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1 2006.11 2 1 4 2 4 3 4 3.1 4 3.2 5 3.3 5 4 6 4.1 6 4.2 8 4.3 9 4.4 11 4.5 12 4.6 13 5 13 5.1 13 5.2 14 5.3 14 5.4 15 5.5 15 5.6 15 6 15 6.1 15 6.2 16 6.3 17 6.4 17 6.5 18 6.6 18 6.7 19 6.8 19 6.9 20 7 20 7.1 20 7.2 20 7.3 21 7.4 22 7.5 23 7.6 23 7.7 23 8 24 8.1 24 8.2 24 8.3 26 8.4 26 8.5 26 38.6 27 8.7 27 8.8 28 8.9 28 9 28 9.1 28 9.2 29 9.3 29 10 29 10.1 29 10.2 30 10.3 30 11 31 11.1 31 11.2 31 11.3 31 11.4 31 11.5 32 11.6 32 11.7 32 11.8 34 11.9 35 11.10 36 11.11 37 12 38 12.1 38 12.2 38 12.3 38 12.4 40 12.5 42 12.6 43 13 43 13.1 43 13.2 44 14 44 14.1 44 14.2 45 14.3 46 15 46 15.1 47 15.2 48 15.3 51 41 2 3 GB GB GB/T 3.1 GB(GB/T) JB(JB/T) HG(HG/T) HGJ H CD TC(CADC) SH SHJ(SYJ) SHB- Z SYJ NDGJ JGJ FJJ EJ JJG ZBY ZBN JB/YQ ISO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZITION FOR STANDARDIZATION IEC INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISION ISA INSTRUMENT SOCIETY OF AMERICA API AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE ANSI AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE ASME AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS NEPA NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION 5NEC NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE NEMA NATIONAL ELECTRICAL MANUFACTURES ASSOCIATION DIN DEUTSCHE INDUSTRIE NORM BS BRITISH STANDARDS JIS JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARDS 3.2 (GBJ500932002) (GBJ 13190) (SH35211999) (SYJ400584) GB50254-96 (GB 5016992) HG2013493 (JB/T 523491) (GB 5023597) (GB 5023698) (SH3501-2002) HGJ22991 (GB50166-92) (GB50348-2004) (HGJ 7190) ( 2.0) 3.3 (GB262581) (HG2050592) Instrumentation Symbols and Identification (SHB-Z02-95 ISA S5.184) Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations (SHB-Z03-95 ISA S5.281) Graphic Symbols for Distributed Control/Shared Display Instrumentation, Logic and Computer Systems /(SHB-Z04-95 ISA S5.3) Instrument Loop Diagrams (SHB-Z05-95 ISA S5.4) Graphic Symbols for Process Displays (ISA S5.5) (JB/T553991) Process Measurement Control Function and Instrumentation Symbolic RepresentationISO3511 Recommended Graphical Symbols Part 15: Binary Logic Elements (IEC 117-15) Graphic Symbols for Logic Diagrams (two state devices) () (ANSI Y32.14) Symbolic Representation for Process Measurement Control Functions and Instrumentat-ion (BS 1646) 6Bildzeichen f r messen, steuern, regeln: Allgemeine bildzeichen. (DIN 19228) (JIS Z8204) (GB 726087) GB10086 GB336882 GB/T1328391 HGJ51687 TC50B184 TC50B288 HGJ51791 ZBY00281 ZBY00384 SH350599 GB479284 4 4.1 PLC DCS FCS SCS 7 PLCDCS FCS / 2 4 8 PIDPID PLC A/D CRT 8 DCS CRT 20 DCS FCS 21 4.2 1.5% 1.5 9 63.2% 5% 95% 5% TPEToal Probable Error MTTRMTBFMTBF+100% MTBF MTTR 4.3 1 /0.020.1 MPa / 4 20mA DC 1 5 V DC 0 10mA DC 0 10mA DC 2 10 220V10% 110 V10% 24V5% 50Hz 10% 0.2s 5%1% DCS AB 220V AC5%A220V AC7%B 500.2Hz (A) 500.5Hz (B) 5% 220V AC2%UPS 5 10msUPS 24 V1% UPS 1.21.5 DCS ESD PLC 2 140kpa/140 260Kpa350 550 Kpa 500 800 Kpa 300 500 Kpa10% 11 H2SSO2 U Qs=Qc2+(0.10.3) Qs: QcNm3/n 0.10.3 4.4 DCS 12 PLC PLC 4.5 1 2 3 4 5 PH 6 7 8 9 PH 10 11 13 12 4.6 1 4 1 10 1 2 3 4 5 5 5.1 145.2 5.3 15 QC , 5.4 5.5 5.6 6 6.1 1.2m DCSPLC(FCS) 16 DCSPLCFCS : A B C D UPS E F G H I PLSDCSFCS : A B C A B C D PC PLCDCSFCS DIP PLCDCSFCS 6.2 DCSPLCFCS 10o 17 4 ,: A B C I/O 6.3 1.5 10 80mm 45O 250mm 6.4 1.8 186.5 20m 5 ZVX2V 45o 5 6.6 2/1000,,, 2mm 5/1000 300mm 19 1m GB4792 60 137 6.7 DCS 45o 45o 6.8 20 1.02.0mm 6.9 (P&ID) 200mm 300mm 7 7.1 () ,58 2/3 50 7.2 21() 40% 1.5 9060 1/2 30m 270 30m 250mm 2m 300mm U 7.3 A B C 1.01.5m 200mm 22 150mm A 500mm B 1.5m 20 8m 7.4 A 100mm B , 1m C , A B C 6 D 23 0.45m E 7.5 4 5.0m1 7.6 () 500V 5M 100V 5M () 7.7 1520mm 24 8 8.1 HGT21581-95 15m. 50mm 150mm 8.2 10Mpa A 25B C D E 2mm 1101100 3 1mm 268.3 142 2mm 183 8.4 10Mpa GB50235 4050 0.51.0mm 1.52.0mm 5% 0.3mm0.2mm. 8.5 SH3501 SHA 10.0Mpa SHB ABA A B 27C SHA SHB 5% D SHA 10%SHB 5% 1.5 5min SHA 20mm 8.6 40m 10m A B C D 8.7 28 8.8 U 1.01.5m 1.52m 8.9 1.6Mpa 1.15 5 1% 1.25 5 25mg/L 1.5 1.52 5 9 9.1 299.2 3 60 0 8 9.3 0.50.7Mpa 1.5 1.52 1.15 5min 0.16Mpa 0.1Mpa 5min 10 10.1 A 12mm 200mm B C D 30 800mm 1.5 10.2 223183142 20mm 10.3 500V 1M 100mm 3111 11.1 1/3 5 3 A B C A B C 1/2 D E F 11.2 2 10% 100% mV/ 48121620mA 11.3 0.1Mpa 0.1Mpa 11.4 Verabar 3211.5 0%25%50%75%100% 48121620mA 500V 10M NONC 11.6 1010% 0.1Mpa 61 81 025%50%75%100% 20406080100kPa A B C 050%100% 20 kPa 1.5 D 11.7 A B A 24V5% 33B 0600 C 420mA 15V 025%50%75%100% 48121620mA A 025%50%75%100% B 35mA C 35V VI A VO 0.5% B 0.5% C 1% 0 VI(V) (%) VO(V) (%) (ms) 1.000 0.00 1.000 0 1.040 1.00 1.400 10 1000 1.250 6.25 2.000 25 400 2.000 25.00 3.000 50 200 3.250 56.25 4.000 75 133 5.000 100.00 5.000 100 100 VO=kVIVp+VbVpVb A 0.5% B 50% 0.5% C 0 0 0.33.0 00.5% 1 100%100%1% D 0 1.01.52.0 050%100% 0.5% VO k VI1.0 1.5 2.0 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 3.000 3.000 4.000 5.000 5.000 5.000 A V1V2V3V4 341V 10.004V B V1V2V3V4 5V 50.004V C V1V2V3V4 0.5% A 1.002.003.004.005.00V 025%50%75%100%0.5% B 0.5% C - 50% 0.5% D 321mA E 4mA 20mA 100s 6s F 050%100% 41220mA3% G -- 050%100% 10%50%90%0.5% H P20% I I50% J D K PID PID PID P I D LC 50%100% 15 0 FC 90%120% 15 0 TC 100%200% 510 520 PC 90%100% 15 0 11.8 5 35 25%50%75% 0.35MPa 0.35MPa 0.35MPa 1 Ml/min DN25 0.15 1 DN 40 0.30 2 DN 50 0.45 3 DN 65 0.60 4 DN 80 0.90 6 DN 100 1.70 11 DN 150 4.00 27 DN 200 6.75 45 DN 250 11.10 DN 300 16.00 DN350 21.60 DN 400 28.40 1% 10 11.9 / A 0 B 100m C 36 A B C 050%100% 5% A 0 1.0mm B C D 25%50%75%100%5% A B C D 5% 020000H z A B C 00 D 100Hz E 025%50%75%100%120% 0.2% 11.10 PH 37 11.11 PC A B C D E F PC G H PID I J A B C D 4 mA 20mA 3812 12.1 , A B C D E . DCSPLCFCS / PLCDCSFCS PLCDCSFCS 12.2 CRT PV 22221 )()()( nAAAB ++= L : B A1An 0%25%50%75%100% 0%50%100% 12.3 1 39 2 OFF 3 4 UPS OFF UPS 220VAC10%50HZ2% 5 OFF ON 2205%VACA 2205%VACB ON CPU I/O 6 7 Microsoft Windows // CPU 5 PV ACS 8 I/O I/O I/O CRT () CRT CRT 40PID I/O DI CRT 9 CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU I/O I/O 12.4 DI PID 1 + - DCS I/O mA DCS 41 1/2 0%50%100%100%50%0% CRT 2 0%50%100%100%50%0% CRT 3 DCS I/O DCS DCSI/O DCS 0%50%100%100%50%0% CRT 4 DCSI/O DCS I/P mA 0%50%100%100%50%0% 5 DCSI/ODCS 42 CRT 6 DCSI/ODCS 7 mA DCSI/ODCS 1/2 0%25%50%75%100%100%75%50%25%0% CRT 8 ,, () 12.5 43 12.6 I/O () A B C D E A B C D 13 48h 13.1 44 13.2 PLCDCSFCS 14 14.1 68 125140160mm 125140160mm 125140160mm 5 140180mm 0.51.5mm2 1 4 1 150450mm 88112mm 1 2 612 6 6 16 418 18 6810 617 "21 1"211 45 68 13 12 6 6 6 6 6 6 M16 26mm M16 26mm 1501000mm 2m5m 3050100m 150300mm 0250.01mm 1.532 0.51kg 0.5kg 812 612 1/23/4 20w75w100w 100550v 14.2 12.5100mm 90o120o 2060=23mm 15MPa 400 100125 613 616 628 30 0.52t 35 Km 100V250v500v 46 T510 1003001000m 30-500200-760 0550250A 7m 14.3 Fluke F744 Fluke F112 Fluke F-718 Fluke 700LTP 700PTP 700HTP Fluke 700 700 Fluke F705 F712 F714 Hart 275375 Fluke HYDRA - 30011000C10C -323020C0.10C 7 TK32 0.05 16Mpa060Mpa 0.35 01000kPa 0.6Mpa 00.1mPa0.5 01MHz 50mV/cm 2500kHz 150mV/cm 020V, 1200kHz 5A 24DCV 1000W 15 47 15.1 1 2 3 DCSPLCFCS I/O CRTUPS I/O I/O I/O CRT 23 CPU CRT 48 CRT RS232C 15mRS422RS485 1.2km UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS UPS 040 10/h 40%70% 15.2 1 49 2 / 3 4 50 TTL 5 DCSPLCFCS 6 7 8 220VTTL 9 10 A B 1 n10 51 C 11 15.3 1 PID 2 PID 3 52 PID 4 PID 5 53 KCL KCL 24h 6 DCSPLCFCS windows DCSPLCFCS 1250000h I/O 34 54 I/O I/O I/O 1 2 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 6 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 7 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 8 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 9 9.1 9.2 9.3 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 11 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.9 11.10 11.11 12 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 13 13.1 13.2 14 14.1 14.2 14.3 15 15.1 15.2 15.3