Chabannyi Remont Avto Kn1

  • Published on
    28-Nov-2014

  • View
    3.708

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

80- ().

1 .. , , 7.090258 8.090258 , , , . .

2007

656.071.8 39.33-08 82 : / . .. . : , 2007. - 720 . : .. .. . , ; .. .. . , ; .. .. . , ; .. .. . , ; .. .. . , ; .. .. . , ; - .. ( ).

( 1.4.718--251 19 2006 ). :.., , , ; .., , , ; .., , , .

ISBN - , . , , . , 7.090258 8.090258 . , , .

ISBN 656.071.8 39.33-08 .., .., .., .., .., .., - .., 2007. , 2007.

2

.............................................................................................6 ..........................................................................................................9 1. .................11 1.1. ...............................................................12 1.2. .........................................................................17 1.3. .....................................................................19 1.4. ........................................................................22 1.5. ............................................27 1.6. .................. 30 1.7. .......................................................32 1.8. .......................................36 1.9. - ...................................................38 1.10. ....................................................40 2 ........................................................................................43 2.1. ......................................43 2.2. ............................49 2.3. ..................................................................84 2.4. ........................................................90 2.5. ...................................93 2.6. .................................................96 2.7. ...............................................101 3 .......117 3.1. .......................... 118 3.2. ........................................................................................124 3.3. ................................................129 3.4. ...131 3.5. ..................137 4. .........................................................147 4.1. . ............................147 4.2. ....................................148 4.3. .......................................................149 3

4.4. - .......................................................................154 4.5. ...................156 4.6. ................................168 4.7. ..............................171 5. , .......................174 5.1. ...................................174 5.2. .......................................176 5.3. ...............................178 5.4. ............179 5.5. .............................182 6. ................................................184 6.1. ..........................185 6.2. - ..................................................................................................186 6.3. ...........................192 6.4. .....................................................204 6.5. .........................................................223 6.6. ............227 6.7. .......................234 7. ................................................................................242 7.1. ...........................................242 7.2. .................................................................247 7.3. .....................................252 7.4. ........................................255 7.5. .................................................256 7.6. ......................................................... 263 7.7. ...................................................... 264 7.8. .............................. 266 7.9. ............................................. 268 7.10. .........................................................270 7.11. .................................................... 272 7.12. ..................................................................279 7.13. .............................................. 281 7.14. - ................................................... 282 8. .................................................................284 8.1. .......................................................................................................285

4

8.2. .......................................................................................................293 8.3. -, ....................................................304 8.4. .....................................................................309 9. .........................................................312 9.1. ..............................................................................312 9.2. ( ) .................................315 9.3. , .................................................. 323 9.4. ...............................................................................327 9.5. () ......................................335 9.6. ..............................................................................338 9.7. ....................343 10. .....................................................................348 10.1. ............349 10.2. ...................................................................354 10.3. .........................374 10.4. ............................................................................376 10.5. ..........................................................................379 10.6. ...............................................381 ............................................................383

5

, , . , , , , . , , - , . , - . , , , - , . - , , . , ( "). , , , . . , , 6

. ' , , , . . , 20 . . , 7% , , 12... 15 %. . . , , . , , . , . , , . . , . ' . , () . 7

, , . , ' - . , . , . , , , , . , , , . , . , - , , .

8

: , , , ., , . , . () ( , , ). , ' , . , , , , . , . ' . , ( ) . . -. . . . 9

, . , . (, ) . . , , . , . . , , .., .., .. , .., .., .., .., ..' . .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .. , , - , .. .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .., .. .

10

. 4546

1. 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. 1.7. 1.8. 1.9. 1.10. - . , , . ; '; , ; , 11

.. , .. - 4546

, ; , .. . . () ' . 1.1. ( ) 27.002 - 83. , , , , , . , , , , . .1.1. ( , ) ( , ). : , , .12

. 4546

P(L) : np , (1.1) P( L ) = N np , () L;13

.. , .. - 4546

N . , . . L1 N :N =1 Li i- , .. , : L1 =1

Li , i

N

(1.2)

P( L) = f (l)dLl

(1.3) (1.4)

L1 = l f (L )dL ,0

f(L) . , , , . , :N L i i- ;14

(L) =

(L + L) (L)i =1 i =1

N

N

,

(1.5)

. 4546

L - , . :L =

Li i=1

N

(1.6)

i i=1

N

. , , , , , , . : . () . - . . , , , , . ( ) , , - .15

.. , .. - 4546

( ) :L =

: 0

L N i =1 pi

1

N

(1.7)

L = L f (L )dL ;

(1.8)

Lpi - , ; f(L) - . - ( ) (), , (-). : , (1.9) 1 F (L ) =100

F(L) - . - , () . - , , . () - , , , () . , .16

. 4546

() , , , , - () . () , , () . () , , - () . . , . , , , , .. - , .

1.2. . : , , , - , - . - ( ), ( ), ( ) . - ( ) ( ), ( ), 17

.. , .. - 4546

. - .

- .

, . . , , , . . (, , ..). . . , , , . - . : (1.10) = 0 /( 0 + ) , 0 ( ); , , .18

. 4546

( ) , . : (1.11) = t /( t + t + t ) , t - ; t - ; t - . , , . , .