Τμήμα Μηχανικών Πληροφορικής ΤΕ ?· 2 Μοντέρνα ασυρματικά δίκτυα υβριδικής τεχνολογίας OptiX RTN 900 series ΠΤΥΧΙΑΚΗ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑ

  • View
    216

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • 2

    OptiX RTN 900 series

    : -1762

    : ,

    2014

  • 3

    / ,

    OptiX RTN 900 series

    :

    ,

    .

    ,

    . ,

    .

    .

    ,

    .

    (-)

  • 4

    :

    :

    1.

    2.

    3.

  • 5

    OptiX RTN 900 TDM// Ethernet

    Huawei Technologies. TDM/ATM/IP.

    TDM Ethernet

    . .

    ,

    . ,

    .

    ,

    Huawei.

    ,

    , ,

    .

  • 6

    ,

    .

    . , ,

    ...

    .

    , .

    .

  • 7

    1

    1.1 .. 10

    1.2.1 10

    1.2.2 . 11

    1.2.3 .. 11

    2 /

    2.1 12

    2.2 Asynchronous Transfer Mode () 12

    2.3 Time-division multiplexing (TDM) 13

    2.4 E1 . 13

    2.5 Ethernet

    2.5.1 Fast Ethernet... 14

    2.5.2 Gigabit Ethernet 14

    2.6

    2.6.1 ( AM )... 14

    2.6.2 . 16

    2.7

    2.7.1 QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying) 16

    2.7.2 QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation ) 17

    2.8 PLS.. 19

    2.9

    2.9.1 .. 20

    2.9.2 20

    K 3

    3.1

    3.1.1 (IDU) 21

    3.1.2 IDU 905.. 22

    3.1.3 IDU 910... 23

    3.1.4 IDU 950... 24

    3.1.5 IDU 980.. 24

  • 8

    3.2 IF 25

    3.3

    3.3.1 (ODU) 26

    3.3.2 RTN 600 ODU.. 27

    3.3.3 RTN 600 ODU 28

    3.3.4 XMC ODU. 28

    3.3.5 (XMC ODU).. 29

    3.4

    3.4.1 .30

    3.4.2 .. 31

    3.5 . 32

    3.6 33

    3.7 ,

    3.7.1 , .. 35

    3.7.2 , (IDU 910). 36

    3.7.3 CSHA/B/C/D.. 37

    3.7.4 , (IDU 950).. 38

    3.7.5 , (IDU 980). 39

    3.8 .. 41

    3.9 U. 41

    3.10 . 43

    3.11 44

    3.12 I ESD 44

    4

    4.1 IF

    4.1.1 IF . 46

    4.1.2 F 48

    4.1.3 IF. 49

    4.1.4 IF 50

    4.2 ISV3.. 50

    4.3 SHD

    4.3.1 SHD .. 52

  • 9

    4.3.2 SDH ... 53

    4.4

    4.4.1 53

    4.4.2 . 54

    4.5 PDH . 55

    4.6 thernet.. 56

    4.7 G4/EG4P/EG6 . 57

    4.8 FP8/EMS6 . 58

    4.9 TDM . 60

    5

    5.1 E-Line... 61

    5.2 E-Aggr.. 62

    5.3 IMA/ATM .... 62

    5.4 .. 63

    5.5 CES..... 64

    5.6 .... 65

    6

    6.1 iManager U2000... 66

    6.2 .. 66

    6.3 ..... 67

    6.4 .. 69

    6.5 RF ... 70

    6.6 / ATPC. 71

    6.7 / .. 71

    6.8 TU/LU . 72

    6.9 72

    6.10 PRBS PDH. 73

    7

    7.1 . 74

    7.2 75

    7.3 .. 76

    7.4 .. 76

    79

    .. 80

  • 10

    1

    1.1

    OptiX RTN 900 TDM / /

    Huawei.

    .

    OptiX RTN 900: OptiX RTN 905 , OptiX RTN 910, OptiX RTN 950 , OptiX RTN 980.

    OptiX RTN 900

    , IF ( ) .

    OptiX RTN 900

    . TDM

    ,

    , TDM

    . 2G , 3G

    LTE ,

    .

    1.1

    1.2.1 RTN 900 (IDU),

    (IF), (ODU), ,

    . ,

    .

  • 11

    1.2.2

    H IDU ( ) .

    IF IF, -48V (DC) ODU ODU IDU

    ODU IF RF . RF .

    .

    1.2

    1.2.3

    PDH/SDH /

    SNCP ADM add/drop , XPIC, MW N+1, ATPC, LMSP Ethernet ERPS, LAG MSTP

  • 12

    2

    2.1

    PWE3

    . AM .

    ,

    . ,

    MPLS PWE3 . TDM E1 ,

    CES , PWE3 TDM E1

    PW . IMA 1 Ethernet . PW

    ,

    .

    2.1

    .

    ,

    . OptiX RTN 910

    ,

    .

    H

    . 210

    Mbit/s ODU 420 Mbit/s ODU .

    2.2 Asynchronous Transfer Mode ()

    (ATM)

    ( , )

    (53-byte).

    , .

  • 13

    2.3 Time-division multiplexing (TDM)

    E ,

    ,

    . .

    . ,

    , ,

    .

    . ,

    ,

    .

    /

    .

    ,

    .

    TDM .

    ,

    .

    ,

    . , ,

    ( FDM) , .

    2.4 E1

    , . 3 volt

    .

    2,048 Mbit / s 32 ,

    8 bits. , 8-bit PCM ,

    A-law , 8.000 (8 8.000

    32 = 2.048.000). ,

    .

    0 31.

    1,

    .

    , ,

    , . , bytes

    .

    , .

  • 14

    2.5 Ethernet

    2.5.1 Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps) 100BASE-TX

    100BASE-T2, 100BASE-T4. 100BASE-TX

    UTP 5e (CAT-5e) 2 (

    ), 100.

    , 4 ,

    Gigabit Ethernet (1000BASE-TX). ,

    10BASE-T

    10Mbps ( auto-negotiation).

    2.5.2 Gigabit Ethernet (1 Gbps)

    1000BASE-T. 1000BASE-T

    UTP 5e (CAT-5e) 4 .

    ,

    .

    Gigabit Ethernet

    Fast Ethernet

    100BASE-TX ( auto-negotiation).

    1000BASE-FX.

    2.6 ( AM ) 2.6.1 ( AM )

    .

    ,

    . ,

    . (

    ) ,

    .

    ,

    .

  • 15

    (

    ) ,

    . ,

    -

    .

    AM ,

    QoS .

    ,

    . SP

    WFQ .

    ,

    WRED

    .

    Ethernet 420 Mbit / s ODU

    210 Mbit / s ODU.

    2.2

  • 16

    2.6.2

    : QPSK, 16QAM,32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, 256QAM, 512QAM 1024QAM ( 12

    )

    ( ) ( )

    , ,

    , , bit

    2.7 2.7.1 QPSK (Quadrature Phase Shift Keying)

    ,

    bits

    . T "PSK" QPSK Phased

    Shift Keying ,

    . T "Quad" QPSK

    , : 45, 135, 225 315 . QPSK 4 ,

    2 bits / .

    2.3 QPSK 4-QPSK

    ,

    bits, .

    , PSK.

    , 8-QPSK (

    3 bits),

    , 8 ,

    .

  • 17

    2.4 8-QPSK

    2.7.2 QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation )

    QAM ( )

    PSK (Phase Shift Keying) ASK (Amplitude Shift Keying).

    (symbol) .

    .

    QAM .

    QAM .

    , ,

    . QAM

    .

    2.5 4-QAM, 8-QAM, 16-QAM, 32-QAM, 64-QAM

  • 18

    2.6 SNR

    SNR

    , 2.6 64 QAM, 128 QAM 256 QAM

    2.7 Bits/

    2.7 Bits

  • 19

    2.8 PLS

    Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS),

    . ( labels)

    . MPLS

    .

    :

    , 2

    MPLS

    ( ) MPLS LSR Label Information Base (LIB) - LSR Label Switched Path (LSP)

    Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC) FECs LSP.

  • 20

    2.9

    2.9.1

    IF 350 MHz IF ,

    O & M uplink, -48 V DC . , IF

    :

    1. , , IF

    RF .

    2. AMP RF (

    IDU).

    3. , RF . O&

    5,5 MHz ASK- . -48 V DC

    PWR,

    ODU

    2.9.2

    , RF .

    RF (LNA). ,

    , RF 140 MHz IF

    . & ASK.

    10MHz . CTRL

    RSSI

    RSSI. IF O&M

    IDU IF

  • 21

    3

    3.1 3.1.1 (IDU)

    IDU 900 OptiX RTN 900.

    IF,

    .

    3.1 DU

    IDU .

    IDU.

    CPU

    .

  • 22

    3.1.2 IDU 905

    3.1 IDU905

    IDU 905, ,

    .

    , (NMS),

    .

    H IDU OptiX RTN 905 1U high, .

    3.2 IDU9051

  • 23

    3.3 IDU9052

    H IDU 9051A , IDU905 2A

    ODU .

    IDU 905 , , ,

    , , ODU (IF), USB.

    3.1.3 IDU 910