: I, you, he: this, that, these, those: one, some, any, other: who, what, which: who, which, that
They are happy.Who is he? He was taken to be I.He told me the truth.I am afraid of snakes.
She is my pretty English teacher.:231123You, he and I are good friends.We, you and they are good friends.
:He likes you better than me.He you > me
He likes you better than (he likes) me.He likes you better than I.
He > I you
He likes you better than I (like you).
I thought it to be ____(he/him).S V O OI thought it was ____(he/him). S V (that) S V S
They took him to be ____(I/me).He was taken to be ____(I/me).
What color is the shirt? Its red.Its sunny. Its ten. How far is it to school?orIts interesting to play baseball.I think it interesting to play baseball.
It is + +that+It is I that love you.make it a rule/custom + toVmake it possible to V ~take it for granted that S V ~
ItN; oneNDo you want this pen? Yes, I want it.Do you want a pen? Yes, want one.themN; onesNHave you read the books? Yes, I have read them.I dont like those dresses. I like red ones.
My father bought me a bike last month. But I lost it last night.The climate of Taipei is much colder than that of Tainan.The ears of rabbits are longer than those of cats.
EXERCISENew cars are much more expensive than old (one/ ones).I have a dog. (Its/ Its) tail is very short.I make ___(that/ it/ which/ this) a rule to get up early every day.
PART II = + Nmy + N = ____________our + N = ____________your + N = ____________his + N = ____________her + N = ____________its + N = ____________their + N = ____________ mineoursyourshishersitstheirs
The book is my book. mine a, an, this, that, these those, some, many + N of + any, no a friend of __________ that watch of __________ _______________________________minehisa friend of my brothers
_______________________________I like many dresses of her dresses. hersHis hair is longer than my hair. minemany clothes of my aunts
EXERCISEYou go your way and I go (my/ mine).This isnt my book. Its ___(my brothers/ a book of my brother/ a book of my brothers).
PART III. myselfyourselfhimselfherselfitselfourselvesyourselvesthemselvesmy ownyour ownhis ownher ownits ownour ownyour owntheir own
He killed himself. I myself saw the king.
I saw the king himself.
I have a house.
I have my own house.
by oneself= aloneenjoy oneself= have a good timeseat oneself=sit= be seateddress oneself in= be dressed indevote oneself to help oneself to pride oneself on= be proud ofmake oneself at home come to oneself
EXERCISEI saw the teacher (him/ himself).If you arent careful, you will cut (you/ yourself).
PART IV. this, that, these, those thatthosethat, thoseEx: The price of this table is higher than __________ of this chair.Ex: The ears of a rabbit are longer than __________ of a cat. thatthose
this=the latter; that=the formerHealth is above wealth; this cannot give so much happiness as that.Those who= people whoHeaven helps those who help themselves.wealthhealth
EXERCISEThe color of my coat is different from (that/ those) of yours.The students of your school are more diligent than ___(my school/ these of ours/ mine/ those of mine).
some any I want some meat/ apples.Do you want any meat/ apples?No, I dont want any.If there is any left, give me some.yessomeWe are having coffee. Would you like some?
other / anotheronethe other ~ ~I have two dogs; one is white and the other (is) black.onethe others ~ ~Five students made this exhibit; one was a boy and the others were girls.
other / anotheroneanotherthe other ~~~There were three men. One was blind, another was deaf, and the other was lame.
some ofthe others ~ ~I know only some of the students; the others are strangers to me.
another ; I dont like this one. Please show me another.one thinganotherTo learn is one thing; to teach is another.one after another The students left the classroom one after another.
~~ Some + UCN; some + UCNSome reading is interesting; some (reading) is boring.Some + CN, other + CNSome habits are good; other habits are bad. = Some habits are good; others are bad. Some +(CN); some(=others)Some (people) like swimming; others like jogging.There are many TV programs. Some are good for us; others will have a bad influence on us.Some said yes; others said no.
EXERCISEBe kind to (other/ others).To say is one thing and to do is (another/ the other).I dont like this one; please show me (another/ the other).
both neither either all none anyI know both of the two girls.I know all of the three girls.I know neither of the two girls.I know none of the three girls.You may take either of the two books.You may take any of the three books.
He comes here (each/ every) two days.
Who, whose, whomWhoWho is he?Who took these pictures?WhoseWhose bag is this?Whose shoes was he wearing?WhomWhom did you see?By whom was she killed?
whatWhat is your name?What are you? Im a teacher.(who Who is he? Hes Lin./ Hes my uncle.)What What time is it?
whichWhich do you like better, summer or winter?Which of these is yours?Which+N Which watch do you like better?
: + S + VDo you know where he lives?No one could understand what he was saying.Wh- + do you say/think/ believe/ guess/ imagine/ suppose + (S) + V?What do you suppose he will give you?Who do you think came to see me?
Energy can be changed from one form into ___. (A)other (B)others (C)another (D)the restThe flowers in the garden are more beautiful than ___ in the park. (A)this (B)that (C)these (D)thoseThe climate of Taipei is not so hot as ___. (A)Tainan (B)of Tainan (C)one of Tainan (D)that of TainanMy cat caught rats but ___ didnt. (A)you (B)your (C)yours (D)youreWe find ___ difficult to cross the road. (A)there (B)one (C)that (D)it
Six students came to the party; one was a boy and ___ were girls. (A)the other (B)another (C)other (D)the othersDont speak ill of ___ behind their backs. (A)other (B)the other (C)others (D)another There are two white buildings on this street. One is the library and ___ is the hospital. (A)other (B)the other (C)the others (D)othersThe students of your school are more diligent than ___. (A)my school (B)these of ours (C)mine (D)those of mine
There are trees on ___ sides of the river. (A)both (B)all (C)either (D)neither Im sorry I cannot find ___ of the two books you lent me. (A)neither (B)each (C)either (D)anyIt was ___ that came here at midnight. (A)him (B)them (C)her (D)theyIt doesnt matter whether there is only coffee or tea. ___ will do. (A)Any (B)Both (C)Anything (D)EitherA: Have you ever seen a living whale? B: Yes, Ive seen ___. (A)that (B)it (C)one (D)such___ who respect others will be respected by others. (A)They (B)Those (C)People (D)One
EXERCISEThe telephone makes ___ possible to get in touch with people quickly. (A)he (B)his (C)its (D)itThe tail of a fox is longer than ___ of a hare. (A)this (B)that (C)it (D)thoseA bank is a place where people put ___ spare money for safekeeping. (A)its (B)his (C)your (D)their___ of the students was present the day before yesterday. (A)Neither (B)None (C)All (D)EveryI make ___ a rule to get up early every day. (A)it (B)that (C)which (D)this
EXERCISEWhen using the telephone to take orders, John learned that ___ is necessary to be courteous and careful. (A)he (B)it (C)that (D)thisI have two friends. One is from Tainan. ___ is from Kaohsiung. (A)Other (B)The other (C)Another (D)OthersI take it for granted ___. (A)to looking for better ways of getting food. (B)that he can speak English well (C)and had received the letter (D)being a good student
EXERCISEThe climate of Jamaica is similar to ___ the Philippines. (A)those of (B)which of (C)one of (D)that ofWe have two bathrooms. One is downstairs and ___ is upstairs. (A)the other (B)the others (C)others (D)otherWhat time is ___ by your watch? (A)that (B)you (C)it (D)thisMany athletes jump rope to warm up for a sport. ___ do it as part of their daily workout. (A)Other (B)Others (C)The other (D)Another
EXERCISEI think the winner to be ___. (A)his (B)he is (C)him (D)heSince oceans are so large, ___ seems impossible to hurt them. (A)which (B)that (C)it (D)whatThose young people enjoyed ___ a lot at the party. (A)his (B)their (C)himself (D)themselvesNearly all animals produce eggs. ___ of the eggs we eat come from chickens. (A)All (B)Most (C)Few (D)NoneThe climate in Taipei is different from ___ in Kaohsiung. (A)that (B)this (C)it (D)one
EXERCISE___ was Harry Potter that rescued her. (A)That (B)Which (C)It (D)WhatOn Halloween, ___ is not unusual to see children dressed like witches, black cats, devils, and skeletons. (A)it (B)this (C)that (D)thereIf a person breaks these rules, he or she can lose face, and in turn lose the respect of ___. (A)the other (B)other (C)another (D)othersAt age 12, Franklin began writing articles for a newspaper, and that made ___ famous as a young writer. (A)it (B)him (C)them (D)her
EXERCISEFor ___ still unsure of how to do with their vouchers, some councilors suggested that the public donate the vouchers to charity. (A)those who (B)who (C)people who (D)thoseSome scientists think that the hot weather in this tropical region makes the effects of global warming even worse. ___ believe forest reduction on Kilimanjaro may be the strongest human influence on glacial recession. (A)Another (B)The other (C)Others (D)The others