AP Human Geography Ethnicity Unit Human Geography Ethnicity Unit Exam MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

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  • APHumanGeographyEthnicityUnitExamMULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.1)Ethnicityisimportantbecause

    A)itpromotespeace.B)itsupportsdiversityinthefaceoftheglobalizationofculture.C)itdefinescitizenshipandsovereignty.D)itopposesnationalism.E)itprovidestheonlystablebasisofpoliticalstates.

    2)Theconceptthatnationalitieshavetherighttogovernthemselvesisknownastherightof

    A)nation-state.B)ethnicidentity.C)sovereignty.D)centripetalforce.E)self-determination.

    3)EthnicidentityfordescendentsofEuropeanimmigrantsintheUnitedStatesisprimarilypreservedthrough A)neighborhoodsandlocations B)schoolsandeducation C)language D)religionandfood E)politicalaffiliation4)Denmarkisagoodexampleofanation-statebecause

    A)DenmarkconsolidateditsboundariesbygivingGreenlandtoNorway.B)thepeoplelivingontheFaeroeislands,whicharecontrolledbyDenmark,speakFaeroese.C)DanishandGermannationalitiesintermingleinSchleswig-Holstein.D)nearlyallDanesspeakDanishandliveinDenmark.E)alloftheabove

    5)Loyaltyanddevotiontoastatethatrepresentsaparticulargroupscultureis

    A)multiculturalism.B)state.C)nationalism.D)nation-state.E)nation.

    6)WhatwasApartheid?

    A)thegeographicseparationofracesinSouthAfricaB)SouthAfricasgovernmentalsystemC)thekinshipsystemofSub-SaharanAfricaD)theexistenceoflandlockedstatesinsouthernAfricaE)thedialectofDutchwhichisspokeninSouthAfrica

    7)Balkanizationrefersto

    A)thebreakdownofastateduetoconflictsamongnationalities.B)religionssplinteringintoopposinggroups.C)asmallgeographicareathatcannotsuccessfullybeorganizedintostates.D)ethniccleansing.E)thecreationofnation-statesinsoutheasternEurope.

  • 8)ThebreakupofYugoslaviaduringthe1990swascausedbyA)NATO.B)theassassinationinSarajevooftheheirtothethroneofAustria-Hungary.C)ethniccleansing.D)rivalriesamongnationalities.E)espionagebyRussianagents.

    9)MostAfricansshippedasslavesweresentto

    A)CentralAmerica.B)SouthAmerica.C)Caribbeanislands.D)Europe.E)NorthAmerica.

    10)Aspartofthetriangularslavetradesystem,shipsboundforEuropecarried

    A)slaves.B)goldandsilver.C)rumandmolasses.D)clothandtrinkets.E)alloftheabove

    11)Large-scalemigrationoccurredinSouthAsiaafter1947primarilybecauseofthe

    A)failureofthemonsoonrains.B)communistvictory.C)newmobilityprovidedbyrailwayconstruction.D)separationofreligiousgroups.E)boatpeople.

    12)Whichofthefollowingisnotanelementofculturaldiversity?

    A)raceB)artC)religionD)ethnicityE)language

    13)ThemostnumerousethnicityintheUnitedStatesisA)AsianAmericans.B)Latinos/Hispanics.C)AfricanAmericans.D)AmericanIndiansandAlaskaNatives.E)Austral-Asian.

    14)AfricanAmericansareclusteredinwhatareaoftheUnitedStates?

    A)PacificNorthwestB)SoutheastC)SouthwestD)PlainsstatesE)Northeast

    15)AsianAmericansareclusteredinwhatareaoftheUnitedStates?

    A)SoutheastB)WestC)PlainsstatesD)NortheastE)Southwest

  • 16)LatinosandHispanicsareclusteredinwhatareasoftheUnitedStates?A)PacificNorthwest,PlainsstatesB)Southwest,SoutheastC)citiesD)West,SouthwestE)Northeast,cities

    17)WhichgroupofnewlyindependentstatesintheformerSovietUnionhashadtheleastpeacefultransitiontostatehood,largelyaresultofborderdisputesandinternalethnicstruggles?

    A)thethreeBalticstatesofEstonia,Latvia,andLithuaniaB)thethreeEuropeanstatesofBelarus,Moldova,andUkraineC)thefiveCentralAsianstatesofKazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Tajikistan,Turkmenistan,andUzbekistanD)thethreeCaucasusstatesofAzerbaijan,Armenia,andGeorgiaE)Russia

    18)WhichgroupofnewlyindependentstateintheformerSovietUnionhashadthemostpeacefultransitiontostatehood,largelyaresultofsharedreligiousandlinguisticculturesineachstate?

    A)thethreeBalticstatesofEstonia,Latvia,andLithuaniaB)thethreeEuropeanstatesofBelarus,Moldova,andUkraineC)thefiveCentralAsianstatesofKazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Tajikistan,Turkmenistan,andUzbekistanD)thethreeCaucasusstatesofAzerbaijan,Armenia,andGeorgiaE)Russia

    19)Racismisthebeliefin A)thebiologicalclassificationofpeople B)superioritybecauseofracialidentity C)inferioritybecauseofracialidentity D)alloftheabove E)B&C20)WhichofthefollowingdoestheUnitedStatesCensusBureaunotconsiderarace?

    A)JapaneseB)WhiteC)Hispanic/LatinoD)SamoanE)Black

    21)Theseparatebutequaldoctrinewaslegallyestablishedby

    A)Plessyv.Ferguson.B)Brownv.BoardofEducation.C)thefourteenthamendmenttotheConstitution.D)theMissouriCompromise.E)states.

    22)WhichofthefollowisnotasimilaritybetweenApartheidandJimCrowslaws? A)Bothwerebasedonawhitesupremacistorder B)Bothrequiredracialclassificationatbirthandthecarryingofidentificationbyblacks C)Bothresultedinblackslivinginpovertystrickenconditions D)Bothoccurredafterawarwhentheopportunityforequalitycouldhavebeenrealized E)Bothwereeventuallydismantledthroughdemocraticprocesses

  • 23)WhiteflightisA)establishmentofsuburbs.B)decreaseinpercentWhitesbecauseofBlackmigrationfromtheSoutheast.C)movementofWhitesfromsoutherncities.D)movementofWhitesfromnortherncities.E)emigrationofWhitesfromanareaBlacksareanticipatedtomoveto.

    24)Anationornationalityisbestdescribedas

    A)acountry.B)agroupwithsharedreligion,language,andoriginofbirth.C)agroupofpeopletiedtoaplacethroughlegalstatusandtradition.D)ethnicidentity.E)anycohesivegroupofpeople.

    25)IntheUnitedStates,whichissharedbyallAmericans?

    A)languageB)ethnicityC)genderD)raceE)nationality

    26)TheformerSovietUnionusedwhichastheprimarycentripetaldevice?

    A)religionB)raceC)ethnicityD)languageE)art

    27)ThemostprevalentcentripetalforceinYugoslaviabeforeitsbreakupwasthe A)religion B)language C)governmentalorganization D)economyandcommonunitofcurrency E)conflictwithTurkey28)ThebreakupofYugoslaviainthe1990swascausedby A)ethniccleansing B)theassassinationinSarajevooftheheirtothethroneofAustriaHungary C)rivalriesamongandtheselfdeterminationofnationalities D)NATO E)espionagebyRussianagents29)Ethnicitiesinthesamecountrycomeintoconflictwhen

    A)theysharealanguage.B)wealthisevenlydistributed.C)nationalidentityisshared.D)minorityethnicitiesareofficiallyrecognized.E)theyhavetraditionsofself-rule.

    30)ConflictinAfricaiswidespreadbecauseof A)colonialboundaries B)Numerousethnicgroups C)Rapideconomicdevelopment D)Alloftheabove E)A&B

  • 31)Whichofthefollowingisanexampleofapeacefulmultinationalstate? A)theUnitedStates B)NorthKorea C)theUnitedKingdom D)SouthSudan E)Japan32)SriLankahascontinuingethnicconflictbetween A)SinhaleseBuddhistsandTamilHindus B)DravidiananimistsandHindurebels C)JacobitesandAssyrians D)UrduseparatistsandKashmirrebels E)HutusandTutsis33)EthnicconflictinEthiopiahasbeenprimarilybasedon A)theannexationofSomaliland B)divisionsbetweentheHutusandTutsisafterdecolonization C)invasionbyLibya D)warwithSudan E)civilwarwithEritreans34)Theprocesswhenagroupforciblyremovesanothergroupiscalled

    A)war.B)racism.C)whiteflight.D)migrationalpushfactors.E)ethniccleansing.

    35)AsSudansreligion-basedcivilwarwaswindingdown,anethnicwareruptedintheregionof

    A)Amhara.B)Eritrea.C)Oromo.D)Tigre.E)Darfur.

  • APHUMANGEOGRAPHYCHAPTER7:ETHNICITY

    FREERESPONSEQUESTION

    Ethnicityplaysakeyroleintheunityorbreakupofanystate.

    A)DefineNation(Nationality),Stateandnationstate.(3pts)

    B)ExplainhowtheconceptsofNation(Nationality),StateandnationstatecontributedtothebreakupofYugoslavia.(2pts)

    C)DefineandevaluatetheroleofethniccleansingintheBalkansasitspecificallyrelatestoBosniaHerzegovinaand/orKosovo(3pts)

    Gradingwillbeasfollows:8=30 4=14

    7=26 3=10

    6=22 2=6

    5=18 1=2

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