- ? ASME AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL

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  • 1

    2006.11

  • 2

    1 4 2 4 3 4 3.1 4 3.2 5 3.3 5 4 6 4.1 6 4.2 8 4.3 9 4.4 11 4.5 12 4.6 13 5 13 5.1 13 5.2 14 5.3 14 5.4 15 5.5 15 5.6 15 6 15 6.1 15 6.2 16 6.3 17 6.4 17 6.5 18 6.6 18 6.7 19 6.8 19 6.9 20 7 20 7.1 20 7.2 20 7.3 21 7.4 22 7.5 23 7.6 23 7.7 23 8 24 8.1 24 8.2 24 8.3 26 8.4 26 8.5 26

  • 3

    8.6 27 8.7 27 8.8 28 8.9 28 9 28 9.1 28 9.2 29 9.3 29 10 29 10.1 29 10.2 30 10.3 30 11 31 11.1 31 11.2 31 11.3 31 11.4 31 11.5 32 11.6 32 11.7 32 11.8 34 11.9 35 11.10 36 11.11 37 12 38 12.1 38 12.2 38 12.3 38 12.4 40 12.5 42 12.6 43 13 43 13.1 43 13.2 44 14 44 14.1 44 14.2 45 14.3 46 15 46 15.1 47 15.2 48 15.3 51

  • 4

    1

    2

    3 GB GB

    GB/T

    3.1

    GB(GB/T) JB(JB/T) HG(HG/T) HGJ H CD TC(CADC) SH SHJ(SYJ) SHB- Z SYJ NDGJ JGJ FJJ EJ JJG ZBY ZBN JB/YQ ISO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZITION FOR

    STANDARDIZATION IEC INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISION ISA INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA API AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE ANSI AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE ASME AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL

    ENGINEERS NEPA NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION

    ASSOCIATION

  • 5

    NEC NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE NEMA NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURES

    ASSOCIATION DIN DEUTSCHE INDUSTRIE NORM BS BRITISH STANDARDS JIS JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS

    3.2

    (GBJ500932002) (GBJ 13190) (SH35211999) (SYJ400584) GB50254-96 (GB 5016992) HG2013493 (JB/T 523491) (GB 5023597) (GB 5023698) (SH3501-2002) HGJ22991 (GB50166-92) (GB50348-2004) (HGJ 7190) ( 2.0)

    3.3

    (GB262581) (HG2050592) Instrumentation Symbols and Identification (SHB-Z02-95

    ISA S5.184) Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations

    (SHB-Z03-95 ISA S5.281) Graphic Symbols for Distributed Control/Shared Display Instrumentation, Logic and Co

    mputer Systems /(SHB-Z04-95 ISA S5.3)

    Instrument Loop Diagrams (SHB-Z05-95 ISA S5.4) Graphic Symbols for Process Displays (ISA S5.5) (JB/T553991) Process Measurement Control Function and Instrumentation Symbolic Representation

    ISO3511 Recommended Graphical Symbols Part 15: Binary Logic Elements

    (IEC 117-15) Graphic Symbols for Logic Diagrams (two state devices) (

    ) (ANSI Y32.14) Symbolic Representation for Process Measurement Control Functions and Instrumentat-

    ion (BS 1646)

  • 6

    Bildzeichen f r messen, steuern, regeln: Allgemeine bildzeichen. (DIN 19228)

    (JIS Z8204) (GB 726087) GB10086 GB336882 GB/T1328391 HGJ51687 TC50B184 TC50B288 HGJ51791 ZBY00281 ZBY00384 SH350599 GB479284

    4

    4.1

    PLC

    DCS

    FCS

    SCS

  • 7

    PLCDCS

    FCS /

    2 4 8 PIDPID

    PLC

    A/D CRT

  • 8

    DCS CRT

    20 DCS FCS

    21

    4.2

    1.5% 1.5

  • 9

    63.2%

    5% 95%

    5%

    TPEToal Probable Error

    MTTRMTBFMTBF

    +100%

    MTBF MTTR

    4.3

    1

    /0.020.1 MPa / 4 20mA DC 1 5 V DC 0 10mA DC 0 10mA DC

    2

  • 10

    220V10% 110 V10% 24V5%

    50Hz 10% 0.2s

    5%1% DCS AB

    220V AC5%A220V AC7%B 500.2Hz (A) 500.5Hz (B) 5% 220V AC2%UPS 5 10msUPS 24 V1% UPS

    1.21.5

    DCS ESD PLC

    2 140kpa/140 260Kpa

    350 550 Kpa 500 800 Kpa 300 500 Kpa

    10%

  • 11

    H2SSO2

    U

    Qs=Qc2+(0.10.3) Qs: QcNm3/n 0.10.3

    4.4

    DCS

  • 12

    PLC PLC

    4.5

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    PH 6

    7

    8

    9

    PH 10

    11

  • 13

    12

    4.6

    1

    4 1 10 1 2

    3

    4 5

    5

    5.1

  • 14

    5.2

    5.3

  • 15

    QC ,

    5.4

    5.5

    5.6

    6

    6.1

    1.2m

    DCSPLC(FCS)

  • 16

    DCSPLCFCS

    :

    A B C

    D UPS E F G H

    I

    PLSDCSFCS :

    A

    B C

    A B C D

    PC

    PLCDCSFCS DIP

    PLCDCSFCS

    6.2

    DCSPLCFCS

    10o

  • 17

    4 ,:

    A B C

    I/O

    6.3

    1.5 10 80mm 45O 250mm

    6.4

    1.8

  • 18

    6.5

    20m

    5

    ZVX2V

    45o

    5

    6.6

    2/1000,,, 2mm

    5/1000

    300mm

  • 19

    1m

    GB4792 60 137

    6.7

    DCS

    45o

    45o

    6.8

  • 20

    1.02.0mm

    6.9

    (P&ID)

    200mm

    300mm

    7

    7.1

    ()

    ,58

    2/3

    50

    7.2

  • 21

    () 40% 1.5

    9060

    1/2

    30m 270 30m

    250mm

    2m 300mm U

    7.3

    A B C

    1.01.5m

    200mm

  • 22

    150mm

    A 500mm B 1.5m

    20 8m

    7.4

    A 100mm

    B , 1m C ,

    A B

    C

    6

    D

  • 23

    0.45m E

    7.5

    4

    5.0m1

    7.6

    () 500V

    5M 100V 5M

    ()

    7.7

    1520mm

  • 24

    8

    8.1

    HGT21581-95

    15m.

    50mm 150mm

    8.2

    10Mpa A

  • 25

    B C

    D E

    2mm

    1101100

    3

    1mm

  • 26

    8.3

    142 2mm

    183

    8.4

    10Mpa GB50235

    4050 0.51.0mm

    1.52.0mm

    5%

    0.3mm

    0.2mm.

    8.5

    SH3501 SHA

    10.0Mpa SHB

    ABA

    A B

  • 27

    C SHA SHB 5%

    D SHA 10%SHB 5%

    1.5 5min

    SHA

    20mm

    8.6

    40m 10m

    A B C D

    8.7

  • 28

    8.8

    U 1.01.5m 1.52m

    8.9

    1.6Mpa

    1.15 5 1%

    1.25 5 25mg/L

    1.5 1.52

    5

    9

    9.1

  • 29

    9.2

    3

    60 0

    8

    9.3

    0.50.7Mpa

    1.5

    1.52 1.15 5min

    0.16Mpa

    0.1Mpa 5min

    10

    10.1

    A 12mm 200mm

    B C D

  • 30

    800mm

    1.5

    10.2

    223183142

    20mm

    10.3

    500V

    1M

    100mm

  • 31

    11

    11.1

    1/3 5 3

    A B

    C

    A B C 1/2 D E F

    11.2

    2 10%

    100% mV/

    48121620mA

    11.3

    0.1Mpa 0.1Mpa

    11.4

    Verabar

  • 32

    11.5

    0%25%50%75%100% 48121620mA

    500V 10M

    NO

    NC

    11.6

    1010%

    0.1Mpa

    61 81 025%50%

    75%100% 20406080100kPa

    A B

    C

    050%100% 20 kPa 1.5

    D

    11.7

    A B

    A 24V5%

  • 33

    B 0600 C 420mA 15V

    025%50%75%100% 48121620mA

    A 025%50%75%100%

    B 35mA C 35V

    VI A VO

    0.5% B

    0.5% C 1% 0

    VI(V) (%) VO(V) (%) (ms) 1.000 0.00 1.000 0 1.040 1.00 1.400 10 1000 1.250 6.25 2.000 25 400 2.000 25.00 3.000 50 200 3.250 56.25 4.000 75 133 5.000 100.00 5.000 100 100

    VO=kVIVp+VbVpVb

    A 0.5% B 50%

    0.5% C 0 0 0.3

    3.0 00.5% 1 100%100%1%

    D 0 1.01.52.0 050%100% 0.5%

    VO k

    VI

    1.0 1.5 2.0

    1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 3.000 3.000 4.000 5.000 5.000 5.000

    A V1V2V3V4

  • 34

    1V 10.004V B V1V2V3V4

    5V 50.004V C V1V2V3V4

    0.5%

    A 1.002.003.004.005.00V 025%50%75%100%0.5%

    B 0.5% C - 50%

    0.5% D

    321mA E 4mA 20mA 100s

    6s F 050%100% 4

    1220mA3% G

    -- 050%100% 10%50%90%0.5%

    H P20% I I50% J D K PID

    PID PID

    P I D LC 50%100% 15 0 FC 90%120% 15 0 TC 100%200% 510 520 PC 90%100% 15 0

    11.8

    5

  • 35

    25%50%75%

    0.35MPa 0.35MPa

    0.35MPa 1

    Ml/min

    DN25 0.15 1 DN 40 0.30 2 DN 50 0.45 3 DN 65 0.60 4 DN 80 0.90 6 DN 100 1.70 11 DN 150 4.00 27 DN 200 6.75 45 DN 250 11.10 DN 300 16.00 DN350 21.60 DN 400 28.40

    1% 10

    11.9

    /

    A 0

    B 100m

    C

  • 36

    A

    B

    C 050%100%

    5%

    A 0 1.0mm

    B

    C D

    25%50%75%100%5%

    A B

    C

    D

    5% 020000H z

    A

    B C 00

    D 100Hz

    E 025%50%75%

    100%120% 0.2%

    11.10

    PH

  • 37

    11.11

    PC

    A B C D E F PC

    G

    H PID

    I

    J

    A

    B

    C D 4 mA

    20mA

  • 38

    12

    12.1

    , A B C D E . DCSPLCFCS

    /

    PLCDCSFCS

    PLCDCSFCS

    12.2

    CRT PV

    22

    22

    1 )()()( nAAAB ++= L : B A1An 0%25%50%75%100%

    0%50%100%

    12.3

    1

  • 39

    2 OFF 3

    4 UPS OFF UPS

    220VAC10%50HZ2% 5 OFF ON

    2205%VACA 2205%VACB

    ON

    CPU I/O

    6

    7 Microsoft Windows

    //

    CPU 5

    PV ACS

    8 I/O I/O

    I/O

    CRT () CRT CRT

  • 40

    PID

    I/O

    DI CRT

    9 CPU CPU CPU

    CPU CPU CPU CPU

    CPU I/O

    I/O

    12.4

    DI

    PID

    1

    + -

    DCS I/O

    mA DCS

  • 41

    1/2 0%50%100%100%50%0% CRT

    2

    0%50%100%

    100%50%0% CRT

    3

    DCS I/O

    DCS

    DCSI/O

    DCS

    0%50%100%100%50%0% CRT

    4

    DCSI/O

    DCS

    I/P

    mA

    0%50%100%100%50%0%

    5

    DCSI/O

    DCS

  • 42

    CRT

    6

    DCSI/O

    DCS

    7

    mA

    DCSI/O

    DCS

    1/2 0%25%50%75%100%100%75%50%25%0% CRT

    8 ,,

    ()

    12.5

  • 43

    12.6

    I/O

    ()

    A B C D E

    A B C D

    13 48h

    13.1

  • 44

    13.2

    PLCDCSFCS

    14

    14.1

    68 125140160mm 125140160mm 125140160mm 5 140180mm 0.51.5mm2 1 4 1

    150450mm 88112mm

    1

    2

    612 6 6 16

    418 18 6810 617

    "2

    1 1"

    211

  • 45

    68 13 12 6 6 6 6 6 6 M16 26mm M16 26mm 1501000mm 2m5m 3050100m 150300mm

    0250.01mm 1.532 0.51kg 0.5kg 812 612 1/23/4 20w75w100w 100550v

    14.2

    12.5100mm 90o120o

    2060=23mm 15MPa 400 100125 613 616 628 30 0.52t 35 Km 100V250v500v

  • 46

    T510 1003001000m 30-500200-760 0550250A 7m

    14.3

    Fluke F744 Fluke F112 Fluke F-718 Fluke 700LTP

    700PTP 700HTP

    Fluke 700 700

    Fluke F705 F712 F714 Hart 275375 Fluke HYDRA - 30011000C10C -323020C0.10C 7 TK32 0.05 16Mpa060Mpa 0.35 01000kPa 0.6Mpa 00.1mPa0.5 01MHz

    50mV/cm 2500kHz 150mV/cm

    020V, 1200kHz 5A 24DCV 1000W

    15

  • 47

    15.1

    1

    2

    3 DCSPLCFCS I/O CRTUPS

    I/O

    I/O

    I/O

    CRT 23 CPU

    CRT

  • 48

    CRT

    RS232C 15mRS422RS485 1.2km

    UPS UPS UPS

    UPS UPS

    UPS UPS

    UPS UPS

    040 10/h

    40%70%

    15.2

    1

  • 49

    2

    /

    3

    4

  • 50

    TTL

    5

    DCSPLCFCS

    6

    7

    8

    220V

    TTL 9

    10

    A B 1 n10

  • 51

    C

    11

    15.3

    1

    PID

    2

    PID

    3

  • 52

    PID 4

    PID

    5

  • 53

    KCL

    KCL

    24h

    6 DCSPLCFCS windows

    DCSPLCFCS 1250000h

    I/O

    34

  • 54

    I/O I/O I/O

    1 2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6

    5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6

    6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9

    7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7

    8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9

    9 9.1 9.2 9.3

    10 10.1 10.2 10.3

    11 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11

    12 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6

    13 13.1 13.2

    14 14.1 14.2 14.3

    15 15.1 15.2 15.3