49159708 David Close O Ellinikos Emfilios Polemos

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; ; ; , . 1974, , , , , . . , , . , , , .Digitized by 10uk1sThe Greek Civil war, 1943-1950 Studies of polarization Edited by David H. Close First Published, 1993 by Routledge 1993 Routledge 1993 Individual contributors Copyright 1996 , 31, 106 77 . 3818457, fax: 3819167 1997 1998 2000 David Close - : -: Digitized by 10uk1s L a r s B a e r e n t z e n . , 1987. '40. 1982, J.M. Stevens, C.M. Woodhouse, D.J.Wallace , 1943-4 1945-9. , J.M. Wagstaff. D a v i d H . C l o s e . , 1967. 19 20 , , (1985). : ( , , , 1990), , M. Blinkhorn (1990), . (, . 1989). . . , 1969 20 ' , . 1973, , . : - , 1941-4 (1983) .. '40 (1981), - . . . , , . , : (1968), ( 1972), (1980), - (1980), '40 (1981). . O l e L . S m i t h . , 1978. . : , 1 (Brill, Leiden, 1976) , 1 2 (Teubner Leipzig, 1975-82). , : : , 1974-83 ( , 1984) .. , : (, 1981). , .Digitized by 10uk1s . . , . , , , . : ( , 1977, 1983), (. 1982), : (1980, 1982), (. 1986). , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , , . . , , 1. , , - , . , , 1941-4. ' , , . ' , , . 2 , , . ' , , . . , '40. 2 , , , , , . , . 3, , (), , . 4 , . ' . 5 , 1946-9. 6, , , . 7 , , ' . 8 Digitized by 10uk1s . 9, , , '60 70, , , , 70 '80.Digitized by 10uk1s: AMAG: (AMERICAN MISSION FOR AID TO GREECE) : BLO: (BRITISH LIAISON OFFICER) : (BRITISH MILITARY MISSION) CPSU: ( ) : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ( ) FRUS: (FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES) : Digitized by 10uk1sHMSO: () : : JUSMAPG: , (JOINT U.S. MILITARY & PLANNING GROUP) KKE: KOA: : : MAY: : NARS: (, ) : : -) (NARODNII OSVOBODITELEN FRONT: OSS: (, CIA) : : : PRO: () -: - SOE: (SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE - ) TEA: - UNRRA: : Digitized by 10uk1s David H. Close , . - 1941 - 1944. , : 1941, . 1942, . , . . , . , , . , , . , ' ' . , , 1. , , ' . , , . , , . . , - - . , ' . , . , 2. ' , , , , . '20, Digitized by 10uk1s ' ( ) ' . , 1929 . 1935, . , ' , ' , . , , , . , , . 1936, . . , . , '35. , , . , , , , , , . , , . , , , . - - . , , , , . , , , , , . , (), . , - , , . , . , , - - , Digitized by 10uk1s . , , . , , , - - . , , 1935. , -, , - , . , , . , , . , , , ' 1943. , , . , , . , , , , , 2. 1943, . , , . , , . , , 18.000 , . ' /, , , , , -. , , , . , , ' . , 1944, , , , , , , . , 1943, , Digitized by 10uk1s /. , / . , ' . , ' . , , . , 1.223 1944. , 3.308 , , . , - - ' , . . , 1944, , -, , 50 . , . , , 1944, . , - 1944 , , ' . 3 , . - 1943, 150 . , , . , , 400 1944, , . 4 , . , /, ' , . , - , , , . , ( 3 4) , . , . , , . . 1 1944 ( ) . ' , 3 , - - , Digitized by 10uk1s , ( 4). ' /, ' , , , . , 22.000 , , . , 60.000 . ' , 1945 ' . . , . , 1945 1946, , . 1946, , ' , , . 1.289 1946. , ' , . 5 , 1945, 1946, . , , . , . 1946, . . , ' , , (). , ' , . , : , . , . , 1948-9, 250.000 , 50.000 . , 26.000, , . , ' 1946-9 , -, 50% . , , 1949. Digitized by 10uk1s . , . , , 1946, 1949. , . , , , , . , , . , 1940, 1951. , 7.344.860 ( 121.480 ), 7.511.321. .. ( ), 844.500 1940-9 : , 11% 1951. 70% , , . , 1940-9 1941-4 6. , ' . , . 210 55 , - , - , , 458 . , , 2-3.000 . , , , : 800, 12.000 . 500 , 300-400 . , 680 , 300 . (15.000) , . , , . . 1.208 / (' ) . , , 10.000 , 5.000 . , , Digitized by 10uk1s. , , . , . ' 3 -15 , ( , , ), 11.300 14.000. , 7. 1946-9, . 1946-50, ( ) , , 8.400 , 5.400 29.450 . , 2.200 2.000 . 3.500 . , . , , . 38.400 -, , , . . , 20.000. , 1948 8. 1943-50, . , , 60.000. , , - , - . ' 1944-6, 15.000 , 15-25.000 , . - - , . , , , 1944 1945. , . , , . 1948, , , 25-28.000 , . , 538 1952 9. , 1949. ( ), 1940 1951. Digitized by 10uk1s, , 86.086 41.017, 53.997 39.855 49.632 22.736. , 86.107. 28.425 10. ' , - - . , ' , . 1949, - . , , 1975 43.420. , , 7.872 1975. - , 1986- . , , , 11. , - - 50.000, 136.000. 1974, 1984 , 33.573. 1988 45.000, . , ' . , , 200.000. , - . , - 1944 1949. 1946, 60%, , . ( ) 1949 , . 1950. , . 1946 1949: 11.788 , 54 , 100 , 375 423 . 1949, ( ' ) , , . Digitized by 10uk1s , , . , , 1952 - . '50, '60, .12 - - , : . , ' , ' . , . , , , , ' . , , . , . , - , , . , , ' ' . , . . , , . . , . , - 1947, . , , : . , , , ' , . , ( ) . , ' , : , Digitized by 10uk1s , 120 . , "" "" . , , - - , , , . , . , - 1945, . , . . . . ' . . . , . , . 1936-44. , . , , . , : ' , , . , . ' , , . , , , . , . ' , - - . , , , , . Digitized by 10uk1s , , , , . , . . , , . , . , , K.M. ( - , ), ' 13. , . , , , . , . , . 1916 1950, . , 1916 1921. 1918-20, , 1936-9. , , , , , . , '40 , . 1943-50 , , , ' . - '30- ' ' , ' , . , ' . , . ' . ', . '40 Digitized by 10uk1s . , , , . , , ' -, , . , . , , 2, , ' . , , , . , ' . , . , ( 1917, 1941 1944-5), . . '40, 1941 1944-5. , , . . '40, , , . , , . , - / , , , . , , , , . , . , , , , . . , , , . , ,Digitized by 10uk1s : 6% , . , - - . , '40. , 1945 . . 1945 -, , . , 1943-9, . 14 , , , . , , , . , , . , . ( 86.000 - 1% ) , , , . ' , , ( ) , 1948 15. . 1942-5, , . , . , , 20% , . ' , . , . , , '20 16. , , . , , , 17. , Digitized by 10uk1s. , , , , 1945. , , 18 , , . , , , , , . , . , - ' - . (, , ), , . , ' . , , ' . 1936, . 1944 , , . , , ( ' ) , , , . 912 1947 . , , 15% , 5% , , 7% , 11% , 30% , , 23% , 5% 3% 19. . , ' ' . , , , , 1944 , . , '20. . , ' , - - . , 1946 , - - . Digitized by 10uk1s , . , . 1945 : , '20, , . 96% , 79% , . 20 . , , . , , , , , , . , 1945, , . ' , : ( ), . , , 1952, , , . , 1944, , . , 1946, . , , . , . , . , , , , . ' , , '20, . 21 . , , . , ' ' 1935. , - , - 1935. , , , , . 1945, , Digitized by 10uk1s 22. , , ' . , , ( ) . , , '30, , . '40. ' , , : , , , . ' . , , ' . , ( ), . , , , : , . , , , - - . , . , , . . , , 1943, 10% . ' , , , . : (, ) , , . , . , , . . ' , , , . , , . , ' . 23Digitized by 10uk1s , , - ' , , , . , , : - ' . , , , . , , . , - , , , . , , ' ( 1944) . , , . , , ' ' . , . ' , . , , 1944, , , . , , , . , ' 24. 1945, , . , , ( ) . , . ' , , . , 1947 , , . , , ' , , . , . 25. . : . , , Digitized by 10uk1s ' . , . , , , , . , 1946 , /. , ' . , . , . , . , , 26. 1947 , . , , - , '40. , , ' , , ' . , , . . , - 15% - , 5% , 27. , , . , 1947 , ' , , , . 1949, - , . , , . , , , -, , . , , , Digitized by 10uk1s , 28 . , . , , , . , , 1946 , 29. , , . , . , - . , , , 1946, 30. , , . , ' , ' . , : . . , 1943 , , , , 1944 31. , , , , , ' . , 1946, . , , ' , , 32. 1946. , , . , 33. - . . , 1946 , . 34, , . ' , - . , , .Digitized by 10uk1s , , . , , ( , ), , , . 1949, , , 35. ' , . 1950 - - , . , ( ), . , . , ' . , 1949, : , , . , . , . , , . , , . , , . , .Digitized by 10uk1s II , . : , . , , - - , . , 1. , , , , 2, . , ' . . (1941-44) , (1944-47) , , . , , 3. , . , ' , . 1909, ' , , . 1910 , 1936, , - - , , . ( ) , . . 1912 , -. , , ' . , , , , . , 19 , 1912 'Digitized by 10uk1s , , , 4 . 5. , , , . , . ' ' , , ( ), , 6. , . ', , . , 1915 1909. , , 7. . 1910 1915. , ( 337 ), , 140.000 . , - 1912-13- . 2.800.000 4.800.000 70%. 1915, ' -, . ' . , 1914, , . , 1915 . , , . , . . Digitized by 10uk1s , 26 1917, , . 1917 . 1920, . , . ' , , ' , 1920, , , . , 1920, , . , , . , . ', , , . 1922. 1.200.000 , , . ' , , . 1915. , , - , , . . , 8, . , 1910 1936 , . , . , 9. , ' . , 1920. 1922 , . , , , '. Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . , . , ( ) , 1924, , 1928. , . , , . , , 1921 . . , . , , 1924 1932, , 10. - - , 1925, , , , . , 11. , , . , , , 1928 . , . 1922, , . , . , . , ' , . , ( ), , 12 . , 1918, Digitized by 10uk1s () 1920. , , 1922. , , 1934. 1929 , . . , , . , , . , 1929, , 13. , . , . 1933, 136 248 , . , , . , 1933. , , , , . , . 1933 14. , 1935 , . , . . '35, , , 1941. '35, : , . , . , , , ' '. , , Digitized by 10uk1s 1935 , . , . , ' 15. , , , 1936. , , . . , , 1936, 143 , 142 . , , . , , , 4.500 1932 14.000 1936. 1,4% 1928, 5,8% 1936 16. , ' . , . . . , , , 1935, . , , , - - . , , 1941 17. , . - - 4 1936 , , , . , 18. , . , , , . , , . Digitized by 10uk1s, , , , . -. . , , , . , , . 1940, , . - - , ( ), . , , . , , 28 1940 . , . , , 1936. , , , . 1937, , , , . . , 1940, , , , , ' 19. , , 1938 . , , . . , . , 1939, 13 1939 . , , . ' , Digitized by 10uk1s 28 1940. 1940-41, , . , . , , , , . , . , , , . , . , , , , 29 1941. , , 20. ' : , . , 6 1941, . 1941, , , . , . , . , - . , ' , , 21. , 1940, , . , , , , . , 6 1941, .Digitized by 10uk1s , . , 18 1941. ' , . , , , ' . , , . 26 . , . , . , ' , , . - - . , , : . , , , , , , , , , , . , , . - - , , 8 1943, . 1944, , , . , 1942 1944, . , 1941 12 1942, , . , , , , . , . , ' . , Digitized by 10uk1s . 1943, : , , . , 4 , , 22. , , . , . , . . , ' 1941 1943, , , , . , ( 1941- 1942) ( 1942- 1943). , , 1943 1944, . , 4 , , , . , 23. , . , 24, . . , . 1941, , , 25. , . , . , , . , . ,Digitized by 10uk1s . 1939 , , , . , 50-60% , , , . 1941, (305 ) (5.200 ), . . ' , . , . 1941, 40% , 1942 90% . , 1942, . , 1942 30.000 , 26. , , . . 1944, 32,2 . 45 . 32,1 , 13,6 . 27 , . , 400 500 . ' , , 1942, . , . , , . , . 7 1941 , , , . , , . , , 1941. 1941-2. 1 1941 30 1942, - 49.188 , 1940-1 Digitized by 10uk1s14.566 . , ' , 28. 1945, 415.300 , 1.721.757 1940, 400.828 29. 1941-2 . , , 1942. 1941-2, ' . ' 1942 , 15.000 3.000 . , , 1943, . 1940, 2.500-3.000 . 1941-2, 875 . ... 1942, 1.300 30. 1941-2 , . 1942, . . ... , , . , . . , . , ... , . , , . , 31. . 50% ( 1939 335, 1942 600.000), , . , . 1943, 1 . , . , . 1943, ' , Digitized by 10uk1s . , 340.000 . , ' : 1944, 35.500.000 32. , . , , . , 33 1942. . , , . , 34. , , . , . , . , 1943 , . , , , . . . , /, , , 1943. /, ' . , / , . . , . , . , , . , . , . , , , . . , : , , . Digitized by 10uk1s , 18.000 . , , , . / . , ' . 1942, , : , , / . , , . , , 1943 35. , . , , , . , ', 1932-3 , . . , : / 36 . , ' . 1943, , , / , . , , , . , 1925, , 37. , 7 1943 , . , , , . . , , , . , 38.Digitized by 10uk1s , 9 1943. , , , , . 13 , ' 39. , , . , 453 , 684 1.199 , 1944 532 , 656 4.563 , . , , . , 40. , , 3.370 , . , , . . , (1.000) ( , , ). , ' . , . , /. 5.533 , - (), , 41. , , , (HSSPF) , , 1944. , , , . , . HSSPF 1 1943 1 1944 42: 69 130 170 23 24 130 637 940 586 (SS) ( ) Digitized by 10uk1s , . , . . , . 1935, , 43 . , . , . /, , 5/42 1944 44. , , . 1943, , ( ) . , , , . ' 24 , , . , , , , 45. , . , 1 1944, - , . , 1 , , , . , - - . / , . 1942-3, : , . , , 1943. , 10 , , ' Digitized by 10uk1s . 8 , . , . 5.000 , . , , ' . , . , . , . , 1942. , 1939, 70.000 46. , 1941, , 13 1942. 13 , 1943, 46.000 . , 6.000 , , 8 1943. , ' , . . , 250 . , , , . 1.300 . , , 90% 1.725 . , . 47. , . , 1942. , , . , , , "" . , ' . , , . 1941 , /, Digitized by 10uk1s , . /, , / , , , /. , ' / .Digitized by 10uk1s III Ole L. Smith , , . , . , , , 1936. , " " 1941. , , . , , , , . , . . () -, , - (), , . , , , . . , , . . , . , , , , '30. , , 4 . , , , , ( , , ) 1935. , ,Digitized by 10uk1s 1944 . , , ( 1945), ' , , 1945 . , , 1, . , . , , , . , . (, , ..) , . , , 1934, - . , . , . , . , , ( ) , , . . . , ( , ) . 1944 400.000 2, 500.000 1.500.000 - . , 3 . , . , . , , . . , . , . ( ) , Digitized by 10uk1s ( , ), . , . , ( ), , , . , , , . , 1945-9. 1943 , , . ' , , , 1945-9. . 1943-4, . , 1943-4 4. ' , ' " " / 5. - - . . , 1942, . , - - - status quo ante bellum, . , . , , , . , , , , , . (BLO), . . (SOE) , Digitized by 10uk1s BLO . , , 1943, , 6. , , SOE, , . 1942 , , . 1943 , 7 . , , (, ) , , . , . , , , ( ) 8 . , , , 9. , 10. , , 1943. , 11. , ' . , , , 12. , . , - - . . To BBC , 13. 1943, /, , ( ) . , .Digitized by 10uk1s, , : ' , 14. , 1 1943, . , , ( , , ) , , , , 15. , . , / -, , 16. , , , . ' , , , . , , . , , - ' - 17. . , , , . , , . ( ), ( ) , . 12 , , . - - . , , 9 , / , ' ' . , , , 18. , , . ' , SOE Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , 19. , BLO , , . / , , , BLO . , , . , , . , , , . , , . 17 18 , . , . , , , . . , , , . , /, . SOE ' , , , . , KOMMUNISTISCHE BANDEN 20. , , . , , , , . , . , 21. . SOE , , . , 7 , ' Digitized by 10uk1s . ' , /, . , / . , 80 , , . , , . . , , . , / 22. ' , 40 . , . . , - - , /, . , . , . , 23. , . , , , , ' . , . 3 1944, , . , 24. , . , . , , . . ' 25. , , . , 4-5 1944 26. , 29 , , Digitized by 10uk1s . , , , . , , . , , , , 1944. , , . . , , '44. , , , . , , , , /. 1943-4, /, SOE . , , , . , . , ' . ( ) . , . , , . , , , 1943, , . , - - . , , , . 1944, . , , Digitized by 10uk1s, . , - - . , . , , . , . ' . , , . , , , 27 . , BUSINESS AS USUAL, , . ' , , .Digitized by 10uk1s IV , 1944-5Lars Baerentzen David H. Close 1944, , , . 1944, 1944. 4 , , 31 1944, 1. , , . , 1944 : , ... , , . , , , 2. , . , , . , , . , , , (SOE), 1944 3, ' . , , , - , 1830- , , . 1944, . , / , 1944, . , , ' , . . , , . ' . , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , . 1943, , : , , . 1943 SOE, : ' , : , , , , 4. ' 1943 1944 / ( ). , , ' . ' , , , . , , , , 5. 29 , . , . , , : /, ( ), , ' 6. , , , . , / . 1944, . , ( ). , Digitized by 10uk1s , 7. , , . , 8. ' , 10.000 . , . , , , 1944, . , , ( ). , , 9. 1944, , ' , . , , 10. , : , . , ' , ( ), /, . , . , , , . , . , 11. . , . , . , , , Digitized by 10uk1s . , . SOE K.P. -, , , . , , 12. , , . , . , . , , . , , 16 . , . 5 , , , , . , , , . , 13. . , , . , . , 9 , , . . -, , . , , , 14. , , ' . , K.M. / , , . , , 15. ( , 171 , 207 ). / Digitized by 10uk1s 16. , / . . , , , 25-26 17. , , . . , , , . , , - - , 18. , ' ' , . , . , 19. , . 80.000 , . , . , , , , 10.000 . , ' , 9 . 20. , 21 , , ' , , , , 21 . 140 ( ), , , 22. 140 - - : , . . ' ... 23. 7 , , .Digitized by 10uk1s , , , 24. , , / . , . , , 12 . , , , , . ' 1944, 25. , , . , . , , , , 8 15 , ' , . . , , , 1.800 . , , , , . , 3 , 6.000 9.000 . , 356 . , , , , 26. ' , , . . . . , , , , 27 . , . , . 28. , , , , , . , -, - . , - - Digitized by 10uk1s , , , , , , . , . , . , 29. 15 , . , 3 , , . , , , . , . , , 26 , , ( ) ( ). , : . , . , . , , . , 30. , , . , . 31. , ' . , , ' . , , . , . , , . 14 . , , Digitized by 10uk1s 32. 18 , , . , . , , : . 33 , ' . , , : , . ' . , , . . , , , . , - - , , . , , , , 34. . , , . ' , , ' . ' , . , , . 10 : 500.000.000.000 . , ' . , , 35. , , , - . , . , , , . , . , 3.000 , , . , - - . , 36. , Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . 19 , . 37. , . . , , . - - , . , 38. , . , . , 9 , . , : , , , " ". , , 39. 20 , . 10 , . , 40. , . 27 , . . , . . . , . . , , ' , . . , ' . 1 , , , . , : , , . , . , . , , Digitized by 10uk1s 28 . ' , 2 , . . , 2 , 41. () 1 3, 4, . , 3 . 1 - , - , . , , , 42. OSS, , 2 10 , ' 43. , 44. 3 , - , . . 1 ' , ' . , . - , , , 45. 3, , . , , . , , , ' , ( 5). , 11 , . ' , . , , 46. . , , , . , . , . Digitized by 10uk1s , . , . , , . , . , . , , . , , : , , . , , . . , : , , 4 , , . . , . , . , . , , , . 4 , , , , . , 6-7 -. , 47. , . 5 , . , , , , . . , . 6 , , 1 () 12.000 , . , , . , , : . , - - 48. ' , , 4-5Digitized by 10uk1s 49. 9 .. 5 . , . 6 , . , ' ( ): . 50 . . , 17 51. 11 , , , . . , , () , , , . 52 7 , . , , , , . , , 5.000 , 1 3 53. 11 , , ' - - . . , - , : . , ' , . ' , . , 24 , . , , , . ' , , : ) ) 54. , , , 15.000 , Digitized by 10uk1s . , , /. . ( ) , . , 1.300. ( ) 12.000 . 55 , , . , 56. , : , . , , , 57. , , ( ). 58 , . 29 , 7.540 , . , ' 1.100 . , 15.000 , . ' . - - , , , . 59. . 29 , 60. 25 , , . , - - . 18 , 75.000 61. 18 , . , . 5 , , 6 . . , Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . , , . , , , . , , , 62. 1 , - - . , , - - . , , , , . 1 , . , . , ' , , . , , 63. , 5 , , . . , . , . : , , 64. , , . , , . , , . , , . , ' , . , . 65 12 . , . Digitized by 10uk1s, . . , . ' , . , , , , 66. , . , . , . , , , , . , 67. , / , . , , , 68. , . , , . , 1944, , . , .69 ' , , . , / , . , . , , , . , . , , . 1945, , ( ) , , .Digitized by 10uk1s , 1944, ' . , . , , , , 70.Digitized by 10uk1s V , 1945-9David H. Close , 1945-6 . , 1945, , 1946. , , , ' , ' . , . , . , ( ' , ' ), ' . 3.000. , . , , . . , , , (UNRRA), . , . , , , . , : . 1945, , , 1. ' , ' ( ). , , . , . 500 , ' , Digitized by 10uk1s, . , , , , 86.000, 200.000. , ' , (), . . 1945, , . . , , . , , 1945-6. , , ' 1945-9 2. , . , 1945. , , , . , , , . 1945, , .* , , 1946, , 3. ' , 1946. , 68 , '46, 169 . , , . , , . , BAND (, ) BANDIT (). (...)Digitized by 10uk1s* . , , 1945, 3.000 , , . , 1946. . , , , . . , , . , , 1946, ( ) 4. 1945, , , . , . , , , 30 1946, : , - , , , . , , . , 6 , . , 4.000 . , , , , , , 5. 1946, , . , , , , , . , , . , , 6. , , . , -, Digitized by 10uk1s . . , 21 , 1.500 , ' ' . 300-400 . 13 , , . , , , , . , , (UNRRA), . , . , ' , . , , 7. 28 - 1940- , , . , . , (). , , - - . , , . , 1946, . , ' 10.000, ' . , , . , , ' ' . , . , , 8 . -, , ' , ' ( MAY). , . , , ' , . , , . , , . - - 1947 , : 35.000 , 3.500 , 2.000 , 7.000 , 10.000 ,Digitized by 10uk1s 12.000 30 . , , , . , , , , . . , , . ' - , - . . . , , . ( , , 54 ), . 1947, , . , , ' . , . 1947, , . . . , , , 1947 '48. , . , . , 9. , . , , . , , , . , , . . . ' , , , . , , , , . , ( ). , 10.Digitized by 10uk1s, . , 15.000 1947 1948, 11. , , . , , , 1947. , 1948. , , . ' , . , , - - 1948. , . ' , 1947, : , . ' , , , , , . , , , ' , . , , 1947, , . , , 12. , , 1946 . - 1941 1945- , . , . . 13, , , . , . 1940-41, 1941. , ( ) ' 1945. , , , . , , . , , . ' , , ' Digitized by 10uk1s( ) , . " ". 1948, , 40 14. , 15 . 1945 , , ' , ' -, , . , . , : , 1949. , , 1947. , . ' , , . 1947, , -, - 100.000, . ' , , , , . , . , , . . , . , . , 7 . 1946 . , 15 . , , , 1947 . , , 16. , ' , . , , , 1947, .Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , 1947 . , , , 17. , . , ( ) , , , , , . 7 , . 1946-7 1948, 18. . , , , , . - - , . , , , . , ' 1947-8, , . ' . , . ' 1949, . ' , , , , . 1945, . , 1947, 1948. ' , , , . , . , 1947-8, 19. , 1949, . 'Digitized by 10uk1s 1948. ( , ). , , . , , , ' 1948 20. . , 1946, 135.000 . , 90.000 1946, 120.000 1947 21. , , . 1948, , , , . , . 1949 , . , ' , 1947-8. 1948, 48 , 21 , 16 . . , . , . , , 22. , 1948, ' 26.000. , , , ' , . ' , . , . , , , 23 . 1946, , . , , , , . ' , . , . , .Digitized by 10uk1s , 1947 - : ( 1947 1948) , . , , , . ' , , . , : 9.848 , 4.568 5.868 ' , 31 1948. ( 1947 ). , , 1947 . , . . , . , , ... ( ) 24. , ' . . , 1948 , 25. 1947-8 ' 1946, : . . , 1948, , . , , , . . ' , 1947, 300 . , 1947 , , . 100-300 , ' , . , 27 1947, . . . , 60-70 1947, 1948 . 1948, . 1948, ' , . 26.Digitized by 10uk1s , , . , 1947. , , , . , , , . , 10.000, . , . . , , . , , . , , . , . , , , . . , , . , , 27. , , . - - , , . , 1947, . , , , , 1948. , . , , , 28. 1947 , . , : , . , , . ' , , . Digitized by 10uk1s , , ' . , 1947 , . - - , K.M. , . , , ' . 1948, ' , . , . ' , , . 1948, , , . , . , , , . , , 29. 1948 , 1947, . , . 1948, 40.000 . , . , , 50.000 15.000 , , . , 1947, . , , ' , , . , , , 30. , . ' , , , . , , . , ' . 24.000. , . , : , 31. , 1948, Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , . , 1949, . , , . , , , , , 3.000 , 19.000. , 1949 , , . , . : , ' . , , . , 1949 , ' , , 32. 1948, . , , . , ' ' . , , . 1949 33 . , , . ; ' , . 1947, : , . , , ' . 1948 , - ' . , 1949, , , , 34. , 1949 . Digitized by 10uk1s , , . , . , 1948 ' , 1947, 30.000 35. ' . 1947, , (JUSMAPG), 36. , JUSMAPG 1948. ' , , 1951. , 1948 , , , , . ' . , . , . , , 147.000 1948. . JUSMAPG , 37. , . , . . , . , . , , : . 1948 , , , , . , ' ' 38. . , Digitized by 10uk1s 1935 ' , ' 1941 . , , . , , , , . , . , 39. 1945 , () - , , , - . , . , , . , , . , , ' 40. , , , . 41. , . , . , 42. ' , . , . ' , . , . 1949 , , . . , , . ' 1946, 1947, ' 1948, ' . -Digitized by 10uk1s 1948. . , . . , , . . : , ' ... , , . , , , , , 43. , , , . , , . 1944, , . , , , . , , 1947. , 1949 . , 44. , : , , . , . . , , , . , , , . : , , , ( ), . , , . , . , . : 1949, 150.000 , 50.000 , 25.000 ( ), 7.500 , 50.000 , 14.300 , 7.500 . , : Digitized by 10uk1s , ' , . . , . , , , 45. , . , , . , ( ) 200.000 300.000 1947, , 700.000, 1949. , . , . , . , - - 200 , 500 . , , , , ' , . 1948, , ' 1949 46. , ' . , , 1949 , . 1949 , , 1949 . , , , 47. . , , , , . , , . 1948, 20.000 , . , . , . , , , Digitized by 10uk1s . ' , . 1947, , , , , 48. , , 1948, , . , , , ' . , . 1947 , . 1948, , , . 1949, ( ) 49. - - , 1948 , . , . 1947 , , , . , , , . , , ' . , , . , , 1949. , , , , 50. , , : , . '48 '49 , , , 1949 ' . , ' . , 1948 , , 51. , , . , Digitized by 10uk1s/ . , . , , ' . , , ' . , , 52 . . , 1 1948, , . , . ' , - 1948- , 53. , , , . , , 1949. 1949 , . , . , , 1949. , 1948. ' , , . , . , - 1949, . , , , . , , . . , , . , . 10 , , - - . , . , . , - - 54. , , Digitized by 10uk1s , , , , - - ' . , . , ' , . , 1948. , , , . , , , . 1949, 3.000-4.000 , . , . , ' , , . -, . -, , . , , 12.000 54 , . , - - : , 1.450 , . 3.000 - - , 30 55. , . , : 1949 1.800, 1950 240. ' , , . ( 50 ), , 1950, . , . , , 201 1950. , , (12.000 1950, ). , . Digitized by 10uk1s, 1949, , , . , , . , . , . , ' , , 56.Digitized by 10uk1s VI* , 1945-9Ole L. Smith , , , . , . , , , , , 1. , , . , ' . 1949. ' , , - , , . . , , , , . . , 2. , . 1945-9. 3. , , 4. , - , ( ). , , , 5.* 1989Digitized by 10uk1s, . 1967, ' . ' , , , . , 1967 6. , , 1949-74. , 7. , , . , . , , . , , 8. , 1945-6 1944 , : , , . , . 1945, , , , . . , , - . , , . -, , , , , . , , . , , . ' , Digitized by 10uk1s . 9. 1945, , . , , , ' ( ). , , . , , - 10. , 1945, , , . . , . , . , 11. , . . ' , , . , ( ) . , . ' , ' ' 12. , 13 , ' . , . , , , . , . , , . , 14. , , , 1945. Digitized by 10uk1s , . , : , . , , , (. , ..). , , , 15. , . , , . , , ' . , , , , . , -, , ' - : , . , , , . , 1945, , , 16. , , , . , . , , , . , . , , . ' , , , 17. . , . , 1945, Digitized by 10uk1s , . , ' . , ' , , ' . , . 1945, . , , . , , . , . , , . , . , , , . , , 18. , ' 1945 1946, , , , . . ' , , , , . - ' , , , 19. , ' . , , 20. , , . , , , 400.000 , 1944. 1945, 200.000 , , . 1946, . , , Digitized by 10uk1s, . , 25-35 . 1946, 25 21. , , 25 . 1944, 1945, . , , , , . 1945 1946, . , . . , 1946. ' 22. , , . ' , , , , . , , , . , , , , . , , , . , , , . , , 23. , . . , . 20 , , , . , , Digitized by 10uk1s . , , , . , - 24. , : . ' , , ' 25. , 4 , . , . , , 26. , . , . , , . , . , , : , . , . ' . , . , , . ' , 27. , , , : , , , . , , , . , , . , , . , , : ' , . , , . , , : ,, , ' . , . , ,Digitized by 10uk1s . 1947, 28. , . , ' , 29. , ' . , . , . , . , , -, , , 30. , , . . , 31. , 30-31 1946 . , , . , , . , "" 32. , , 1946, , -, , , . ' , : 33. , . , , , , . , . , . ' , . , 1946 1947. , , , ' , Digitized by 10uk1s, . , . , . , . . , , , ' , 34. , . 1946, () . ' , . ' , , , , . ( ). . ' , , . , , , , . , , 35. ( ) , 1946, , , . 15.000-20.000 . , - - . , . , ' . , , ' . , , 36. 1947, , . , Digitized by 10uk1s ' . , , . , ' , . , . , , , . , , , , ' 37. 6 , . , , . 50.000 . , , , , 38. ' , , , ' . , . ' , , . , ' , . . , . , , . , , , , 1947, . , , , ' , . - ; . , , . , Digitized by 10uk1s 39. , , . , , , ' , , 40. , . , . , 41. , . , . , , . 42. , ' , 11-12 1947. , (, , , , ). , . , . , . , . : , 43. , 44. , . , , , , . , , 1948. , - - . , , . , , . , -. , ' . , Digitized by 10uk1s . , . , , . , ' , 45. ' , , , , ' . . : . . , . , . , , , . , , . . , - - , 46. , , . . , , ' . , . 1946, . , : , , 47. , , ' , ' , . . , , , , . , , , , . , 50.000 , . , . , , . , 48. , , . , , Digitized by 10uk1s, , . , . , ' . , 49. 2 1947, (), 24 , . , . -, . . , . , , . , 50. , 1948-9 , 1948, ' , . . ' , . , , . 51. , , . , . 52. , 1947 1948, , . , , , . 1948, . , , . 1948Digitized by 10uk1s , . , 53. , . . , 1948 , - , , . , - . , . , . , . , , , . , , , . 2 , , . 28 , 54. 1948, , , 55. -, -, 1948. , 56. , , , , . , . , . , , 1948, - . ( ), . , . 1948, , . 1948, , . ,Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . , -, . . , . , . , 57. , . 1948, . . , - , . , 1949, . , 1945 , . , , . 1945 , . , ( 1). , 1949. , , - - . , . , , , . , , , 58. 1949, , . , ' . , 59.Digitized by 10uk1s 1949 . , . , . 1950, - , - 1956, '40 60. , . 1946, . . 1946 . . , , . , . , , . ' , ' ' . , . 1947 , . , , . , ' 61. , , , , . , .Digitized by 10uk1s VII David . Close , : , , . , . , , , , , . , , , . , . , - , , - , . . , , . , , , , . , , , , . , . , , . , ' , ' . , 1944 , , , 1. 1946, , , , . , , , , . - 1949- . 1945 , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , 1946, . , -' - . , , , . , . - . , . , , . , , , , , . , , ( ) . , 2. , . . , , , . , , , . , , . , . , , , , , , : 1947, 3. , , . , , - 1946- . ( 1934 1951), Digitized by 10uk1s . . , 1946, . , . 1946 , , . 1946 1936 , , , 4. , ' '30 '60. ( 40 ), . ( 10 ) , , , . , '30 '60, . , , , : , 5. , 1946 , . , , , , , 6. , . 1945 . , , , . , , , 7. 1946, , , . , , . , . , ( 1945) , 8. ( 1945- 1946) , , , , . , ( )Digitized by 10uk1s , ' . , , . K.M. , 1945, . , , . , , , , , 9. , , . , , , . , , . , , . , . , ' , 60.000 . , 10. , . , . ' . ' , 1945 , 16.200. , , , 1935. , , , . , , , . ( ), . , . , , Digitized by 10uk1s . , (6.700 1946). , ' , 23.000 , , 4.500 ( ), 6.500. , , , . , 1946 . , 11. , . , . , , , , ' . , , , 458 . 1946, . , 28 -. , , . , 12. . . , , , 1946 45 . , , 1951, ' , 13. , , ' , . , , 1946, - , - 14. , . , . Digitized by 10uk1s , , , 1946 15. , : , , . (15.000 1946 ), . , . , . * , , . , . , MAY, . , 1945-6, . , , . , - - 16. , , . , ( , , , ), 17. . . , , 500 , . , , , , . , , , , . , , . , , , , 18. , , 200.000 . , , .* . BANDIT, , . (...).Digitized by 10uk1s, . , 1945-6, . .. 1945, 1944 19. , , 1.289 (953 , 250 , 82 , 4 ), 6.681 , 677 18.767 . , . , , . 80.000 1945, 19.000 ( ). . , . , , , 20. , . , 2.896 16.700 , 1945. , 1.275 28.000 1 1951. . ' , , . , , ' , ( ) . , , . , 228 221 . 21. , ' . , 1945, , . , . . , , , , Digitized by 10uk1s 22. , , . . , 1946 ' , 1950, , . , , . , , . , (65 ) . , 25 , 48-49 , 54 , 23. , - - . , , 236 354 . , . , . , , 156 , . , , , . , . , , , ' . , , ( 13 1947, ) 24. ' . . , ' . , , , 25. - - 1944-5, Digitized by 10uk1s , , , , . , . , , . , 26. , . 1947, 120.000 ( 75.000 1945), 40.000 . , . 1946, , , . , , . ' , 1946, , , . , , . 1947 ( ), , 509, ( ) 27. ' , 1945 , . , , . , 509 , , 1929, , - . , , . . , . : , ( ). , .Digitized by 10uk1s ( 1948), , , . , , 28. , . , . , ( ) 30.000 . , 10.000 , . , , 1947-9 . 700.000 1949 . , 37.000 17.000 , 3.000 . , 29.000. 1947-9, 20.000. , 1949 50.000 . ' , , ( , , ), 29. . , . , - . ' , . : , , 30. , . ' , , . 1946. , ( MAY TEA), , 1946. ' , (MAY) () . 1947, 40.000 ' , 1948 41.000 . Digitized by 10uk1s () 1947, . , , , . , 1950 31. , 1936 , 1946, . ' , ( ), . , . , , , , , . : , , . 1947, , , , . , , , 1949, , . , 1947, . , 4.000 . , , . , . . ( , 1949), . , , . , , . 1948 1949, . ' , , . , 32. Digitized by 10uk1s 1946-9 - . , , . , ( 1946- 1947) , (- 1947) ( 1949- 1950) . ( 1947) , ' , 33. , . , . ' , . 1945-9, , 1945-7 UNRRA, . , . , , . , . , 34. , , . , . , , , , , , ( , , ). , , , , - 35 . , 1947 . , , , , . , , . , . , , . , , . (, , , ) . , . , , ,Digitized by 10uk1s 36. , , , , . . 1946. , , , , . 1948, , . , . , 1949, 35 40 , 37. , 1948-9 . , , , , . , , ... ... ... ... ... , , 38. , , . , , . , , , . . , . , ' , , (, , ) , , , 39 . , , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , . . - - 1946. , , ' , . 1947, . , 1947, , , , , . , , 1948, . 1947, , , . , , 40 . , ( , 1947). , 41. ' , , 42. , . , , , . , , 1948 . , ' , , , , . , . . , 43. , . ( ) 1947 , . Digitized by 10uk1s . , , , : . , . , , , 1948 1950 44. , , 1947, , . , . , , , , , . , , . , . , , ' . . , 45. , . - 1948, , . , , 46. , , 1949. , , . , . , , . , , , . 1952 , . , , , . , ' , . , , . , , 1947-9, , , 800 Digitized by 10uk1s 47. , , , , . , , , 48. . , ' , 1945 . , 1941, . , , ( ). , . , , , , . ' , . , , . , 1946-7, , . , ( ) , ' 49. 1948, , . , , . ' ' , , 50. , , . , 1945. , . , 1947. , . . 1947 1948, , 1949 .Digitized by 10uk1s , - - . , 1948, , , . , , 700 , 10 1948, 5.267 , , 1.714 1950 51. , , 1941 . , ' - - , , , . , 1945. , , ( ) 1946 52. , ' . , , . 1949, 1950, . . , 1.820 , , . , -, , , . 1949 . , . , . ' , , . , . 1950 , , ( ) 53. , , - 1950 - . , , . , 1949 Digitized by 10uk1s10 , . , , , . , . , 1951 , . , , 54. , . , , . , . . 1950, , , 55. . 1949, . , , , . 1951, 56. , 1949. , , , . , 1950 . 1949 1950, . , ( ) . , , . ' , 1950, . , , . , , , 509, 1936 . , 1950, 57. ' 1950 1951 , .Digitized by 10uk1s , . 1950-51, , , 1951. , 1951. . , , , . , 1951, , . , . , . , 1949 1950, 50.000 . , . , , , . , - . 1950, 1951 1952 58. , . 1949-50, . , . , 1946 1952. . , , , 59 . , , , . 1950 , ' , 1946. , 1949 , , 'Digitized by 10uk1s , , . , , ( ), 60. ' , 1946 , . , 61 . , , . , 1946, 65 1946, 37 , . , , 1948, . 1952. ' , . , , . , , , . 1950, 40.000 62. (20.000 ) . , , , . , 63. , : , , , . , , . , , . , 1950-2, . , Digitized by 10uk1s, 40 . , . , . , . ' '50, . , . , . , , - , , - 64. 1945 . , , ' . , . 1946, . - - . : ' . . , . . . ' '40. , . , . , '30, - , - . , , , 1952. '60 ,Digitized by 10uk1s . , - ' , , . , 65. , , . , . 1946, . , ' - () - , , . AMAG , , . 1947-50, , . ' , 66. . , , , , 1950 , . , -, , - . , ' . , .Digitized by 10uk1s VIII , , 1945-9. . 1944, . , , . , , . , , , , . . , , , , . , . , , . , . , , , , , , 1. , , , 2. , , . 1944, 3.Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , ' : , , . , , , . ' , . , '30 - 1940-1, 4. - 1941-4, ' , , . , ( 1943), ( 1943), ( 1944) ( 1944), , . , , , , . , , 5. , , . , . : . 1939, , ' , , - . , , , . , , ' , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , , , . , : . 1944, , , 6. 1945, - , . , , , . , , , , 7. , , . ' , . , ( ) 8. , 1945 , ' ( 1945) , , , 9. , - - , 10. , . , , , . , 11. , , . , , . - - , ' 12. , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , , , 13. ' , . : , , , . , 1944, , , . , , ' . , , , . , , (12 1945) , , , 14. , , 15 . , , 16. , 17. , . , . , ' . , , , . , 18, ' . ' , .Digitized by 10uk1s , , : , . , , , , , . , , : , . , , ( ' ) , . , ' . , , . , , , . , , . , , . , 19. . , . ... , , ' 20. , ... , , . , 21. , , , . , , . , , . , , 22, Digitized by 10uk1s. . . ' , . , . 1945, , 23. , , . , , , , 24. 1945 , , . , : . , ' . , , , , . , , (, 1945) , ' . ' , . , . , ' 25. , , . 26. , , , . , . , , . , , ( ) ' . , , , 27.Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . 28 , . , 29. , . , , . 31 1946, ' , , . , . , : , , , 30. , . 1948, 31 . , . , . - - 1946 . , , , , . , , , , ' . . , , . ' , , , 32. Digitized by 10uk1s , . . ' , 33. , , ' , 34. , . 35 , , , ' ' , , . 1946 , : ; 36 , , , ' , . , , , , . ' , . 37. , , . , . 38 . 1946, , ' . , , , . , , . , . 11 , , : , 39. . ' . 21 1947, 31 . , Digitized by 10uk1s , ' 1 1947, 40. , , . , . , ' - , . 1947, . , , , ' . , . : , . , , 1921 . , . , 41. , , , ' . , ' , , , , UNRRA 42. , . , ' ' . , , . , , , . , , . . , , , , , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , ( ), . , , - , 43. , ' , ' . , , , ' 44. , , , 45. 12 1947 ( ) 46 , ... , , , , , ' , , , 47. ' , . : ' , , ' ' , , . , 48 . , . , . , ' , .Digitized by 10uk1s , , , , , . , , , ' . , , . , , 49 . , , . , : '40, 50. , -, . ' , , , 51. , , . , , . , , , , 1948, 52. , , , , -, . , , ' , , 53. , . ...Digitized by 10uk1s , , , . , , 54. : , ' , , . , 1947, , , . , ( 1947) , ' 55. 7 , . , - - , . , , ' , 56. 57 , (AMAG). , (JUSMAPG). , , , , , .., , . : ) , ) , ) , ) , , ) , , . ) , , , Digitized by 10uk1s .., , , , ) 58. - , - , : , . - - . , , 59. , , , , . (AFL), (CIO), (ICFTU), ' 60. , . 1947, , . , JUSMAPG - - , , . , , , . 1949, , : ... . , , , , . , , 61. , . Digitized by 10uk1s . . , , , . , , ' . , . , ' , 62. , , , , , , . : , . , . , , , . , - . ' , . , , : , , . , '40 . , . ' , , , . , , , Digitized by 10uk1s . , . ' , , , . , , , . , , , . , .Digitized by 10uk1s IX David . Close 1974. , . , 1952, . , , , 1 . , , 7. , , . , , , 2. , 1946-8 3. 1952, . 509 1947, () - 1951 - . 516 1948, . , . , '50, , 7, ... ' '50 , . 30% . . , , , , 4. , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , 5. ' , 1964-7. , . , , . , , . , , 6. ' , . , . , , , : , TEA, ( 1951 ) 1967. TEA ( 1954 , ' ) ' . , 375 1936 , . () 1953 CIA, . , . ' ' . , 1962 60.000 7. , : . . , , - - , . , , , . , - - . ' , ' Digitized by 10uk1s 1951. , 8. , . , 1951 , . 1951, 1967, . , '50 '60. , . NATO 9. '50 , . 1953, ( ) , . , 10. 1974. , 1722 1952 1967, . . , 1963 . , , , 1967. 1951, . , ' , 11. , , , . , 1951 , . , '60. , , 1951, , , . ' , , , . , , . , 1956 1958, 1961, 1940 Digitized by 10uk1s 1951 12 . , 1953 , , . , , . , , ( ' , , , . ), . , . , . , 13. ' , ' . , 1950-2, ' . , , , 1952. 1961, , . 1952, 17.089. 1955 5.396, 1962 1.655. 1967 , . , 14. '50, , . , - 7- . 1952 , , . , , , 15. ' ,, , , . , . , , , , , , , , , , . ' , Digitized by 10uk1s, , 16. ' . , . , . , . , , . , ' , 17. , , . , , . ' 1956, , , ' . , . , , . , 1968 -, 18. , . , . , , 1954. 11 % 1951 1952, 24% 1958, . , - , . , 1961, , ' , . , . , , 19. , 1963-74, , - , - , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , ' , 1964 53% , 12%. , . -, - ' 1949-74 , ' (6% ) , , . , '60 '40. , ' , . , . , , . , '60. , . , . , - , , , - . , , , . , . . , , . , , , , 20. '60, . '50 . , 21. , . , , . , Digitized by 10uk1s , 1964. - , . - - 1963 1964 '61. , , , . , , . , , . , : . - - , , , . 1965 ', . , . , 1967 , . , , . , . , NATO , . , . , . , . , . , 22. , , CIA. , '50 '60. 1958, (). , , 1967, . , 1967, , ( ) 23.Digitized by 10uk1s , '60. 1961, - - 1965. , , - - , 1963. , , 1961 . , , , , . , , '60. - - , , . , 24. , , : . , -, , . , , , , : '40, , . , , '60. 25 , , . '50, , , . '60, , , , , ' , 26. , . Digitized by 10uk1s , . , . - - , ' . , . , , ' , . , 27. , , . - ' - , . , , . 28. , , , ' . , , . 1973 - . ' . , , 29 . , . , 1974, , 1955 1963.H , 1974-90 . , . , ' ( ) 500 . ' , . , 30. , , 1965-67 , 69% 1974, . , , Digitized by 10uk1s , . , 1974, . . . - 1975- . , , 31. 1974 . , () , 1981, , . 1974, , . 1975, ' . 32 . , . , , . 1981 , . , , 1981 , . , , . , 1974, . , - - ' , . , 33. , . , . , 1989. , ( ) , TEA, , , 34. ' , , . , , - - . - - . . , Digitized by 10uk1s : , , , , . - ()- , 1967 , . , . , , , - , , , , . , , , '70 . . ' , - 1974- . '80, ' . , . , , , . 35. '70 , 1974 . , , . , 1981. , , , . , , , . , , 1981 , . , , , , , , , Digitized by 10uk1s. , , ' . , , , 1. , , 1991 200.000 80.000 36. . , , '80 , : , . , . ' , '40, . , , . , ' 37 . '80. 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