Choosing to be Alcohol Free

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Choosing to be Alcohol Free. Chapter 22 Lesson one. Ethanol. Type of alcohol Used in alcoholic Beverages, such as Beer, wine and Liquor.. Fermentation. Chemical action of yeast on sugars. Intoxication. state in which a body is poisoned by alcohol or another - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Chapter 22Lesson one

  • EthanolType of alcoholUsed in alcoholicBeverages, such asBeer, wine and Liquor.

  • Chemical action of yeast on sugars

  • state in which a body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the persons control is reduced

  • 12 oz of beer, 5 oz of wine, and 1 1/2 oz of liquor have the same amount of alcohol.

  • Beer 4-6% alcoholWine 12-20% alcoholHard liquor 40-50% alcohol (or more)

  • Alcohol contains calories so it is a food substance.Has NO nutritional value so the term empty calories is used

  • Because of its effects on the body, alcohol is considered a drug.

  • 20% of alcohol passes directly into the blood from the stomach

  • Blood AlcoholConcentration(BAC)The amount of alcohol in a persons blood

  • The process by which the body breaks downSubstances

  • Short term effects of alcohol:Brain- reaches brain almost as soon as it is consumed.*Depresses brain activity*Slows work of CNS

  • a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose

  • Liver: the liver can only change alcohol to water, carbon dioxide & energy (oxidation) one half an oz an hour

  • Blood vessels: widenKidneys: produce more urine.Stomach: irritates stomach lining

  • Long term effects:Tolerance: needMore to get sameEffect

  • Dependence:The body develops a chemical need for alcohol

  • Fatty LiverWhen fat builds up in the liver

  • Cirrhosis

    When healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue

  • Brain Damage:

    Causes loss of brain cells even moderate drinking can destroy brain cells.

  • Multiplier effect:Mixing alcohol with other drugs. The effects can be drastic!!!!

  • Binge DrinkingDrinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting