01 Eisagwgh Sto Mhxanologiko Sxedio

  • Published on
    18-Nov-2014

  • View
    107

  • Download
    4

Transcript

& ; , 14% - 30% . . 20% 11% 17% 8% , , - - , , .. , .. , , ..., 1999 , . . , 2 , 2.9 , 3 (..) : 0.60 x + 0.40 x M.O. 4. ( 15:15-18:00) ( 15 15 18 00) 2 3. . ( ) .: = 7 M.O. = 9 .. = 0.60 x 7 + 0.40 x 9 = 7.8 8 : 70 x 50 cm 70 cm 30 cm 45-45-90 30-60-90 . : 40 300 x 420 mm, . ( 2) 0.7, 0.5 0.35 mm 2 3 1 mycourses.ntua.gr . . , . (1/2) (2/2) 10000 ..: 10000 ..: 4000 ..: , 1650 ..: , 1200 ..: 600 ..: , 600 ..: , 60 ..: , : : 1790: Gaspard Monge 1800-1900: , 1800-1900: , De RivazStephenson 1800-1900: , 1800-1900: , 20 : 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) - 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) () 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) Diesel 1970: CAD (Computer Aided Design) 1985 - : 3-D (3D Modeling) 1985 - : 3-D (3D Modeling) 1985 - : 3-D (3D Modeling) : . (drawing) (design);2-D CAD3-D CAD ()CNC : CAD CAD. . 1. 2. , , . (), , . . , . / CAD AutoCAD, Inventor, Solid Works, Rhinocers . . : : : (, , , .) : , : . : : . , . 3-D 2-D (, ). 1) 2) : . : 1) . 2) . . 12 5 3 41 523 4 . : 1. 2. . () - . . , / , , , ISO Germany USA UK Japan Australia International Organization for Standardization DIN ANSI BS JIS AS Deutsches I i D h Institut fr N Normung American National Standard Institute British Standard Japanese Industrial Standard Australian Standard ISO 5457:1999 ISO 128-20:1996 ISO 3098-0:1997 ISO 5455:1979 ISO 5456:1996 ISO 128-34:2001 ISO 129:1985 0 X* Y = 1 m2 =106 mm2 X= 841 mm Y= 1189 mmX A0 ~ A4. (ISO) A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 210 x 297 297 x 420 420 x 594 594 x 841 841 x 1189A4 A3 A2 X/Y=1:2 A1A0 Y( ) ;A0 1. X (, A0~A4) c 2. Y (, A4) d d : , . ( ) c c cc A4 A3 A2 A1 A0c (min) d (min) 10 25 10 25 10 25 20 25 20 25c ( ) ( ) , 1:1 X:1 1:X : () . (.. 1:10)! . , , , . , , , , , . , , , , , , , 10 27 ,10R16 , , , , .4313 , , , , , . , , , , , . , , , , , . , , 0 7 mm 0.7 1.4 mm 1.0 mm 0.7 mm 0.5 mm0.7 07 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.50.5 05 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.350.35 0 35 0.7 0.5 0.35 0.25 , . : ( ) ( ) ( ( ) ) : 76 12 8 ( ) ( )543 - ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST UVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM NOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEF ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRST UVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM NOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEF ( ) : - - - - . 75 . . - 1.82.53.557101420 mm : . . . 1. . 2. .3. - 4. 1 : 1. 2. 3. . 1 2 3 2 : 1. . 2. 3. . 2 1 3 1. . 2. 2 . 3. . 4. . ;