МАТЕМАТИЧЕСКОЕ МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ХИМИКО ??ChemCad (версия 5.6), предназначенной для решения задач исследования и проектирования химико-

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<ul><li><p>.. , .. , .. </p><p>- </p><p> CHEMCAD </p><p>- </p><p> 2008 </p></li><li><p>2 </p><p> 66.004 </p><p>: . .. . .. . .. </p><p> - ChemCad: - / . . . -. .: .. , .. , .. . , 2008. 160 . </p><p> ChemCad ( 5.6), - . . . </p><p> , - 240803, - 220301.65, - 240400, , , , , - . </p><p> . </p><p> - . </p><p> . .. . .. </p><p> .., .., .., 2008 </p><p> , 2008 </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>1. .......................................................................................51.1. ChemCad..............5 1.2. ChemCad ............................6 1.3. ChemCad ...............................................6 </p><p>2. ........................................82.1. .........................8 2.2. .................................................9 2.3. . .......................................12 2.4. ......................................................................14 2.5. . ...............................................16 2.6. ...........................................16 2.7. . </p><p> ............................................24 2.8. ...........................................25 2.9. . </p><p> ...............................................................28 2.10. ....................29 2.11. . </p><p> ..............................................................29 2.12. </p><p> ...............................................................30 2.13. . ................32 2.14. .................................................32 2.15. . </p><p> ...............................................................67 2.16. </p><p> ..........................................................................71 2.17. . ........................74 2.18. ........................................... 75 2.19. . .......... 76 </p><p>3. ............................................... 773.1. Results ()..................... 77 3.2. Plot () ........... 80 3.3. . ............................. 92 3.4. ...................................................................... 93 3.5. . ......................................... 101 </p><p>4. ....................................................... 102</p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>4.1. ............................... 103 4.2. ................................... 104 4.3. ................. 105 4.4. . </p><p> ............................................................. 106 5. ............................................................ 108</p><p>5.1. ....................................... 110 </p><p>5.2. ....................................... 111 </p><p>5.3. . ................................................................ 113 </p><p>5.4. . ...... 115 5.5. . ...... 116 5.6. . </p><p> - ..... 119 5.7. . </p><p> - .... 123 6. ............................ 131</p><p>6.1. ............................................. 133 6.2. ............................................................. 134 6.3. .................. 136 6.4. .................... 136 6.5. .................................................... 137 6.6. . - </p><p> ............................................................. 138 ................................................................... 145 ............................................................................................. 146 </p><p> 1. ChemCad .................................................................... 146 2. Main Palette ................................................................ 149 3. .......................................................... 157</p></li><li><p>5 </p><p>1. </p><p> ChemCad ( 5.6) - - - , . </p><p>ChemCad , - , , . </p><p> ChemCad , - Windows. : File/New Job (/ ). , File () New Job ( ). </p><p> ChemCad 5.6 2 : 5, ChemCad, CC5DATA, - , . </p><p>1.1. ChemCad </p><p> ChemCad Windows. </p><p> , ChemCada. - View (), - License (), Help (), , File (). </p><p> File, , , . 2.1. </p><p> File/ Delete Job/Case (/ / ) - Windows . </p></li><li><p>6 </p><p> File/Rename Job ( ) File/Copy Job ( ), Source destination (- ) Find Job ( ) , Destination () - . </p><p> ChemCad File/ Misc. Setting (/ ), Work Dir ( ) , - Microsoft Office Excel. </p><p> ChemCad. </p><p>1.2. ChemCad </p><p> Help/ Help Topics (/ ), ChemCad 5.6 Help (ChemCad 5.6 ). ChemCad - Windows. </p><p>1.3. ChemCad </p><p> ChemCad (. 1.1) - Windows. </p><p> ChemCad - -, Mode (), : Flowsheet ( ) - - ; Simulation () ; Main PFD ( ) - . </p><p> - ChemCad - . </p><p> - , , . </p></li><li><p>7 </p><p>. 1.1. ChemCad , Windows, </p><p> , . 1. </p><p> , - . </p><p> Flowsheet - Main Palette. - - , - . 2. . 2.8.1. </p><p> Main PFD - Main Palette, (. - 2). </p><p> , - : - , , , (Flowsheet, Simulation, Main PFD), (Steady State </p></li><li><p>8 </p><p>(), Dynamics ()), , - , . </p><p>2. </p><p> ChemCad : 1. ;2. ;3. ;4. ;5. ;6. ;7. ;8. ;9. ;10. ;11. .</p><p> -, - , ; , , - . </p><p>2.1. </p><p> ( ) , , . 2.1.1. , </p><p> File/New Job (/ ) -, File/Open Job (/ ) , - File/Import Job (/ ) Windows . </p><p> File/Export Job (/ -). Find job for copying ( </p></li><li><p>9 </p><p>) Source destination ( ) - , Locate target directory ( ) Destination () , . </p><p> , File/Open Job (/ ) -. Windows . </p><p> , - . - File/ Save As Case (/ ), - . </p><p> File/Save (/). . </p><p> ChemCad - Simulation (). </p><p>2.2. </p><p> - . 4 : , , . -. , , , - . </p><p> Format/Engineering Units (/ ). - Engineering Unit Selection ( ). Unit Selection ( ) Options and Reference ( ). Stream Flow Units (- ) Options and Reference (. . 2.1) , - . , . </p></li><li><p>10 </p><p>. 2.1. Options and Reference -</p><p> , Unit Selection (. . 2.2): English (), Si (), Alt Si (- ), Metric (). </p><p> - Time (), Mass/Mole (/), Temperature (), Pressure (), Enthalpy (), Work (-), Liquid Volume ( ), Liquid Vol. Rate ( ), Crude Flow Rate ( ), Vapor Volume ( ), Vapor Vol. Rate ( ), Liq. Density/Conc. ( /- </p></li><li><p>11 </p><p>. 2.2. Unit Selection ), Vapor Density ( ), Thickness (), Diameter (), Length (), Velocity (), Area (), Heat Capacity (), Specific Heat ( ), Heat Trans. Coeff. ( ), Therm. Conduct (-), Viscosity (), Surf. Tension ( -), Solubility Par. (), Dipole Moment ( ), Cake Resistance ( ), Packing DP ( ), Currency ( -), Currency Factor ( ). . , Save Profile ( ), , Save Profile. </p><p> Load Profile ( ), Select Item ( ) . </p><p> - LoadDefault ( -) SaveDefault ( ). </p></li><li><p>12 </p><p>2.3. . . </p><p>1. ChemCad.2. : File/New Job (/ - ), TUTOR1. , - . . 2.3 . ( 5) - , ( 9) - , . - ( 1) - - 1, 4, 2, - . - 3 ( 4) ( 6). 4 5. - ( 9), ( 8).</p><p>1 23</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>5</p><p>6</p><p>8</p><p>732</p><p>9</p><p>1</p><p>4</p><p>. 2.3. </p></li><li><p>13 </p><p> : , - - . : ( 5) -3,9 . ( 9) 1% . : : , 25.00; , 15.00; , /: 1. 1500; 2. 33500; 3. 7500; 4. 4500; 5. 500; 6. - 500; 7. 1000; 8. - 400; 9. - 600. 1: . </p><p>0.3 . </p><p>0.3 . </p><p>1.0. </p><p> 2: . 0.3 . -20 . 3. - . 4: </p></li><li><p>14 </p><p> 9 . 5: 12; ; ; 9 ; 0.3 ; : 1000 /; 40 ; 120 . : -. -. : . 3. . </p><p>3. Alt SI. Format/Engineering Units (/ -) Engineering Unit Selection ( ) Alt SI ( ). </p><p>2.4. </p><p> , . . (ID). hemCad 1-4999. 5000-5999. 6000-7999. , , - 8000 9999. </p><p> ThermoPhisical/Component List (/ ) , Simu-lation (). Component Selection ( ) (. . 2.4). </p></li><li><p>15 </p><p>. 2.4. Component Databank ( ) -</p><p> - . ID . Search for ( ) ID , -. - Next () Search for . </p><p> Selected Components ( -) , . Search for [ENTER], - dd (). Selected Components. </p><p> : dd () . Insert () . -</p><p> Selected Components -, , - Component Databank Insert. </p><p>ID - </p></li><li><p>16 </p><p> Delete () . Selected Components Delete. . </p><p> Clear () . </p><p> . ChemCad Mode: Simulation. </p><p>2.5. . </p><p>1. TUTOR1.2. ThermoPhisical/Component List (-/ ) ComponentSelection ( ).</p><p>3. : Nitrogen (), Methan (),Ethan (). -.</p><p>4. : Propane (), I-Butane (-), N-Butane (-), N-Pentane (-), N-Hexane (-). N-Pentane (-) I-Pentane (). .</p><p>2.6. </p><p> - : , . </p><p> , , . - , , , , , , - . , , - 3. - ThermoPhisical </p></li><li><p>17 </p><p>(), Mode: Simulation (: -). </p><p>2.6.1. Wizard </p><p>ChemCad Wizard -. , - , . Wizard . </p><p> Wizard ThermoPhisical/K Value Wizard (/ -). Thermodynamic Suggestions (- ) (. . 2.5), - Temperature Min ( ), Temperature Max ( ), Pressure Min ( ), Pressure Max ( ). , - . - , - . </p><p> , - , - Select components to ignore ( - ). </p><p> Bip data threshold ( - ()) -. </p></li><li><p>18 </p><p>. 2.5. Wizard </p><p> - - - . </p><p> ChemCad - K Value Options ( - ), - Global K Value Option (- ) . </p><p>2.6.2. </p><p> - . ThermoPhisical/K Values (/ ) . K Value Options (. 2.6). </p><p> Global K Value Option SRK (--). 3. - . </p><p> Ethan/Ethylene, Propan/Propylene: (/, -/:) , SRK Peng-Robinson (-), Regular (C) Spesial (C) /, / . </p><p> , , , - . Vapor Phase Association: ( - :) ( ) . </p></li><li><p>19 </p><p>. 2.6. K Values Options Vapor Fugasity/Poynting Correction: (-</p><p> ) . SRK. - . </p><p> SRK/PR Alpha function (--/- ) / . Standartd SRK/PR ( SRK/PR) Soave-Redlich-Kwong Peng-Robinson. Boston-Mathias extrapolation ( -) - . </p><p> Global Phase Option: ( :) , , , -</p></li><li><p>20 </p><p> , . Vapor/Liquid/ Solid (// ). - , (MARGULES, NRTL, UNIFAC, UNIQUAC .). </p><p> Water/Hydrocarbon Solubility ( -/ ) - , Miscible () Immiscible (-) . , , , - . </p><p> , , Wilson model salt ( Wilson) - , . Wilson Salt Effect ( ). </p><p>ChemCad - 10 . , . - . No. of BIP Sets ( ) . . </p><p> Default BIP Set ( ) - , . </p><p> Clear all local K Models/BIPs ( -/ ) . </p><p> Clear all tray BIPs ( ) - , . </p><p> Set local K Models/BIPs ( - /) . K Values Options - . Local K Model and BIP Options ( ), , - -. </p></li><li><p>21 </p><p> Set Tray BIPs ( ) - K Values Options , . </p><p> Set Henry components ( , ) , - . </p><p>2.6.3. </p><p> ThermoPhisical/ Enthalpy (/) -. </p><p> Enthalpy Options: ( :) (. 2.7) Global Enthalphy Option: ( :). 3. </p><p>. 2.7. Enthalpy Options -</p><p> , , - SRK, PR, . - : .HTS. - , Use heat of solution file (- ). </p></li><li><p>22 </p><p> Use electrolyte enthalpy ( -) , - . - . </p><p> Heat of Mixing by Gamma ( ) - . . </p><p> Compressed Water pressure correction for steam table (- ) - . </p><p> Ideal gas heat capacity: ( :) - Polinomial () DIPPR - -. </p><p> - Clear all local H mdels ( ). </p><p> Specify local H models ( -) - . Enthalpy Options. </p><p>2.6.4. </p><p> ThermoPhisical/Transport Properties (-/ ). (. . 2.8): </p></li><li><p>23 </p><p>. 2.8. Transport Properties Liquid density model ( ) </p><p> . Library () ; </p><p> Liquid viscosity model ( ) - . Library (-) ; </p><p> Liquid Viscosity mixing rule ( -) ; </p><p> Vapor viscosity model ( ) - . Library () -; </p><p> Liquid surface tension model ( ) ; </p><p> Liquid thermal conductivity model ( ) ; </p><p> Vapor thermal conductivity model ( ) . Library () ; </p><p> Vapor conductivity correlation (&gt;1 atm) ( (&gt;1 )) - 1 . Stiel-Thodos ( -); </p></li><li><p>24 </p><p> Electrolyte Std Liquid ( ) . Based on actual volume ( - ). -</p><p> Liquid viscosity pressure correction ( ) Dean-Stiel Pressure Correction (- -). </p><p>2.7. . </p><p>1. TUTOR1 - . Wizard . ThermoPhisical/KValue Wizard (/ ), Thermodynamic Suggestions ( ) :</p><p> Temperature Min ( ), Temperature Max ( ) -22 120 -, 2 -20 (-10%), 5 132 (+10%);</p><p> Pressure Min ( ), Pressure Max (- ) 8 16.5 , .. 4 9 (-10%), - 1 15 (+10%). , . Wizard SRK (--). .</p><p> Peng-Robinson (-), K Value Options -.</p><p>2. ThermoPhisical/Enthalpy(/). , , </p></li><li><p>25 </p><p> . , . </p><p>2.8. </p><p> , , - ( ) . . . </p><p>2.8.1. </p><p> Mode: FlowSheet: (: ). -. </p><p> Main Palette ( ) (. . 2.9). -</p><p> . , 2. </p><p>/ View/Main Pallete (/ ), </p><p> . </p><p>( ) - . , . , Sub Palletes ( -) - </p></li><li><p>26 </p><p>. 2.9. Main Palette </p><p>. - Main Palette. Main Palette. </p><p> - - Edit/Undo (-/). - - . - - Edit/ Redo (/-). </p><p> , -</p><p>, Feed () . - ID () -. ID 1, - . - - Product () . </p><p> FlowSheet ChemCad . - Simula-tion. </p><p>2.8.2. </p><p> , , . , : </p></li><li><p>27 </p><p> Cut () - ; </p><p> Copy () ; Delete () ; Paste () </p><p>; Swap unit ( ) -</p><p> . ChemCad Please select a new symbol from palette ( -), -, , ; </p><p> Insert unit ( ) . - Swap unit; </p><p> Select All ( ) , ; </p><p> Bring to Front ( ) - ; </p><p> Send to Back ( ) ; </p><p> Flip Horisontal X ( ) ; </p><p> Flip Vertical Y ( Y) ; </p><p> 90 Clock wise ( 90 ) 90 ; </p><p> 90 Conunter CW ( 90 ) 90 ; </p><p> Edit ID ( ID ) ID . Enter a new unit ID or press cancel ( ID ) ID . - ; </p><p> Edit Name ( ) 12 . Enter new label or </p></li><li><p>28 </p><p>press cancel ( ) ; </p><p> Show ID ( ID ) / ID ; Redraw () . </p><p>2.9. . </p><p>1. .2.3. Mode: FlowSheet: (: - :). - View/Grid Visible (/ ). Feed#1 . , Sub Palletes ( -), Heat Exchanger #5 (</p><p>) Feed. ID, 1. Heat Exchanger #3 - . Flash (). Control Valve (- ) - (. 2.3) 90 Clock Wise ( 90 )., Sub Palletes ( ), Tower #4 - . - Product () .</p><p>2. Mode: Simulation .</p><p>2.10. </p><p> - . - : </p></li><li><p>29 </p><p>1. - --.</p><p>2. . . -. Mode:</p><p>FlowSheet. Main Pallete ( ) Stream (), . - -. , - , -. - , . ID () . </p><p> Stop drawing stream ( - ). </p><p> , , . , -: Reroute stream ( ) - . </p><p> FlowSheet ChemCad . - Simula-tion. </p><p>2.11. . </p><p>1. . 2.3. Mode: FlowSheet, Main Pallete (- ) Stream () ( Feed). , , -, , . 2.3, 1 (- Heat Exchanger). , . -</p></li><li><p>30 </p><p> , , ID . ID , - 1. - 1 , 2 ( Heat Exchanger). . </p><p>2. 4, . 2.3, - Text () Main Palette ( ). ,...</p></li></ul>