BUILDING BLOCKS AND STUMBLING BLOCKS - ?· BUILDING BLOCKS AND STUMBLING BLOCKS 1 for inter-sectoralcoordination…

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  • BUILDING BLOCKS AND STUMBLING BLOCKS

    1

    for inter-sectoral coordination ofEarly Childhood Development interventions

  • WHY A comprehensive approach to ECD?

  • DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF THE CHILD

    Child

    Biological

    Psychological

    Social

    Cultural

    Source: Silva, V. 2012

  • DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF THE CHILD

    Child

    Biological

    Psychological

    Social

    Cultural

    They vary according to childrens age.

    Some have more weight than others at different points in time (developmental stages).

    They are intimately related.

    Need to be satisfied simultaneously.

    Go beyond the child itself

    Source: Silva, V. 2012

  • 5

    CHILD OBSERVABLE CHARACTERISTICS

    CONTEXT CHARACTERSITICS

    1. Nutrition

    2. Physical dev.

    3. Bonding

    4. Psychomotor dev.

    5. Emotional dev.

    1. Household

    socioeconomic

    level

    2. Parents

    educational level

    3. Family environment

    4. Work environment

    5. Community

    environment

    Child

    biological

    psychological

    social

    cultural

    DEVELOPMENTAL NEEDS OF THE CHILD

    Source: Silva, V. 2012

  • What is usually seen in public policies?

    6

  • PROBABLY Every child has the support of some program, but none has support for everything he or she needs.

  • 10

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    COMPREHENSIVE ECD SYSTEM

    Scope, Coverage, and Equity of Programs

  • CASE STUDIES

  • JAMAICA CASE

    Cross-sectoral/political strategy development, and challenges to implementation

    12

  • CROSS SECTORAL GOVERNING BODY

    13

    ECC board composition

    Credibility and legitimacy

    Leadership

  • STRATEGIC PLAN

    Results-based Plan

    Cross-sector, but Sector-specific

    Corresponding Budgets

  • MONITORING AND EVALUATION

    Robust sector-specific monitoring systems

    Unambiguous indicators

    Integrated system

  • WHAT THE ECC TRIED TO SOLVE

    Lack of Accountability

    Lack of Incentives

    Unpredictable Financing

  • FINANCE ARRANGEMENTS: SWAp

    MoF MoE

    MoH

    MoLSS

    WB

  • FINANCE ARRANGEMENTS

    Disbursement amounts: Depend on achieving DLTs (May 2009: 7 DLTs * 180K = 1.26 M)

    Disbursements subject to: Proof that milestones are

    adequately budgeted Budget execution rate is

    70% or above

    Leads to steadier flow of funds and focus on achieving results

    Graph here

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    14

    16

    Y00 Y01 Y02 Y03 Y04 Y05 Y06 Y07

  • BUILDING BLOCKS

    The Early Childhood Commission

    The National Strategic Plan

    The Monitoring & Evaluation

    The Finance Arrangements

    19

  • STUMBLING BLOCKS

    Lack of sectoral ownership?

    Too ambitious?

    Too complex?

    Capacity constraints?

    20

  • BOLIVIA CASE

    Think Cross-Sectoral. Act Local.

    21December 2012

  • DECENTRALIZED ECD COORDINATION

    CentralInterest from the top, but not in the line Ministries

    Department

    Coordination committees

    established for HD sector, comparing

    needs assessments and funding priorities

    Municipal Much interest in coordinating actual delivery of services

    through third-party providers

  • ALTERNATIVE ENTRY POINT FOR ECD INVESTMENTS

    Productivity and labor market participation for young women

  • CROSS-SECTORAL TEAM WORK IN LCSHD

    ECD Municipal Program

    Team building

    Research

    Project design

  • BUILDING BLOCKS

    Team trust

    Management support

    Field support

    Client interest

    Decentralized arrangements

  • STUMBLING BLOCKS

    Low incentives for cross-sectoral work

    Unclear link to broader initiative

    Lack of national level champion

  • HONDURAS CASE

    Low-hanging fruit: building on a sectoral intervention health/nutrition to incorporate some early stimulation, and achieve proverbial synergies

    27

  • COMMUNITY-BASED NUTRITION PROGRAM

    AIN-C with long program history (1990s)

    Based on community volunteers for:

    28

    Growth monitoring Parent counseling Referral to health services

  • ECD MAINSTREAMING

    Pilot AIN-C + early stimulation 2009-2012

    ADDS:

    29

    Dev. assessment applied to child

    Counseling on early stimulation

    Home visits for children with greater dev. needs

  • RESULTS

    30

    Increase in attainment of expected development level

    Decrease in problems with fine or gross motor skills, communication and language, emotional and cognitive skills

  • Commitment from strategic stakeholders Financial resources availability Building on existing intervention Strong implementing agency in the field

    31

    BUILDING BLOCKS

  • 32

    STUMBLING BLOCKS

    Lack of buy-in from national level Pilot and single sector program Lack of funds to support scale-up and advocacy

  • EVERYTHING I EVER NEEDED TO KNOW ABOUT WORKING ACROSS SECTORS

    I LEARNED IN KINDERGARTEN

    33

    Budget, credit

    AttentionShare everything /

    Play fair

    Personal relationships

    Partnerships

    When you go out into the world, watch out

    for traffic, hold hands, and stick together

    Resources: linking to existing programs, TFs...

    Be creative

    WITHIN THE BANK

  • 34

    EVERYTHING I EVER NEEDED TO KNOW ABOUT WORKING ACROSS SECTORS

    I LEARNED IN KINDERGARTEN

    WITHIN CLIENT COUNTRIES

    Leaders

    Champions, not just at the top

    Make friends

    Sectoral ownership

    Buy in at the line ministry level

    Dont take things that

    arent yours

  • THANKS!

    35

    Presenters:Peter Holland- pholland@worldbank.orgCarla Paredes- cparedesdrouet@worldbank.org

    mailto:pholland@worldbank.orgmailto:cparedesdrouet@worldbank.org

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