報告人 : 馬瑞琴. Reading Strategy Building a Powerful Vocabulary

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<ul><li><p>: </p></li><li><p>Reading Strategy</p><p>Building a Powerful Vocabulary</p></li><li><p>vocabulary</p></li><li><p> How could Jennifer Nelson win a spelling contest without even hearing the (1) _____ pronounced? Jennifer, who had been deaf since she was one and half a years old, was clever enough to (2) _____ the lips of the teacher who was saying the words.</p><p> 1. (A) sticks (B) bells (C) smell (D) words 2. (A) color (B) listen (C) read (D) change 1. D2. C</p></li><li><p> Some of natures most beautiful animals cannot be seen with the naked eyes. Were it not for the microscope, a long parade of (1) _____ life would be completely (2) _____ from human sight. 1. (A) rock (B) animal (C) clowns (D) rocks 2. (A) hidden (B) most (C) space (D) tune</p><p>1. B2. A</p></li><li><p> Coin collectors touch their coins only with care. If a collector (1) _____ a coin, he or she holds it by the edges, never flat on the palm. Moisture from the (2) _____ could stain the coin. 1. (A) throws (B) sells (C) handles (D) finds 2. (A) wallet (B) hand (C) rain (D) dust</p><p>1. C2. B</p></li><li><p>Reading takes work.</p></li><li><p>Dave Willis Award-winning writer, speaker and consultant on English language teaching</p></li><li><p>How to help beginning-level students ( with a vocabulary of 300 words ) to become better readers?</p></li><li><p> So we have our students in Junior High memorize at least 2000 words to begin their reading in English. Thats the basic way -Bottom to Top</p></li><li><p>Collections</p></li><li><p>Why do We Read?</p></li><li><p>Reading for Pleasure Pleasure reading is very important for learning English. Dr. Stephen Krashen, a famous expert on learning language, says that pleasure reading helps you learn many important things about English. Students learn more grammar and vocabulary when they read for pleasure. They also learn more about good writing.</p></li><li><p> Building a VocabularyPowerful</p></li><li><p> Building a powerful vocabulary means more than learning new words. It means learning new ways to think about words. In this unit, youll learn thinking skills that will help build vocabulary. Youll learn to guess the meaning of unknown words. Youll learn how to use synonyms and pronouns to help you understand what you read.</p></li><li><p> The context is the sentence or sentences around a word. The context can tell you a lot about a new word. It can tell you what kind of word it is noun, verb, adjective, or adverb. It can also give you some idea of the meaning of the word. Then you dont have to stop reading and look in a dictionary. You can read much more quickly this way, and you can understand more.</p></li><li><p> You can think of context as the neighborhood in which the word lives.</p></li><li><p> unknown</p></li><li><p>Oprah Winfrey Oprah Winfrey is a successful actress, TV producer, and the first American-American billionaire in the United States. She was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, a small (1) _____ in Americas south. She lived with her (2) _____ until she was six years old. The (3) _____ was very poor. At a very young (4) _____, Oprah learned to read aloud (5) _____ her family. Her skill in reading and (6) _____ helped her all her life.</p></li><li><p>Oprah Winfrey Oprah Winfrey is a successful actress, TV producer, and the first American-American billionaire in the United States. She was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, a small (1) town in Americas south. She lived with her (2) grandmother until she was six years old. The (3) family was very poor. At a very young (4) age, Oprah learned to read aloud (5) to her family. Her skill in reading and (6) speaking helped her all her life.</p></li><li><p>Oprah Winfrey When she was six years old, Oprah was sent to live (1) _____ her mother in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her mother was (2) _____ poor and uneducated, and Oprah (3) _____ unhappy there. At age thirteen, she (4) _____ away from home. The police (5) _____ her to a special home for (6) _____ who run away. But she couldnt (7) _____ there because it was (8) _____ full. She had to (9) _____ to Nashville, Tennessee, to live with her (10) _____ , Vernon Winfrey. </p></li><li><p>Oprah Winfrey When she was six years old, Oprah was sent to live (1) with her mother in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her mother was (2) very poor and uneducated, and Oprah (3) was unhappy there. At age thirteen, she (4) ran away from home. The police (5) sent her to a special home for (6) children who run away. But she couldnt (7) stay there because it was (8) too full. She had to (9) go to Nashville, Tennessee, to live with her (10) father , Vernon Winfrey. </p></li><li><p> meaning</p></li><li><p> Sometimes writers use words that their readers may not know. Writers want their readers to understand their stories. So they help their readers. They give meanings, or definitions, of the word. </p></li><li><p> Sondra didnt understand everything that the man said. But she got the gist. She understood that she had better leave quickly because it was dangerous there.</p><p> What does gist mean? point</p></li><li><p> Jimmys medicine had a nasty taste. He took it the first time, but he didnt want to take it again. His mother had to put some sugar in it. What does nasty mean?bad</p></li><li><p> Sahita always goes along with everything I say. I am sure she doesnt really agree with me all the time. But she always says yes! I dont understand. Is she afraid of me? What does goes along with mean? agree with</p></li><li><p>The Power of Wind You can not see the air. But when the wind blows, you can feel it. Whoosh! Wind helps a kite fly. It helps a sailboat move. It carries seeds to start new plants. It turns windmills to make power. But sometimes the wind isnt so helpful. A strong wind can turn a snow storm into a blizzard. A hurricane is a storm with fast-moving winds. Hurricanes can be very dangerous. </p></li><li><p> Words to know ( definition ) blizzard a snowstorm with winds moving at more than 32 miles per hour</p><p> hurricane a storm with winds moving at more than 74 miles per hour </p></li><li><p>Ballooning The first kind of air transportation was not a plane. It was a balloon. People traveled by balloon a hundred years before there were planes or jet aircraft. Those early days of ballooning were exciting, but they were also dangerous. Sometimes the balloons fell suddenly. Sometimes they burned. However, the danger did not stop the balloonists.</p></li><li><p> Words to know ( definition ) transportation balloon aircraft balloonists 1. a machine for traveling by air 2. person who flies a plane or balloon 3. a bag full of air 4. way of traveling </p></li><li><p> Using Pronouns and Synonyms </p></li><li><p> Pronouns are small words, but they are very important when you are reading. These small words tie ideas to each other in a passage. </p></li><li><p> Sharon Yee lives in Taiwan. She has an apartment near the National Museum. She likes to walk to the museum. Sometimes two or three friends go with her. At the museum, she learns about her countrys past. All the underlined pronouns take the place of the noun Sharon Yee. The noun Sharon Yee is called the referent because the pronouns refer to it.</p></li><li><p> Figure Skating Figure skating is a special kind of ice skating. It is very popular sport in many countries. Every year, skating contests are shown on television. People around the world watch them and cheer for their favorite skates.</p></li><li><p> Figure Skating Figure skating is a special kind of ice skating. It is very popular sport in many countries. Every year, skating contests are shown on television. People around the world watch them and cheer for their favorite skates.</p></li><li><p> 1. Anita and Helena couldnt find their car in the parking lot at the mall. That is why they were so late for dinner. 2. Early photographers had to carry film and heavy equipment everywhere they went. And this did not stop them. 3. In a small town, a tornado can destroy an entire street of homes and stores. Many families lose their homes. The government tries to help them when this happens.</p></li><li><p> 1. Anita and Helena couldnt find their car in the parking lot at the mall. That is why they were so late for dinner. 2. Early photographers had to carry film and heavy equipment everywhere they went. And this did not stop them. 3. In a small town, a tornado can destroy an entire street of homes and stores. Many families lose their homes. The government tries to help them when this happens.</p></li><li><p> Synonyms are different words or phrases that refer to the same idea. A writer uses synonyms to tie ideas together. Synonyms: General and specific</p></li><li><p> Sam and Susan Diamond visited London, Edinburgh, and Glasgow last year. They enjoyed the many museums in those cities. It was their first visit to that part of the world. 1. Specific : London, Edinburgh, Glasgow 2. Less specific : those cities 3. General : that part of the world</p></li><li><p> Put the following synonyms in order from specific to general.</p><p> 1. plant flower rose 2. place Montreal city 323211</p></li><li><p> 1. Chris was born in London, but she lives in Glasgow now. She has learned to love Scotland. It is her home now. 2. The president of the city council gave a long speech. As a leader, she has to plan many new projects. 3. Lemons, limes, and oranges are all delicious to eat. These citrus fruits are also healthy for you. They are a good source of vitamin C.</p></li><li><p> 1. Chrys was born in London, but she lives in Glasgow now. She has learned to love Scotland. It is her home now. 2. The president of the city council gave a long speech. As a leader, she has to plan many new projects. 3. Lemons, limes, and oranges are all delicious to eat. These citrus fruits are also healthy for you. They are a good source of vitamin C.</p></li><li><p> Using the context is one way to build up our vocabulary. Thats the way -Top to Bottom</p></li><li><p>suffixes These words have two parts. The first part is the root word. The second part is the suffix. Find the suffix for each group of words. Then write the root words.</p></li><li><p>1. sleeping thinking standing working Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________2. player buyer owner talker washer Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________sadness happiness friendliness Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________</p></li><li><p>4. helpful careful beautiful playful Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________5. careless homeless friendless childless Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________6. tiresome awesome troublesome Suffix : _______ Root words : ______________________</p></li><li><p>Prefixesex-, fore-, pre-, pro- happening before, located in front of</p><p>make a guess 1. ex-husband 2. forefather 3. foretell 4. premature </p></li><li><p>Take a guess</p><p>What is the longest English word?The clue is mile a mile is 1.609344 kilometers.</p><p>smiles</p></li><li><p>Seeing is deceiving;</p><p>Dreaming is believing.</p></li><li><p>Cook WordsSqueeze SliceDice ChopMix Dip inSprinkle</p><p>Lets make a dish!</p></li><li><p>Receipt onions. potatoes. carrots chicken a pack of curryLets make a dish!</p><p>DiceDiceSlice Chop</p></li><li><p> If it is to be, it is up to me.</p></li><li><p>Life is an opportunity, benefit from it.Life is beauty, admire it.Life is a dream, realize it.Life is a challenge, meet it.Life is a duty, complete it.Life is a game, play it.Life is a promise, fulfill it.Life is sorrow, overcome it.</p></li><li><p>Life is a song, sing it.Life is a struggle, accept it.Life is a tragedy, confront it.Life is an adventure, dare it.Life is luck, make it.Life is too precious, do not destroy it.Life is life, fight for it.</p><p> -----Mother Teresa</p></li><li><p>Collections</p><p>Use them, or they will becollections.</p><p>*In this strategy, we help students build the vocabulary. Its a good word-everything is built from the base.*About reading, we can not avoid answering the question.*In the beginning, we do some exercises. Read the passage all the way to the end. Then choose the proper answer to each space.*Please do the second one.*Can our students read the passage all the way to the end? Why? What are your reasons?*We must say reading takes work. Thats why we try our best to improve our students reading ability.*learner should know 700 to 1500 basic words first.For we teachers in Junior high, our students in the first grade, they just know about 300 words in general.*But I have to admit its not interesting at all. Sometimes they can not memorize all the words.*The two ways to increase our students vocabulary.*Usually we read for facts. Sometimes we read for fun.*Can we students just learn for pleasure? Can they choose a book which is interesting to them? Just like Harry Potter 600010000?**First read the passage all the way to the end. Then look at the box below. Use the context to help you choose a word to write in each space.First read the passage all the way to the end. Then look at the box below. Use the context to help you choose a word to write in each space.First read the passage all the way to the end. Then look at the box below. Use the context to help you choose a word to write in each space.First read the passage all the way to the end. Then look at the box below. Use the context to help you choose a word to write in each space.***********example***Sometimes a pronoun can take place of several words or phrases, or evern a sentence.*Sometimes a pronoun can take place of several words or phrases, or even a sentence.**example**example*example***These words have two parts. The first part is the root word. The second part is the suffix. Find the suffix for each group of words. Then write the root words.*These words have two parts. The first part is the root word. The second part is the suffix. Find the suffix for each group of words. Then write the root words.*When she wrote it on the notebook, I know she got something. Its amazing, and it catches me.Pleasure pleasure</p></li></ul>