ANALISIS LAJU DEKOMPOSISI SERASAH TANAMAN BELIMBING ... analisis laju dekomposisi serasah tanaman belimbing…

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    ANALISIS LAJU DEKOMPOSISI SERASAH TANAMAN BELIMBING (Averrhoa carambola L.) TERHADAP

    KEANEKARAGAMAN FAUNA TANAH SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI SMA

    S K R I P S I

    DISUSUN OLEH:

    LUSTHIA WIJAYA ANGGRAENY 201310070311045

    PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM

    FAKULTAS KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

    2017

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    ANALISIS LAJU DEKOMPOSISI SERASAH TANAMAN BELIMBING (Averrhoa carambola L.) TERHADAP

    KEANEKARAGAMAN FAUNA TANAH SEBAGAI SUMBER BELAJAR BIOLOGI SMA

    S K R I P S I

    Diajukan kepada Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang Untuk Memenuhi

    Sebagai Persyaratan Memperoleh Gelar Sarjana Pendidikan Biologi

    Disusun Oleh:

    LUSTHIA WIJAYA ANGGRAENY 201310070311045

    PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM

    FAKULTAS KEGURUAN DAN ILMU PENDIDIKAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG

    2017

  • iii

    LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

    Dipertahankan di Depan Dewan Penguji Skripsi

    Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

    dan diterima untuk memenuhi

    Sebagian dari Persyaratan

    Memperoleh Gelar Sarjana ( S1 ) Pendidikan Biologi

    Mengesahkan

    Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

    Malang, 20 April 2017

    Dekan

    (Dr. Poncojari Wahyono, M.Kes)

    Dewan Penguji

    1. Dra. Sri Wahyuni, M.Kes 1. ...............................

    2. Dr. Elly Purwanti, M.P 2. ...............................

    3. Drs. Wahyu Prihanta, M.Kes 3. ...............................

    4. Fuad Jaya Miharja, M.Pd 4. ...............................

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    DAFTAR ISI

    HALAMAN JUDUL .......................................................................................... ii

    HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ..........................................................................iii

    HALAMAN PERNYATAAN ........................................................................... iv

    HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ............................................................................ v

    MOTTO DAN PERSEMBAHAN .................................................................... vi

    KATA PENGANTAR ...................................................................................... vii

    ABSTRAK ......................................................................................................... ix

    DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................... xi

    DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................ xv

    DAFTAR GAMBAR ....................................................................................... xvi

    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .................................................................................. xvii

    BAB I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Latar Belakang ........................................................................................... 1

    1.2 Rumusan Masalah ...................................................................................... 5

    1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................................ 5

    1.4 Manfaat Penelitian ...................................................................................... 6

    1.5 Batasan Masalah ......................................................................................... 7

    1.6 Definisi Istilah ............................................................................................ 8

    BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ...................................................................... 10

    2.1 Tinjauan tentang Dekomposisi .................................................................. 10

    2.2 Bahan Organik Tanah ............................................................................... 10

    2.3 Tinjauan tentang Kesuburan Tanah ........................................................... 11

    2.3.1 Pengertian Kesuburan Tanah .............................................................. 11

    2.3.2 Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kesuburan Tanah ........................ 11

    2.3.2.1 Iklim........................................................................................... 12

    2.3.2.2 Pengaruh Curah Hujan ................................................................ 12

    2.3.2.3 Pengaruh Temperatur ................................................................. 12

    2.3.2.4 Jasad Hidup ................................................................................ 13

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    2.4 Tinjauan tentang Bioindikator Tanah ........................................................ 13

    2.5 Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Keanekaragaman Makrofauna ............ 14

    2.5.1 Tinjauan tentang Pengaruh Faktor Biotik dan Abiotik terhadap Keanekaragaman Makrofauna Tanah ........................................................................ 15

    2.5.1.1 Faktor Biotik ............................................................................. 15

    2.5.1.2 Faktor Abiotik ........................................................................... 16

    2.5.1.2.1 PH ...................................................................................... 16

    2.5.1.2.2 Suhu Tanah ......................................................................... 16

    2.5.1.2.3 Kadar Organik Tanah .......................................................... 16

    2.5.1.2.4 Kelembaban Tanah ............................................................. 17

    2.6 Keanekaragaman Hayati ........................................................................... 17

    2.6.1 Pengertian Keanekaragaman Hayati ................................................... 17

    2.6.2 Keanekaragaman Hayati Tanah .......................................................... 19

    2.7 Tinjauan Tentang Fauna Tanah ................................................................. 19

    2.8 Peran dan Fungsi Fauna Tanah dalam Ekosistem ...................................... 22

    2.9 Tinjauan Buah Belimbing ......................................................................... 24

    2.10 Sumber Belajar ....................................................................................... 26

    2.10.1 Penegertian Sumber Belajar.............................................................. 26

    2.10.2 Manfaat Sumber Belajar ................................................................... 26

    2.11 Tinjauan Tentang LKPD ......................................................................... 27

    2.11.1 Definisi LKPD ................................................................................. 27

    2.11.2 Fungsi LKPD ................................................................................... 27

    2.11.3 Kelebihan dan Kekurangan LKPD .................................................... 28

    2.12 Kerangka Konsep Penelitian ................................................................... 30

    2.15 Hipotesis Penelitian ................................................................................ 31

    BAB III METODE PENELITIAN .................................................................. 32

    3.1 Jenis Penelitian ......................................................................................... 32

    3.2 Waktu dan Tempat Penelitian ................................................................... 32

    3.2.1 Waktu ................................................................................................ 32

    3.2.2 Tempat ............................................................................................... 32

    3.3 Populasi Sampel ....................................................................................... 33

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    3.3.1 Populasi ............................................................................................. 33

    3.3.2 Sampel ............................................................................................... 34

    3.3.3 Rancangan Penelitian ......................................................................... 34

    3.3.4 Teknik Sampling ................................................................................ 35

    3.4 Variabel Penelitian ................................................................................... 35

    3.5 Prosedur Penelitian ................................................................................... 35

    3.5.1 Tahap Pesiapan .................................................................................. 35

    3.5.1.1 Alat ............................................................................................ 35

    3.5.1.2 Bahan .......................................................................................... 36

    3.5.1.3 Tahap Observasi .......................................................................... 36

    3.5.1.4 Tahap Penentuan Lokasi .............................................................. 37

    3.5.2 Tahap Pelaksanaan ............................................................................. 38

    3.5.2.1 Tahap Pelaksanaan Pengambilan Data ......................................... 38

    3.5.2.1.1 Metode