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<ol><li> 1. ^ . : , : She will stay at a hotel. She will be staying at a hotel. She is staying at a hotel. - : . - (excuse me, excuse his manner ..), (sorry for being late, we must apologies etc.) , . : , . , , , , , :He glanced up just to see a stranger on the neighboring roof. . When he passed a florists he was very apt to drop in and order some roses for her. , . ^ , : as long as I live () , : And, help me God, Ill never eat spinach again as long as I live. , . Ill take care of her as long as I live. : . He did his best to place his firm among the most notable companies. </li><li> 2. . 1) As a result of the campaigns of mass confiscations of artistic values from private collections, many places of St.Petersburg lost their art collections. 2) In the course of confiscating campaigns, many palaces of Petersburg lost their arts collections as private. , , of-, , . ^ . , , : =&gt; my own house was an eyesore ; =&gt; among the broken fragments of the last five minutes . , , . . , , , , . : - , , - , , .. - . =&gt; The very phrases were worn so threadbare that they evoked no image except that of a turbaned character leaking sawdust at every pore as he pursued a tiger through the Bois de Boulogne. =&gt; , , , , . </li><li> 3. , - , . , . , . , , , ( 1981). . , - , , . , , - , . , . , . =&gt; He thought of her as of a horse from his stable. &gt; . &gt; ( ); - : =&gt; black frost - ; . , black, . .. black day . black frost ; - : =&gt; The clock had struck, time was bleeding away (A.Huxley) &gt; () &gt; , ( ); . . . , </li><li> 4. . - : =&gt; Greek gifts . , , . - : =&gt; He is a swine . =&gt; He is a pig . . . , . . ^ ( . metnymia ) , , , , . , , , , , , - , , , , , , , . . (.. ) ^ : 1. . 2. , , , . 3. . </li><li> 5. 4. . 5. , , , . , . . , , , - . , , , , , , . =&gt; Two men, one with thin black hair and the other with luxurious red mop, stood side by side, like day and night. The red was smiling ready to see the funny side of danger, the black, with his wry face and triangle eyebrows, was the embodiment of despair. =&gt; , , , , . , - ; , , . , . , : ) , ) , ) , </li><li> 6. - , -. (. synekdoche , ) , , (=&gt; , ). , . =&gt; to buy some Kellogg's Kellogg's , , , , , , . , , : He didnt have much time at his disposal. . He was eager to start climbing. . . . , , . . , . , , . , : They were powerful enough not to need a tsar, especially the tsar. , - , . , - , , . :After visiting several toy-shops, we managed to buy a teddy-bear. </li><li> 7. , . , , :The boys talked him away and he forgot about his fears for a while. , - . They danced people into joining them. , . , , . . The tired speaker was silent. . He kept obstinate silence. , . , , , ..: . He gave this watch to his mother. . The waiter pushed him away. . - , , .: John turned to the left to greet his friends whom he had seen entering but lost the sight of later. , , , , . He almost believed that he had been living on two pounds a week for years. , 2 . , ( .., 1988, 140). . - , , , . . , , . , , . , </li><li> 8. =&gt; Nothing changed in my home town. . =&gt; The woman at the other end asked him to hang on. . - , , : =&gt; She is not unworthy of your attention. . until unless: =&gt; The United States did not enter the war until April 1917. 1917 . , , , without: =&gt; never came home without bringing something for the kids. , - . ( ): =&gt; The people are not slow in learning the truth. . ( ). , nepe . =&gt; Which of the dead are most tenderly and passionately deplored? Those who love the survivors the least, I believe. (Thackeray. Vanity Fair.) =&gt; ? , , , . (. . 1908) : </li><li> 9. =&gt; ? , , , , . (. . 1885) , (.. ). , . 1. , , ( . semantikos - . (. idea- , grapho - ), ) ( - , ). 2. , , , . : 1) . [.: (.) - (.-.), (.) - (.)]; 2) , , [.: (.) ( ) - , ( -); - - - - ]. , , , . 3. , , , -. : , . , (.); , - (.); ! (.)- , : , ; ; , . , : , , - , . , . Gone are the days of reckless youth. . ? </li><li> 10. () . , , , - , , , , , , , . .. , , , , , , , , . , . , , . . (.) flower, (.) fleur (.) flor. () , . , , . , , , . , , . . , : , ( ; ; , , . .), , ( , , . .).</li></ol>