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1999 - a - . ) 2003 ( , - , , , . ) ( . , . " MATLAB . . . , . ' , . - b - [1] Anil. K. Jain, Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, New-Jersy, 1989. [2] Kenneth R. Castleman, Digital Image Processing, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, New-Jersy, 1996. [3] Brend Jahne, Digital Image Processing Concepts, Algorithms, and Scientific Applications, Springer Verlag, 1995. [4] Boaz Porat, A Course In Digital Signal Processing, Wiley, New-York, 1997. [5] Dan E. Dudgeon and Russell M. Mersereau, Multi-Dimensional Digital Signal Processing, Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, New Jersey, 1984. [6] George Wolberg, Digital Image Warping, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los-Alamitos California, 1990. [7] Nahum Kiriati, Doron Shaked, and Nir Sochen, Lecture Notes in Digital Image Processing, The Computer-Science Department, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology (Obtained by personal communication). [8] Alfred M. Bruckstein, Image Processing Lecture Notes, the Computer Science Department, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology. [9] Michael Lindenbaum, Lecture Notes in Digital Image Processing, The Computer-Science Department, The Technion, Israel Institute of Technology. Web-site: http://www.cs.technion.ac.il/~mic/isp.html [10] Hagit Zabrodzki Hel-Or, Lecture Notes in Image Processing, The Computer-Science Department, Haifa University. Web-site: http://cs.haifa.ac.il/courses/image_p. . - c - 1 . 11.1 ....... 21.2 \ .... 51.3 .... 81.4 ..101.5 ..11 2 - .... 152.1 - ..152.2 - .....192.3 - ..232.4 .. ..252.5 ...292.6 (DFT) .39 3 . ... ..413.1 - .413.2 ........443 . 3 ...463.4 - .....51 4 . ... ..554.1 .554.2 - ......593 . 4 ......674.4 ...... 71 - d - 5 .. 755.1 .765.2 .835.3 .965.4 ...107 6 . 1136.1 ..1136.2 ML - MAP ...1166.3 ML 1226.4 MAP .1256.5 1326.6 140 7 - . ... 1437.1 - 1437.2 - DFT - 1487.3 - DCT - ..1517.4 Hadamard - .1567.5 Haar - Wavelet ..1607.6 ..1687.7 Over-Complete 171 8 ... ..1758.1 . 1758.2 . ..1818.3 - .. 1848.4 - ... 1888.5 - 191 9 ... .. ... ... 1959.1 ... .1969.2 - . ...2019.3 .205 - e - 9.4 .......2109.5 - MPEG ...215 10 - . 21910.1 .22010.2 ..22110.3 ..22310.4 " ..22610.5 " 22810.6 " 229 11 - . 23511.1 .23611.2 ..24011.3 Wavelet " Lifting Scheme 249 12 - . . 25712.1 .25812.2 .26112.3 ..26512.4 27112.5 ..27612.6 ..283 : ..285 ' 286 ' KLT 294 ' 299 ' 302 - f - 1 - - 1 - 1 1 . . 11.1 ........21.2 \ .....51.3 .....81.4 ...101.5 ....11 , . , " ." . " " , , . , " ." ? ? , , , , . . - , , . , . , " " . " " ? ? . , . , , " " , , . , . 1 - - 2 - , " " " , . , " " . - " " , . " " ! . - " " . " " ) ( . , . , . . 1.1 , . ! , ? , - , 1.1 . , (x,y) " "f(x,y) . 0 1 , [0,1] . 1.1 . - " , , 1 . , - . : ) 1.1 ( . , . f(x,y) ) ( , . : ( ) [ ] 1 , 0y , x : f , , : 1 - - 3 -1 . (x,y) , .2 . [0,1] - " . . . - , ) , ( . - , . 1.2 , . , . 1.2 1.1 - - . , 2 ) ( 1 - - 4 - . . D - : ( ) ( ) [ ] n , m f nD , mD f y , x f nD y , mD x = == = , ) , , ' .( - [ ] [ ] D ) 1 N ( , 0 D ) 1 M ( , 0 = , [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] 1 , 01 N , 0 1 M , 0 n , m : f N M 0 1 . D , , . . . 1.1 , 1.3 . , , . [0,1] , . , - L 7.7191 7.6989 7.6783 7.6573 7.6358 7.6138 7.7411 7.7209 7.7003 7.6793 7.6578 7.6358 7.7626 7.7424 7.7218 7.7007 7.6793 7.6573 7.7836 7.7634 7.7428 7.7218 7.7003 7.6783 7.8043 7.7841 7.7634 7.7424 7.7209 7.6989 7.8244 7.8043 7.7836 7.7626 7.7411 7.7191 1.3 1 - - 5 - " - ( ) { } ] n , m [ f 1 2 round L . [0,1] [0, 1 2L ] . ) - .( ! , , . " " NM ) Pixel - Picture Element ( , " L . , MNL . 50 M , N = , 510 M , N = . , L=8 , L . 2,500Byte , 100Kbytes 1Mbyte , 10Gbytes . " - " " . , . , - 20 , . - . RGB . (x,y) , , ) Red ( , (Green) (Blue) . " . , , L , , . , . - . Still . ? , (x,y) t . , 3 f(x,y,t) . - (x,y) , Still . 30 ) ( . , 10Kbyte ) 100 100 8 ( , - 1Gbyte . - " " . . 1 - - 6 -1.2 \ , . ? ? , , , , . ? " . , , . , , - Still . ) CCD ( , \ . , ) chip .( \ - L . . Still 480 640 ) VGA ( , . , - 2000 2000 . - , - ) , ( . ) .( . , . - R " . , . Still ) .( , - . - , , , - , . 1 - - 7 - , . Scanner) .( , . , - - . , - " " , " . . ) Negative ( , . , . 600 dpi , 600 ' . 9600 dpi . 600 dpi , " . . , . , . " ) SAR ( , , MRI CT . " - . . , MRI ) ( , . , . , SAR , " . , , , . . . . , - CRT ) LCD ( , . " , . - . , , ) ( . " ) R , G , - B ( , . 1 - - 8 - , . Continuous-Tone , . . , ) InkJet - Laser ( \ . , - Half-Tone , \ " , ) ( . 1.4 " . , . , . Halftonning , . Half-Tone . 1.3 " , " Halftonning , . , , . , - , - . - ) , - ( , , 1.4 ) ( , 1 - - 9 - . - , , - . - " " " . " - , . . . , , . . . . , , . , . . . . , , , . . , , . . - Half-Tone . . , , ) , .( , . , ? ' .