A Checklist of the Orchid Bees of Nicaragua (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini)

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<ul><li><p>BioOne sees sustainable scholarly publishing as an inherently collaborative enterprise connecting authors, nonprofitpublishers, academic institutions, research libraries, and research funders in the common goal of maximizing access tocritical research.</p><p>A Checklist of the Orchid Bees of Nicaragua (Hymenoptera:Apidae: Euglossini)Author(s): Ismael A. Hinojosa-Daz and Michael S. EngelSource: Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 85(2):135-144. 2012.Published By: Kansas Entomological SocietyDOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2317/JKES111226.1URL: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2317/JKES111226.1</p><p>BioOne (www.bioone.org) is a nonprofit, online aggregation of core research in thebiological, ecological, and environmental sciences. BioOne provides a sustainable onlineplatform for over 170 journals and books published by nonprofit societies, associations,museums, institutions, and presses.</p><p>Your use of this PDF, the BioOne Web site, and all posted and associated contentindicates your acceptance of BioOnes Terms of Use, available at www.bioone.org/page/terms_of_use.</p><p>Usage of BioOne content is strictly limited to personal, educational, and non-commercialuse. Commercial inquiries or rights and permissions requests should be directed to theindividual publisher as copyright holder.</p><p>http://dx.doi.org/10.2317/JKES111226.1http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.2317/JKES111226.1http://www.bioone.orghttp://www.bioone.org/page/terms_of_usehttp://www.bioone.org/page/terms_of_use</p></li><li><p>A Checklist of the Orchid Bees of Nicaragua(Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini)</p><p>ISMAEL A. HINOJOSA-DIAZ AND MICHAEL S. ENGEL</p><p>Division of Entomology, Natural History Museum, and Department of Ecology &amp;</p><p>Evolutionary Biology, 1501 Crestline Drive Suite 140, University of Kansas,</p><p>Lawrence, Kansas 66045</p><p>ABSTRACT: A checklist of the Euglossini of Nicaragua is provided, expanding the previously</p><p>documented 16 species to 32. New formal records are provided for the following 16 species, all</p><p>in Euglossa Latreille: Euglossa (Euglossella) cyanura Cockerell, E. (Euglossa) championi</p><p>Cheesman, E. (E.) cybelia Moure, E. (E.) despecta Moure, E. (E.) hansoni Moure, E. (E.)</p><p>heterosticta Moure, E. (E.) igniventris Friese, E. (E.) mixta Friese, E. (E.) tridentata Moure, E.</p><p>(E.) villosiventris Moure, E. (Glossura) allosticta Moure, E. (G.) asarophora Moure and</p><p>Sakagami, E. (G.) ignita Smith, E. (G.) imperialis Cockerell, E. bursigera Moure, and E.</p><p>sapphirina Moure, the last two left as subgenus incertae sedis. This summary doubles the</p><p>known diversity of orchid bees in Nicaragua.</p><p>RESUMEN: Se presenta una lista faunstica de los Euglossini de Nicaragua, incrementando el</p><p>numero de especies documentadas de 16 a 32. Se incluyen datos de nuevos registros formales</p><p>para las siguientes 16 especies, todas en el genero Euglossa Latreille: Euglossa (Euglossella)</p><p>cyanura Cockerell, E. (Euglossa) championi Cheesman, E. (E.) cybelia Moure, E. (E.) despecta</p><p>Moure, E. (E.) hansoni Moure, E. (E.) heterosticta Moure, E. (E.) igniventris Friese, E. (E.)</p><p>mixta Friese, E. (E.) tridentata Moure, E. (E.) villosiventris Moure, E. (Glossura) allosticta</p><p>Moure, E. (G.) asarophora Moure y Sakagami, E. (G.) ignita Smith, E. (G.) imperialis</p><p>Cockerell, E. bursigera Moure, y (E.) sapphirina Moure, las dos ultimas tratadas como</p><p>subgenero incertae sedis. El presente trabajo duplica la fauna conocida de abejas de las</p><p>orqudeas para Nicaragua.</p><p>KEY WORDS: Nicaragua, orchid bees, Euglossa, Exaerete, Eulaema, Eufriesea, biodiversity</p><p>The orchid bees (Apinae: Euglossini) are robust and conspicuous members of any</p><p>melittological fauna, and owing to their intimate relationship with flowers of</p><p>Orchidaceae are critical pollinators in all Neotropical ecosystems. A number of</p><p>features make this group of bees significant, as they comprise the only non-eusocial</p><p>lineage within the corbiculate Apinae and most of the species have a striking metallic</p><p>integument. However, perhaps the most remarkable attribute is the behavior of the</p><p>males, which gather aromatic compounds principally from orchid flowers but also</p><p>from other sources (Dressler, 1982a; Whitten et al., 1993; Pemberton and Wheeler,</p><p>2006; Capellari and Harter-Marques, 2010), and manipulate and store them through</p><p>a series of peculiar morphological features of the legs. The resulting perfume is used</p><p>during mating display (Eltz et al., 2005), possibly serving as a chemical, mate-</p><p>recognition signal (Zimmermann et al., 2009).</p><p>The Mesoamerican fauna is of considerable interest as it is here that various</p><p>southern forms reach some of their more northerly distributions (e.g., Guatemala</p><p>or Honduras), or vice versa. Unfortunately, for several of these countries, few</p><p>Accepted 18 May 2012; Revised 21 May 2012</p><p>E 2012 Kansas Entomological Society</p><p>JOURNAL OF THE KANSAS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY85(2), 2012, pp. 135144</p></li><li><p>comprehensive surveys have been undertaken and although limited checklists do</p><p>exist for some, they are often based on the few existing literature records. Nicaragua</p><p>is certainly one for which the bee fauna has been greatly undersampled. Recently,valiant attempts have been made toward clarifying the bees of this region (e.g., Maes,</p><p>1993, 1999; Ascher and Rasmussen, 2011), with the most recent listing only nine</p><p>euglossines for the country, although seven others were also already known and</p><p>apparently overlooked. Based on intensive sampling in Nicaragua carried out by</p><p>members of the University of Kansas Natural History Museums Division of</p><p>Entomology and for which euglossines were specifically targeted by various trapping</p><p>methods, we have been able to recognize 32 orchid bee species present in Nicaragua,</p><p>many of which (16 species) represent new records. This represents a doubling of theknown fauna. Herein we build upon prior checklists for Nicaragua by providing an</p><p>account of those species now documented for the country. The format for recording</p><p>label data follows that employed by Hinojosa-Daz and Engel (2011a, 2011b) and</p><p>Hinojosa-Daz et al. (2011).</p><p>Checklist of Nicaraguan Orchid Bees</p><p>Tribe EUGLOSSINI Latreille, 1802</p><p>Genus Eulaema Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1841</p><p>Subgenus Apeulaema Moure, 1950</p><p>1. Eulaema (Apeulaema) cingulata (Fabricius, 1804).</p><p>2. Eulaema (Apeulaema) polychroma (Mocsary in Friese, 1899).</p><p>Subgenus Eulaema Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau, 1841</p><p>3. Eulaema (Eulaema) bombiformis (Packard, 1869).</p><p>4. Eulaema (Eulaema) luteola Moure, 1967a.</p><p>5. Eulaema (Eulaema) meriana (Olivier, 1789).</p><p>Genus Eufriesea Cockerell, 1908</p><p>6. Eufriesea concava (Friese, 1899).</p><p>7. Eufriesea mexicana (Mocsary, 1897).</p><p>8. Eufriesea mussitans (Fabricius, 1787): Recorded as Eulaema mussitans</p><p>(Fabricius) by Maes (1993, 1999).</p><p>9. Eufriesea surinamensis (Linnaeus, 1758).</p><p>Genus Euglossa Latreille, 1802</p><p>Subgenus Euglossella Moure, 1967b</p><p>10. Euglossa (Euglossella) cyanura Cockerell, 1917: New record: 1, labeled:</p><p>NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio;</p><p>Bartola, 100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 30-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,;S.Chatzimanolis ex. methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 128 //[barcode]; SM0534058; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa; cyanura; Cockerell; Det.</p><p>I.Hinojosa-Daz 2004 [species epithet and author handwritten].</p><p>Subgenus Dasystilbe Dressler, 1978b</p><p>11. Euglossa (Dasystilbe) obrima Hinojosa-Daz, Melo, and Engel, 2011: Implied as</p><p>possibly occurring in Nicaragua by Roubik and Hanson (2004: as E. villosa</p><p>Moure), but not formally recorded until Hinojosa-Daz et al. (2011).</p><p>136 JOURNAL OF THE KANSAS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY</p></li><li><p>Subgenus Euglossa Latreille, 1802</p><p>12. Euglossa (Euglossa) atroveneta Dressler, 1978a.13. Euglossa (Euglossa) championi Cheesman, 1929: Implied as possibly occurring in</p><p>Nicaragua by Roubik and Hanson (2004), but without any formal records.</p><p>New records: 1, labeled: NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE</p><p>San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola, 100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 28-V-2002,R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex. methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil</p><p>baits, NIC1BFC02 111 // [barcode]; SM0534748; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa</p><p>; championi; Cheesman; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2005 [species epithet, author</p><p>and last digit of year handwritten]. 1, labeled as previous except barcodenumber SM0534506. 2, labeled as first specimen except date 29-V-</p><p>2002, collection event number NIC1BFC02 114 and barcode numbers</p><p>SM0542166, SM0542170.</p><p>14. Euglossa (Euglossa) cybelia Moure, 1968: New record: 1, labeled: NICARA-</p><p>GUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola, 100 m</p><p>10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 30-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex.methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 128 // [barcode];</p><p>SM0534059; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa; cybelia; Moure; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2004 [species epithet and author handwritten].</p><p>15. Euglossa (Euglossa) despecta Moure, 1968: New records: 1, labeled:</p><p>NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio;</p><p>Bartola, 100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 28-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,;S.Chatzimanolis ex. methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 111 //</p><p>[barcode]; SM0534519; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa; (Euglossa) ; despecta</p><p>Moure; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2011. 2, labeled as previous except barcode</p><p>numbers SM0534749, SM0534522.16. Euglossa (Euglossa) hansoni Moure, 1965: New record: 1, labeled: NICARA-</p><p>GUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola, 100 m</p><p>10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 29-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex.methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 114 // [barcode];</p><p>SM0542177; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa ; hansoni; Moure; Det. I.Hino-</p><p>josa-Daz 2005 [species epithet, author and last digit of year handwritten].</p><p>17. Euglossa (Euglossa) heterosticta Moure, 1968: New records: 1, labeled:</p><p>NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio;Bartola, 100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 26-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,;S.Chatzimanolis ex. attracted to; eucaliptus oil, NIC1BFC02 076 // [barcode];</p><p>SM0534571; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa; (Euglossa) ; heterosticta Moure;</p><p>Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2011. 3, labeled as previous except barcode</p><p>numbers SM0534585, SM0534589, SM0534595. 1, labeled as first</p><p>specimen except date 27-V-2002, chemical attractant methyl salicylate,</p><p>collection event number NIC1BFC02 097 and barcode number</p><p>SM0534448. 16, labeled as first specimen except date 28-V-2002,chemical attractant methyl salicylate/eucalyptus oil baits, collection event</p><p>number NIC1BFC02 111 and barcode numbers SM0534750,</p><p>SM0534496, SM0534740, SM0534759, SM0534758, SM0534754,</p><p>SM0534546, SM0534529, SM0534531, SM0534745, SM0534485,</p><p>SM0534475, SM0534494, SM0534493, SM0534521, SM0534523.</p><p>7, labeled as first specimen except date 29-V-2002, chemical attractant</p><p>VOLUME 85, ISSUE 2 137</p></li><li><p>methyl salicylate/eucalyptus oil baits, collection event number NIC1BFC02</p><p>114 and barcode numbers SM0542104, SM0542105, SM0542097,</p><p>SM0542102, SM0542182, SM0542191, SM0542143. 10, labeled</p><p>as first specimen except date 30-V-2002, chemical attractant methyl</p><p>salicylate/eucalyptus oil baits, collection event number NIC1BFC02 128</p><p>and barcode numbers SM0534060, SM0534049, SM0534061,</p><p>SM0534110, SM0534050, SM0534082, SM0534046, SM0534092,</p><p>SM0534086, SM0534095. 1, labeled: NICARAGUA:; Rio San Juan:;</p><p>Los Guatuzos alt. 40 m; UTM 16P -; 0712685-1220212; 11u01N85u03W;21/26-IV-2001; col.B.Hernandez; &amp; J.Sunyer // Euglossa; (Euglossa) ;</p><p>heterosticta Moure; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2011.</p><p>18. Euglossa (Euglossa) igniventris Friese, 1925: New record: 1, labeled: NICARA-</p><p>GUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola, 100 m</p><p>10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 29-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex.methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 114 // [barcode];</p><p>SM0542147; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa ; igniventris; Friese; Det. I.Hino-</p><p>josa-Daz 2005 [species epithet, author and last two digits of year handwritten].</p><p>19. Euglossa (Euglossa) mixta Friese, 1899: Implied as possibly occurring in Nicaragua</p><p>by Ramirez et al. (2002) and Roubik and Hanson (2004), but without any</p><p>formal records. New records: 1, labeled: NICARAGUA: Matagalpa Dept.;</p><p>6 km N Matagalpa, Selva Negra Hotel,; 1350 m, 12u59.999N, 85u54.539W,; 21-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex. methyl salicylate/; eucaliptus</p><p>oil baits, NIC1BFC02 052 // [barcode]; SM0534727; KUNHM-ENT //</p><p>Euglossa; mixta; Friese; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2004 [species epithet and author</p><p>handwritten]. 2, labeled as previous except barcode numbers</p><p>SM0534724, SM0534726. 1, labeled: NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan</p><p>Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola, 100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W;26-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzimanolis ex. attracted to; methyl</p><p>salicylate, NIC1BFC02 075 // [barcode]; SM0534566; KUNHM-ENT //</p><p>Euglossa; mixta; Friese; Det. I.Hinojosa-Daz 2004 [species epithet and author</p><p>handwritten]. 1, labeled as previous except date 28-V-2002, chemical</p><p>attractant methyl salicylate/eucalyptus oil baits, collection event number</p><p>NIC1BFC02 111 and barcode number SM0534538. 1, labeled as previous</p><p>except date 29-V-2002, collection event number NIC1BFC02 114 and</p><p>barcode number SM0542110. 1, labeled as previous except date 30-V-</p><p>2002, collection event number NIC1BFC02 128 and barcode number</p><p>SM0534115.</p><p>20. Euglossa (Euglossa) tridentata Moure, 1970: Implied as possibly occurring in</p><p>Nicaragua by Roubik and Hanson (2004), but without any formal records.</p><p>New records: 73, labeled: NICARAGUA:; Rio San Juan:; Los Guatuzos</p><p> alt. 40 m; UTM 16P -; 0712685-1220212; 11u01N85u03W; 21/26-IV-2001;col.B.Hernandez; &amp; J.Sunyer // Euglossa; (Euglossa); tridentata Moure ; Det</p><p>I. Hinojosa-Daz 2011. 1, labeled: NICA : Managua:; Ticuantepe:; Casa</p><p>Blanca; 30-IV/1-V-2001; col. J.M.Maes, J.Sunyer; &amp; B. Hernandez //</p><p>Euglossa; (Euglossa); tridentata Moure ; Det I. Hinojosa-Daz 2011.</p><p>21. Euglossa (Euglossa) variabilis Friese, 1899.</p><p>22. Euglossa (Euglossa) villosiventris Moure, 1968: New records: 1, labeled:</p><p>NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio; Bartola,</p><p>138 JOURNAL OF THE KANSAS ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY</p></li><li><p>100 m 10u58.409N, 84u20.309W; 30-V-2002, R.Brooks, Z.Falin,; S.Chatzima-nolis ex. methyl salicylate/; eucalyptus oil baits, NIC1BFC02 128 // [barcode];</p><p>SM0534053; KUNHM-ENT // Euglossa; villosiventris; Moure; Det. I.Hinojosa-</p><p>Daz 2004 [species epithet and author handwritten]. 5, labeled as pre-</p><p>vious except date 29-V-2002, collection event number NIC1BFC02 114</p><p>and barcode numbers SM0542157, SM0542162, SM0542195,</p><p>SM0542197, SM0542109.</p><p>23. Euglossa (Euglossa) dilemma Bembe and Eltz in Eltz et al., 2011 (viridissima</p><p>Friese auctorum): Implied as possibly occurring in Nicaragua by Roubik and</p><p>Hanson (2004), but without any formal records. Finally recorded formally</p><p>from Nicaragua by Eltz et al. (2011). Numerous specimens from Nicaragua</p><p>are present in the KU collection.</p><p>Subgenus Glossura Cockerell, 1917</p><p>24. Euglossa (Glossura) allosticta Moure, 1969: Based on phylogenetic evidence this</p><p>species should be transferred from the paraphyletic Glossurella to Glossura</p><p>(Hinojosa-Daz, 2010; Ramrez et al., 2010). New records: 1, labeled:</p><p>NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan Dept.; 60 km SE San Carlos, Refugio;</p><p>B...</p></li></ul>