Degrees of comparison

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<p>Degrees of Comparison (Tingkat Perbandingan)</p> <p>Wise words(Kata kata bijak)Sekolah berbeda dengan kehidupan. Di sekolah Anda diajari suatu pelajaran, lalu diuji. Sedangkan pada kehidupan, Anda diuji lalu mendapat pelajaran</p> <p>Degrees of Comparison(Tingkat Perbandingan)We use degrees of comparison when we want to compare things or people.(=Kita menggunakan tingkat perbandingan bila kita ingin membandingan benda atau orang)</p> <p>Degrees of Comparison</p> <p>Ada tiga macam tingkat perbandingan yang akan kita pelajari yaitu:Perbandingan bentuk dasar (Positive Degree)Perbandingan bentuk lebih (Comparative Degree)Perbandingan bentuk paling (Superlative Degree)</p> <p>Ada 2 cara untuk mengubah sebuah kata dari bentuk dasar (positive degree) menjadi bentuk lebih (comparative degree), yaitu dengan cara:1. menambahkan akhiran er2. menambahkan kata moreAkhiran -er dipakai untuk kata kata yang hanya satu suku kata, dan yang dua suku kata namun berakhiran y yang dibaca i.Sedangkan kata more dipakai untuk kata kata yang terdiri dari dua suku kata atau lebih.</p> <p>Ada 2 cara pula, untuk mengubah bentuk dasar menjadi bentuk paling (superlative degree), yaitu:Dengan menambahkan akhiran estDengan menambahkan kata mostAkhiran -est dipakai untuk kata kata yang hanya satu suku kata dan dua suku kata namun berakhiran y yang dibaca i seperti kata funny.Sedangkan kata most dipakai untuk kata kata yang terdiri dari dua suku kata atau lebih.</p> <p>Contoh kata yang pendekNoPositive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree1.long(panjang)longer(lebih panjang)longest (paling panjang)2.tall(tinggi)taller(lebih tinggitallest (paling tinggi)3.cheap(murah)cheaper(lebih murah)cheapest (paling murah)4.small(kecil)smaller(lebih kecil)smallest (paling kecil)5.clear(jelas)clearer(lebih jelas)clearest (paling jelas)</p> <p> examples of adjective ending in -yNoPositive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree1.Happy(gembira)happierhappiest2.Lazy(malas)lazierlaziest3.Funny(lucu)funnierfunniest4.Ugly(jelek)uglierugliest5.Pretty(cantik)prettierprettiest</p> <p>Contoh kata yang panjangNoPositive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree1.boring(membosankan)More boring(lebih membosankan)most boring (paling membosankan)2.careful(hati - hati)More careful(lebih hati hati)most careful(paling hati-hati)3.accurate(cermat)More accurate(lebih cermat)most accurate(paling cermat)4.interesting(menarik)More interesting(lebih menarik)most interesting(paling menarik)5.important(penting)More important(lebih penting)most important(paling penting)</p> <p>Exercise 1Lengkapilah tabel berikut dengan positive degree, comparative degree dan superlative degree yang benar. Sebutkan pula makna bahasa Indonesianya</p> <p>Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degreeshort(pendek)fast(cepat)darker (lebih gelap)deeper (lebih dalam)highest (tertinggi)smartest (paling cerdas)happiest(paling bahagia)shorter(lebih pendek)shortest(paling pendek)faster(lebih cepat)fastest(paling cepat)dark(gelap)darkest(paling gelap)deep(dalam)deepest(paling dalam)high(tinggi)higher(lebih tinggi)smart(cerdas)smarter(lebih cerdas)happy(bahagia)happier(lebih bahagia)Contoh dalam kalimatA. Positive DegreeLearning English is as necessary as learning computer.Siti is as tall as Wina.She works as diligently as her mother.My father is as old as his father.</p> <p>Positive Degree Quiz Make a sentence using given words.Example :my book/thick/yoursYou write :My book is as thick as yours</p> <p>Quiz</p> <p>1. she/beautiful/her sister.</p> <p>2. today/cold/yesterday</p> <p>3. this room/large/that room</p> <p>4. the horse/strong/the buffalo</p> <p>She is as beautiful as her sister.Today is as cold as yesterday.This room is as large as that room.The horse is as strong as the buffalo.</p> <p>Contoh dalam kalimatB. Comparative Degree1. A buffalo is bigger than a sheep.(=Seekor kerbau lebih besar daripada seekor domba.).</p> <p>2. Travelling by taxi is more expensive than travelling by bus. (=Bepergian dengan taxi lebih mahal daripada bepergian dengan bis)</p> <p>PenjelasanKata : =Berasal dari bentuk dasar: =+Kata : = Berasal dari bentuk dasar: + biggerLebih besarbigbesarAkhiran -erMore expensiveLebih mahalexpensiveKata more</p> <p>Comparative Degree Quiz.</p> <p>Buat kalimat bentuk Comparative berdasarkan kata kata yang diberikan</p> <p>Example:My book/thick/your bookYou write:My book is thicker than your book.</p> <p>quizJohn / young / Bob</p> <p>2. Reading / important / watching TV</p> <p>3. The girl / careful / the boy</p> <p>4. travelling by bus / cheap / travelling by taxi</p> <p>5. Her dish / delicious / her mothersJohn is younger than BobReading is more important than watching TVThe girl is more careful than the boyTravelling by bus is cheaper than travelling by taxiHer dish is more delicious than her mothers</p> <p>Contoh Superlative Degree1. Jakarta is the largest city in Indonesia.</p> <p>Kata : =Berasal dari kata : = +largestpaling besarlargebesarAkhiran -est</p> <p>Contoh Superlative Degree2. Indonesia is the most populous country in the South East Asia.</p> <p>Kata :</p> <p>Berasal dari bentuk dasar </p> <p> The most populouspaling padatKata most=populous+</p> <p>Superlative degree Quiz.Buat kalimat berdasarkan kata kata yang diberikanExample:Tony/tall boy/in his classYou write:Tony is the tallest boy in his class.</p> <p>Superlative Degree quizJohn / young boy/ in his class</p> <p>2. Indonesia / corrupt country/ in the SE Asia.</p> <p>3. She / pretty girl / in my class</p> <p>4. Christiano Ronaldo/good footbal player/ in 2008</p> <p>5. Who / smart student / in your class?John is the youngest boy in his classIndonesia is the most corrupt country in the SE AsiaShe is the prettiest girl in my classChristiano Ronaldo is the best football player in 2008Who is the smartest student in your class?</p> <p>NoticeBeberapa kata sifat memiliki tingkat komparatif (comparative degree) dan tingkat superlatif (superlative degree) yang tidak beraturan. Artinya tidak ditambah akhiran er untuk komparatif dan tidak ditambah akhiran est untuk superlatifnya.</p> <p>Here are the irregular adjectives.NoPositive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree1.Good/well(baik)better(lebih baik)best(paling baik)2.Bad/ill(buruk)worse(lebih buruk)worst(paling jelek)3.far(jauh)further(lebih jauh)furthest(paling jauh)4.little(sedikit)less(lebih sedikit)least(paling sedikit)5.Many/much(banyak)more(lebih banyak)most(paling banyak)</p> <p>Quiz.Buat kalimat seperti contoh di bawah iniExample:A : Which is the cleanest country in the world?(Singapore)You write:Singapore is the cleanest country in the world.</p> <p>Quiz 1. A : What is the longest river in the world? (Amazone)</p> <p>2. A : Who is the richest man in Indonesia (Aburizal Bakrie)</p> <p>3. A : What is the highest mountain in the world? (Mount Everest)</p> <p>4. A : Which is the most populous country in the world? (China)Amazone is the longest river in the world.Aburizal Bakrie is the richest man in IndonesiaMount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.China is the most populous country in the worldExercise Complete the following sentences with the correct form of degrees of comparison of the word in brackets.(Lengkapilah kalimat berikut dengan bentuk positive degree, comparative degree atau superlative degree dari kata yang tersedia dalam kurung.) Exercise 2Mr. Kodir is _______ than Mr. Pedro. (rich)You say :Mr. Kodir is richer than Mr. Pedro.Harus diisi oleh bentuk komparatifKarena diikuti oleh kata thanExercise 22.Hanna is the_______ student in m class. (smart)You say :Hanna is the smartest student in my class.Harus diisi dengan bentuk superlatifkarena di dahuluioleh kata theExercise 23.Your dictionary is as_______ as hers. (good)You say :Your dictionary is as good as hers.Harus diisi dengan bentuk positifkarena diapit oleh frase as......asExercise 24.Do you remember what the_______ moment in your life is? (happy)You say :Do you remember what the happiest moment in your life is? Harus diisi dengan bentuk superlatifkarena di dahuluioleh kata theExercise 25. Can a donkey run _______ than a horse? (fast)You say :Can a donkey run faster than a horse?Harus diisi oleh bentuk komparatifKarena diikuti oleh kata thanExercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.Example : Compare the age of the two women. Use word old.</p> <p>You say : Mrs. Laura is older than Mrs. Lucy. (Ny. Laura lebih tua daripada Ny. Lucy)</p> <p>Name : Mrs. LucyAge : 35 years oldHeight : 165 cm tallName : Mrs. LauraAge : 50 years oldHeight : 170 cm tallExercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.1. Compare the height of the two women. Use word tall.</p> <p>You say : Mrs. Laura is taller than Mrs. Lucy. (Ny. Laura lebih tinggi daripada Ny. Lucy)</p> <p>Name : Mrs. LucyAge : 35 years oldHeight : 165 cm tallName : Mrs. LauraAge : 50 years oldHeight : 170 cm tallExercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.2. Compare the weight (berat) of the two fowls. Use word heavy.</p> <p>You say : The goose is heavier than the cock. (Angsa lebih berat daripada ayam jantan)Goose Weight : 5 kgsHeight : 45 cm tallCockweight : 2 kgsHeight : 30 cm tall</p> <p>Exercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.3. Compare the height (tinggi) of the two fowls. Use word high.</p> <p>You say : </p> <p> The goose is higher than the cock. (Angsa lebih tinggi daripada ayam jantan)Goose Weight : 5 kgsHeight : 45 cm tallCockweight : 2 kgsHeight : 30 cm tall</p> <p>Exercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.4. Compare the height (tinggi) of the two towers. Use word short</p> <p>You say : </p> <p> Monas is shorter than Eifel. (Monas lebih pendek daripada Eifel)Monas Built : 20th centuryHeight : more than 70 mEifelBuilt : 19th centuryHeight : more than 100 m</p> <p>Exercise 3Make a sentence based on the picture.5. Compare the age (usia) of the two towers. Use word old.</p> <p>You say : </p> <p> Eifel is older than Monas. (Eifel lebih tua daripada Monas)Monas Built : 20th centuryHeight : more than 70 mEifelBuilt : 19th centuryHeight : more than 100 m</p> <p>Exercise 4</p> <p>Choose the correct statements based on the picture or information given.a. Allan is younger than Billy.b. Allan is as old as Billy.c. Lucy is the youngest of the three.d. Billy is older than Lucy.Allan6 years old130 cm tall</p> <p>Lucy7 years old150 cm tall</p> <p>Billy6 years old120 cm tall</p> <p>3.a. Billy is taller than Lucy.b. Allan is shortest of the three.c. Lucy is the tallest of the three.d. Lucy is shorter than Allan.Allan6 years old130 cm tall</p> <p>Lucy7 years old150 cm tall</p> <p>Billy6 years old120 cm tall</p> <p>4. In which decade did Indonesia get the most increase in the population ?a. from 1981 to 1991.b. from 1971 to 1981.c. from 1991 to 2001d.from 1961 to 1971in million0501001502002501961197119811991200190130150200210 </p> <p>5. The increase of the Indonesian population from 1991 to 2001 is...a. the lowest among the other decades.b. as high as it is from 1971 to 1981.c. as low as it from 1991 to 2001d. the highest of the other decadesin million05010015020025019611971198119912001901301502002106.a. Tomatoes are as cheap as strawberries.b. Tomatoes are the cheapest among the three.c. Strawberries are more expensive than applesd. Strawberries are cheaper than tomatoes.</p> <p>Rp.10.000/kg</p> <p>Rp.20.000/kg</p> <p>Rp.15.000/kg</p> <p>Thank you very muchThats all for now</p>

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