Chuong 01 - Tong Quan

  • Published on
    21-Dec-2015

  • View
    214

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Chuong 01 - Tong Quan

Transcript

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    Chng 01

    Tng quan

    http://www.ecna.gov.vn/

    Lp chuyn i BK kha 3-2012

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    2

    Lm Quang Tng

    0943001800

    Lamgia.edu79@yahoo.com

    FB: lm gia tng

    Nguyn Hnh Trang

    0907196200

    hanhtrang3112@yahoo.com

    Fb: Nguyn Hnh Trang

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    3

    nh gi tng kt lp

    Gia k: 30%

    Cui k: 30%

    Bi tp: 40% (ch c tnh nu trung bnh cui k v gia k >=4. Phi tnh nu

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    4

    Ni dung

    Phn 1: Kinh t hc vi mChng 1. Gii thiu v cc vn kinh tChng 2. Th trng: cung v cuChng 3. Hnh vi ngi tiu dngChng 4. Hnh vi nh sn xut Chng 5. Cc m hnh cu trc th trng Chng 6. Ngoi ng v hng ha cngPhn 2: Kinh t hc v mChng 7. H thng o lng Thu nhp quc dnChng 8. Tng cung v tng cuChng 9. Vn KT v m: lm pht v tht nghipChng 10. H thng Ti Chnh, Tin T v Ngn Hng Chng 11. Chnh sch kinh t v mChng 12. Kinh t hc trong nn kinh t m

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    5

    Phn 1: Kinh t hc vi m

    1. Cc vn kinh t

    2. Th trng: cung v cu

    3. Hnh vi ngi tiu dng

    4. Hnh vi nh sn xut

    5. Cc m hnh cu trc th trng

    6. Ngoi ng v hng ha cng

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    6

    Phn 2: Kinh t hc v m

    7. H thng o lng Thu nhp quc dn

    8. Tng cung v tng cu

    9. Cc vn kinh t v m: lm pht v tht nghip

    10. H thng Ti Chnh, Tin T v Ngn Hng

    11. Chnh sch kinh t v m

    12. Kinh t hc trong nn kinh t m

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    7

    Ti liu tham kho

    1. Bi ging

    2. L Bo Lm, Kinh t Vi M, NXB Thng K km theo

    sch bi tp, 2007.

    3. Dng Tn Dip, Kinh T V M, NXB. Thng K

    km theo sch bi tp, 2007.

    4. Gregory Mankiw, Principles of Economics, 5th edition,

    2009

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    8

    Vn c bn ca Kinh t hc

    Vic phi chn la phn b ngun lc da trn tin : Ti nguyn sn xut l hu hn

    Mong mun tiu dng ca con ngi l v hn

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    9

    Chi ph c hi

    L nhng g ta phi t b t c c hi , hoc

    L li ch mt i khi ta t b c hi tt nht n nhn c

    hi ny.

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    10

    Kinh t hc

    Kinh t hc l mt b mn khoa hc nghin cu cch

    thc x hi gii quyt ba vn : sn xut ci g, sn xut

    nh th no v sn xut cho ai David Begg

    Kinh t hc l b mn khoa hc nghin cu s phn b cc

    ngun lc khan him vo cc mc ch s dng khc nhau,

    c tnh cnh tranh nhau, nhm ti a ho li ch ca cc c

    nhn v x hi.

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    11

    Adam Smith (1723-1790), i din cho t do cnh tranh ca CNTB. 1776 (capitalism)

    John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946), biu trng cho s can thip ca chnh ph v phc li nh nc. 1936 (interventionism)

    Karl Marx (1819-1883), phn nh trit m hnh x hi ch ngha. 1848 (socialism)

    The Ranking of Three Economists (Smith, Keynes, and Marx) According to Economic Freedom and Growth(source: The big three in economics : Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes, Mark Skousen, 2007 )

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    12

    TEN PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS

    How people make decisions.

    1. People face tradeoffs. (Efficiency v. Equity)

    2. The cost of something is what you give up to

    get it. (opportunity cost)

    3. Rational people think at the margin.

    4. People respond to incentives.

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    13

    TEN PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS

    How people interact with each other.

    5. Trade can make everyone better off. (specialization)

    6. Markets are usually a good way to organize economic activity.(invisible hand.)

    7. Governments can sometimes improve economic outcomes. (Market failure, externality, market power )

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    14

    TEN PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS

    The forces and trends that affect how the economy as a whole works.

    8. The standard of living depends on a countrys production. (Productivity)

    9. Prices rise when the government prints too much money. (Quantity Theory of Money MV=PQ)

    10.Society faces a short-run tradeoff between inflation and unemployment. (Phillips Curve )

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    15

    Kinh t hc vi m v kinh t hc v m

    Kinh t vi m nghin cu hnh vi ca tng thnh phn, tng n v ring l trong nn kinh t.

    Kinh t v m nghin cu nn kinh t trn phm vi tng th

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    16

    Ba vn c bn ca Kinh t hc

    Sn xut ra ci g? Chn loi sn phm sn xut

    Sn xut cho ai? Chn i tng phc v

    Sn xut nh th no? Chn qui m sn xut/ cng ngh sn xut

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    17

    Kinh t hc thc chng v kinh t hc chun tc

    Kinh t hc thc chng l vic s dng cc l thuyt v m hnh l gii, d bo cc hin tng kinh t , ang v s din ra di tc ng ca s la chn.

    Kinh t hc chun tc tip cn cc vn theo quan im Nn lm nh th no? theo kin ch quan ca cc c nhn.

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    18

    ng gii hn kh nng sn xut

    S kt hp ca hng ho v dch v c th sn xut nu ti nguyn ca x hi c s dng hiu qu

    Cc gi nh bn trong: Hiu qu

    nh i

    Chi ph c hi

    Tng trng

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    19

    Dng chu chuyn ca nn kinh t

    Doanh nghipChnh phH gia nh

    Th trng hng ho

    Th trng yu t

    sn xut

    Nc ngoi

    Nc ngoi

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    20

    Dng chu chuyn ca nn kinh t

    Doanh nghip s l ngi cung cp hng ha v th trng hng ha v nhn li tin t cc c nhn h gia nh di dng tin doanh thu. lm ra hng ha th DN s mua n th trng yu t sn xut

    H gia nh s cung cp cc yu t sn xut cho DN trong th trng yu t sn xut v nhn li tin di dng tin lng, li sut, li nhun. Cn trong th trng hng ha th cc h gia nh s l ngi mua hng v tr tin cho DN

    Chnh ph ng vai tr iu tit cc i tng trong nn kinh t di dng thu thu hoc tr tr cp

    i tng nc ngoi xut hin khi nn kinh t m. Trogn trng hp h c th ng cc via tr ca ngi SX hoc h gia nh.

  • Trng i Hc Bch Khoa Tp.HCM

    Khoa Qun L Cng Nghip

    2012

    Kinh t hc i cng

    Chng 1: Tng quan

    21

    Yu t sn xut ngun lc sn xut

    Nhn lc

    Vn

    t ti nguyn

    Doanh tr