CPP FS Federal Plan CLEAN 08 02 15.docx | US EPA ?· 2017-06-01 · known as the Clean Power Plan, which…

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<ul><li><p>1</p><p>PROPOSEDFEDERALPLANANDPROPOSEDMODELRULES</p><p>OnAugust3,PresidentObamaandEPAannouncedtheCleanPowerPlanahistoricandimportantstepinreducingcarbonpollutionfrompowerplantsthattakesrealactiononclimatechange.Shapedbyyearsofunprecedentedoutreachandpublicengagement,thefinalCleanPowerPlanisfair,flexibleanddesignedtostrengthenthefastgrowingtrendtowardcleanerandlowerpollutingAmericanenergy.Withstrongbutachievablestandardsforpowerplants,andcustomizedgoalsforstatestocutthecarbonpollutionthatisdrivingclimatechange,theCleanPowerPlanprovidesnationalconsistency,accountabilityandalevelplayingfieldwhilereflectingeachstatesenergymix.ItalsoshowstheworldthattheUnitedStatesiscommittedtoleadingglobaleffortstoaddressclimatechange.</p><p>ACTION OnAugust3,2015,theEnvironmentalProtectionAgency(EPA)proposedafederalplanto</p><p>implementemissionguidelinesforpowerplantsundersection111(d)oftheCleanAirAct,knownastheCleanPowerPlan,whichwasalsofinalizedAugust3,2015andappliestoaffectedpowerplantsthatbeganconstructiononorbeforeJanuary8,2014.</p><p> TheCleanAirActcreatesapartnershipbetweenstates,tribesandthefederalgovernmenttoimplementairpollutionreductionprogramstoprotectpublichealthandtheenvironment.</p><p> ThefederalplanandmodeltradingrulesdemonstrateareadilyavailablepathforwardforCleanPowerPlanimplementation,andpresentflexible,affordableimplementationoptionsforstates.</p><p> ThemodelrulesprovideacosteffectivepathwaytoadoptatradingsystemsupportedbyEPAandmakeiteasyforstatesandpowerplantstouseemissionstrading.Itdoestheheavyliftingforstateswhomaychoosetouseamodelruleastheirstateplan.</p><p> TheEPAwouldimplementthefederalplaninanystatethatdoesnotsubmitanapprovableplan.</p></li><li><p>2</p><p> FossilfuelfiredpowerplantsarethelargestsourceofU.S.carbondioxide(CO2)emissionsaccountingfor31percentofU.S.totalgreenhousegasemissions.</p><p> ReducingCO2emissions,orcarbonpollution,frompowerplantsisanessentialstepinlesseningtheimpactsofclimatechangeandprovidingamorecertainfutureforourenvironment,ourhealthandfuturegenerations.</p><p> EPAiscoproposingtwodifferentplantypesforafederalplantoimplementtheCleanPowerPlanemissionguidelinesaratebasedtradingplanandamassbasedtradingplan.</p><p> Bothproposedplantypeswouldrequireaffectedelectricgeneratingunits(EGUs)tomeetemissionstandardssetusingtheCO2emissionperformanceratesintheCleanPowerPlan.</p><p> ThesetwoproposedoptionsofferstatesmodeltradingrulesthatthestatescanfollowindevelopingtheirownplanstocapitalizeontheflexibilitybuiltintothefinalCleanPowerPlan.</p><p> Thisproposalincludesfourdiscreteproposedactions: AratebasedfederalplanforeachstatewithaffectedEGUs; AmassbasedfederalplanforeachstatewithaffectedEGUs; Aratebasedmodeltradingruleforpotentialusebyanystate;and Amassbasedmodeltradingruleforpotentialusebyanystate.</p><p> Theproposedfederalplanswillachievethesamelevelsofemissionsperformanceas</p><p>requiredofstateplansundertheCleanPowerPlan. FederalplanswillbefinalizedonlyforthosestateswithaffectedEGUsthatEPA</p><p>determineshavefailedtosubmitanapprovable111(d)stateplanbytherelevantdeadlinessetintheemissionguidelines.</p><p> Evenwhereafederalplanisputinplaceforaparticularstate,thatstatewillstillbeabletosubmitaplan,which,ifapproved,willallowthestateanditssourcestoexitthefederalplan.</p><p> Statesmaytakedelegationofadministrativeaspectsofthefederalplaninordertobecometheprimaryimplementers,orsubmitpartialstateplansinordertotakeovertheimplementationofaportionofafederalplan.</p><p> Statesoperatingunderafederalplanmayadoptcomplementarymeasuresoutsideofthatplantofacilitatecomplianceandlowercoststothebenefitofpowergeneratorsandconsumers.</p><p> Theproposalalsoincludesasamodelruleforthosestatesthataredevelopingtheirownstateplans.</p><p> EPAintendstofinalizeboththeratebasedandmassbasedmodeltradingrulesinsummer2016.</p><p> Astateprogramthatadherestothemodeltradingruleprovisionsspecifiedinthisrulemaking,whenfinal,wouldbepresumptivelyapprovable.</p></li><li><p>3</p><p> Therearestandaloneportionsofthemodeltradingrules,suchastheevaluation,measurementandverificationproceduresforemissionratecredits(ERCs),thatwouldbeapprovableevenifastateadoptedanapproachthatdiffersinotherrespectsfromthemodelrule.</p><p> Thefederalplan,liketheCleanPowerPlanitself,isdesignedsoastonotinterferewiththeelectricutilitysectorsabilitytomaintainthereliabilityofthenationselectricitysupply.</p><p> EPAcurrentlyintendstofinalizeasingleplantype(i.e.,eithermassbasedorratebased)foreverystateinwhichitfinalizesafederalplan.EPAinvitescommentonthisintheproposal,andwhichplantype,massbasedorratebased,shouldbeselectediftheEPAoptstofinalizeasingleapproach.</p><p> ThefederalplanwouldbeimplementedonlyinthosestatesthatdonothaveafullyapprovedstateplanasrequiredunderthefinalCleanPowerPlan.Inthosestateswhereafederalplanmayberequired,afinalfederalplanwillimplementthesameemissionguidelinesforaffectedpowerplantsoutlinedintheCleanPowerPlan.Itwouldnotrequireadditionalcontrolrequirementsorimposeadditionalcosts.</p><p> EPAisalsoproposinganumberofchangestothesection111(d)frameworkregulationsof40CFRpart60,subpartB.Theyarenotacomponentoftheproposedfederalplan,noraretheychangestotheCleanPowerPlan.Ifthesechangesarefinalized,theywillbeapplicabletoothersection111(d)rules.TheyareintendedtoprovideenhancementstotheprocessforstateplansubmissionsandthetimingofEPAactionsrelatedtostateplansandfederalplans,including:</p><p> Availabilityofpartialapproval/disapprovalandconditionalapprovalmechanisms;</p><p> AmechanismfortheEPAtonotifystatesoftheneedforplanrevisions; Anerrorcorrectionmechanism; CompletenesscriteriaandaprocessforEPAtodetermineifstateplansare</p><p>complete;and ExtendingthedeadlinesforEPAaction,inparttoconformtothetimelinesinthe</p><p>CleanPowerPlan.</p><p> Inaddition,theproposalcontains: Afindingthatitisnecessaryorappropriatetoimplementasection111(d)</p><p>federalplanfortheaffectedEGUslocatedinIndiancountry.CO2emissionperformanceratesforthesefacilitieswerefinalizedintheCleanPowerPlan.</p><p> InformationonhowEPAwillreachouttocommunitiesthroughoutthecommentperiodandanoverviewoftheactionsEPAistakingtoensurevulnerablecommunitiesarenotbeingdisproportionatelyimpactedbythisrulemaking.</p><p> Formoreinformation,pleasevisitwww.epa.gov/cleanpowerplan.</p></li><li><p>4</p><p>BACKGROUND In2009,EPAdeterminedthatgreenhousegaspollutionthreatensAmericans'healthand</p><p>welfarebyleadingtolonglastingchangesinourclimatethatcanhavearangeofnegativeeffectsonhumanhealthandtheenvironment.Carbondioxide(CO2)istheprimarygreenhousegaspollutant,accountingfornearlythreequartersofglobalgreenhousegasemissionsand82percentofU.S.greenhousegasemissions.</p><p> Climatechangeisoneofthegreatestenvironmentalchallengesweface.Fromstrongerstormsandlongerdroughtstoincreasedallergyseasons,insurancepremiums,andfoodprices,climateimpactsaffectallAmericanslives.Ourmostvulnerablecitizens,includingchildren,olderadults,peoplewithheartorlungdiseaseandpeoplelivinginpovertymaybemostatriskfromtheimpactsofclimatechange.</p><p> TheCleanAirAct(CAA)section111(d)requiresstatestoestablishintheirstateplans,standardsofperformancethatreflectthedegreeofemissionlimitationachievablethroughtheapplicationofthebestsystemofemissionreduction(BSER).WhensettingBSER,theEPAmusttakeintoaccountthecostofachievingsuchreductionandanynonairqualityhealthandenvironmentalimpactandenergyrequirements,theAdministratordetermineshasbeenadequatelydemonstrated.</p><p> ThisactionensuresthatthecarbondioxideemissionsreductionsrequiredinthefinalCleanPowerPlanareachieved.Thefederalplancontainsthesameelementsthatstateplansarerequiredtocontain,includingperformancestandards,monitoring,andreportingrequirements,aswellascomplianceschedulesthatincludemilestonesforprogress.</p><p> EPAisrequestingpubliccommentonlyontheimplementationoftheCleanPowerPlanthroughtheproposedfederalplan.TheEPAwillnotaddresscommentsontheunderlyingCleanPowerPlanrules.</p><p>HOWTOCOMMENT EPAwillacceptcommentsontheproposedfederalplanfor90daysfollowingpublicationin</p><p>theFederalRegister.</p><p> CommentsontheunderlyingCleanPowerPlanrulewillbeconsideredoutofscopeforthisaction.</p><p> Commentsontheproposedfederalplanrequirements,identifiedbyDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199,canbesubmittedbyoneofthefollowingmethods:</p><p> FederalRulemakingPortalwww.regulations.gov:Followtheonlineinstructionsforsubmittingcomments.</p><p> Email:SendyourcommentsviaelectronicmailtoaandrDocketa@epa.gov,AttentionDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199.</p></li><li><p>5</p><p> Facsimile:Faxyourcommentsto(202)5669744,AttentionDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199.</p><p> Mail:Sendyourcommentsto:EnvironmentalProtectionAgency,EPADocketCenter(EPA/DC),Mailcode:28221T,1200PennsylvaniaAve.,NW,Washington,DC20460,AttentionDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199.Inaddition,pleasemailacopyofyourcommentsontheinformationcollectionprovisionstotheOfficeofInformationandRegulatoryAffairs,OfficeofManagementandBudget,Attn:DeskOfficerforEPA,72417thStreetNW,Washington,DC20503</p><p> HandDelivery:Deliveryourcommentsto:EPADocketCenter,Room3334,EPAWestBuilding,1301ConstitutionAve.,NW,Washington,DC,20004,AttentionDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199.SuchdeliveriesareacceptedonlyduringtheDocketsnormalhoursofoperation(8:30a.m.to4:30p.m.,MondaythroughFriday,excludinglegalholidays)andspecialarrangementsshouldbemadefordeliveriesofboxedinformation.</p><p>FORMOREINFORMATION Todaysproposedruleandotherbackgroundinformationarealsoavailableeither</p><p>electronicallyathttp://www.regulations.gov,EPAselectronicpublicdocketandcommentsystem,orinhardcopyattheEPADocketCentersPublicReadingRoom.</p><p> ThePublicReadingRoomislocatedintheEPAHeadquartersLibrary,RoomNumber3334intheEPAWJCWestBuilding,locatedat1301ConstitutionAve.,NW,Washington,DC.Hoursofoperationare8:30a.m.to4:30p.m.easternstandardtime,MondaythroughFriday,excludingfederalholidays.</p><p> Visitorsarerequiredtoshowphotographicidentification,passthroughametaldetectorandsigntheEPAvisitorlog.AllvisitormaterialswillbeprocessedthroughanXraymachineaswell.Visitorswillbeprovidedabadgethatmustbevisibleatalltimes.</p><p> MaterialsforthisproposedactioncanbeaccessedusingDocketIDNo.EPAHQOAR20150199.</p><p> Forfurtherinformationabouttheproposedaction,contactMs.ToniJonesofEPAsOfficeofAirQualityPlanningandStandards,SectorPoliciesandProgramsDivision,FuelsandIncinerationGroupat(919)5410316orbyemailatjones.toni@epa.gov.</p></li></ul>