自 動 詞 と他 動 詞 70 pairs (1) 自 動 詞 (vi) Intransitive verbs (2) 他

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  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    1/8

    70 pairs

    (vi) Intransitive verbs

    A verb that does not require a direct object is an Intransitive verb. The action or state identified by an intransitive verb relates only to the subject of a sentence.

    Intransitive verbs take subjects only, and in this case the subject is the things or person experiencing or undergoing the action of the verb.

    In Japanese there is a strong tendency to view and describe an event as something happening by itself often beyond the control of an agent.

    structure [something] [Intransitive verbs]

    (The door opens.)

    (The door closes.)

    (vt) Transitive verbs

    A verb that requires a direct object is a Transitive verb. It usually expresses an action in which the activity is directed towards someone or something, as indicated by a direct object.

    Transitive verbs take subjects, and direct objects (receiver of the action marked by ).

    structure [someone or something] [object] [Transitive verb]

    (I open the door.)

    (I close the door.)

    There are three types of transitive / intransitive verbs, as described below:

    1. Absolute intransitive verbs: (used solely as intransitive verbs)

    etc.

    2. Absolute transitive verbs: (used solely as transitive verbs)

    etc.

    3. Intransitive verb / Transitive verb pairs

    THANK YOU

    WELCOME

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    2/8

    Level 1 (No. 01 10)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    1

    open

    open

    2

    close

    close

    3

    get out

    go out

    leave

    put out

    take ... out

    4

    move

    move

    5

    stop

    stop

    6

    be lighted

    go on

    turn on

    7

    go off

    turn off

    erase

    8

    change

    change

    9

    get wellbe cured

    recover form

    be healed

    cure

    heal

    10

    begin

    start

    begin

    start

    OFF

    ON

    ON

    OFF

    THANK YOU

    WELCOME

    7

    7

    1617182324253031

    1617182324253031

    1617182324253031

    7

    129

    9:0010:30

    129

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    3/8

    Level 2 (No. 11 20)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    11

    fall

    drop

    12

    audible

    can be heard

    listen

    hear

    13

    visible

    can be seen

    look

    watch

    see

    14

    be lost

    be missing

    lose

    15

    be found

    find

    16

    be decided

    decide

    17

    come in

    go in

    enter

    put ... in

    18

    boil

    boil

    heat

    19

    be bakedbe roasted

    be broiled

    be toasted

    bake

    grill

    roast

    broil

    toast

    20

    be boiled

    be cooked

    (in liquid)

    boil

    simmer

    cook

    (in liquid)

    7

    7

    1617182324253031

    1617182324253031

    7

    1617182324253031

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    4/8

    Level 3 (No. 21 30)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    21

    get broken

    break

    22

    get repaired

    repair

    23

    reach, arrive

    deliver

    24

    go up

    rise

    raise

    25

    go down

    come down

    lower

    get ... down

    26

    increase

    increase

    27

    decrease

    decrease

    28

    continuekeep on

    go on

    last

    continue

    keep on

    go on

    29

    be helped

    be rescued

    be saved

    help

    rescue

    save

    30

    turn around

    turn, spin

    AUCTION

    31503000

    Merry X'mas

    X'mas

    3000

    1000

    /35003000

    2 3 4 9 10 111617182324253031

    45

    48kg

    48kg 45kg

    7

    10111213141516171819202122232425262728293031

    Lesson

    Beignners course Intermediate course

    Windows ERROR

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    5/8

    Level 4 (No. 31 40)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    31

    be bent

    curve

    turn

    bend

    curve

    32

    be broken

    snap

    break

    snap

    33

    gather

    be collected

    gather

    collect

    34

    form line

    place in line

    35

    spill

    spill

    36

    crack

    be broken

    break

    smash

    37

    snap

    cut

    cut well

    cut

    turn off

    38

    burn

    burn

    39

    come off

    come out

    take

    40

    come off

    undone

    take off

    remove

    undo

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    6/8

    Level 5 (No. 41 50)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    41

    sell

    be in demand

    sell

    42

    gather

    assemble

    arrange

    put in order

    get ready

    43

    advance

    go forward

    advance

    put forward

    44

    be finished

    be over

    finish

    get ... over

    45

    pass

    spend

    46

    be accumulated

    accumulate

    heap up

    47

    be saved

    save

    48

    stream

    flow

    run

    let ... flow

    49

    fall down

    push ... down

    knock ... down

    50

    be torn

    rip

    tear

    tear

    break (promise)

    12

    39

    6

    12

    39

    6

    12

    39

    6

    12

    39

    6

    Beer Beer Beer Beer Beer Beer

    Beer Beer Beer Beer Beer Beer

    Beer Beer

    B

    BEER

    (causative)

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    7/8

    Level 6 (No. 51 60)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    51

    get dry

    dry

    52

    become cold

    cool

    53

    get warm

    be warmed

    warm (up)

    heat (up)

    54

    cool (down)

    get cold

    cool

    let ... cool

    55

    get dirty

    make ... dirty

    56

    get up

    wake up

    get ... up

    wake up

    57

    peel (off)

    come off

    peel

    pare

    strip

    58

    be born

    bear

    59

    be extended

    be postponed

    extend

    postpone

    60

    be caught

    catch

    7

    13 14 15 16 17 18 1920 21 22 23 24 25 2627 28 29 30 31

    13 14 15 16 17 18 1920 21 22 23 24 25 2627 28 29 30 31

    7

    13 14 15 16 17 18 1920 21 22 23 24 25 2627 28 29 30 31

    13 14 15 16 17 18 1920 21 22 23 24 25 2627 28 29 30 31

    Books

  • Meguro Language Center BP3 (201001)

    8/8

    Level 7 (No. 61 70)

    Intransitive verbs

    Transitive verbs (

    )

    61

    come off

    slip off

    take off

    remove

    62

    sleep

    go to bed

    put .... to bed

    63

    get off

    take down

    lower

    64

    grow

    be brought up

    bring up

    raise

    65

    hit

    win

    hit

    66

    be profitable

    make a profit

    67

    be transmitted

    tell

    report

    68

    grow

    get longer

    make ... longer

    lengthen

    extend

    69

    hide (oneself)

    hide

    cover

    70

    get wet

    be wet

    wet

    get .... wet

    20

    20

    3

    stock market

    stock

    stock market

    14PM

    OK!

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