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<ul><li><p> 0 </p></li><li><p> 1 </p><p> W </p><p>WK </p><p>K </p><p> ? ? ??</p><p>K </p><p>K </p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 2 </p><p>K K </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>K K K K </p><p>K K K </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>L(Decimal System) K L(Binary System)K K K K </p><p>K K K </p></li><li><p> 3 </p><p>K K K (BCD)K )(BCDK BCD) (K K </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>W (Logic states) W ")+ve "(Positive Logic K W ")-ve "(Negative Logic </p><p>K (W5101-3E) K . (Logic Gate) K </p><p>?(AND gate) ? K </p><p>(AND)K (AND) K </p><p>(AND) FWE(AND) FWE(AND) </p><p>??)(OR gate </p></li><li><p> 4 </p><p>(OR)K (OR)K </p><p>FWE(OR)K FWE(OR)K </p><p>)(NOT gateK NOT)(K </p><p>(NOT)K FWE(NOT)K </p><p>NAND gate)(K (NAND)K </p><p>FWE(NAND)K FWE(NAND)K </p><p>NOR gate)(K NOR)(K </p><p>FWE(NOR)K FWE(NOR)K </p><p>??(Exclusive OR gate)K (EXOR)K </p><p>FWE(EXOR)K FWE(EXOR) K </p><p>??)EXNOR(K (EXNOR)K </p><p>FWE(EXNOR)K FWE(EXNOR)K </p><p>K K </p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p> K </p><p>K </p><p>K K </p><p>K Half Adder "H.A") (K </p><p>)Carry(K FWE(Half Adder) K </p><p>(Half Subtract "H.S") K )(DK (B)K </p><p>FWE(Half Subtract) K (Digital Comparator)K </p><p>FWE(Digital Comparator) (Multiplexer)K </p><p>FWE(Multiplexer) K (Demultiplexer) K </p><p>FWE(Demultiplexer) K K </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>(Flip-flop)K </p></li><li><p> 6 </p><p>K K K J(S-R) K </p><p>FWE(S-R) K J(S-R) K </p><p>FWE(S-R) K JD)(K </p><p>FWE(D) K J(J-K)K </p><p>FWE(J-K) K K </p><p> (Registers and Counters)K </p><p>K K </p><p>W(Registers) K J)SISO (K J(SIPO) K FWEK W )(CountersK K K FWEK K </p></li><li><p> 7 </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>K (ROM) K (RAM) K 64)-Bit) K (7489) K FWE(RAM) K K </p><p> ) (MicrocontrollerK </p><p>K K </p><p> JK K K K K . K JK K K K </p></li><li><p> 8 </p><p>FWE(LED)K K </p><p> K </p><p>K K </p><p>(OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER) K K K FEK K FWEK (Inverting Amplifier)K FWEK K FWEK )Summing Amplifier(K FWE)(Summing AmplifierK FE )Difference Amplifier(K K )(ComparatorK K FWEK K </p></li><li><p> 9 </p><p>W </p><p>K </p><p>??</p><p>K </p><p>K </p><p>/ falaqeel@tvtc.gov.sa </p></li><li><p> 10 </p><p> W </p><p>K </p><p>W W JK JK JK J(RAM)K JK JK </p><p>W </p><p>FEW KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFE </p><p>KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKKKKKE KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKE KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKKKKE </p><p>KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKE KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKE KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKE KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKE </p><p>KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKFKKKKKKKKKKKE </p></li><li><p> 11 </p><p> W </p><p>W JK JK J J(RAM)K J J </p><p>W W </p><p> JK JK JK JK JK </p><p>W JFE J J J </p></li><li><p> 12 </p><p> W </p><p>W </p><p> Safety Signs </p><p>KW </p><p>. K . K . K . K </p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 13 </p><p> W </p><p>WARNING </p><p>Risk of danger hazard ahead Yellow background with </p><p>black border </p><p>PROHIBITION </p><p>Stop/must not Red on white background </p><p> L </p><p>MANDATORY </p><p>Must obey Blue background with white symbol </p><p>SAFE WAY TO GO </p><p>Safe condition Green background with white </p><p>symbol </p></li><li><p> 14 </p><p> W </p><p>L </p><p> JK JK JK JK JFEK </p><p> L </p><p> JK JK JK JK JK JK </p><p> L </p><p> J?? (AND Gate) K J??OR Gate)(K JNOT Gate) (K J(NANAD NOR XOR XNOR) K JK </p></li><li><p> 15 </p><p> L </p><p> JK JK JK JK JK </p><p>L </p><p> JFlip Flop) (K JK JK J(S R) K J(S R) K JD) (K JJ K) (K JK </p><p> L </p><p> JK J(SISO) K J (SIPO)K JK JK </p></li><li><p> 16 </p><p> L </p><p> JFEK JRAM) (K J(ROM) K </p><p> L( Microcontroller) </p><p> JMicrocontroller) (K JK J(Microcontroller) K JK JK J(LED) K JK JK JK </p><p>L </p><p> JK JK JK JK JK JK JK </p></li><li><p> 17 </p><p> W </p><p> F</p><p>KKKE </p><p>W JFE </p><p>K K </p><p>KK</p></li><li><p> 18 </p></li><li><p> 19 </p><p> W </p><p> W </p><p>LK LK LK L</p><p>K </p><p>W K </p><p>FE W </p><p> KK (Data Show) K </p><p>W K </p></li><li><p> 20 </p><p> W </p><p>W </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p></li><li><p> 21 </p><p>L </p><p>L K </p><p>L K</p><p>L K </p><p>LK </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>LK</p><p>LK</p></li><li><p> 22 </p><p>W )(Chip</p><p>WK</p><p>(pins)(IC)K</p><p>K</p><p>K </p><p>W L LK </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L K </p><p>L W </p><p> K </p><p> K </p></li><li><p> 23 </p><p> W </p><p>L K </p><p>L K</p><p>K </p><p>L </p><p>K </p><p>W W </p><p>FnsEF JE</p><p>(TTL)K </p><p> F JE </p><p> )"a("logic 0) ( (Logic 1) (tPHL = 20 ns) (1) (0) </p><p>b)( (1)(0)(tPLH=15 ns) (0) (1) </p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 24 </p><p>W V)(K </p><p>W(Fan in) K </p><p>W)(Fan out </p><p> W </p><p> ?1??0?(10mw)</p><p>)0.1mw((TTL) (MOS)K </p><p>W(Input Voltage) (5V) K </p><p>W(Packaging) </p><p>)(DIP F JEK </p><p> F JE </p></li><li><p> 25 </p><p>W )(U</p><p>(IC) K</p><p>F JKE </p><p> F JE </p><p>W W </p><p>(Linear) )Digital( </p><p>K</p><p>1) (binary 0 </p><p>W </p><p> J(SSI : Small - Scale Integration) </p><p>NAND) NOR NOT AND (OR (flip- flops) K </p></li><li><p> 26 </p><p> (MSI : Medium-Scale Integration) </p><p>W</p><p>K (LSI : Large - Scale Integration) </p><p>(Microprocessors)K </p><p>(VLSI : Very - Large - Scale Integration) K </p><p>(Digital Integrated Circuits Families)W </p><p>W (TTL : Transistor -Transistor Logic) </p><p> (TTL)K )(ECL : Emitter - Coupled Logic </p><p> )(ECLK </p><p> (CMOS) K (RTL : Resistor Transistor Logic)K (DTL : Diode Transistor Logic) K </p><p>TTL) ((CMOS)(ECL)</p><p>K</p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 27 </p><p>(TTL) 74XXX) ((74))(CMOS(4XXX)(4)</p><p>W 47HXX(High Speed) K 74LXX(Low Power) K </p></li><li><p> 28 </p><p> L K L IC K L K L K L K L W </p><p>KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK </p><p> JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK </p></li><li><p> 29 </p><p>F EK </p><p>W </p><p> FE </p><p>K K K K K K </p><p>FE????</p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 30 </p></li><li><p> 31 </p><p> W </p><p> W LK LK LK LK LK LK L</p><p>K </p><p>W K </p><p>FE W </p><p> KK (Data Show) K </p><p>W K </p></li><li><p> 32 </p><p> W </p><p>W </p><p>LWK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p></li><li><p> 33 </p><p>L </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>L</p></li><li><p> 34 </p><p>L(Decimal System) F10E</p><p>(10)K (9 ~ 0) </p><p>K(238)(8))(3(30)</p><p>2(((200) (8+30+200)238)) K </p><p> WW </p><p> 6704003000347610 </p><p>L(Binary System) ( 0,1 )2)(</p><p>)bit(K(0 , 1)</p><p>F JE(10011)FKE </p><p>32 22 12 </p><p>02122232420.1250.250.51 2 4 8 16 K </p><p>F JE </p></li><li><p> 35 </p><p>W </p><p>W W210011W </p><p>W 021222 32 42 </p><p> 1 24 8 16 110 0 1 </p><p>10</p><p>2</p><p>191216</p><p>1*12*14*08*016*110011</p><p>2100111019 W2101110 W </p><p> 02122232 42 52 1 248 16 32 </p><p> 0111 0 1 </p><p>1*02*14*18*116*032*1101110 2 24832 </p><p>1046 21011101046 </p><p>W </p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 36 </p><p>1 0 1 0 1 1 1 </p><p>0211222255210102212124343287</p><p>210 101011187 </p><p> W2101.1110W W </p><p> 32 22 12 </p><p>021222320.1250.250.51 2 4 8 1 01K 0 1 1 1 </p><p>10</p><p>2</p><p>625.14125.05.0248</p><p>125.0*125.0*05.0*11*02*14*18*1101.1110</p><p>2101.111010625.14 </p><p>W </p><p>W L2K L2K </p><p>L1087 </p><p>872431</p><p>(LSB)</p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 37 </p><p>L10625.5W W</p><p>2K </p><p>W </p><p>K </p><p>1 0 1 . 1 0 1 </p><p>021122225</p><p>210 101.101625.5 </p><p>00.12*5.0</p><p>50.02*25.0</p><p>25.12*625.0</p></li><li><p> 38 </p><p> W </p><p>(Binary Addition) F JE </p><p> - 0 0 + 0 = - 1 0 + 1 = </p><p> - 1 1 + 0 = 1 0 1 + 1 = </p><p>F JE </p><p>10=1+1))2 )1 (</p><p>K W </p><p> 4 + 2 </p><p> 6 </p><p>1 0 0 + 0 1 0 </p><p> 1 1 0 </p><p>5 + 3 </p><p> 8 </p><p>1 1 1 </p><p> 1 0 1 </p><p>0 1 1 + </p><p> 0 0 0 1 </p><p> 3 + 3 </p><p> 6 </p><p> 1 1 </p><p> 1 1 </p><p> 1 1 + 0 1 1 </p><p>= 1 1 + 1 + 1 = 1 </p></li><li><p> 39 </p><p> Binary Subtraction </p><p>F JE????</p><p>K </p><p> - 0 0 0 = 1 1 0 1 = - 1 1 0 = - 0 1 1 = </p><p>F JE </p><p>`1`?1"</p><p>`2``0`W </p><p> 2 - 1 </p><p> 1 </p><p>10 10 - 0 1 </p><p>0 1 </p><p>37 - 10 </p><p> 27 </p><p>1 10 10 0 10 </p><p> 1 0 0 1 0 1 </p><p> 1 0 1 0 - </p><p> 1 1 0 1 1 </p></li><li><p> 40 </p><p>(First and Second Complement) W </p><p>W A B = A + B' +1 </p><p>W </p><p>01K </p><p>W1010 9,7 K </p><p>WK </p><p>H 1 10000111 107 1 01101001 109 </p><p>W ( 1 )K </p><p>ZH </p><p>W1010 5,7 K </p><p>WK W( 1 ) K </p><p> H 1000+1=1001 1000-111 107 1010+1=1011 1010-101 105 </p></li><li><p> 41 </p><p> (Hexadecimal System)W </p><p>16K1609</p><p>1015A F10 A 11 B 12C 13 14D </p><p>E15 F K (HEX) </p><p>(15)</p><p> (0111 1001)2 (79)16 1011 0110)2 (1101 1111B6DF)16E</p><p> F JEW </p><p>8 1000 80 0000 0 9 1001 91 0001 1 A 1010 102 0010 2 B 1011 113 0011 3 C 1100 124 0100 4 D 1101 135 0101 5 E 1110 146 0110 6 F 1111 157 0111 7 </p><p>F JE </p></li><li><p> 42 </p><p> W </p><p>2B6)E(2)F256E </p><p>2*256=512 KB)E11 16*11=176K(6))1(1*6=6 </p><p>2B6)16(10)694( K F JEW </p><p> 16 160 161 162 </p><p> 1 16 256 6 B 2 </p><p> 1*6=6 16*11=176 256*2=512 F JE </p><p>W16 )A3F.C( K </p><p>16 16-1 160 161 162 0.0625 1 16 256 </p><p>C F 3 A 0.0625*12=0.751*15=1516*3=48256*10=2560</p><p>10)2623.75( = 10 )0.75 +15 +48+2560( 16 = )A3F.C( </p></li><li><p> 43 </p><p>W 4510 </p><p> 16 4510 16 213F13)D(</p><p>LSB )2( 16 2 2</p><p>KW </p><p>4510 = 2D16 </p><p>10F250.25E KW </p><p>(250.25)10 = ( FA.4)16 </p><p> 13 </p><p> 2 D </p><p>016221645</p><p>F A . 4 </p><p>016151516250</p><p>00.016*00.0</p><p>00.416*25.0</p></li><li><p> 44 </p><p> W </p><p>K)3B9(K </p><p>4bitK </p><p>3 B 9 0011 1011 1001 </p><p> 3B916 =1110111001 2 </p><p>W </p><p>E F . 7 4 </p><p>1110 1111 . 0111 0100 </p><p> 47.FE16 = 1000111.11111112 </p><p>W 101010000101 </p><p>W </p><p> .0101 10001010 .5 8A </p><p> 1010100001012=A8516 </p></li><li><p> 45 </p><p>10010.011011 </p><p>0001 1100 K </p><p>1100 0110 . 0010 0001 C 6 . 2 1 </p><p> 10010.0110112=126C16 </p><p> (BCD) W </p><p>(10010110)2K10(150)F(BCD</p><p>F JE(BCD) 09K </p><p>BCD 1 2480 0000 1 0001 0 1002 1 1003 0 0104 1 0105 0 1106 1 1107 0 0018 1 0019 </p><p>F JE </p></li><li><p> 46 </p><p> (BCD) W </p><p>)BCD()BCD(K </p><p>W(180)10FBCDE .0 81 .0000 10000001 </p><p>(BCD) (BCD)</p><p>43.72)10E(BCD)BCD (01000011.01110010) </p><p>2 7 . 3 4 0010 0111 . 0011 0100 </p><p>(BCD)W BCD)E</p><p>(BCD) </p><p>(01010111) BCD(57)10 .01110101 .75</p><p>BCD)((BCD)</p><p>W </p><p>WBCD(0111000100001000) </p><p>1000 0000 . 0001 0111 8 0 . 1 7 </p></li><li><p> 47 </p><p> LW </p><p>(a) 79 (b) 146 (c) 218 (d) 391 (e) 504 LW </p><p>(a) 0.674 (b) 0.462 (c) 0.75 (d) 0.5 (e) 0.125 </p><p>LW (a) 10101011 (b) 1000111100 (c) 1100001011 (d) 110101100 </p><p> LW </p><p> (a) 0.1011 (b) 0.0110 (c) 0.1110 (d) 0.1001 (e) 0.0010 </p><p>LW (a) D5216 (b) D3.E16 (c) ABCD16 (d) 9F16 (e) 888.B16 </p><p> LW </p><p> (a) 256010 (b) 300010 (c) 631.2510 (d) 810 (e) 204.12510 </p><p>LW (a) A6416 (b) 1F.C16 (c) 234.416 (d) 1C16 (e) B16 </p><p> LW </p><p> (a) 10000.12 (b) 110101.0110012 (c) 1001.11112 (d) 10000001.11012 </p><p> LBCDW (a) 1010BCD (b) 10000110BCD (c) 00010111BCD </p><p> LBCDW </p><p> (a) 610 (b) 99.910 (c) 145.610 (d) 21.00110 </p></li><li><p> 48 </p><p>F E</p><p>K </p><p>W </p><p> FE</p><p>K K K K K K K K K BCD KBCD </p><p>FE????K </p></li><li><p> 49 </p></li><li><p> 50 </p><p> W </p><p> W LFEAND GateK LFE OR GateK LFE NOT GateK LFE NAND GateK LFE NOR GateK LFE XOR GateK LFE XNOR GateK LK L</p><p>K </p><p>W K </p><p> FE </p><p>W FE K W5101-3E)( (Data Show) K </p><p>W K </p></li><li><p> 51 </p><p> W </p><p>W </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p></li><li><p> 52 </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>L)TURN OFF(K </p><p>L???? </p><p>LK </p><p>LK </p><p>LFE K </p><p>LK </p><p>L K </p><p>LK </p></li><li><p> 53 </p><p> W Logic states </p><p>WRC)( </p><p>W</p><p>KF</p><p>EK </p><p>FE</p><p>KK</p><p>K </p><p>?1?Logic 1 </p><p>0??Logic 0 </p><p>?1??0?Bit </p><p>W </p><p>K ?+ve?Positive Logic </p><p>K ?-ve?Negative Logic </p></li><li><p> 54 </p><p> W "+ve "Positive Logic </p><p>?1? K ?0? K </p><p>FE </p><p> FE </p><p> FE </p><p>W </p><p>K </p><p> +5V 1 -5V 0 </p><p> +5V 1 V 0 </p><p>1</p><p>0 </p><p>+5V </p><p>OV </p><p> J5V </p></li><li><p> 55 </p><p>W?-ve?Negative Logic </p><p> ?1? ?? ?0? ?? </p><p> FE </p><p>FE </p><p>FE </p><p>"0"</p><p>"1"</p><p> +5V 0 OV 1 </p><p> +5V 0 J5V 1 </p><p>+5V </p><p>OV J </p><p>5V</p></li><li><p> 56 </p><p> W </p><p> K </p><p>WF JETTLK </p><p> F JE </p><p>W 0" "ViL max = </p><p> 1? " ViH min = </p><p> 0??VoL max = </p><p> 1?? VoH min = </p><p>W Data sheet</p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 57 </p><p> (W5101-3E)W </p><p>F JE</p><p>K </p><p>F JE </p><p>W TURN OFF </p><p>K </p></li><li><p> 58 </p><p> W </p><p>F JE(W5101-3E) K </p><p> (H / L) --------- (Led displays) --------- AND / &amp; / NAND ) ( 74HC00 AND / &amp; / NAND ) ( 74HC20 OR / / NOR ) ( 74HC02 OR / / NOR ) ( 74HC4002 (XOR / =1 ) 74HC86 )NOT / 1 ( 74HC04 )(J-K with Set and Clear 74HC112 (J-K with Clear) 74HC107 (D Flipflops) 74HC74 (4-Bit full-adder) 74HC283 (Decimal Counter) --------- --------- L(4-Bit Binary Counter) 74HC191 (4-Bit BCD) 74HC160 (2-Bit) --------- (0 . 10 KHz) 74HC4040 L(Monoflop 1s &gt; T &gt; 1ms) 74HC4538 </p><p>F JE </p></li><li><p> 59 </p><p> (logic gate)W </p><p>(logic gate)K?</p><p>K?(HIGH)(LOW)(HIGH)1</p><p>(LOW)01</p><p>0K K</p><p>??(AND gate)??(OR gate)??(NOT gate)K </p><p>??AND gate </p><p>L B A </p><p>F JE AND </p></li><li><p> 60 </p><p>US symbol UK symbol </p><p>F JE?? </p><p>OUTPUT B A </p><p>0 0 0 </p><p>0 1 0 </p><p>0 0 1 </p><p>1 1 1 </p><p>F JE </p><p>F JE?AND?A &amp; B On</p><p>K F JE??AND?1?</p><p>?1? </p><p>W W </p><p>Z2nn K K </p></li><li><p> 61 </p><p> W222=4n=3 </p><p>8 = 23 </p><p>ANDW? (Boolean Algebra) </p><p>K </p><p>ANDW </p><p>A . B = Y </p><p>ABYY=A and B </p><p>AND? </p><p>W??ANDW </p><p>W </p><p>K </p><p>1</p><p>0 1</p><p>0 1</p><p>0 </p></li><li><p> 62 </p><p>W??ANDW </p><p>1</p><p>0 </p><p>1</p><p>0 </p><p>1</p><p>1</p><p>0 </p><p>0 </p></li><li><p> 63 </p><p> " AND" FE </p><p> LL </p><p> "AND" </p><p>W5101-3E </p><p> S1 , S2 LED1 W5101-3E </p><p> (AND) K B , A K YK (AND) K (AND) K </p></li><li><p> 64 </p><p>OUTPUT INPUT Y A B 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 </p><p>Y = .... </p><p>(AND) KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK </p><p>W W W W </p></li><li><p> 65 </p><p>"AND" </p><p> LL</p><p>W JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p> JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>FGE </p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J J J </p><p> J J </p></li><li><p> 66 </p><p> " AND"</p><p> FE </p><p> LL </p><p> "AND" </p><p>W5101-3E </p><p> S1 , S2 , S3 LED1 W5101-3E </p><p> (AND) K (A , B , C) YK (AND) K </p></li><li><p> 67 </p><p>OUTPUT INPUT Y AB C 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 </p><p>Y = .... </p><p>(AND) KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>W W W W </p></li><li><p> 68 </p><p>"AND" </p><p> LL</p><p>W JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p> JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>FGE </p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J J J </p><p> J J </p></li><li><p> 69 </p><p> ??OR gate </p><p>L B A </p><p>F JE OR </p><p>US symbol UK symbol </p><p>F JE?? </p><p>OUTPUT B A </p><p>0 0 0 </p><p>1 1 0 </p><p>1 0 1 </p><p>1 1 1 </p><p>F JE </p><p>F JE?OR?A &amp; B OnK </p><p>F JE??FE?1? </p></li><li><p> 70 </p><p>ORW A + B = Y </p><p>A BYA OR B = Y </p><p>ORW </p><p>W(OR)W </p><p> OR A + B = Y </p><p>W off</p><p>K </p><p>10 10 </p><p>10 </p><p>A </p><p>B </p><p>Y </p></li><li><p> 71 </p><p> " OR" FE </p><p> LL </p><p> "OR" </p><p>W5101-3E </p><p> S1 , S2 LED1 W5101-3E </p><p> (OR) K B , A K YK (OR) K (OR) K </p></li><li><p> 72 </p><p>OUTPUT INPUT Y A B 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 </p><p>Y = .... </p><p>(OR) KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>W W W W </p></li><li><p> 73 </p><p>"OR" </p><p> LL</p><p>W JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p> JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>FGE </p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J</p><p> J J J </p><p> J J </p></li><li><p> 74 </p><p> " OR"</p><p> FE </p><p> LL </p><p> "OR" </p><p>W5101-3E </p><p> S1 , S2 , S3 LED1 W5101-3E </p><p> (OR) K A , B , C YK (OR) K </p></li><li><p> 75 </p><p>OUTPUT INPUT Y AB C 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 </p><p>Y = .... </p><p>(OR) KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK</p><p>W W W W </p></li><li><p> 76 </p><p>"OR" </p><p> LL</p><p>W JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK JKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK