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  • 6.050100

    6.091500

    ___ ________

    2003

  • 2

    6.050100 6.091500

    / . .., ..

    : , 2003. 38 .

    : .., ...,

    .., ,

    .., ...,

  • 3

    1. MS DOS I

    NORTON COMMANDER ...........................................................................................................4

    2. .10

    3.

    WINDOWS ...................................................................................................................................17

    4.

    INTERNET...................................................................................................................................32

  • 4

    1. MS

    DOS I NORTON COMMANDER

    : Norton Commander.

    : Norton

    Commander.

    , Windows-95,

    .

    . .

    , ,

    Enter. ,

    .

    , , :

    - ' , ,

    ;

    - .

    ' .

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    ,

    .

    . -

    Enter

    .

    10 .

    Norton

    Commander MS-DOS.

  • 5

    Norton Commander. MS-DOS

    Shell, PathMinder , XTree .

    , -

    :

    1. -

    .

    2. , ,

    .

    3. , : ,

    .

    4. .

    5. ,

    .

    NORTON COMMANDER ( NC)

    - DOS;

    , ; , ,

    , ;

    , , .

    1. Norton Commander

    NC NC.EXE

    , . Norton

  • 6

    Commander NC. NC

    ' -, .

    DOS ( ),

    , Fl-Fl0.

    NC :

    - . '

    ;

    - . "Tree";

    - .

    "Info";

    - , ;

    "View".

    NC. NC

    :

    [Ctrl-O] , ;

    [Ctrl-P] , ;

    [Ctrl-U] ;

    [Ctrl-Fl] , ;

    [Ctrl-F2] , ;

    [Alt-Fl] ;

    [Alt-F2] .

    NC:

    NC

    :

    [Fl]-Help

    ;

    [F2]-Menu ,

    ;

    [F3]-View . ,

    , ;

  • 7

    [F4]-Edit NC

    - , ;

    [F5]-Copy .

    ' , .

    , .

    ' . [Enter], -[s];

    [F6] ;

    [F7]-MkDir ;

    [F8]-Delete ;

    1. Norton Commander .

    2. Norton Commander:

    , ,

    , .

    3. Norton Commander

    (4 ).

    4. .

    Norton Commander.

    . . .

    5. ,

    , .

    6. Norton

    Commander .txt c:\temp\\\

    : "Women's International Democratic federation".

    7. (5

    ).

    8. (2 ).

    9. (3

    ) Norton Commander, Ctr, Alt, Shift.

    10.

    (, ..).

  • 8

    11. 110

    .

    12. .

    1. .

    2. .

    3. MS DOS NC.

    4. NC.

    5. NC.

    6. NC .

    7. NC.

    8. NC.

    .

    1. , 1 2. 2 3. 3

    4. 4 5. , 5 6. 6 7. 7

    8. 8 9. , 9 10. 10 11. 1

    12. 2 13. , 3 14. 4 15. 5

    16. 6 17. , 7 18. 8 19. 9

    20. 10 21. , 1 22. 2

  • 9

    23. 3

    24. 4 25. , 5 26. 6 27. 7

    28. 8 29. , 9 30. 10 31. 1

    32. 2 33. , 3 34. 4 35. 5

    36. 6 37. , 7 38. 8 39. 9

    40. 10

  • 10

    2.

    : "i i "

    : i ,

    i, i

    ' -.

    1. i ii.

    1.1. i .

    ii i i i

    i i i ii. i , ,

    i i . ii

    ii i i .

    i i i i Panasonic, HP

    i i i 4, 3. ,

    i (

    ), i i. i

    i ( -i)

    i i i .

    1.2. i i ( i

    Panasonic KX-F130):

    / i i 216 600 ;

    i 10 i;

    i ;

    16 ii ii;

    4 ii i i;

    i ;

    i;

    i i i .

    i i i

    i i.

  • 11

    1.3. i.

    1.3.1. .

    i

    . 10

    i.

    i SP-PHONE

    ii i i iii

    START

    i i

    START i

    .

    .

    i ii i

    i.

    1.3.2. i .

    i i ,

    i i i .

    i:

    ;

    .

    . ii

    , 6 i i

    .

    1.3.3. i .

    i i ii

    i .

    , , i i i

    i. i:

    ;

    PROGRAM;

    i # 1 6;

  • 12

    i i 1

    (ON, OFF);

    SET i ;

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 i, i *,

    i , ;

    SET;

    ;

    SET;

    PROGRAM.

    i i i .

    1.4. i.

    i i i

    i :

    i i

    * STANDARD i

    , , ;

    * FINE i i i ;

    * SUPER FINE i i i ;

    * HALF TONE i i i.

    i

    * LIGHT NORMAL i i "

    i".

    1.4.1. .

    ;

    SP-PHONE i ;

    , iii

    START;

    i START

    i;

    i , .

  • 13

    i .

    1.4.2. .

    ,

    i i i

    .

    i i i

    RECEIVE MODE:

    ANS/FAX

    i i ii

    i 1 4 ii i i

    i i ii

    ( i).

    TEL/FAX

    i i

    . i (3

    8 ii) i

    i.

    FAX

    i i 1 4 ii i

    .

    1.5. i .

    i i i.

    i i COPY.

    2. ' -.

    i - - '

    i ii i

    i i i ',

    i . i

    i i i

    - i.

  • 14

    i - ii iii

    . i -

    ii i Windows 95

    Accessories/Fax/Create fax message.

    i i

    ( ). i

    , -:

    i :

    * ii i ii ii;

    * ;

    *

    i .

    i i i i

    i i ii i

    i . ,

    i i i

    ( i i "...")

    , . i ,

    ii , , i i i

    .

    i i i

    i. i

    i. i i, i

    i.

    "..." :

    i (, i , );

    i;

    i;

    (ii i, i i );

    i (, i).

    i i

    i. i i i,

  • 15

    ii , i i.

    i Windows-. i

    ii , i

    , i i.

    i i i .

    i i .

    i i

    i i. i,

    i , . i

    - i i

    i.

    3. i.

    3.1. i i i

    i i i:

    ;

    ;

    i i.

    3.2. i i i

    i i:

    ;

    i i.

    3.3. i -

    i, , i .

    Iii i :

    1). Microsoft Word

    2). Microsoft Exel

    3). Notepad

    4). Wordpad

    4. i i

    4.1. ;

    4.2. i . 3.1-3.3;

    4.3. i ii i.

  • 16

    4.4. i i i ii, .

    4.5. i i.

    5. i

    5.1. i .

    5.2. i i i

    i i.

    5.3. i i i

    i i.

    5.4. i -.

    5.5. i -.

    5.6. i -.

  • 17

    3. WINDOWS

    : Wndows NT.

    : Wndows NT Wndows'95,

    Wndows NT

    .

    1. .

    1.1.

    Wndows NT - ,

    ,

    , ,

    Wndows NT, ', , OLE.

    Wndows NT,

    , Wndows NT Setup

    ,

    , , .

    :

    ,

    .

    ' ,

    Wndws ., ,

    .

    .

    Access Control Lst (

    , ACL),

    .

    . Wndows NT

    ,

    .

    , '.

    ,

  • 18

    ', BOS

    ,

    SCS, , ,

    /, RQ DMA .

    , ',

    ', .

    ? - ,

    ,

    Regstry Edtor. Regstry Edtor

    (. 7.1). ,

    , Regstry Edtor,

    Fle Manager.

    , , ,

    '. Wndows .

    . Wndows NT

    - .

    :

    AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFG.SYS, WN.N,

    SYSTEM.N, CONTROL.N, LANMAN.N, PROTOCOL. N

    N-.

    Wndows NT

    . :

    Setup. Wndows NT Setup

    , .

  • 19

    Hardware Detector. ',

    Wndows NT,

    .

    Wndows NT. Wndows NT Kernel (

    Wndows NT)

    , ,

    . , NTOSKRNL.EXE

    (, ).

    .

    , .

    , CONFG.SYS,

    DEVCE.

    ( ,

    DMA), .

    ,

    .

    .

    Wndows NT Admnstratve Tools

    ,

    . Regstry Edtr

    . , ,

    , Wndows NT Dagnostcs

    (WNMSD.EXE).

    1.2.

    Wndows NT -

    '. , ,

    . Wndows NT

    , .

    , ' , ,

  • 20

    , , ,

    . Wndows NT

    , .

    , :

    (Admnstrator).

    .

    , .

    -, ' ,

    . ,

    , Wndows NT

    (Emergency Repar),

    .

    ,

    .

    (ntal User). Wndows NT

    , .

    , . '

    .

    (Guest).

    -, ,

    .

    '.

    .

    ,

    , .

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    .

    , ' . - ',

  • 21

    ,

    .

    , . ,

    ,

    , .

    .

    , ,

    - .

    . ,

    . ,

    . Wndows NT ,

    .

    Wndows NT Server, ,

    .

    , ,

    , -

    . , ,

    .

    ,

    -.

    .

    , . ,

    "" ,

    .

    ; '

    .

    - .

    ' -

    .

  • 22

    .

    . , Wndows NT

    Workstaton Wndows NT Server, .

    ( ),

    .

    .

    , (),

    .

    .

    . Wndows NT

    .

    Wndows NT Server,

    Wndows NT Workstaton:

    Admnstrators

    ' -

    Account Operators

    Backup Operators

    , Guests

    . ,

    , ,

    '

    Prnt Operators

    Power Users

    , , ,

    ,

    '

  • 23

    Replcators ,

    .

    (Drectory Replcaton Servce)

    Server Operators ,

    ,

    ;

    Users

    '.

    ,

    . ,

    ,

    ,

    Wndows NT,

    .

    .

    . ,

    , ,

    . ,

    '. ,

    - , '

    . ,

    ,

    . Wndows NT

    .

    -

    , .

    , Wndows NT Server:

    nteractve users ,

    .

  • 24

    Network users , '

    ,

    Everyone , '.

    ,

    Creator/Owner ,

    ( )

    , Wndows NT .

    ,

    Wndows NT. Wndows NT ,

    (, Wndows

    NT). , ,

    ,

    . -

    NTFS , Securty^Permssons.

    NTFS.

    , .

    : 1

    , . ,

    , Wndows NT .

    1, ,

    , . ,

    , .

    ?

    , , .

    .

    Wndows NT -

    . '

  • 25

    , . (

    ) .

    .

    . ,

    , .

    ,

    ,

    , , ,

    . .

    .

    ', Wndows NT,

    . ,

    ; ;

    ;

    . ,

    ( , ),

    :

    , ;

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ' .

    , NetWare LAN Manager 2., (

    NetWare)

    .

    , .

  • 26

    NTFS ,

    . ,

    . , -

    .

    .

    Wndows NT

    ',

    .

    . Wndows NT

    ,

    - ,

    . ,

    , Wndows NT.

    , ', ,

    .

    .

    .

    , .

    , ,

    - ,

    ,

    '.

    ,

    Wndows NT,

    . ,

    ,

    .

    .

    , - .

    ,

    .

  • 27

    ,

    (

    ) ( ).

    ,

    . , ,

    .

    .

    ,

    Wndows NT.

    .

    , ,

    Wndows NT , ,

    , :

    1. .

    .

    2.

    .

    3. ', ,

    .

    . -

    .

    , ,

    ,

    . , :

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ,

    , .

  • 28

    .

    ' .

    .

    .

    (,

    ), .

    Wndows NT

    :

    ;

    ';

    ;

    ;

    ;

    ' ;

    (

    , - ).

    , Wndows NT Server,

    ( ) ,

    .

    , .

    ,

    ,

    .

    .

    ,

    - ,

    .

    "" Wndows NT,

  • 29

    , ,

    , ,

    .

    .

    .

    ,

    , .

    ' ,

    . , ,

    , '. '

    Wndows NT Server,

    , :

    Doman Admns

    .

    Doman Guests

    Doman Users

    2. .

    2.1. "\ \

    ".

    :

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

    5.

    6.

    7.

  • 30

    8. , ,

    - (,

    ). .

    2.2. " " ("My computer'),

    " " ("Network Naghborhood"), "" ("Recycle bn").

    " " ("Control Panel").

    , .

    , Wndows'95.

    "

    Wndows'95. C - C:\

    (-: FAR Shft+F4),

    C:\Students,

    Wndows NT.

    "". .

    2.3. Wndows NT (Start\Run\Regedt).

    . ,

    .

    2.4. ,

    :

    1) - (-: ),

    ", .

    2) Wndows NT,

    .

    3) CT:APPL,

    FAR R:\.

    4) UPS , UPS

    .

    5) , ,

    .

  • 31

    3. .

    3.1. ;

    3.2. Wndows, 2.1-2.3,

    , .

    Wndows NT Wndows'95;

    3.3. ,

    (2.4);

    3.4. ;

    3.5. .

    4. .

    4.1. .

    4.2. .

    4.3. .

    4.4. .

    4.5. MsDos Wndows NT.

    4.6. C , , .

    4.7. Wndows NT.

    4.8. .

  • 32

    4. INTERNET

    : nternet

    :

    nternet

    1. .

    nternet ,

    .

    ,

    . nternet

    .

    ,

    '

    , ' . '

    , ,

    .

    , .

    ;

    , , .. ,

    , , , ,

    . nternet

    .

    -

    . (nternet)

    -

    . " " ( ), Arche,

    Gopher, WAS, World Wde Web. nternet ,

    , ,

    , .

    . ,

    nternet :

  • 33

    telnet - ,

    nternet. ,

    .

    ftp - .

    , nternet.

    "" FTP,

    ' ',

    .

    E-mal - .

    USENET - ,

    " ". , "

    '" "".

    nternet.

    , ,

    .

    ,

    . ,

    nternet TELNET -

    . ,

    ', . '

    , ,

    . ' ,

    , '.

    , '

    , (

    , )

    : , ,

    ,

    . nternet

    ' ,

    - FTP.

  • 34

    , '

    , ' , ,

    . ' nternet

    FTP,

    ftp. ftp

    . , , ftp -

    -

    .

    ' ',

    '.

    ' .

    ,

    . FTP

    . -

    , .

    ,

    .

    nternet, ,

    "" :

    ' .

    " ".

    ,

    . p

    , pp-p

    , p

    . '

    " ". ""

    ,

    , , pp

    .

    p , p

  • 35

    , p p. p

    , p ,

    .

    p, pp p p .

    USENET - ,

    p p p .

    p '

    p. p p p

    p ' pp-p. pp

    :

    , ,

    , ..

    , ,

    . .

    .

    , , ,

    .

    , p

    , p. , ,

    p : p, p .

    pp p p ,

    p p ,

    p p p . p

    pp pp. p '

    p pp, p p p.

    p p.

    nternet ,

    . Arche.

    ,

    . Arche 1200 2,5 .

    ' ,

    ' . ,

  • 36

    , , .

    ,

    ' ftp- ,

    . ,

    . Arche

    .

    ,

    ftp-, Arche-

    .

    . Arche- ,

    .

    nternet Gopher - ,

    , .

    Gopher,

    . ,

    , .

    ,

    Gopher.

    WAS

    . ,

    on-lne-, . WAS -

    , ,

    , .

    World Wde Web - ,

    Gopher, , WWW

    . ',

    . .

    , .

    Gopher, World Wde Web .

    :

  • 37

    World Wde Web .

    Java.

    2. .

    2.1. " UNX-

    telnet ( Run:\telnet Wndows).

    "" , " "ct-sl.tanet.edu.ua" UNX- ,

    . UNX-

    :

    "logn:". "guestX"

    "guestX", ( -

    )

    2.2. "pne".

    "Compose Message" -

    "guestX". "To:guestX", "Cc:SV",

    "Subject:{" }".

    - Ctrl-X. "Folder Lst/NBOX"

    , . " -

    PNE. - ct-

    sl.tanet.edu.ua, "logout".

    2.3. ftp ( Run:\ftp -

    Wndows). help

    .

    help "command", "command" -

    . dr, cd, lcd, bn, hash, put, get,

    by. - "open ftp.tanet.edu.ua"

    FTP . "guestX"

    . . lcd, bn,

    hash, get /home/ftp/ftp.doc /home/ftp/telnet.doc.

    .

  • 38

    2.4. Natscape Communcator s

    www.tanet.edu.ua Web- .

    :

    www.yahoo.com

    altavsta.dgtal.com

    yandex.ru

    - .

    nternet.

    3.

    3.1. ;

    3.2. . 2.1-2.4;

    3.3. .

    3.4. .

    4.

    4.1. nternet.

    4.2. ftp.

    4.3. telnet.

    4.4. WWW.

    4.5. WAS.

  • 39

  • 40