2014 Career Handbook 2014

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Advice and Opportunities for Scientists

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  • 2014CareerHandbookAdviceandOpportunitiesforScientists

    ProducedbytheScience/AAASCustomPublishingOffice

  • Searchthousandsofjoblistings

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    Accesshelpfulhowtoguides.

    For your career in science, theres only one

    ScienceCareers.org

    Visit ScienceCareers.org todaytoadvanceyourcareer.

    AccessthelatestjobsandthemostrelevantcareerinformationacrosstheglobeonScienceCareers.org.Allservicesarefree.

    Createjobalertsbasedonyourcriteria

    Getcareeradvicefromexpertsonourcareerforum

    Viewwebinarsandbooklets

    Postyourresume/CVinoursearchabledatabase

    Accesshelpfulhowtoguides.

    Visit

  • Thanksforpickingupacopyofthe2014CareerHandbook.OurgoalwiththisbookletandwithallthecareerresourcesfromScienceistobringyouuseful,relevantinformationtohelpyounavigatethejobsearchprocessandmanageyourdevelopmentinawaythatleadsyoutoatrulyrewardingcareer.

    Tothatend,wehaveteamedupwithsomegreatorganizationstobringyouinformationaboutthelatestcareeropportunitiesinmanydifferentfields.Theprofilesshownherewillgiveyouasenseofthetypesoforganizationsthatareacceptingresumesandthekindsofpositionstheyoffer.Wevealsoincludedsomearticlestohelpyouimproveyourresumeaswellassomegeneraltipsandadviceonjobsearching.

    Inadditiontothecompaniesfeaturedinthisbook,youcansearchhundredsofadditionaljobpostingsonourwebsiteScienceCareers.orgallforfree.

    TheCoverLetter:RelicorStillRelevant?DavidG.Jensen ................................................................................................... 4

    OpeningIndustry-AcademicPartnershipsChrisTachibana ................................................................................................... 6

    GettingtheInsideScooponScienceCareersPhilipS.Clifford,JenniferA.Hobin,CynthiaN.Fuhrmann,BillLindstaedt ............................................ 10

    YouNeedaGamePlan JenniferA.Hobin,CynthiaN.Fuhrmann,BillLindstaedt,PhilipS.Clifford....................................................... 13

    SoYouThinkYouHaveSkillsJenniferA.Hobin,CynthiaN.Fuhrmann,BillLindstaedt,PhilipS.Clifford ...............................................................15

    EmployerProfilesFAPESP ................................................................................................................18

    HarvardDepartmentofMolecularandCellularBiology ..........................................................20

    St.JudeChildrensResearchHospital ...........................................22

    INTRODUCTION

    Photo credits:Coverclockwisefromtopleft:iStockphoto.com/anyaivanovaiStockphoto.com/vkovalcikiStockphoto.com/KalawiniStockphoto.com/nic0las_

    p.3 iStockphoto.com/anyaivanovap.3 iStockphoto.com/Kalawinp.4 iStockphoto.com/berpinp.6 iStockphoto.com/nic0las_p.7 iStockphoto.com/nic0las_

    Editor:AllisonPritchardCopyEditor:YuseLajiminmuhipDesign:MaryEllenCrowley

    Titlesandaffiliationsforauthorsandforsourcesquotedwerecorrectatthetimeoforiginalpublication.

    2014 byTheAmericanAssociationfortheAdvancementofScience.Allrightsreserved.1February2014

    CONTENTS

    p.8 Pixtal/agefotostockp.10 iStockphoto.com/laflorp.13 iStockphoto.com/KeithBishopp.15 iStockphoto.com/exdez

  • 4Whenitcomestothetopicofcoverletters,todaytheresnosuchthingasconventionalwisdom.AquickInternetsearchturnsupmanycommentsfromjobseekerswhoaregladtoseeitgoandcareerexpertswhosay,Tossit.Butsomepeoplestilladvise,Betterwriteagoodone;theyreimportant.

    IfallintothelattercampbutIdorecognizethattheroleofthecoverletterhaschanged.NolongerdoyouintroduceyourresumeorindustryCVwithaletteronthefinestlinenstationary;theletterwillbeprintedout,ifatall,onwhateverpaperthehu-manresources(HR)departmenthappenstohaveintheprinter.Anditstruethatalotofpeopledontevenreadcoverletters.

    Yet,thecoverletterstillservesapurposethatnootherpartofyourapplicationpackagecanserve:Itmakesastrong,upfront,specificcaseforyourcandidacyfortheposition.Theresnobetteropportunityatleastuntiltheinterviewtopointoutaparticu-larstrengthorhammerhomethereasonsyoudbeanespeciallygoodfitfortheposition.

    Why Bother?Youmightwellask,Whyarecoverlettersnecessary?Ijustfilledoutsixonlineapplicationsandnotonecompanyrequiredit.Ifyoureapplyingonline,acoverlettermaynotbenecessary,butitsstillagoodidea.Itsanopportunitytopersonalizeyourapplication.WillyourletterbetoanHRperson?Ahiringmanager?IfyouareapplyingviaaWebsite,youprobablywontknowwhotowriteto;youllbestuckwritingaToWhomitMayConcernletterifyougettoincludeoneatall.But,whenworkingyournetwork,asweadvisesooftenatScienceCareers,youllbeabletoe-mailpeopledirectlyandincludeanicelyformattedMicrosoftWordorPDFdocumentaddressedtothempersonally.Thatsthebestapproach.

    Writingaletteralsoforcesyoutoconsidertheuniquenessoftheopportunityinfrontofyou.Youstarttodifferenti-ateyourself,tofocusonwhatyoucandoforthem,andtosellthattothecompany.Youshouldneveruseagenericcoverletterthatfailstomakespecificreferencetoaparticularjoborreader.

    Anotherreasonwhyacoverletterisgoodisthatitallowsyoutopresentyourstrengthsandaccomplishmentsinbite-sizednuggets.Thatsbothgoodpracticeandaneffectivejob-searchstrategy.Iwroteabouttheimportanceofsuccinctwritinginpartoneofthisseries;thecoverlettershouldcarrythatforward.Youwill,infact,utilizeoneofthoseChallenge-Approach-Results(C-A-R)paragraphsfrompartonelaterinthiscolumn.Butbeforewegettothat,Illtalkabouthowcoverletterscanbeanadvantagetoemployersevenif,asyoumayhavediscovered,theydontaskforthemveryoften.

    How is the Cover Letter Received?Justbecauseyouvewrittenagreatcoverletterdoesntmeanthateveryoneisgoingtoreadit.IdidanimpromptusurveyofmyHRfriends;just40%toldmetheyregularlyreadthecoverletter.Theother60%,though,saidthattheyreadcoverlettersonoccasion,andthatincertainsituationsacoverlettercouldbeveryuseful.

    AndreaPiccarelli,managerofhumanresourcesatTheSmithersGroupinAkron,Ohio,tellsmethatwhileshedoesntconsistentlyreadthem,coverlettersareimportantinseveralsituations.Forexample,ifIlookattheCVbutnotice

    TheCoverLetter:RelicorStillRelevant?ByDavidG.JensenSeptember 18, 2013

  • thehomeaddressisntinthegeographicalareaofourbusiness,Iwillgotothecoverlettertoseewhattheapplicanthadtosayaboutthepotentialofactuallymakingamove,Piccarellisaysinaninterview.

    Inanotherinstance,theremaybeaverystrongemphasisoncommunicationskillsforaparticularjob,andtheresnobetterwaytogetagrasponthatthantoseehowtheywritetheircoverletter.Lastly,iftheresasignificantgapinemploymentorperhapsaseriesofshortstaysinjobsIwanttoseeanexplanationthereinthecoverletter.

    The Mechanics of Writing the Cover LetterThepassageoftimeismostobviousinthecoverletterschangingformatandappearance.Nooneopensaphysicalenvelopeanymore,andeventhefaxhasmostlyvanished.Yourchoice,then,iswhethertoworkupanicelyformat-tedMicrosoftWordorPDFversionandincorporateitaspageoneoftheCVor,asmostpeopledo,separatethemintotwoseparatedocuments.Ifyoureapplyingonline,youllprobablyjustpasteyourcover-lettertextintoabox.

    Piccarellioffersanotheroption:Shesaysthat,ifyouresendingyourpackagebye-mail,itsOKtoputyourcover-letterpointsinthee-mailthatenclosestheCV,andmanypeoplewouldagreewithher.Unfortunately,noteveryoneprintsouttheemailwhentheycirculateanenclosure.Takeme:IfIwanttohandmyclientabinderofourcandidatesforasearch,IllroutinelyprintcoverlettersandCVs,butIneverprintane-mail.Ifyouwanttoensurethateveryonereadsyourcoveringstatements,youstandabetterchancewithaseparate,stand-alonedocument.

    Considerthecoverletteryourfirstpieceofeloquentbusinesswriting.Itsasalestool.Itisnotmeanttobearestate-mentofwhatisinyourCV,oramultipagerambleonwhatyouvedoneatworkandwhatyouwantoutoflife.Thecoverlettershouldbeaclearlywritten,succinct,three-paragraphsummarythatteasesthereaderintowantingtoknowmoreaboutyou.Itsformulaic,orshouldbe.

    Paragraph One Thisiswhereyouexplainhowyouandthereaderareconnected.YoullrecallthatwemetatthePAG2013meetinginSanDiegowherewehadacupofcoffeewithourmutualfriendDan.Or,Isawtheadvertise-mentforaseniorscientistinyourprocessdevelopmentteamandwantedtodrawyourattentiontomyCV.IdontthinkyoushouldeverwriteaToWhomitMayConcernletter,butyoumaynotbeabletoavoiditifyouareapply-ingviatheironlineapplicationprocess.

    Paragraph Two Thisisthecriticalparagraph,whereyoubringoutthebiggunyourmostrelevantaccomplish-mentandenticethereadertolookatyourCV.InpartoneofthisarticleItoldyouhowtowriteasuccinctstatementaboutyouraccomplishments,viatheC-A-Rexercise.Hereswhereyouputthattouse.Imsurethatthescientistyouhireforprocessdevelopmentwillneedtohavegreatcritical-thinkingskillstoaidthecompanysprograminmicrobialprocessdevelopment.Idemonstratedsuchskills,tociteoneexample,aftermybossaskedmetoresolveaproblemwhereabench-scaleE.colifermentationhaddropped20%inyield,suddenlyandwithoutapparentcause.Myapproachwastotakeitbacktoshakeflasksanddoabioanalyticalstudy.Ifoundawaytoimprovethemediaandwewereabletogettheprocessupandrunningagain,witha7%increaseinthroughputforthesecondaryme-taboliteofinterest.

    Paragraph Three Inmarketingcircles,thisisknownasthecalltoaction.WhetheryouarewritingaWebpageforaproductoracoverletterforanemploymentpackage,thecalltoactionprovidescriticalclosureforyourmes-sage.Marketingexpertswilltellyouthatthekeytoacalltoactionliesinitssimplicity,sodontoverdoit.Thegoalistosuggestwhatshouldhappennext:IwouldlovetohaveanopportunitytomeetwithyouoryourHRbusinesspartner,inpersonorbyphone,todiscussyourcompanysneedsandmyfitwiththoseneeds.Alternatively,IllbeinBostonnextmonthfortheAmericanSocietyforMicrobiologymeeting;Illcheckinwithyoubeforehandtoseeifwecanmeet.IfthereareanyissueswithyourCValonggapduetoillness,parenting,orunemployment,forexamplethisistheparagraphwherethoseshouldbedefused.

    Thats all you need:threesimpleparagraphs,fine-tunedtomakethebestpossibleimpressionandillustratethatyoumatchtheemployersrequirements.Whetheritisane-mailor,better,anicelyformattedMicrosoftWorddocu-mentorPDF,dontmissthisopportunitytoreinforceyourfittothejob,ortoclarifysomeissuethatotherwisemightscarepeopleoff.Whileitmaynotbeasimportant,oraswidelyread,asitoncewas,thecoverletterremainsanimportanttoolinfindingajob.

    5

  • 6Alinebetweenindustryandacademicresearchbeganblurringinthelate 20thcentury.BiotechnologycompaniessuchasGenentechinSouthSanFranciscoencouragedtheirscientiststopursuesideprojectsandpublishresults.Universitiesstartedpushingtechnologytransferandtranslatingresearchintoproducts.Today,partnershipsbe-tweencorporationsandacademiaarecommon,althoughsuccessrequirescarefuladvanceplanning.

    Industry-academiccollaborationsarelikepartnersskilledindifferentdancestryingtoreachacompromisebetweenwaltzandsalsa.Rhythms,pace,andexpectedoutcomescanbefrustratinglyatodds,asuniversityresearchersprioritizeeducationandbasicresearchandcorporatescientistspursueproductsandprofits.Successdependsonfindingcommongoalsandnegotiatingplansthatpayofffinanciallyandintellectuallyforallparties.

    Lets Start at the Very BeginningAnentry-leveloptionforacademicandindustryinvestigatorswhowanttocollaborateisco-advisingaPh.D.student.TheDanishMinistryofScience,InnovationandHigherEducationsponsorsanIndustrialPh.D.programthat,initscurrentform,hasfundedmorethanathousandprojectssince2002,mostinhealth,naturalsciences,andtechnol-ogy.TheEuropeanCommissionMarieCurieActionshasasimilarinitiativebasedontheDanishprogram.

    IndustrialPh.D.projectshighlightthedifficultiesofsatisfyingbothacademicandbusinessinterests.Someprofes-sorssaytheyappreciatethefundingandcreditforgraduatingaPh.D.student,butarechallengedtofindprojectsthatadvancetheirresearchwhilemeetinganindustryneed.Forstudents,however,workinginindustrywhilegettingauniversitydegreeisachancetoexperiencebothworlds.

    JulieChristinaGrewhasaMastersdegreeinpublichealthandisearninganindustrialPh.D.withtheUniversityofCopenhagenandthemedicaldevicecompanyMedtronic,whoseworldheadquartersisinMinneapolis,Min-nesota.Grewsprojectisananthropologicalanalysisofpatientswithdevicessimilartopacemakersthatmonitorheartrhythm.Shehopesherresearchwilllaunchacareerinpatient-orientedworkforapharmaceuticalormedicaldevicecompany.Grewappreciatesthenetworkingopportunitiesthatcomewithhertraining.Itsachancetogetintoindustryandseewhatitisliketotakesomethingfromanideatoreallife,tomakethingsbetterforpatientswithchronicdiseases,shesays.

    AtMedtronicDenmark,ElisabethReimerRasmussensexpertiseinhealtheconomics,policy,andpublicaffairsmadeheranaturalfittobeGrewsindustrycontact.AlthoughthecompanywasnotseekingtohostaPh.D.studentwithananthropologistsoutlook,RasmussensaysGrewsfreshperspectivehasalreadychangedthinkingaboutpatientsatisfaction.Andcorporationsknow,saysRasmussen,Ifyouwanttostayahead,youhavetoseethingsindifferentways.

    Make ConnectionsIndustryandacademicscientistswhosecareersarealreadyunderwaycanconnectthroughinitiativesfromcom-panies,governments,andprivateorganizations.IndustryFellowshipsfromtheRoyalSociety,theUnitedKingdomsnationalacademyofscience,supportopen-endedindustry-academiccollaborations.Theguidingprinciplesofthefellowshiparepure,excellentscience,saysJoeSweeney,professorofcatalysisandchemicalbiology,UniversityofHuddersfield,WestYorkshire,England.SweeneyhasafellowshiptoworkwithAstraZeneca,whichhasitscorporateheadquartersinLondonanditsresearchheadquartersinSdertlje,Sweden,andheishelpingtoincreasenetwork-

    OpeningIndustry-AcademicPartnershipsByChrisTachibanaApril12, 2013

  • ingandknowledge-sharingamongtheprogramsparticipants.Thebusinessexposureisabenefit,hesays:MyownuniversityresearchhasimprovedthroughwhatIvelearnedfromindustrypracticesaboutmanagement,engage-mentwithfundingagencies,andidentifyingtranslationalopportunities.

    Ontheindustryside,Lilly,headquarteredinIndianapolis,Indiana,hasaprogramthatencouragesscientistsatthepharmaceuticalcompanytocollaboratewithuniversityresearchers.TheLillyResearchAwardsProgram(LRAP)fundsprecompetitiveresearchproposalsdevelopedjointlybyLillyanduniversityscientists.JamesStevens,aLillydistinguishedresearchfellow,saysthegoalsarefosteringinnovationandcultivatingprofessionalrelationships.LRAPallowsourscientiststopursuelifelonglearning,hesays.Butwealsoexpectreturnsoninvestmentinin-novationandinthedevelopmentofourscientists.LRAPallowsLillyscientiststoworkwithacademicresearchersonhigh-riskprojects.Experimentsareconductedattheacademiclaboratory,andLillyscientistscontributedataanalysis,projectplanning,andothervirtualactivities.

    Open WideAlsovirtual,butmoredirectlytargetedtoLillyinterestsistheOpenInnovationDrugDiscoveryinitiatives.AlanPalkowitz,Lillyvicepresidentofdiscoverychemistryandtechnologies,saysopeninnovationprogramsarebornoftherealization,especiallybypharmaceuticalcompanies,thatwecantdoitalone;ourcurrentchallengesaretoobigandcomplex.

    Theprogramisaglobal,crowdsourceddrugcandidatesearch.Scientistsworkingonmoleculeswiththerapeuticpotentialinspecificareassuchasanti-angiogenesissendthemtoLilly.Companyscientistsperformhighthrough-putassaysandscreensandsenddatatothescientists.Accesstoexternalcompoundsinexchangeforbiologicaldatathatsthecurrencywehavedeveloped,saysPalkowitz.Weevaluatethecommercialpotentialofcom-poundstobeoptimizedintodrugcandidates.Inexchangeforthedata,Lillygetsfirstrightofaccessforpromisingcompounds.

    Cultivatinglong-termrelationshipsisagoal.Palkowitzdescribestheacademicpartnersascusto...