СЯЭУ Метод. Указания v1.8.8 (13.2.12 (15.14))

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- -2012 - , (). : , , , . - , . 2 .. - . .31 ...............................................................................................................................................................61.1 ...................................................................................................................................................19 1.2 1.1............................................................................................................................................242 .....................................................................................................292.1 2...............................................................................................................................................393 ....................................................................................................................543.1 ............................................................................................................57 .......................................................................................................................................70 4 ; ; - ; - ; ( ); ; ; ; - ; ( ); ; - ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ( ); ; ; . 51 (), , . , ( ) ,(. 1.1-1.4), (. 1.5-1.12). : , () , , . , , . i-s. , . . , . . , (). 3(3- ), , - , . 3= 2 %. . . - 20...35 ( 4), [1], 3 2. 2.704-76 (. ).- :1. .2. .3. . , ( i-s), -G, .4. ( ).659214 3 20267221102381114151312181619171. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 1.1 .7512324812111091413151617181920212264723*1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23 1.2 .8145678291. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 1.3 .91. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 1.4 .10 Li OH 4 . 4 . 3,4 41 41414141414112 1 1 4341 4141 1.5 .112 2 1 1.6 . 12 (1)LiOH 414141414141 ( ) 3 3 C 4 1 341 2 1.7 .13 =4,5 t=293 132 150=0,12 t=106 12 2 22 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 1.8 .14 1.9 .1521 2 2 2 - 1 1 1 1 2 132 112 22G1 21 2 . - 2( ) - 3 2 2G 221 21 1.10 .16 22 2 2 2 1 2 21 1 2 1.11 .17 (1)LiOH 414141414141 ( ) 3 3 C 4 1 341 2 1.12 .181.1 1.1 - ./ 1 2 3 4 5 61 () N 2 Z. 3 . 4 . 5 .N NZ Z6 : 6-9 - . - ;1P- ;t- .t7 :- ;P- ;t- .i/8 :- ;0P- ;0t- .0i/9 :- ;P- ;sts t P - ;ts(0,5...1,5) t - .i/ ( ; ) f t P 1.119 .10...1610 ah/ i-s .1.1311 e- . 12 e- . 13 i-ee/ 14 ih/a/ih 15 xi/0ii h kx i-s .1.1316 .D/a eNh .32 . 173117 2P . 18 2P . 19 ah/ i-s . 1.1420 i- . 21 - . 22 ih/ a ih 23 2i/0ii h 2x- i-s, . .1.1424 2x- 995 , 0 ... 99 , 02 x , -2 2x x 25 2i/ i-s, . .1.1426 h/ i-s, . .1.1427 i- . .2028 - C. .2029 ih/ ih 1.130 xi /i 2- h i20 kx i-s, . .1.1431 ( )D/ 22 + i ihxxhN32 Z- . 33 ti/,. 34 -,. 35 pZ- 36 , ( 5 )pN pNZ 37 1:;1P . .33;s1t . .1i / i-s, ..1.1438 :;3P . .38;s3t. .3i/ i-s, ..1.1421 1.13 i-s.22 1.14 i-s .231.2 1.1 2., , , . 35. , 50...55. . , . , , . : 1 Z ,2 Z ,3 Z ,2...4 Z , 1...2 Z . (). (, 2 3 ). 2 . . , . 0, 960...0,985. . 4. (.. ). 1 . (, ) . : ,(1.1) - : - 0,884 0,0186 lg N + ,(1.2)- 0,912 0,0157 lg N + ;(1.2) - ,0,97...0,98 ; - 0,866 0, 00214 lg N + ; (1.2) - , 0,98...0,99 . 5. . (), . , , . 6. 1417 -, 10...12-. 24 30...50. , : N sG=-2K tt tK;(1.3) = 2tt t+;(1.4) = 2tt t,(1.5) st - , , ;NK - , N 1,15...1,20 K ;GK - , G0,85...0,90 K . st t , x . 0,003 0,005 x .7,8. t 15...35 ( ). , 5...8. () 0t 5...10 t. P0 (. .15 .30), 12%. , 2,8...3,4 . , . 4...5 . : ( ) 01,08...1,12 P P (1.6) 9. (). 30. . :0,005...0,007 - ;0,006...0,007 - ;0,015...0,020 - . t 0,5...1,0 t . :t t t s . (1.7), . [4]., , :25( )( )7 , 0oo e2 1 e0032 , 0 13 , 0 72 , 4 122 , 017356 , 0 tN P NK Ken +

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, (1.8)eN- (eN N ), ;oP- , ;ot - , o o st t t ( ), ;1K - , :11 K- , 10,97 K- ;2K- , , ( ), 20,95...1,01 K;n- , e0,045 110/ n N +. 12. 0, 985...0, 990 . = . 0,965...0,985 . () : = 0,953+0,008 lgNe - , (1.9) = 0,922+0,013 lgNe - . (1.10)17,18. . .. , , aah h . , , , 2P=0,25...0,40 . 2P 2P : 2 2 P P P , P = 0,02...0,03 . 2 2P P ., 2P . i-s (>12%), , , , .20,27. [3]: 1 e o asi 2 o e 0,255 (4,2 ) 1 0,320,698 1 (1 0,0002 ) 1735 (1 )10735nN P hK DtNh x _ _ _ + + , ,+ ,;(1.11)) 1 (1) 0001 , 0 1 (2 , 01735803 , 0ase22x hhtNKni +

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, (1.12)eN - ( + ) , ; o 2/ P P - ;26 2 / P P - ; to- , (. .11), ; t- ,. t = 0 ;ash- , , /, (. .1.14), as ah h ,, - , .2,212 2 x xxx+ + . (1.13).. x2 x , : x2 = 0,90...0,94 x = 0,88...0,89.K2 = 0,95...1,01 (. .11), (1.14)1 en 0,045 110/ N, +(1.15)2 en 0,01588/ N . +(1.16)21 ,28. . , . . .12. 32. . ( , ) - ( ) , , . ,() ( ), - ( ). . , , , , . , . 33. . 0,7...1,0, ts = 165...180C. , t=ts (12...15),C, ..t=150...165C. -, , P = 0,12...0,13 . , t = 105...107C. , , 90110. , t = t . 34. . :270, 24...0, 25 -, ( );0, 20...0, 21 - , ;0,17...0,19 - . 3 8 . 0,060,07 , 8590. t 75 ... 70k .282 2.1 . .. 1 2 3 4 5 6 .1 :( ) ,i f Pt P t . .6 .1.1 . ;i / .i /2 pN . .36 .1.13 pG/ ( )/ p N i i 4 1 (), 1Z. 5 1G/ 1/p HG Z6 1H/ . 7 1/ 0,65 - 0,78 1N111 G Hh9 1N 1NK N, N1,15 1, 2 K - 10 1 0,65 0,75. 11, 1 N 1 1/ N 12 , Q pqN5 00 , 0 ... 3 00 , 0 q13 , 3 i/ . i / . 14 coG / ( )p0005 001 , ... , G15 , 1 coQ ( )co G i - i16 , 1Q1 1 1 1 Z( )N 17 , (3 )3Q( )1p 3 co hZ KQ Q Q + + , p1 Z , ;3 105 11 K , ... , 29 2.118 3 p p1- Q / Z N19 3 3t 15...2520 G/3 3Q / t21 3Z. 22 3 3pG/3 3pG /Z23 3 , 3 3pH3H//. 24 3 cK2/(/)3 32 ( ) H / GK( )3 32 H / GK( )2 33 3GH H 24 3H/( )2c 3K G , . (. 2.2)25 3- AK - 0,7...0,826 , A3G /3AK G27 3 3AHG/3 3A( 1) G / Z -3AH/3 32 2 AH AK G K G +28 3 3G/ . 3H/ . 29 3 3. 30 3 3N33 3H G31 3 3G/. . 2.2 (.24)3H/32 3 3. 33 3 3N3 33 G H 34 3 N33NK N,N115 12 K , ... , 35 3 3- . 30 2.136, 3 3N33N37 3 3t 3 33P H HQCZG 4 38 , 4 4Q ( )3103 105 , ... , Q39 4 4t 10...1540 4 4pG/4P 4QC t ,P395 C , /41 4 4Z. 42 4 4pG/44pZG43 4 4pH/ . , 4 4pH/ . 44 4 K2/(/)4 42 ( ) H / GK( )4 42 H / GK( )2 44 4GH H 45 4H /( )2c 4K G , . (. 2.4)46 4- AK 0,7...0,847 4AG/4AKG48 4 4AG4pH/4 4A( 1) G / Z -2A 2A 4 4G K G K + 49 4 4G/. 4H/50 4 4- . 51 4 4N4 44 GH52 4 4G/. .31, . 2.4 (.45)4H/53 4 4- . .3231 2.154 4 4N4 44 GH55 4 4N4N NN115 12 , ... , 56 4- . .3557, 4 4N44N58 4 4t C44p4 Qc ZG . 59 D/ i i N Z, i i - . .7 .33 .1.1; - ..18 .2.160 G / / Z D . 61 Z - . 62 G/ . 63 G/ / Z G64 :H/ H H +) ;H /. ) ;H/. ) , H/. 65 K2/(/)2 / ( ) H GK2 / ( ) H GK2 ( )/ ( ) H H G 66 G/ G K, K =1,25 67 H /2 ) ( G K H + H /2 ) ( G K H +. (. 2.5)68 K - . 69 G / K GG / / ( 1) G Z 3233 2.170 H /2 2 ( ) ( ) H K G K G + +71 :;G;H.. 72 N / G H 73 H / . - . 74 N / GH 75 :. ; . 94. . 76 N N KN , NK = 1,15...1,277 . .3578 N / N ()79 G/ K D,K - . 80 Z - . 81 G/ / G Z82 :H/ H H +) ;H /. ) ;H/. ) , H/. 83 K2/(/)2 / ( ) H GK2 / ( ) H GK2 ) (GH H 84 G/ K G, K =1,15 85 H /2 ( ) H K G + H/2 ( ) H K G + , . (. 2.6)86 K - . 34 2.187 G / KGG/ / ( 1) G Z 88 H /2 2 ( ) ( ) H K G K G + +89 :;G /. ;H /. . -. 90 N / GH 91 H / . - . 92 N / GH 93 . 94 N . 95 P . 96 h / i-s 97 ( ) 0,20, 4 0, 45 (/100) N 98 D / / ( ) N h 99 D /( )11]1

+ 1NN dd D ,d0 ,20...0,25100 . 101 . 102 i / D Ni 103 N N KN , NK = 1,15...1,20104 . .35105 . .35106, N / N () ()107 , Q . 35 2.1108 t . 109 G/ pKQC t , K=1,05...1,1 - ;p = 4,19 /(K) ,p = 3,95 /(K) 110 H/ . 111 Z - . 112 G/ / G Z113 K2/(/