5. Tham Luận Của PGS.ts. Hoang Dung

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Tham Lun Ca PGS.ts. Hoang Dung

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  • I HC QUC GIA THNH PH H CH MINH___________________________

    KHOA HC V K THUT TNH TON TI

    HQG-HCM: NH HNG XUT

    Ban KH&CN

    TP. H Ch Minh, ngy 5 thng 12 nm 2012

  • Hin trng KH&KTTT ti HQG-HCM

    Quan im, Mc tiu

    Cc hng nghin cu

    o to

    H tng c s KH&KTTT

    Ni dung

    nh hng pht trin KH&KT Tnh ton ti HQG-HCM

    2

    Thnh lp trung tm/vin

    Hp tc, lin kt, c ch

    L trnh xy dng v pht trin

  • Khoa Hc v K thut Tnh ton (KH&KTTT)Computational Science & Engineering (CSE)

    S kt hp hi ha ca 3 thnh phn:

    (i) Ton hc ng dng(ii) KH my tnh

    (iii) Cc ngnh KH v KT

    khc

    nhm gii quyt cc vn phc tp ca cc khoa hc v k thut.

    ng lc thc y pht trin cc ngnh khoa hc v kinh t ca th gii hin i 3

  • TM QUAN TRNG

    Cng vi l thuyt v thc nghim, KHTT ang tr thnh tr ct th ba (pillar) ca KH, cho php cc nh nghin cu xy dng v th nghim m hnh ca cc hin tng phc tp

    KHTT hin ti l mt phng hng khng th b qua gii quyt nhiu vn phc tp cho mi lnh vc t KHKT truyn thng n nhng vn quan trng nh l an ninh quc gia, sc khe cng ng v i mi nn kinh t

    Bo co ca Hi ng c vn v CNTT ca

    Tng thng Hoa K 2005:

    4

  • Hin trng KH&KTTT ti HQG-HCM

    NCKH

    Hnh thnh nhiu nhm NC, cc CBKH tr: lung gi mi;

    Mt s nhm hiu sut cng b KH cao, t chun QT.

    Cng b ISI: 15-20% s bi VNU thuc lnh vc KH&KTTT

    Cc hng nghin cu rt a dng tri nhiu lnh vc: CNTT, Ton

    hc, C hc, Vt l, Ha hc, Khoa hc Vt liu, Sinh hc, Y Sinh hc,

    Mi trng, in-in t, KT Xy dng, Giao thng, Kinh t, ...

    5

  • Hin trng KH&KTTT ti HQG-HCM

    O TO

    mt s ngnh, KHTT c a vo chng trnh ging dy

    Rt nhiu lun n, lun vn, tiu lun v KH&KTTT

    HP TC TRONG NC V QUC T

    Cc chng trnh HT rt a dng

    Hp tc o to nhn lc

    Cc ti NCKH chung

    Cc hi tho, hi ngh QT v KH&KTTT

    6

  • Hin trng KH&KTTT ti HQG-HCM

    iM YU

    Cha c chin lc pht trin KH&KTT c HQG cng nh VN

    Nghin cu l thuyt cha gn vi thc nghim

    Thiu lin kt ngay gia cc nhm KH&KT Tnh ton

    Cha gii quyt c cc bi ton ln m KT-XH ca t nc t ra

    Nhn lc: i ng cn b u n thiu. KH&KTTT cha c o to bi bn, cha thm nhp thc s vo chng trnh o to.

    C s h tng phc v nghin cu yu trong khi nhu cu s dng cc h thng tnh ton mnh ngy cng cao

    7

  • nh hng pht trin KH&KTTT HQG-HCM trong giai on ti

    Quan im:

    Cn c tm nhn, chin lc, ngun lc (c s h tng, kinh ph, c bit l con ngi); v lm thc.

    Nhn mnh tnh lin ngnh ca KH&KTTT: a ngnh, a lnh vc (Multi or Cross-Disciplinary) gii quyt cc bi ton ln trn c s HPC, vic hp tc/lin kt gia cc ngnh, cc lnh vc l v cng quan trng

    8

  • MC TIU

    1. Nng quy m v cht lng nghin cu

    2. Gii quyt cc bi ton ln ca t nc

    3. Xy dng c s h tng tnh ton

    4. o to ngun nhn lc KH&KTTT

    9

  • Cc hng nghin cu

    nh hng:

    Tip tc y mnh v pht trin cc hng

    nghin cu hin c, tng s lng v cht lng

    cng b quc t.

    Tng bc tip cn v gii quyt c cc bi

    ton thc tin ln ca KT-XH, nhng nhim v

    t ra trong chin lc pht trin KH&CN ca t

    nc, ca TP.HCM v ca HQG-HCM.

    10

  • Cc hng nghin cu

    1. KH&CN vt liu, c bit vt liu Nano

    Vd: pht trin cc m hnh multi-scale,

    dng nhng chng trnh v thut ton

    tin tin da trn c hc lng t

    hiu cc cu trc nano cc ng dng

    trong k thut v cng ngh.

    2. Khoa hc s sng

    D on v cnh bo vic pht tn cc

    bnh truyn nhim

    Nghin cu c ch gy bnh

    Thit k dc phm chng cc bnh

    truyn nhim, bnh nhit i .

    11

  • Cc hng nghin cu

    3. Phng chng thm ho thin nhin, nh hng BKH:

    Cnh bo l lt.

    Tnh ton vn hnh h thng cng

    trnh chng ngp ca TPHCM

    Chi tit ho cc kch bn BKH v

    bin php ng ph

    BSCL: h thng thong tin a l

    4. Bi ton giao thong th

    Xy dng h CSDL giao thng tch

    hp

    Dng phng php m phng gii

    mt s bi ton c th, pilot projects

    ... 12

  • Cc hng nghin cu

    5. nh gi ri ro ca cc cng

    trnh xy dng ln: nh my in

    ht nhn, nh my thu in v.v.

    6. Tnh ton ti chnh:

    Tnh ton ti chnh nh lng

    Ri ro trong u t v th trng, d

    on v m phng cc kch bn v

    phng n kinh t.

    Ri ro v lm pht, th trng, li

    sut, hi oi, ti u t, tc nghip,

    tn dng, thanh khon v c bit l

    ri ro chnh sch.

    13

  • o to

    Hiu qu vic s dng my tnh trong KH&KTTT ph thuc rtnhiu yu t, c bit l con ngi Phi bt u bng vico to nhn lc KH&KTTT v y l yu t quyt nh thnhbi.

    Sm thit k v khi ng chng trnh o to chuyn ngnh

    a KH&KTTT vo cc chng trnh o to lin quan

    T chc o to: tn dng nhn lc, vt lc trong ton HQG-

    HCM

    Tn dng th mnh o to SH ca HQG-HCM kt hp vi

    o to nc ngoi

    Trin khai chng trnh o to thc s HPC ( k MOU vi

    Intel)

    14

  • H tng c s KH&KTTT

    15

    HPC c th se l mt trong nhng phng tin rt quan trng kt ni

    lc lng trong HQG gii quyt nhng bi ton ln.

    Phi xy dng c s h tng p ng NC v T KH&KTTT: HPC, phn

    mm, b my qun l v cung cp dch v tnh ton

    Tuyt i khng mua my ln hn nhu cu s dng. Cn hp tc

    lin kt cc trung tm trong KH&KTTT thnh cc mng my tnh

    nng cao sc mnh tnh ton chung.

    Cn bt u cc ti KH&KTTT c kch thc ph hp vi lc lng

    v bi ton cn gii vi ch l hu ht cc h my tnh u c th tng

    dn kch thc.

    u t kinh ph thch ng thc y v khuyn khch cc ti v

    KH&KTTT, c bit giai on u

  • Thnh lp cc TT hoc vin

    16

    Yu cu: M hnh v bc i ?T chc trin khai:t ti VNU hay trng ?

    Nguyn tc: D di hnh thc no, trung tmhoc vin, trc thuc trng hay HQG thcng phi hot ng theo c ch m cth thu ht, lin kt cc nh KH t cc ni cngtham gia.

  • Hp tc, lin kt

    17

    KH&KTTT l cha kho chnh yu cho php thc hin cc gii php lin ngnh gii quyt cc bi ton ln ca t nc, trong HPC l mt trong nhng phng tin rt quan trng kt ni lc lng trong HQG gii quyt nhng bi ton ny.

    Nhng HPC vn cha phi l tt c. Chng ta cn cn nhiu hn th:

    -Tp trung v tranh th cc ngun lc xy dng cc nhm mnh, c phng tin v trang thit b cn thit, c c ch c th i kem vi i hi cao v thnh tch (bi bo ISI, hot ng quc t, o to NCS, ng gp cho chnh sch...). C th bt u vi mt, hai nhm vi cc th lnh thc s c tm nhn v nng lc kt ni. Mt khi cc nhm ny t n ngng "Critical Mass" th "hiu ng dy chuyn" mi c th xy ra.

    - Cn xy dng mt vi trung tm xut sc vi nhng ngi u ngnh trnh quc t, c ch trng mi cc chuyn gia ngi Vit nc ngoi qua cc dng phng th nghim v tinh (satellite labs) trin khai cc hng i ban u trong nghin cu...

    - Bn cnh vn "Cng c mnh" th vn "C s d liu" cng rt quan trng v it nhiu c lin quan n HPC.

  • Hp tc, lin kt, c ch

    18

    V bn thn KH&KTTT mang tnh a ngnh/lin ngnh rt cao nn s hp tc

    gia cc nh KH thuc cc lnh vc khc nhau l bt buc. Do vy cn xy dng

    mt vn ha hp tc thc s chuyn nghip.

    Se thnh lp Chng trnh KH&KTTT chung ca HQG:

    C nh hng r rng, u t xng ng

    C Ban Ch nhim chng trnh vi cc nhim v: (i) nh hng pht trin,

    xc nh cc hng NC u tin, t ra nhng bi ton ln cn gii quyt; (iii)

    Kt hp NCKH v T ngun nhn lc; (iv) Tp hp cc nh KH thc

    hin.

    HQG c bit u tin u t cc ti/d n lin ngnh, gii quyt cc bi

    ton ln.

    Hp tc vi Vin KH&CNTT TP.HCM: o to ngun nhn lc, chia s ngun lc

    (HPC, con ngi), cng thc hin cc ti NCKH

    Vi VNUHN, VAST v cc vin/trng H: Network KH&KT Tnh ton

    Hp tc quc t: tn dng hp tc quc t vi cc c quan NC-T uy tn nc

    ngoi, trong c cc nh khoa hc ngi Vit nc ngoi

  • L trnh

    19

    Tp trung trin khai vi u tin c bit 01 bi ton ln trong giai on 2013-2015 (V d bi ton chng ngp cho TP.HCM). T rt kinhTp trung trin khai vi u tin c bit 01 bi ton ln trong giai on 2013-2015 (V d bi ton chng ngp cho TP.HCM). T rt kinhTp trung trin khai vi u tin c bit 01 bi ton ln trong giai on 2013-2015 (V d bi ton chng ngp cho TP.HCM). T rt kinhTp trung trin khai vi u tin c bit 01 bi ton ln trong giai on 2013-2015 (V d bi ton chng ngp cho TP.HCM). T rt kinh

    Thnh lp Ban Ch nhim chng trnh KH&KTTT, Working Groups:

    thng 1-2/2013

    Thnh lp cc trung tm: qu I nm 2013

    Thit k v khi ng cc chng trnh o to chuyn ngnh v

    KH&KTTT: 2013

    a KH&KTTT vo cc chng trnh o to cc ngnh lin quan:

    2013

    Xy dng mt s ti, d n thuc cc bi ton ln: c thuyt minh

    cng trc thng 3/2013 xt duyt thng 4/2013, trin khai

    trong 2014

    Tp trung trin khai vi u tin c bit 01 bi ton ln trong giai on

    2013-2015 (V d bi ton chng ngp cho TP.HCM). T rt kinh

    nghim cho cc bi ton khc.

    Trin khai chng trnh o to HPC vi Intel: thng 5/2013

    HPC system: 30TFlops (2015), 200TFlops (2019), 1PFlops (2022)

  • Kt lun

    20

    1. Nhn thc: KH&KTTT vi s dng HPC l cha kho cho php thc

    hin cc gii php lin ngnh gii quyt cc bi ton ln ca t

    nc KH&KTTT phi tr thnh c s nn tng cho pht trin

    KH&CN v o to ti HQG-HCM. Nhn mnh tnh lin ngnh ca

    KH&KTTT.

    2. Cc hng NC: c bit quan tm cc bi ton ln m KT-XH t ra

    3. o to: KH&KTTT phi thm nhp vo cc chng trnh o to. y

    mnh o to chuyn gia thng qua HTQT v trin khai o to ngay ti

    cc n v ca HQG.

    4. H tng c s phc v tnh ton: Phi xy dng c s h tng p ng

    nghin cu v o to KH&KTTT: HPC, phn mm, b my qun l v

    cung cp dch v tnh ton. Nhng khng mua my ln hn nhu cu s

    dng

    5. Cc trung tm hoc vin: phi hot ng theo c ch m

    6. Sm thnh lp Ban Ch nhim chng trnh KH&KTTT, cc Working

    Groups

  • 21