

    1 11,30,53 12,31,54 13,32,55 14,33,56 15,34,57 16,35,58 17,36,59 18,37,60 19,38,61 20,39,62

    2 21,40,63 20,39,62 19,38,61 22,41,64 23,42,65 24,43,66 25,44,67 26,45,68 27,46,69 26,45,68

    3 25,44,67 24,43,66 23,42,65 22,41,64 21,40,63 20,39,62 19,38,61 18,37,60 17,36,53 16,35,58

    4 15,34,57 14,33,56 13,32,55 12,31,54 11,30,53 10,29,52 9,28,51 8,28,40 7,27,49 6,26,48

    5 5,25,47 4,24,46 3,23,45 2,22,44 1,21,43 2,20,40 3,21,41 4,27,42 5,23,44 6,24,45

    6 7,25,46 8,26,47 9,27,48 10,28,49 11,29,50 12,30,51 13,31,52 14,32,53 15,33,54 16,34,55

    7 17,35,56 18,36,57 19,37,58 20,38,59 21,39,60 22,40,61 23,41,62 29,42,63 25,43,64 26,44,65

    8 27,45,66 25,46,67 29,47,68 30,48,69 29,46,67 28,45,66 27,44,65 28,43,64 29,42,63 24,41,62

    9 23,40,61 22,39,60 21,38,59 20,37,58 19,36,57 18,3556 17,34,55 16,33,54 15,32,53 14,31,52

    3 2

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    0 -652 -

    n = 835

    III = 90 = 120 = 60 = 90

    II = 90 = 120 = 60

    II = 90 = 120 = 60

  • 1 -1252

    n = 1500

    I = 180 = 90 = 120 = 90

    - III = 120 = 60 = 45

    II = 180 = 120 = 90

    2 -652

    n = 900

    IV = 120 = 60 = 90 = 60

    III = 180 = 150 = 90

    - I = 60 = 90 = 120

    3 -1252

    n = 1400

    IV = 120 = 180 = 150 = 130

    II

    = 180 = 90 = 120 = 45 = 80 = 60

  • . 3

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    4 -652

    n = 800

    II = 120 = 180 = 90 = 60

    I

    = 180 = 90 = 120 = 60 = 150 = 60

    5 -652 n = 950

    III = 90 = 45 = 180 = 120

    - II = 45 = 80 = 180

    III = 120 = 80 = 90

    6 -1252

    n = 1420

    IV = 180 = 120 = 60 = 120

    - IV = 90 = 120 = 60

    IV = 90 = 60 = 45

    7 -1252 n = 1300

    I = 120 = 90 = 90 = 60

    IV = 60 = 150 = 90

    IV = 60 = 90 = 120

    . 3

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    8 -652 n = 1000

    III = 60 = 180 = 150 = 45

    II = 120 = 60 = 120

    IV = 45 = 180 = 60

    9 -652 n = 1600

    IV = 90 = 150 = 120 = 180

    II = 60 = 90 = 90

    III = 120 = 150 = 180

    : 1. , 2. n , /

  • 4 2

    - - 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

    0 70,88, 106 71,89,

    107 72,90, 108

    73,91, 109

    74,92, 110

    75,93, 111

    76,94, 112

    77,95, 113

    78,96, 114

    79,97, 115

    1 80,98, 116 81,99,

    117 82,99, 118

    83,100, 119

    84,101, 120

    85,102, 121

    86,103, 122

    87,104, 123

    88,105, 124

    89,106, 125

    2 90,107, 126 89,106,

    125 88,105,

    124 87,104,

    123 86,103,

    122 84,101,

    120 85,102,

    121 83,100,

    119 82,99,

    118 81,98, 117

    3 80,97, 116 79,96,

    115 78,95, 114

    77,94, 113

    76,93, 112

    75,92, 111

    74,91, 110

    73,90, 109

    72,89, 108

    71,88, 107

    4 70,87, 106 71,88,

    107 72,89, 108

    73,90, 107

    74,91, 108

    75,92, 109

    76,93, 110

    77,94, 111

    78,95, 112

    79,96, 113

    5 80,97, 114 81,98,

    115 82,99, 116

    83,100, 117

    84,101, 118

    85,102, 119

    86,103, 120

    87,104, 121

    88,105, 122

    89,106, 123

    6 90,107, 124 91,108,

    125 92,108,

    126 91,107,

    125 90,106,

    124 89,105,

    123 88,104,

    122 87,103,

    121 86,102,

    120 85,101,

    119

    7 84,100, 118 83,99,

    117 82,98, 116

    81,97, 115

    80,96, 114

    79,97, 113

    78,96, 112

    77,95, 111

    76,94, 110

    75,93, 109

    8 74,92, 108 73,91,

    107 72,90, 106

    71,81, 105

    70,88, 104

    71,89, 105

    72,90, 106

    73,91, 107

    74,92, 108

    75,93, 109

    9 76,94, 110 77,95,

    111 78,96, 112

    77,97, 113

    78,98, 114

    79,99, 115

    80,100, 116

    81,101, 117

    82,102, 118

    83,103, 119

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