01. Safety Awareness

  • Published on
    18-Apr-2015

  • View
    20

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

Presented by : MR. AMIR B. MOHAMED CIAST, SHAH ALAM SELANGORPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

KEMALANGAN JALANRAYA MELIBATKAN KERETA DAN LORI KRENPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Kemalangan Di PejabatPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

RESULTSHIGHER COST & LOWER PROFIT MONEY SPENT FOR ACCIDENT IS NOT LIKE MONEY SPENT FOR MATERIAL OR WAGES. THERE IS NO RETURN ON MONEY SPENT FOR ACCIDENT.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

IMMEDIATEDEATH INJURY PAIN DISEASE DAMAGE LOSS FEAR

SHORT TERMMEDICAL TREATMENT REPAIRS REPLACEMENTS LOST PRODUCTION INCREASED COSTS DISCIPLINE LOW MORALE

LONG TERMSUFFERING DISABILITY LOST INCOME INSURANCE COMPENSATION MISTRUST MISSED TARGETS PROFITABILITY

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

VICTIM AND DEPENDENTSSuffering Effect on sport & hobbiesContinuing disability Effect on familyPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Lost of earning Extra expenses

SUPERVISORWorry

Loss prestige

Recrimination

Report, extra work, training new staffPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

SECTION OR DEPARTMENT

Morale

Capacity to produce

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

FIRM OR ORGANISATIONLoss of earning

Loss in paying in legal actionDamage to the equipment and materials

Compensation Penalty Extra insurance premium Lost of clientPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

NATION

Loss of income in a form of income tax

Loss of morale

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

ACCIDENT COSTS ICEBERGINSURED COSTS (1) Medical (covering injury, ill health) Compensation Building damage Tool, equipment, material, product damage Production delays and interruptions Legal expenses Expenditure on emergency first aid supplies Interim equipment rentals Investigation time/clearing site Wages paid for time lost Costs hiring and/or training replacements Overtime working Extra supervisor time Loss of expertise/experience Decreased output of injured worker upon return Loss of business and goodwillPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

THE HIDDEN UNINSURED COSTS (8 36 as much as insured costs)

ACCIDENT RATIO STUDIESTHE HEINRICH THEORY (USA-1931)129 300 SERIOUS / FATAL MINOR INJURIES NON-INJURY

THE TYE/PEARSON THEORY (UK-1974/75)1 3 50 80 400 SERIOUS / FATAL MINOR INJURIES (1 TO 3 DAYS MC) FIRST-AID INJURIES PROPERTY DAMAGE

THE BIRD THEORY (USA-1969)1 10 30

SERIOUS / FATALMINOR INJURIES PROPERTY DAMAGE NON-INJURY

600

NON-INJURY / DAMAGE

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

AN UNPLANNED EVENT WHICH RESULTS IN UNACCEPTABLE CONSEQUENCES

AN UNDESIREABLE EVENT WHICH INTERRUPTS NORMAL ACTIVITYPrepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

An unexpected, unplanned event in sequence of events, that occurs through a combination of causes. It results in injury or disease to an individual, damage to property or equipment, a near-miss, a loss or any combination of these effects.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Workers, unions and employees dont always agree on why accident happen.Workers may say that the workplace is : HAZARDOUS * UNSAFE * DANGEROUS * BADLY ORGANISED

THE WORKPLACE IS TO BLAME.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Employers sometimes say that the worker is : CARELESS * RECKLESS * SILLY * ACCIDENT PRONE * STUBBORN * INCONSIDERATE * IGNORANT

THE WORKER IS TO BLAME.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Some accidents may be due to human errors. But the work environment must recognise that the workers are human and sometimes make mistakes this must be acknowledged during workplace design. Employers can improve the workplace so that stress, fatigue and poor working conditions do not cause mistakes.

HAS BLAMING EACH OTHER SOLVED THE PROBLEM ? NO, AS CAN BE SEEN FROM THE ACCIDENT FIGURES.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

THE HUMAN FACTORDIRECTLY INVOLVED Fatigue Stress Taking shorts cut Lack of experience Lack of training Lack of concentration Not wearingappropriate PPE Using incorrect tool Not following work practices

INDIRECTLY INVOLVED Fault with theoriginal design of a piece of equipment. Inappropriate purchasing decisions. Behavior of fellow individuals in the workplace.

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

UNSAFE ACTS OF PERSON Operating without clearance/failure to secure or warn. Operating or working at unsafe speed. Making safety devices inoperative. Using unsafe equipment or equipment unsafely. Unsafe loading, placing, mixing, combining, etc. Taking unsafe position of posture. Working on moving of dangerous equipment. Distracting, teasing, abusing, startling,etc. Failure to use safe attire or personal protective devices.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

UNSAFE PHYSICAL CONDITIONS Inadequately guarded, guards of improper height, strength, mesh, etc. Unguarded absence of required guards. Defective, rough, sharp, slippery, decayed, cracked, etc. Unsafely designed machines, tools, etc. Unsafely arranged, poor housekeeping, congestion, blocked exits, etc. Inadequately lighted, sources of glare, etc. Inadequately ventilated impure air sources, etc. Unsafely clothed, no goggles, gloves, masks,wearing high heels, etc.

Unsafe processes, mechanical, chemical,electrical, nuclear, etc.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION Improper use equipment

TYPICAL UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION Incorrect tool selected for job; tool used in a manner for which it was not intended; overloading, defeat or removal of safety devices; use of obviously defective equipment. Hot metal clothing not worn or left unbuttoned. Incorrect type of glove/eye protection used. Failure to use safety harness/lifeline. Failure: to shut off equipment not in use; to place warning signs etc.; to lock or secure vehicles, switches, valves, ladders, materials against unexpected motion etc.; to warn others or give instructions. Jumping from heights, operating plants at unsafe speed, running, throwing materials, haste or short cuts taken, horseplaying. Gripping objects insecurely, taking wrong hold, improper body position adopted; attempting to lift excessive weight or move awkward load manually.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

Failure to make proper use of correct protective clothing/equipment. Failure to secure warn.

Working at unsafe speed. Incorrect posture or improper use of limbs.

UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION Inattention

TYPICAL UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION To footing or surrounds.

Personal unsafe position Standing/riding/walking in unsafe places. Unnecessary exposure to moving equipment, or equipment/substances which are hot. Unsafe placement Of vehicles, materials or equipment (housekeeping).

Hazardous plant/ equipment/materialsUnsafe operational method Inadequate personal equipment Unsafe precautions on plants/site equipment

Accident caused through equipment or plant/materials which are rough; sharp; worn; hot; broken; improperly designed; constructed; assembled or maintained.Use of inherently hazardous methods or procedures; inadequately lifting aids. Improper of inadequate clothing or equipment provided. Inadequate guarding, shielding, insulation, earthling, shoring, labeling.Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION Unsafe storage Environment hazards

TYPICAL UNSAFE ACTS/CONDITION Improperly stacked or placed equipment/materials; plant/ equipment inadequately secure against movement. Excessive noise, insufficient space, clearance, ventilation, lighting; inadequate traffic control; airborne dust; effects of room temperature.

Unsafe place of work and unsafe means of access/egress.

Defective premises, low headroom, slippery floors, improperly designed or damaged stairs, catwalks, ladder etc.; holes in floors; house-keeping.

Prepared by AMIR BIN MOHAMED; CIAST, P.O.Box 7012, Jalan Petani 19/1, Section 19, Shah Alam, Selangor

ACCIDENT CAUSATION THEORIESHEINRICH (1930s)Emphasis for prevention on unsafe acts/condition. Approach can lead to blaming the worker when management system is at faults (prone worker approach). FIVE FACTORS/STAGES IN THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS; 1. ANCESTRY / SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT. 2. FAUL