CNG spesification

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<ul><li><p>GAS QUALITY CHALLENGES TO SUPPORT GAS QUALITY CHALLENGES TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING OF NATURAL GAS AS FUEL DEVELOPING OF NATURAL GAS AS FUEL </p><p>FOR VEHICLES IN INDONESIAFOR VEHICLES IN INDONESIA</p><p>bybyEDI WIBOWOEDI WIBOWO and YUSEP K. CARYANAand YUSEP K. CARYANA</p><p>Research and Development Centre for Oil and Gas Technology Research and Development Centre for Oil and Gas Technology LEMIGASLEMIGASJakarta 12230, Indonesia. Phone/Fax.: 62Jakarta 12230, Indonesia. Phone/Fax.: 62--2121--73982767398276</p><p>EE--mail: mail: ediw@lemigas.esdm.go.idediw@lemigas.esdm.go.id,, yusepkyusepk@lemigas.esdm.go.id@lemigas.esdm.go.id, , eed_bowo@plasa.comd_bowo@plasa.com</p><p>THE 5THE 5thth ASIAN PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUMASIAN PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUMFUEL QUALITY IMPROVEMENT &amp; TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTFUEL QUALITY IMPROVEMENT &amp; TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT</p><p>23 23 25 January 200725 January 2007JakartaJakarta, Indonesia, Indonesia</p></li><li><p>22</p><p>OUTLINEOUTLINE INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE GAS QUALITY PARAMETER FOR VEHICLESGAS QUALITY PARAMETER FOR VEHICLES CURRENT CNG SPECIFICATIONCURRENT CNG SPECIFICATION CURRENT CNG QUALITY ANALYSISCURRENT CNG QUALITY ANALYSIS PROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONPROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATION POLICY TOIMPROVE GAS QUALITYPOLICY TOIMPROVE GAS QUALITY CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION</p></li><li><p>33</p><p>INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION </p><p> Since the middle of 2005, the government of Since the middle of 2005, the government of Indonesia has policy and regulation to develop Indonesia has policy and regulation to develop the use of alternative fuel such as coal, natural the use of alternative fuel such as coal, natural gas, green fuel to reduce Indonesiagas, green fuel to reduce Indonesias demand of s demand of refined petroleum product. As we knew that refined petroleum product. As we knew that since 2002, this country was a net importer of since 2002, this country was a net importer of petroleum fuel products.petroleum fuel products. Natural Gas as commercial fuel for motor Natural Gas as commercial fuel for motor </p><p>vehicles vehicles has been used in Indonesia since has been used in Indonesia since 1989, at the present there are 11 Compressed 1989, at the present there are 11 Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Filling Station have been Natural Gas (CNG) Filling Station have been operating with amount of 600 vehicles and 50 operating with amount of 600 vehicles and 50 buses uses this fuel.buses uses this fuel.</p></li><li><p>44</p><p>INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION</p><p>The scope of the blue skies program in The scope of the blue skies program in transportation sector are:transportation sector are:</p><p>BLUE SKIES PROGRAM IN TRANSPORTATION SECTORBLUE SKIES PROGRAM IN TRANSPORTATION SECTOR</p><p>Energy Diversification</p><p>Public Involvement</p><p>Government Role</p><p>Gas Exhaust Emission Reduction at Certified Workshop</p><p> Ambient Air Quality Monitoring and Standard</p><p> Gas Exhaust Emission Inspection Fuel Quality Monitoring Program</p><p>Energy DiversificationCNG, LPG, Etanol, Fuel Cell, Bio Diesel,etc.</p><p>Cleaner FuelsUnleaded Gasoline, Low/ Ultra Low Diesel</p><p>Air Pollution Prevention EquipmentCatalytic converter</p></li><li><p>55</p><p>INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION The other hand, since 1995 to 2005 there were The other hand, since 1995 to 2005 there were </p><p>15 accident CNG vehicles explosion which still 15 accident CNG vehicles explosion which still have not been know its cause. have not been know its cause. Some reason said this was caused of lack on Some reason said this was caused of lack on </p><p>installation that did not refer to standard and installation that did not refer to standard and procedure, the other reason this was caused of procedure, the other reason this was caused of the low of quality of CNG, which can increase the low of quality of CNG, which can increase the corrosion and cracking to cylinder that have the corrosion and cracking to cylinder that have caused the explosion.caused the explosion. For that problem, to support developing natural For that problem, to support developing natural </p><p>gas as fuel for vehicles that its gas as fuel for vehicles that its has been has been declared as national program in May 2006, declared as national program in May 2006, GAS GAS QUALITY SHOULD BE DESIGNED TO SUPPORT THIS QUALITY SHOULD BE DESIGNED TO SUPPORT THIS PROGRAM AND HAS GUARANTEE TO ALL USERS.PROGRAM AND HAS GUARANTEE TO ALL USERS.</p></li><li><p>66</p><p>OBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE</p><p>Provide description of the present Provide description of the present characteristic of natural gas that be used as characteristic of natural gas that be used as fuel for vehicle, current Indonesiafuel for vehicle, current Indonesias s specification of natural gas for vehicles and specification of natural gas for vehicles and the future natural gas quality that be the future natural gas quality that be expected and how to achieveexpected and how to achieve</p></li><li><p>77</p><p>NATURAL GAS AS FUEL FOR VEHICLESNATURAL GAS AS FUEL FOR VEHICLES</p><p> Natural gas as fuel for vehicles its usually called Natural gas as fuel for vehicles its usually called CNG is the natural gas that has been purified and CNG is the natural gas that has been purified and compressed at the elevated pressure up to 200 compressed at the elevated pressure up to 200 bars (2900 Psi). bars (2900 Psi). </p><p> Generally, it contains two major components i.e. Generally, it contains two major components i.e. methane (CHmethane (CH44) and ethane (C) and ethane (C22HH88). ). </p><p> To provide guarantee that the quality of natural To provide guarantee that the quality of natural gas for CNG motor vehicles is safely for gas for CNG motor vehicles is safely for infrastructure and installation equipment at the infrastructure and installation equipment at the filling station and motor vehicles, it needed the filling station and motor vehicles, it needed the standard or specification of this fuel.standard or specification of this fuel.</p></li><li><p>88</p><p>GAS QUALITY PARAMETER AS FUEL FOR GAS QUALITY PARAMETER AS FUEL FOR VEHICLESVEHICLES</p><p> The parameter are:The parameter are: Component Hydrocarbon (CComponent Hydrocarbon (C11 to Cto C66+),+), Gas Inert (COGas Inert (CO22, O, O22, N, N22),), Acid Gas Content,Acid Gas Content, Mercury,Mercury, Water Content,Water Content, Heating Value,Heating Value, Relative Density,Relative Density, Wobbe Index,Wobbe Index, Odor,Odor, Particle content.Particle content.</p></li><li><p>99</p><p>CURRENT CNG SPECIFICATIONCURRENT CNG SPECIFICATIONBase on : The decree of Oil and Gas Director General Number 10K/34/DDJM/1993, </p><p>Dated February 1,1993.</p><p>Limit Test Methode Parameter Unit </p><p>Min. Max. ASTM Other C1 + C2 C3 C4 C5 N2 H2S Hg (Mercury) O2 H2O CO2 Relative density at 28 C Calorific Value at 15C, 1 atm</p><p>%Vol. %Vol. %Vol. %Vol. %Vol. </p><p>ppm Vol. ppb Vol %Vol. %Vol. %Vol. Kj/ Kg </p><p>62.0 - - - - - - - - - </p><p>0.56 44,000 </p><p>- 8.0 4.0 1.0 2.0 14.0 9.0 0.2 </p><p>0.035 5.0 0.89 </p><p>- </p><p>D 1945D 1945D 1945D 1945D 1945D 2385</p><p> D 1945</p><p> D 1945</p><p>- - </p><p>AAS </p><p>Gravimetri - </p><p>- </p></li><li><p>1010</p><p>CURRENT CNG SPECIFICATIONCURRENT CNG SPECIFICATIONCNG Specification from Other CountryCNG Specification from Other Country</p></li><li><p>1111</p><p>CURRENT CNG ANALYSISCURRENT CNG ANALYSIS</p><p>6.4500 6.6200 7.00005.5300</p><p>2.5300 2.6900</p><p>21.09</p><p>26.16</p><p>22.00</p><p>9.89</p><p>4.395.44</p><p>16.7</p><p>7.0</p><p>-</p><p>5.0</p><p>10.0</p><p>15.0</p><p>20.0</p><p>25.0</p><p>30.0</p><p>CNG FS 1 CNG FS 2 CNG FS 3 CNG FS 4 CNG FS 5 CNG FS 6</p><p>CNG Filling Station</p><p>W</p><p>a</p><p>t</p><p>e</p><p>r</p><p>C</p><p>o</p><p>n</p><p>t</p><p>e</p><p>n</p><p>t</p><p>(</p><p>L</p><p>b</p><p>/</p><p>M</p><p>M</p><p>S</p><p>C</p><p>F</p><p>)</p><p>P = 3000P = 2000</p><p>P = 1500P = 1000</p><p>P = 500Before CompressorIndo CNG Spec</p><p>Natural Gas Measurement and Control</p><p>Water Content Analysis</p></li><li><p>1212</p><p>CURRENT CNG ANALYSISCURRENT CNG ANALYSIS</p><p>6.06437.0615</p><p>6.5810</p><p>4.0592</p><p>1.77232.3183</p><p>13.0</p><p>5.3</p><p>3.2</p><p>-</p><p>2.00</p><p>4.00</p><p>6.00</p><p>8.00</p><p>10.00</p><p>12.00</p><p>14.00</p><p>CNG FS 1 CNG FS 2 CNG FS 3 CNG FS 4 CNG FS 5 CNG FS 6</p><p>CNG Filling Station</p><p>C</p><p>3</p><p>a</p><p>n</p><p>d</p><p>H</p><p>e</p><p>a</p><p>v</p><p>i</p><p>e</p><p>r</p><p>(</p><p>%</p><p>M</p><p>o</p><p>l</p><p>)</p><p>C3 and HeavierInd CNG Spec (C3 s/d C5)CNG OEMS Spec (C3 and higher)US CNG Spec (C3 and higher)</p><p>C3 and Heavier Analysis</p></li><li><p>1313</p><p>CURRENT CNG ANALYSISCURRENT CNG ANALYSIS</p><p>6.78</p><p>2.96</p><p>1.13</p><p>4.45 4.59 4.78 5.04.5</p><p>-</p><p>1.00</p><p>2.00</p><p>3.00</p><p>4.00</p><p>5.00</p><p>6.00</p><p>7.00</p><p>8.00</p><p>CNG FS 1 CNG FS 2 CNG FS 3 CNG FS 4 CNG FS 5 CNG FS 6CNG Filling Station</p><p>C</p><p>O</p><p>2</p><p>(</p><p>%</p><p>M</p><p>o</p><p>l</p><p>)</p><p>CO2 AnalysisInd CNG SpecUS CNG Spec</p><p>CO2 Analysis</p></li><li><p>1414</p><p>CURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISCURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISFROM GATHERING STATIONFROM GATHERING STATION</p><p>Water Content Analysis</p><p>8.0 8.0</p><p>18.0</p><p>11.5</p><p>6.8</p><p>9.6</p><p>0</p><p>2</p><p>4</p><p>6</p><p>8</p><p>10</p><p>12</p><p>14</p><p>16</p><p>18</p><p>l</p><p>b</p><p>/</p><p>m</p><p>m</p><p>s</p><p>c</p><p>f</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 1</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 2</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 3</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 4</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 5</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 6</p><p>Sample location</p></li><li><p>1515</p><p>CURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISCURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISFROM GATHERING STATIONFROM GATHERING STATION</p><p>C3 and Heavier Analysis</p><p>6.14</p><p>8.36</p><p>4.95</p><p>1.76 1.61</p><p>0.02</p><p>0</p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>6</p><p>7</p><p>8</p><p>9</p><p>%</p><p>v</p><p>o</p><p>l</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 1</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 2</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 3</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 4</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 5</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 6</p><p>Sample location at Gathering Station</p></li><li><p>1616</p><p>CURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISCURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSISFROM GATHERING STATIONFROM GATHERING STATION</p><p>CO2 Analysis</p><p>26.4</p><p>15.9</p><p>5.9</p><p>11.3</p><p>0.3 0.10</p><p>5</p><p>10</p><p>15</p><p>20</p><p>25</p><p>30</p><p>%</p><p>v</p><p>o</p><p>l</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 1</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 2</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 3</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 4</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 5</p><p>GS (GatheringStation) 6</p><p>Sample location</p></li><li><p>1717</p><p>PROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONPROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATION</p><p>CRITICAL PARAMETER OF CNG QUALITY CRITICAL PARAMETER OF CNG QUALITY SHOULD BE IMPROVED ARE:SHOULD BE IMPROVED ARE: THE PARAMETER THAT CAN CAUSE INCREASE THE PARAMETER THAT CAN CAUSE INCREASE </p><p>CORROSION ON CYLINDER SUCH AS:CORROSION ON CYLINDER SUCH AS: WATER CONTENT :WATER CONTENT :</p><p> FROM 16 LB/MMSCF TO &lt; 3 LB/MMSCFFROM 16 LB/MMSCF TO &lt; 3 LB/MMSCF PROPANA AND HEAVIER :PROPANA AND HEAVIER :</p><p> FROM 13 % VOL TO &lt; 6.5% VOLFROM 13 % VOL TO &lt; 6.5% VOL</p><p> THE PARAMETER THAT CAN IMPACT TO SAFETY, THE PARAMETER THAT CAN IMPACT TO SAFETY, SUCH AS :SUCH AS :</p><p> ODORANT, SHOULD BE ADDED TO GAS FOR CNGODORANT, SHOULD BE ADDED TO GAS FOR CNG PARTICLE, SHOULD BE LIMITTED OR MINIMIZEDPARTICLE, SHOULD BE LIMITTED OR MINIMIZED</p></li><li><p>1818</p><p>PROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONPROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONLimit value Parameter Unit Minimum Maximum </p><p>1. Component Methane (C1) % vol 77 Ethane (C2) % vol 8,0 Propane (C3) % vol 4,0 Butane (C4) % vol 1,0 Pentane (C5) % vol 1,0 Hexane (C6+) % vol 0,5 N2 % vol 3,0 O2 % vol 0,1 CO2 % vol 5,0 Hg ppb vol 9,0 H2O lb/mmscf 3,0 H2S ppm vol 10 </p><p>2. Relative Density, at 15 C </p><p> 0,56 0,85 </p><p>3. Heating Value at 15C and 1 atm </p><p>BTU/ft3 960 1175 </p><p>4. Wobbe Index BTU/ft3 1050 1313 5. Particle CNG should not contain dirt, sand, dirt, rubber, oil or </p><p>other objects of which can danger to equipments in the CNG Filling Station and its installation of gas fuel system. </p><p>6. Odor CNG should be odored </p></li><li><p>1919</p><p>HOW TO IMPROVE GAS QUALITYHOW TO IMPROVE GAS QUALITYTO ACHIVE GAS QUALITY FOR CNG VEHICLE, TO ACHIVE GAS QUALITY FOR CNG VEHICLE, WHICH CAN GUARANTEE THE SAFETY TO USE WHICH CAN GUARANTEE THE SAFETY TO USE THIS FUEL SOME POLICY SHOULD BE DONE THIS FUEL SOME POLICY SHOULD BE DONE SUCH AS:SUCH AS: ALL CNG FILLING STATION SHOULD INSTALL THE ALL CNG FILLING STATION SHOULD INSTALL THE </p><p>GAS DRYER SYSTEM TO REDUCE WATER CONTENT.GAS DRYER SYSTEM TO REDUCE WATER CONTENT. GAS WHICH DISTRIBUTE TO CNG FILLING STATION GAS WHICH DISTRIBUTE TO CNG FILLING STATION </p><p>SHOULD HAVE STANDARD PARAMETER AND BE SHOULD HAVE STANDARD PARAMETER AND BE ODORED.ODORED.</p><p> COMPRESSOR ON THE CNG FILLING STATION COMPRESSOR ON THE CNG FILLING STATION SHOULD BE FILTERED TO REDUCED OIL CARRIER SHOULD BE FILTERED TO REDUCED OIL CARRIER FORM COMPRESSOR AND PIPELINE TO DISPENSER FORM COMPRESSOR AND PIPELINE TO DISPENSER NOZZLE.NOZZLE.</p></li><li><p>2020</p><p>CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION With the policy from government to reduce With the policy from government to reduce </p><p>subsidy of oil price, and there is the subsidy of oil price, and there is the significant different price of CNG and Oil will significant different price of CNG and Oil will make interesting the investor and owner of make interesting the investor and owner of vehicles to convert the oil fuel supply vehicles to convert the oil fuel supply system of their vehicles to CNG fuel supply system of their vehicles to CNG fuel supply system. system. </p><p> Critical parameter of CNG quality should be improved Critical parameter of CNG quality should be improved are:are: Water Content,Water Content, Propane and Heavier,Propane and Heavier,</p><p> By increasing gas quality of CNG, the By increasing gas quality of CNG, the consumer will be guarantee to use this fuel consumer will be guarantee to use this fuel safely.safely.</p></li><li><p>2121</p><p>THANK YOU THANK YOU FOR FOR </p><p>YOUR YOUR ATTENTIONATTENTION</p><p>GAS QUALITY CHALLENGES TO SUPPORT DEVELOPING OF NATURAL GAS AS FUEL FOR VEHICLES IN INDONESIAbyEDI WIBOWO and YUSEP K. CARYOUTLINEINTRODUCTION INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTION OBJECTIVENATURAL GAS AS FUEL FOR VEHICLESGAS QUALITY PARAMETER AS FUEL FOR VEHICLESCURRENT CNG SPECIFICATION CURRENT CNG SPECIFICATION CURRENT CNG ANALYSIS CURRENT CNG ANALYSIS CURRENT CNG ANALYSIS CURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSIS FROM GATHERING STATIONCURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSIS FROM GATHERING STATIONCURRENT NATURAL GAS ANALYSIS FROM GATHERING STATIONPROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONPROPOSE CNG SPECIFICATIONHOW TO IMPROVE GAS QUALITYCONCLUSIONTHANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION</p></li></ul>