BRT Magazine No. 24

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3 BRT Biodiversity Research and Training Program-BRT

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<ul><li><p>...BRTUPDATE</p><p>MAGAZ INE 3 BRT 24 2551</p><p> ... </p><p>y ... p.4 y p.19 y ... p.28 </p><p> Biodiversity Research and Training Program </p><p>60.-</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 1 30/9/08 18:33:39</p></li><li><p> BRT MAGAZINE </p><p> . </p><p> update </p><p> 4 </p><p>BRT Update 10 </p><p> 19 ... </p><p> 22 26 </p><p> 28 </p><p> 30 </p><p> 32 </p><p> 37 13 </p><p>BRT 38 BRT </p><p> 39 BRT </p><p> 46 </p><p>o % </p><p>26</p><p>2 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 2 30/9/08 18:33:45</p></li><li><p>... </p><p>1,400 ... </p><p> : .. : </p><p> : : </p><p> : </p><p> : </p><p> BRT 73/1 . 6 10400 02-</p><p>6448150-4 552 02-6448106 </p><p> BRT Magazine </p><p>BRT </p><p>B </p><p> BRT </p><p>28</p><p>4</p><p>1922</p><p>0</p><p>4</p><p>2 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 3 30/9/08 18:33:59</p></li><li><p> : </p><p> : , </p><p> : </p><p>4 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20084 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 4 30/9/08 18:34:06</p></li><li><p> (polyp) </p><p> (mouth) </p><p>(pinnate tentacle) 8 </p><p>4 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20084 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 5 30/9/08 18:34:15</p></li><li><p>6 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20086 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 6 30/9/08 18:34:18</p></li><li><p>6 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20086 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 7 30/9/08 18:34:21</p></li><li><p>.. </p><p> (snake star) </p><p> . </p><p>8 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 20088 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 8 30/9/08 18:34:24</p></li><li><p>8 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 20088 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 9 30/9/08 18:34:26</p></li><li><p> Magnolia citrata Noot. &amp; Chalermglin </p><p> . </p><p>B . (.) </p><p> BRT </p><p> 5-7.5 </p><p> . </p><p> .. 2533 </p><p> Magnolia citrata Noot. &amp; Chalermglin BLUMEA 52 559-562 </p><p>18 .. 2550 citrata </p><p> 1,200 </p><p> : P. Chalermglin and H.P.Nooteboom. 2007. A new species of and a new combination in Magnolia (Magnoliaceae). Blumea 52:559-562. </p><p> (new species) </p><p>BRT Update </p><p> Hoya balaensis Kidyoo &amp; Thaithong </p><p>- . </p><p> 200 </p><p> . </p><p> Hoya balaensis Kidyoo &amp; Thaithong . </p><p>(milkweed family, Asclepiadaceae) </p><p> 100 40 </p><p> : Kidyoo, M. and Thaithong, O. 2007. A New Species of Hoya (Asclepiadaceae) from Southern Thailand. BLUMEA, 52: 327-330. </p><p>10 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 11BRTMagazineOctober 200810 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 11BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 10 30/9/08 18:34:33</p></li><li><p>. . </p><p> Fibuloides khaonanensis Pinkaew 375 19.00-24.00 . </p><p>- 4 4 </p><p> 1 </p><p> : Pinkaew, N. 2008. A new species and two new combinations in the genus FibuloidesKuznetsov (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini) from Thailand. Zootaxa, 1688: 61-65. </p><p> Dendrocalamus khoonmengii Sungkaew, A. Teerawatananon &amp; Hodk. </p><p> . </p><p>. </p><p> Dendrocalamus khoonmengii Sungkaew, A. Teerawatananon &amp; Hodk. . </p><p> .. 2543 .. Wong Khoonmeng </p><p> . </p><p> . </p><p> Dendrocalamus khoonmengiiSungkaew, A. Teerawatananon &amp; Hodk. . . Wong Khoonmeng </p><p> 20 </p><p> : Sungkaew, S. et al. 2007. Dendrocalamus khoonmengii, a new bamboo species (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) from peninsular Thailand. Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany), 35: 98-102. </p><p> Fibuloides khaonanensis Pinkaew . </p><p>10 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 11BRTMagazineOctober 200810 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 11BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 11 30/9/08 18:34:39</p></li><li><p> 10 </p><p>/ .. </p><p>A 2 3 2551 IISE (International Institute for Species </p><p>Exploration) </p><p> Top 10 new species described in </p><p>2007 </p><p> 3 </p><p> (dragon millipede) </p><p> Shocking Pink </p><p>M i l l i p e d e </p><p> Desmoxytes purpuroseaEnghoff, Sutcharit &amp; Panha, 2007 </p><p> . . </p><p> shocking pink. </p><p>shocking pink </p><p> : H. Enghoff, C. Sutcharit &amp; S. Panha. 2007. The shocking pink dragon millipede, Desmoxytes purpurosea , a colourful new species from Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae). Zootaxa 1563 : 31-36.) </p><p>BRT Update </p><p>BRT Update </p><p>12 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200812 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 12 30/9/08 18:34:43</p></li><li><p> / .. </p><p>&gt; (big-headed turtle) Platysternon megacephalum Platysternidae (endangered) IUCN 2007 </p><p> Appendix II (CITES) </p><p> .. 2546 ( 2) </p><p> .. 2458 </p><p> 2548 </p><p> ( 2551) </p><p> 17 2551 </p><p> 26 7 2551 </p><p> 25 </p><p>12 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200812 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 13 30/9/08 18:34:46</p></li><li><p> / : </p><p>k 3 () 8 2551 </p><p> 5 </p><p>BRT Update </p><p> (Thick-billed Green Pigeon) </p><p>14 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200814 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 14 30/9/08 18:34:49</p></li><li><p> T. verrucosus . </p><p> T. verrucosus . . </p><p>/ </p><p>A Tylototriton verrucosus 2 </p><p> 16S ribosomal RNA D-loop </p><p> 2 </p><p> : Pomchote, P. et al. 2008. Two Distinctive Color Patterns of the Himalayan Newt Tylototriton verrucosus (Urodela: Salamandridae) Found in Thailand and Its Implication on Geographic Segregation. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, </p><p>14 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200814 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 15 30/9/08 18:34:50</p></li><li><p> Halimeda macroloba Decaisne </p><p>Banded linsang (Prionodon linsang) </p><p>BRT Update / </p><p>B Halimeda (Global Warming) </p><p> (CO2) </p><p>130 </p><p> / </p><p>C (Bandedlinsang Prionodon linsang) </p><p> (Vulnerable) </p><p> 970 </p><p> 2,870 </p><p> 13 5 </p><p>16 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200816 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 16 30/9/08 18:34:53</p></li><li><p> (Fissidens) / </p><p>i Fissidens Hedw. Fissidentaceae Fissidens (Phoenix moss Phoenix tail moss) </p><p> 4 6 </p><p>Fissdens Hedw. (Fissidenstaceae, Bryophyta) 39 4 </p><p> 6 (new to science) 3 </p><p> () () </p><p>16 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 200816 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 17 30/9/08 18:34:54</p></li><li><p> / : </p><p>i . . 3 (Sirindhornia pulchella H.A. Pedersen &amp; Indhamusika) (S. monophylla H.A. Pedersen &amp; P. Suksathan) (S. mirabilis H.A. Pedersen &amp; P. Suksathan) 48 Sirindhornia </p><p> (endemic species) </p><p> (A Preliminary Check-list of </p><p>Threatened Plants in Thailand) </p><p>1. .. 2547 35 2. 3. </p><p>1</p><p>2 </p><p>BRT Update </p><p>18 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 PBBRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 18 30/9/08 18:34:59</p></li><li><p>... 1,400 </p><p> . </p><p>% 1,400 BRT . () </p><p> / : .. . . . . .. . . . </p><p> .. </p><p> . () - . </p><p>PB BRTMagazineOctober 2008 19BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 19 30/9/08 18:35:03</p></li><li><p> 16 2550 </p><p> 30 </p><p> 3 </p><p> ..</p><p>20 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 21BRTMagazineOctober 200820 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 21BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 20 30/9/08 18:35:06</p></li><li><p> 7 16-22 2550 </p><p> 3 </p><p>? </p><p> 2.5 </p><p> endemic species </p><p>20 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 21BRTMagazineOctober 200820 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 21BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 21 30/9/08 18:35:11</p></li><li><p> Geostachys 1,200 Amomum aculeatum Roxb. </p><p> Hydechium 2 </p><p>Amomum aculeatum 400 </p><p>- </p><p> 800 </p><p> Ficus. punctata Thunb. </p><p>1,000 </p><p> Ficus lepicarpa Blume </p><p>Ficus glaberrima Blume </p><p>Bazzania tridens (Reinw. et al.) Trevis. 22 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200822 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 22 30/9/08 18:35:16</p></li><li><p> CITES </p><p> IUCN Red List </p><p>(Bullophyl lum) </p><p>22 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200822 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 23 30/9/08 18:35:19</p></li><li><p> 1 Monomorium pharaonis </p><p>7 </p><p> 1,400 63 </p><p> Leptanilla sp.1 </p><p>24 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200824 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 24 30/9/08 18:35:24</p></li><li><p> Argostemma </p><p> Argostemma Wall. 3 Argostemma laeve Benn. subsp. setosum (E.T.Geddes) K.Sridith, () Argostemma ophirense Maingay ex Hook.f. () Argostemma propinquum Ridl. () </p><p> (uncommon species) (rare and </p><p>endemic species) </p><p> (Macrocalamus lateralis) </p><p> 2 3 </p><p> Argostemma</p><p> 3 </p><p>24 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200824 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 25 30/9/08 18:35:27</p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>6 </p><p>1</p><p>26 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200826 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 26 30/9/08 18:35:35</p></li><li><p> . </p><p> 12 45 12.5 </p><p> 4 </p><p>1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. </p><p>9</p><p> 2 </p><p>8</p><p>2</p><p>26 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 200826 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 2BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 27 30/9/08 18:35:43</p></li><li><p>: - /: </p><p>i (Ficus L.) </p><p> (fig wasp) Agaonidae </p><p> (mutualism) (species </p><p>specific) </p><p> (gall flower) </p><p> (ovipositor) </p><p> Berg, C.C. &amp; Corner, E.J.H. 2005. Moraceae - Ficus. Flora Malesiana Ser.1, Vol. 17, Part 2. National Herbarium of the Netherlands, Leiden. Attenborough, D. 1995. The Private Life of Plants. BBC Books, London. pp. 140-142. </p><p>: </p><p>-</p><p>28 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 29BRTMagazineOctober 200828 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 29BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 28 30/9/08 18:35:44</p></li><li><p>1. (Ficus racemosa) 2. 3. 4. 5. </p><p>1 2</p><p>4 </p><p>28 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 29BRTMagazineOctober 200828 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 29BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 29 30/9/08 18:35:50</p></li><li><p>1. (Ficus racemosa L.) 2. 3. (Ficus altissima Blume) </p><p> / </p><p>i (Ficus L.) Moraceae </p><p>(fig) (syconium) </p><p> (cauliflorus) </p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>0 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 20080 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 30 30/9/08 18:35:54</p></li><li><p> 3 </p><p> 1-2 </p><p> 2 </p><p> (pistillode) </p><p> 1 (locule) 1 (ovule) </p><p> 2 </p><p> (gall flower) </p><p> (neutral flower) </p><p> (dioecious) </p><p> (female fig) </p><p> (male </p><p>fig) (gall fig) </p><p>(monoecious) </p><p> (bisexual fig) </p><p> ( , 2548) </p><p> ( Weiblen, 2000) </p><p> . 2548. . . Weiblen, G.D. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of functionally dioecious Ficus (Moraceae) based on ribosomal DNA sequences and morphology. American Journal of Botany 87: 13421357. </p><p>0 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 20080 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 1BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 31 30/9/08 18:35:56</p></li><li><p> / </p><p>i </p><p> Ficus wasp Ficus </p><p> ( 80 ) </p><p> 1,000-1,100 </p><p> monoecious fig </p><p>...</p><p>-</p><p>...- </p><p>2 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20082 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 32 30/9/08 18:35:59</p></li><li><p> Strangler </p><p> (Ficus religiosa L.) (F. benjamina L.) (F. carica L.) (F. auriculata Lour.) (F. virens Ait) (F. semicordata B. Ham. ex J. E. Sm.) (F. hispida L.) (F. racemosa L.) (F. pumila L.) (F. altissima Bl.) (F. benjamina L.) </p><p> 70% </p><p> fig fig wasp </p><p> (pol l inator) </p><p>Hymenoptera </p><p>pollinator Agaonidae </p><p> fig fig wasp (pollinator) </p><p> fig </p><p>2 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20082 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 33 30/9/08 18:35:59</p></li><li><p> mutualism </p><p> syconium </p><p> (</p><p> ) </p><p> (monoecious plants) (male </p><p>flowers) (female flowers) (gall flowers) </p><p> (dioecious plants) </p><p> dioecious fig</p><p>...</p><p>-</p><p>4 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20084 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 34 30/9/08 18:36:00</p></li><li><p> (female flowers) </p><p> () </p><p> ( </p><p>) </p><p> 24 48 </p><p>4 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20084 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 35 30/9/08 18:36:02</p></li><li><p>...</p><p>-</p><p> fig </p><p> ( ) </p><p> fig ( ostiole) </p><p> ( ) </p><p> dioecious plant </p><p>6 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20086 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 36 30/9/08 18:36:03</p></li><li><p> 13 / : . </p><p>B </p><p> .</p><p> - </p><p> 13 () </p><p> (Siamoadapis maemohensis) 15 500-700 </p><p> 4 2547 . . </p><p> (Haplorhines) </p><p>(Strepsirrhines) </p><p> : Chaimanee, Y., Yamee, C., Tian, P., Chavasseau, O. and Jaeger, J.-J., 2008. First middle Miocene sivaladapid primate from Thailand. Journal of Human Evolution 54, 434-443. </p><p>6 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 20086 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 37 30/9/08 18:36:08</p></li><li><p> 3 3 .. </p><p> 6 </p><p> .. </p><p> 3-5 . </p><p> .. </p><p> 5 </p><p> .. </p><p>BRT </p><p>8 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 20088 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 38 30/9/08 18:36:10</p></li><li><p> 5 </p><p> BRT .. </p><p> 5 </p><p> 17-26 </p><p>2551 </p><p> BRT </p><p> 20 </p><p> 220 </p><p> BRT </p><p> BRT </p><p>8 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 20088 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 9BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 39 30/9/08 18:36:13</p></li><li><p> 20 2551 BRT . () </p><p> 15 </p><p> . . </p><p> NAC 2008 BRT - </p><p>2551 (NSTDA Annual Conference : </p><p>NAC 2008) 24-26 2551 </p><p> BRT </p><p>- </p><p> BR</p><p>T </p><p>40 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 41BRTMagazineOctober 200840 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 41BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 40 30/9/08 18:36:17</p></li><li><p> . &amp; </p><p> BRT (.) . </p><p>() 7 30 .. 2550 </p><p> 13 2551 292,863 </p><p> . </p><p>40 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 41BRTMagazineOctober 200840 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 41BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 41 30/9/08 18:36:27</p></li><li><p> Club 7 7 </p><p> . </p><p> Shocking Pink </p><p>Millipede 3 Top 10 new species exploration </p><p> 8 2551 22.20 . </p><p> 2551 </p><p> BRT </p><p> 2551 8-22 2551 </p><p> Luciola aquatilis . </p><p> BRT </p><p> BR</p><p>T </p><p>42 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200842 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 42 30/9/08 18:36:28</p></li><li><p> ... </p><p> . </p><p> . . </p><p> - </p><p>- </p><p> 9 . </p><p>42 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200842 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 43 30/9/08 18:36:34</p></li><li><p>. </p><p> . </p><p> 16 </p><p> 2551 4 </p><p> . (.) </p><p> (.) 30 </p><p>2551 </p><p> 5 BRT </p><p> BR</p><p>T </p><p>44 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200844 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 44 30/9/08 18:36:37</p></li><li><p> . </p><p> .. </p><p> 1 4 </p><p> 6 </p><p> (Life Science) </p><p>24 2551 </p><p> BRT </p><p>- </p><p>BRT BRT 5 1 , 5 1 , - 3 1 , 4 2 !!! </p><p>44 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200844 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 45 30/9/08 18:36:56</p></li><li><p> / , .. , .. , .. , .. .. </p><p>i </p><p> 1. .. 2. .. 3. .. 4. .. 5. </p><p>.. </p><p>6 .. </p><p> 65 </p><p> 6 </p><p>1</p><p>46 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200846 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 46 30/9/08 18:36:57</p></li><li><p> 50 </p><p> 50 </p><p> 7 </p><p>2551 . 6 </p><p>1. 50 </p><p>2. 3. </p><p>4. 3 </p><p>2</p><p>4 </p><p>46 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 200846 BRTMagazineOctober 2008 4BRTMagazineOctober 2008</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 47 30/9/08 18:36:59</p></li><li><p>.</p><p>6</p><p>BRT Magazine24.indb 48 30/9/08 18:37:01</p></li></ul>