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1.At the beginning of the play, what step has Oedipus already taken to deal with the plague? sending Creon to the oracle at Delphi 2. Creon brings from Apollo's oracle the information that the plague has been caused by the unpunished killing of King Laius 3. The prophet Teiresias, when asked by Oedipus to help rescue the city, is very reluctant to cooperate 4. As a result of his conversation with Teiresias, Oedipus concludes that Creon is plotting, with Teiresias' help, to overthrow him 5. Creon tries to prove his innocence to Oedipus by arguing that he has all the benefits of kingship without any of the responsibilities 6. Jocasta tries to assure Oedipus that he is not guilty of Laius' death by stating that Laius was killed by robbers at a place where three roads meet 7. Oedipus' reaction to Jocasta's speech is horror at the thought that he himself may be Laius' killer 8. After Jocasta re-emerges from the palace and prays to Apollo for deliverance, a messenger from Corinth arrives. What news does he bring? Polybus is dead 9. Questioned by Oedipus, the messenger also reveals that Polybus and Merope are not Oedipus' real mother and father 10. The herdsman summoned by Oedipus already knows that Oedipus killed Laius How is the Greek tragic vision reflected in Oedipus Rex. Drama played a central role in the life of Greek people. It is in Greek times that the greatest of tragedies were written. Greek tragic vision is reflected through these tragedies. Since they were religious people they saw the great role of fate in making life happy or sorrowful. The divine power was the key force behind the disintegration of man. Those who didn¶t practice moderation and crossed the limits of life would be punished by the divine force. The role of characters was also taken into account. However the redemptive power of tragedy provided wisdom through suffering. A study of Sophocles Oedipus Rex can give us insights into this Greek tragic vision. Key Facts full title · Antigone, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus author · Sophocles type of work · Play genre · Antigone and Oedipus the King are tragedies; Oedipus at Colonus is difficult to classify. language · Ancient Greek time and place written · Antigone is believed to have been written around 441 b.c., Oedipus the King around 430 b.c., and Oedipus at Colonus sometime near the end of Sophocles¶ life in 406±405 b.c. The plays were all written and produced in Athens, Greece. date of first publication · The plays probably circulated in manuscript in fifth-century b.c. Athens and have come down to modern editors through the scribal and editorial efforts of scholars in ancient Greece, ancient Alexandria, and medieval Europe. publisher · There is no known publisher of original or early editions. The most important modern edition of the Greek texts, prepared by A. C. Pearson, was published by Oxford University Press in 1924 and reprinted with corrections in 1928. tone · Tragic tense · Present setting (time) · All three plays are set in the mythical past of ancient Greece. setting (place) · Antigone and Oedipus the King are set in Thebes, Oedipus at Colonus in Colonus (near Athens). protagonist · Oedipus is the protagonist of both Oedipus the King and Oedipus at Colonus. Antigone is the protagonist of Antigone. major conflict · Antigone¶s major conflict is between Creon and Antigone. Creon has declared that the body of Polynices may not be given a proper burial because he led the forces that invaded Thebes, but Antigone wishes to give her brother a proper burial nevertheless. The major conflict of Oedipus the King arises when Tiresias tells Oedipus that Oedipus is responsible for the plague, and Oedipus refuses to believe him. The major conflict of Oedipus at Colonus is between Oedipus and Creon. Creon has been told by the oracle that only Oedipus¶s return can bring an end to the civil strife in Thebes²Oedipus¶s two sons, Eteocles and Polynices, are at war over the throne. Oedipus, furious at Thebes for exiling him, has no desire to return. rising action · The rising action of Oedipus the King occurs when Creon returns from the oracle with the news that the plague in Thebes will end when the murderer of Laius, the king before Oedipus, is discovered and driven out. The rising action of Oedipus at Colonus occurs when Creon demands that Oedipus return to Thebes and tries to force him to do so. The rising action of Antigone is Antigone¶s decision to defy Creon¶s orders and bury her brother. climax · The climax of Oedipus the King occurs when Oedipus learns, quite contrary to his expectations, that he is the man responsible for the plague that has stricken Thebes²he is the man who killed his father and slept with his mother. The climax of Oedipus at Colonus happens when we hear of Oedipus¶s death. The climax of Antigone is when Creon, too late to avert tragedy, decides to pardon Antigone for defying his orders and burying her brother. falling action · In Oedipus the King, the consequences of Oedipus¶s learning of his identity as the man who killed his father and slept with his mother are the falling action. This discovery drives Jocasta to hang herself, Oedipus to poke out his own eyes, and Creon to banish Oedipus from Thebes. The falling action of Oedipus at Colonus is Oedipus¶s curse of Polynices. The curse is followed by the onset of a storm, which Oedipus recognizes as a signal of his imminent death. The falling action of Antigone occurs after Creon decides to free Antigone from her tomblike prison. Creon arrives too late and finds that Antigone has hanged herself. Haemon, Antigone¶s fiancé, attempts to kill Creon but ends up killing himself. Creon¶s wife, Eurydice, stabs herself. themes · The power of unwritten law, the willingness to ignore the truth, the limits of free will motifs · Suicide, sight and blindness, graves and tombs symbols · Oedipus¶s swollen foot, the three-way crossroads, Antigone¶s entombment foreshadowing · Oedipus¶s name, which literally means ³swollen foot,´ foreshadows his discovery of his own identity. Tiresias, the blind prophet, appears in both Oedipus the King and Antigone and announces what will happen to Oedipus and to Creon²only to be completely ignored by both. The truth that comes from Tiresias¶s blindness foreshadows the revelation that inspires Oedipus to blind himself. Oedipus¶s command in Oedipus at Colonus that no one, not even his own daughters, know where he has been buried foreshadows the problems surrounding burial in Antigone. The Oedipus Myth because the Greeks tended to refer to myths for the source of plots for their plays, rather than to invent plots of their own or to dramatize real-life events The story that they would have known is the same as that of Sophocles¶ play. What is compelling, however, is the way Sophocles chooses to dramatize it ± the precise way he packages the well-known story into a play. The story of Oedipus itself is by no means Sophocles¶ invention, but he reorganizes the way the information is given so as to provide maximum tension. Why does Oedipus blind himself in 'Oedipus Rex'? because it was a belief in Greek culture that you would be the same way in the afterlife as you were when you died. For that reason, Oedipus blinds himself so he won't have to look upon his mother whom he bedded, his father whom he killed, and his monstrous children whom he gave birth to. What is 'Oedipus Rex'? A play written by Sophocles, the Greek playwright. Who is oedipus rex? Oedipus Rex is the main character of an ancient Greek tragedy written by Sophecles. He is the only son of King Laios and Queen Iokaste of Thebes, who were given an oracle by the greek god Apollo at his birth stating that the child would grow up to kill his father and marry his mother. Who are the protagonist and antagonists in 'Oedipus Rex'? Theban Kings Oedipus and Creon seem to be pitted against each other. Their conflict takes up more of the play than any other stated or unstated conflict among the play's characters. If such indeed is the case, then Oedipus is the protagonist and Creon the antagonist. Who or what is Delphi in 'Oedipus Rex'? The location of an oracle where prophecies are shared with humans is what Delphi is in the play "Oedipus Rex." Specifically, the location of much of the play's action is Thebes. Thebes and Delphi are both in central Greece. But Thebes is to the southeast of Delphi. What is the plague in the play 'Oedipus Rex'? A pestilence that ruins the harvest and decimates the human and livestock populations is the unspecified plaque in the play "Oedipus Rex." Specifically, the source of and the countermeasures to the plague are revealed early on in the play. Theban King Creon indicates that the oracle at the shrine to Apollo blames the unsolved murder of the previous sovereign, Theban King Laius, as the cause. The identification and the punishment by execution or exile are the countermeasures that will end the pestilence. Who is Teiresias and why does he appear in 'Oedipus Rex'? Teiresias is a blind elder who has the gift of prophecy. He recognizes the true character of others, and is able to predict the future. He appears in 'Oedipus Rex', because his presence and his talents are requested by Theban King Oedipus. Oedipus is desperate to end the suffering of his city and his people. He can't get a straight answer from the oracles, the gods, or his fellow Thebans. So he turns to Teiresias, who is a straightforward and skilled team member. Does Oedipus die at the end of 'Oedipus Rex'? No, Theban King Oedipus doesn't die at the end of 'Oedipus Rex'. The play ends with his blinding himself and waiting to hear whether he'll be executed or exiled. The King's exile and ultimate death is covered in 'Oedipus at Colonus'. That's the sequel to 'Oedipus Rex'. It's at Colonus that Oedipus dies. It's also where the play's writer, Sophocles [c. 496 B.C.E. - c. 406 B.C.E.], grows up and his family is from. What happens to Jocasta and Oedipus in 'Oedipus Rex'? Suicide and death from old age are what happened respectively to Theban Queen Jocasta and Theban King Oedipus in "Oedipus Rex." Specifically, Jocasta hangs herself once it is crystal clear to her that she is married to her own son. Oedipus blinds himself when he figures the distressing situation out. He loses his job, home, and friends when he is forced into exile. But ultimately, he dies from old age according to the play "Oedipus at Colonus." Why is 'Oedipus Rex' tragic? The adjective 'tragic' refers to an unhappy ending or outcome. The play 'Oedipus Rex' indeed has an unhappy ending, in which there are unhappy outcomes for a number of people. For example, Theban Queen Jocasta commits suicide upon realizing that a most horrible of fates comes to pass despite her efforts to the contrary. Theban King Oedipus loses his wife, his sight, his reputation, his possessions, his job, and his home. This is the price of his albeit unknowing acts of killing his father and his sovereign, and of wedding and bedding his own mother. What is Oedipus Rex about? Oedipus Rex is about King Oedipus. A plague has descended upon the city of Thebes. Oedipus makes it his mission to find the cause of this plague. At one point he accuses the prophet Tiresias of being the murderer of Laius, the king before Oedipus. However, a shepherd reveals to Oedipus that Laius's murderer was Oedipus himself. Laius and Jocasta had given Oedipus to the shepherd. While Oedipus went to see the sphinx, he murdered Laius because Laius would not give him the right of way. He solved the sphinx's riddle, traveled to the city of Thebes, and married his mother. Jocasta kills herself and Oedipus gouges his eyes out and is sent out of Thebes. Who is murdered in 'Oedipus Rex'? Theban King Laius is murdered in 'Oedipus Rex'. He dies in a street brawl over the right of way at a crossroads. He thinks that he doesn't know his killer. His killer thinks likewise. But the perpetrator and the victim should have known each other very well. In fact, Laius is the father of his killer, who becomes Theban King Oedipus. But neither one of them knows that. Why is Oedipus a tragic hero in 'Oedipus Rex'? Oedipus is a tragic hero because he is a king whose life falls apart when he finds out his life story. Who is Creon in 'Oedipus Rex'? Creon is Oedipus' maternal uncle and his brother -in-law. Creon (Attic Greek: - Kre n, meaning "ruler") is a figure in Greek mythology best known as the ruler of Thebes in the legend of Oedipus. He had four children: Megareus, Menoeceus, Megara and Haemon with his wife, Eurydice. Creon and his sister, Jocasta, were descendants of Cadmus and of the Spartoi. Which genre is 'Oedipus Rex'? The word 'genre' refers to a 'type, kind or category'. In terms of 'Oedipus Rex', the genre is generally that of literature. More specifically, it's literature in the form of a play that takes the form of a tragedy. Who are the main characters in 'Oedipus Rex'? Oedipus, Jocasta, Teiresias, and Creon are the main characters in 'Oedipus Rex'. Theban King Oedipus is the husband and son of Theban Queen Jocasta. Subsequent Theban King Creon is Jocasta's brother, and the brother-in-law and uncle of Oedipus. Teiresias is a blind prophet. Who kills Laius in 'Oedipus Rex'? Oedipus Who is Laius in 'Oedipus Rex'? Theban King Oedipus' father and sovereign is who Theban King Laius is in 'Oedipus Rex'. He's Oedipus' father, because he and Theban Queen Jocasta only have one child. He's Oedipus' sovereign, because he's the royal ruler of Oedipus' hometown of Thebes. What is the moral of Oedipus Rex? You can't run away from your destiny, it will find you and bite you. Who is apollo in oedipus rex? Apollo is a god of fire and light who gives prophecies to both Oedipus and Creon. His knowledge is absolute and are not considered as warnings. KEY LITERARY ELEMENTS SETTING The entire action of this classical tragedy by Sophocles is set in the ancient city of Thebes. This setting does not change because unity of place was one of the most important characteristics of Greek tragedies. Thebes is presented as a city in the grip of a crisis. A deadly plague has transformed«« LIST OF CHARACTERS Major Characters King Oedipus - the king of Thebes. A man ruled by a fate, according to which he is to murder his father and marry his own mother. Oedipus is unaware of the fact that he has already«« Jocasta - the queen of Thebes. She is Oedipus¶ wife as well as his mother but is as ignorant about«.. Creon - Jocasta¶s brother. He is a responsible and loyal Theban citizen. Judicious, rational, and«.. Tiresias - The blind prophet of Thebes, Tiresias has been blessed with immortality. He is«« Chorus - The Chorus plays a very important role in Greek tragedies by providing background information, commenting on the action of the play and revealing the psychological and emotional««. Minor Characters A Corinthian Shepherd - An old man from Corinth, who brings the news of the Corinthian king¶s death. He is also the man who had presented the infant Oedipus to the Corinthian ruler after«« A Theban Shepherd - another old man who was a confidante of King Laius. He is«« Although both these shepherds are minor characters in the tragedy, they do play a «« The two daughters of Oedipus - Antigone and Ismene make an appearance in the play although «« A messenger, priests, attendants are the other minor characters. CONFLICT Protagonist - Oedipus, the king of Thebes, is the protagonist of the play. Oedipus is born with a terrible prophecy to kill his own father and marry his mother. To prevent this from happening, Oedipus¶ father orders the baby to be killed but instead he is given to a childless king and queen who raise«« Antagonist - The antagonist in this classical Greek tragedy is Fate. The awful fate with which Oedipus is born is his greatest enemy. Despite attempting to flee his fate, Oedipus ends up doing exactly what«« Climax - The character flaws of the protagonist Oedipus work in tandem with fate to take the tragedy to its climax. Oedipus, in his eagerness to solve the mystery of Laius¶ murder and later in order to find the facts about his birth carries out an investigation. His wife and others advise him not to do«« Outcome - The outcome of this climax is that Jocasta, Oedipus¶ mother/wife commits suicide, as she is unable to bear the burden of her abhorrent existence. Oedipus is devastated and blinds SHORT PLOT SUMMARY (Synopsis) The entire action of the play is set in the city of Thebes, which is in the grip of a deadly plague at the start of the play. The reason for the plague is that Laius¶ murderer has not been punished. Laius was the ruler of Thebes before the present King (Oedipus) and was supposedly killed during a journey by a group of robbers. The gods at Delphi threaten that unless the murderer is caught and tried, Thebes will continue to suffer. This is the background against which the entire drama unfolds. The present king of Thebes, Oedipus, firmly resolves to find the murderer and prosecute him. He prohibits his people from withholding any information about the man in question. He himself curses the murderer. The old prophet Tiresias is also summoned by Oedipus to be consulted over the matter, but his meeting with Tiresias takes an ugly turn. Tiresias refuses to reveal anything to Oedipus because he is aware of the dreadful fact that it is the ignorant Oedipus himself who has murdered Laius and that Laius was Oedipus¶ father and that he is married to his own mother. He prefers to keep silent as he does not want to be the cause of Oedipus¶ ruin. Oedipus, on the other hand, interprets Tiresias¶ silence as treachery. He labels him a villain and a conspirator along with Creon. Later, the angry Tiresias leaves, warning that Oedipus will cause his own ruin. A confrontation between Oedipus and Creon erupts. Creon is distraught by Oedipus¶ impulsive behavior. As the investigations into Laius¶ murder proceed, the fact that a sole witness is alive comes to light. Oedipus sends for this man, who is an old shepherd. Meanwhile, the plot takes a new turn when a messenger from Corinth brings the news that the Corinthian king Polybus is dead. He asks Oedipus to take up the kingship of Corinth. But, Oedipus expresses his reluctance, as he fears his fate according to which he will marry his own mother. The Corinthian shepherd tries««.
1.At the beginning of the play, what step has Oedipus already taken to deal with the plague? sending Creon to the oracle at Delphi 2. Creon brings from Apollo's oracle…