Divine Liturgy KOMAR 2008

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A scholarly translation of the Divine Liturgy from Church Slavonic and Greek to modern Ukrainian by Mitrophoric Protopresbyter Mykola Komar. The Appendix alone is worth the price of admission. May a Liturgical Commission in the Ukrainian Catholic or Ukrainian Orthodox Church someday use this as a model for a definitive translation.

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B O 2 E C T B E H H A h I T Y P I I C B T O I O I B A H A 3 O h O T O Y C T O I O THHIHHH 3PA3OK hITYPIIHHOIO HEPEKhALY Ykpaincrknn nepekna( a rpenrkoi i nepkonnocnon`4ncrkoi onpanknan o. (- p Mnkona Komap Ha npanax pykonncy Copyright 2008 -2- 3arononni c1opinkn nepk. cnon`4ncrkoro Cnyennka -3- 3 M I C T Hepe(mona .............................................................................................................4 Boec1nenna hi1ypri4, ykpaincrknn nepekna( .........................................................9 Tnymannnn nnkna(: .......................................................................... 61 Ic1opnnnnn orn4( ni1yprinnnx nepekna(in Ykp. Hepknn ........................................61 Bnxi(ni nonoenn4: Lepenrni aaro1onnenn4 ......................................................65 Me1o(nnni nonoenn4 .....................................................................66 1. hi1yprinni pypnkn .......................................................................67 2. Borocnoncrknn amic1 ...................................................................67 3. Poamnpeni npnkme1nnkn ..............................................................68 4. Cnpeiamn ......................................................................................68 5. Apxaiamn i nyi cnona ..................................................................68 6. 3nak oknnky .................................................................................70 7. Cnona a nennkoi yknn .................................................................70 Ho4cnenn4 nepekna(y .......................................................................72 -4- H E P E L M O B A Hponema monnoro nepekna(y c c1apok, 4k c1apok c neni(oma nam nepnicna nk(crka mona, 4ka aro(om nonana (ncepennikna1n i poannenonyna1n piani nk(crki ronopn. Hepnicnok monok in(o-enponencrknx cnon`4ncrknx nnemen yna cninrna npacnon`4ncrka, nianime c1apocnon`4ncka, a 4koi aro(om nnpocnn anani nam cynacni cnon`4ncrki monn. C1apocnon`4ncrka mona nikonn i ni(e ne yna nepkonnok monok, - nona ne mana anrcae1y. Hepkonnok orocnyonok monok c1ana nepkonnocnon`4ncrka mona, (opana ia c1apocnon`4ncrknx (i4nek1in reni4nrnnm ymom cn. Knpnna i aanncana c1nopennm nnm anrcae1om, - a nianimok naanok . Knpnno i noro c1apmnn pa1 Me1o(in noxo(nnn a (annroro rpenrkoro mic1a Conyn4, 4ke n 1omy naci rpannnnno ai c1apocnon`4ncrknm nocenenn4m. Bono(iknn rpenrkok, nonn niananann 1ako mony i annnai cnon`4n. C1nopnnmn nepkonnocnon`4ncrky mony a okpemnm anrcae1om, nonn ni(n4nncr nennkoi (onroni1noi npani - nepekna(y Cn. Hncrma i hi1yprii na nk nony mony. O1o konn mopancrknn kn4ar Poc1ncnan anepnync4 (o niaan1incrkoro nicap4 Mnxanna III a npoxann4m nicna1n (o noro kpak micionepin, mo nannann noro napo( Xpnc1onoi nipn n noro pi(nin moni, 1o na1pi4px nnpan i nanpannn na nk npank (863 p.) conyncrknx pa1in Knpnna i Me1o(i4 . Y Bennkin Mopanii, n nen1pi Enponn, n nononnni 9 c1., c1pinanc4 n nanpyennx koncnik1ax xpnc1n4ncrknn na1nncrknn 3axi( ia norancrknm cnon`4ncrknm Cxo(om. O1o nennki ycnixn cnon`4ncrknx anoc1onin na1pannnn na nennknn cnpo1nn na1nncrknx cnnckonin, 4ki ockapnnn ix n Pnmi n cpeci aa cnyinn4 Cn. hi1yprii n napo(nin cnon`4ncrkin moni. Conyncrki pa1n ne i(y1r (o cnoro na1pi4pxa 1o1i4; nonn epy1r cnoi orocnyoni knnrn i i(y1r (o Pnmy, mo 1am aaxnc1n1n cnok npank. 3 cook nonn neann momi mynennka nann Knnmen1a I, 1pe1roro nac1ynnnka cn. He1pa, mo ix nonn ananmnn ni(nac cnoci micinnoi npani n Xepconeci na Kpnmi. Hepe( ix npny114m nomep nana Mnkonan I, 4knn ix aanpocnn, a noro nac1ynnnk nana A(pi4n II npnnn4n ix (ye npn4ano, aa1nep(nn ix orocnyoni knnrn i noknan ix na npec1oni coopy Mapii Ma(ope. Knpnno nomep y Pnmi (14. 2. 869 p.) i noxoponennn y nepkni cn. Knnmen1a. A Me1o(i4, aa noro micinny npank a nonok Cn41ok hi1yprick, 4ky nana Inan VIII nnanan pinnonpannok a rpenrkok i na1nncrkok, pynononn na apxncnnckona Mopanii i Hanonii a 1n1ynom nancrkoro nera1a ad gentes ((n4 cnon`4ncrknx napo(in). 3 nnm npnanann4m ni1ann Me1o(i4 niaan1incrknn nicap Mnxanno III, na1pi4px 1o1in, 1a n cnon`4ncrki kn4ai. Y nnx ic1opnnnnx (i4x aanona1kynann4 cxi(nro-cnon`4ncrkoro xpnc1n4nc1na na nepmnnax Hepknn nn4nnnc4 npnkna( mnporo nepkonnoro ekymeniamy n aepeenni c(noc1n Xpnc1onoi Hepknn ni( nannnmnm npono(om He1ponoro an1opn1e1y. horinni ni1yprinni i orocnoncrki mipkynann4 Knpnna i Me1o(i4 npo konennic1r napo(noi monn n hi1yprii i n orocnyinn4x, ix anoc1onrcrka niai4 Xpnc1onoi Hepknn n ycix ii peanrnnx nepcnek1nnax, ix pennic1r, nipa i ix nn(a1na epy(nni4, 4ki npnnenn ix (o enoxanrnoro nnny nne(enn4 napo(noi monn n Hepkni, rnnoko naa1rc4 n croro(ni. Bipyknnn nk(, 4knn c ynacnnkom Cn. hi1yprii, mycn1r poaymi1n ii monnnn amic1. -5- 2 Ba1nkancrknn coop, 4knn yxnannn Konc1nc1ynik npo hi1yprik i kinrka(ec41r inrmnx i menmnx ni1yprinnnx (okymen1in, kae, mo hi1ypri4 ne (i4 Xpnc1a-Cn4mennka i Horo Tina, 4knm c Hepkna, a Ka1exnam Ka1onnnrkoi Hepknn kae, mo ne cnya, nnkonynana napo(om ao (n4 napo(y. He nnakme poayminn4 cy1i i poni Cn. hi1yprii mann cnon`4ncrki ynn1eni, 4ki cnonn4nn cnok anoc1onrcrky npank a nacnarok anoc1ona Hanna, nam`41aknn noro nannann4 n Hepkni 4 nonik n`41r cnin poaymom moim ckaaa1n, mo i inmnx nannn1n, ni (ec41r 1nc4n cnin nyok monok (1 Kop - nina 14 rnana ronopn1r npo apoayminy mony n Hepkni). Hi rnnoki nonnann4 Cn. Hanna c1ann (n4 Cxi(nix Hepkon naninrm an1opn1e1nnmn (n4 nne(enn4 n cnoix Hepknax napo(noi monn, y npo1nnaai (o 3axi(nroi Hepknn, 4ka nepea necnonna (na 1nc4ni ni1 yna an`4aana na1nncrkok ((o 2Ba1nkancrkoro Coopy). Cepe( nennkoi i nakoi micinnoi npani n necnpn41nnnnx oc1annnax nomep (885 p.) cn41nn Me1o(in. 3 nennknm 1opec1nom noxonann noro n noro coopi n Benerpa(i. Horo mornna ne aepernacr, ane noro c1onnnne mic1o Benerpa(, a inini41nnn mn1pononn1a An(pi4 Ben1nnrkoro, n nona1kax mnnynoro c1oni114 c1ano micnem Benerpa(crknx konrpecin (cim konrpecin (o 1939 p.) (n4 nnekann4 xpnc1n4nckoi c(noc1n i nnenn4 ccn. Knpnna i Me1o(i4. Ho cmep1i Me1o(i4 (oninna npan4 n 1py(n cnon`4ncrknx anoc1onin, nnacni(ok nocnnnx (in mi kn4a4mn Mopanii i Perencypry (cnopn mi Cxo(om i 3axo(om), ananmnnc4 n neeaneni ninkonn1oi nikni(anii. Ane a(opone aepno, aaci4ne ixnimn ynn4mn n cnon`4ncrknx kpa4x Bankany i n Bonrapii, npnnecno c1okpa1nnn nni(. Ta naninrme narocnonennok cna(kocmnnnek Knpnno-Me1o(iincrkoro xpnc1n4nc1na yna Knincrka Pycr. Konn Bennknn knincrknn kn4ar Bono(nmnp nnnpan nipy (n4 cnoro napo(y, 1o a Konc1an1nnonon4 nin npnnn4n 1inrkn ny(onnn op4(, nepkonnnn na( i n nona1kax rpenrky a(minic1panik, ane ni1yprinna nepkonnocnon`4ncrka mona, nepekna(n Cn. Hncrma, 1nopin cn. O1nin, aipnnkn nepk. npana (Honokanon), i nepmi cn4mennkn, na ni(miny rpenrknx, noxo(nnn a Bonrapii. Tpea 1ako npnnn41n 4k ic1opnnnnn cak1, mo ynni Knpnna i Me1o(i4 nepenmnn 1ako na nami aaxi(ni cnon`4ncrki aemni np4mo a Mopanii. A(e konn ykp. ic1opnkn npnnmak1r, mo nepma ykpaincrka cnapxi4 yna ocnonana n Hepemnmni ne n 9-omy c1., 1o 4cno, mo xpnc1n4nc1no npnnmno 1y(n ne a Kncna, a np4mo a nony(n4, ni( ynnin cnon`4ncrknx pa1in. Honrcrki nnemena ne ynn me ro1oni (o npnnn4114 xpnc1n4nc1na. Hepkonnocnon`4ncrka mona yna n Ykpaini nepea (onri c1oni114 ne nnme orocnyok, ane n ni1epa1ypnok, i mac nannni aacnyrn (n4 ykpaincrkoi naykn i kynr1ypn. Hopyn nei nnpomynanacr ara1a n ny(ona ykpaincrka napo(n4 mona, 4ka, nepenmonmn naki ic1opnnni nepio(n ninrnonn(y, npnxo(n1r 1enep, npnpo(no i aakonomipno, na ni(miny nekponnocnon`4ncrkoi. Knpnno-Me1o(oincrka cna(mnna aara1nna Knincrke xpnc1n4nc1no me o(nnm cy1nim enemen1om - nnanann4m nannnmoro nepkonnoro an1opn1e1y, mo noro (opynnn Xpnc1oc anoc1. He1poni i noro nac1ynnnkam, y cy1cnim cmncni 1enepimnroi Konc1. npo Hepkny Lumen gentium, 8 . Conyncrki pa1n ynn nipni cnomy na1pi4pxoni 1o1ik, 4knn yn 1o(i n c(noc1i a Pnmom, ane nnmnnncr nonnic1k nipnnmn n pnmcrknm non1icikam. Cnoc nicnannnn1no, 4k (yxonni cnyrn o(noi cn41oi Xpnc1onoi Hepknn, nonn ne cnn4mnnn nikonn o(nnm noni1nnnnm py(om, nonn ne cnynnn o(nomy noni1nnnomy -6- penmoni. 3a cnoi cn41i i(eann nonn nnncanncr n ic1opik Xpnc1onoi Hepknn 4k npe(1eni cnpannroro ekymeniamy i 4k penni aaxncnnkn nepkonnoi c(noc1i. Y nepenomonin ic1opnnnin (oi, mo nac1ana na enponencrkim kon1nnen1i, nonn npo4nnnncr nennknmn apxi1ek1amn mory1nroro (yxonnoro moc1y c(noc1n mi Cxo(om i 3axo(om, 4koro, aa(n4 noni1nnnnx ninen, ea axnnnnx nacni(kin, ne ninrno yno nikomy nopymyna1n. 3a ix penny anoc1onrcrky npank i aa ix nkon i nomany pinnoi ri(noc1i konoro napo(y nana Inan Hanno II nporonocnn ix nokponn1en4mn Enponn - 30 nepecn4 1980 p. (Hepe( 1nm nana Hano VI nporonocnn nokponn1enem Enponn cn. Bene(nk1a 24 on1n4 1964.) Cnanrenrcrky cna(mnny ccn. Knpnna i Me1o(i4 npnnn4na Knincrcrka Pycr, 4ka na Cxo(i Enponn c1ana konnckok xpnc1n4nc1na (n4 Binopyci i Mockonmnnn. 3epiraknn nipno nk cna(mnny, Knincrka Hepkna nikonn ne nc1p4nana n cxnamy Kepyn4pi4 (1054 p.), ani n inmi cnopn, 4ki aaxo(nnn mi Cxo(om i 3axo(om. Hici Xpnc1onoi oanakn nona nnacnoninrno nikonn ne ni(knnyna. Moc cn4mennne cnyinn4 4 nonan ia nonnm nepkcnon. Cnyennkom, mo noro nn(ana Cn4m. Konrperani4 (n4 Cxi(nix Hepkon 1941 p. Pykonononnmn mene na cn4mennka 1943 p. (n4 Knincrkoro ekaapxa1y, Apxncnnckon Hocnc Cninnn, 1o(i npannnn nac1ynnnk Mn1pononn1a An(pi4 i Knincrknn ekaapx (An. C1onnn4 c1nopnna Knincrknn ekaapxa1 n 1942 p.), no(apynan meni nonnn Cnyennk ai cnonamn: He 1enep nam ocininnnn Cnyennk, (o 4koro nam Mn1pononn1 (ononn (ye ara1o npani. 3 1nm Cnyennkom mn nep1acmocr (o nacin Bepec1encrkoi ynii, konn mn mann me cnok nnacny Knincrky Hepkny. A ni(p4(yknn mene na co1py(nnka o. (-poni M. Iopnnkennneni n napacii cn. Bapnapn n Bi(ni, nin ckaaan: 3anepmyn1e nami c1y(ii i nomaran1e o. napoxoni, mo1pea, - 1am 1enep ara1o mono(nx nk(en, mo ix aapann a Ykpainn na npnmyconi poo1n. A mo y(e (ani - Bor (ac1r! I a nepekna(om nroro Cnyennka na ykpaincrky napo(ny mony 4 kinnak cnok aemcrky man(pinky. Lymka n nnanynann4 nepekna(y ykna(anncr y moin cni(omoc1i n nac1im poa(ymynanni ni1yprinnoro rpenrkoro 1ekc1y, y 4komy, nopinnkknn noro a ykp. ocininnnm napanenrnnm 1ekc1om, 4 anaxo(nn nenpannnrnnn, neni(noni(nnn ao n ninkom nenipnnn nepekna(, a noro ykpaincrky ni1yprinny mony, a aannmennmn rpenrknmn, cnpencrknmn, nepkonnocnon`4ncrknmn n inmnmn monnnmn (omimkamn, nenpnc1onnok (n4 nn1ky n orocnyonnx cnyinn4x nannnmoi nepxonnoi inc1n1ynii, 4kok c Ykpaincrka Hepkna. Y nponeci moro nepekna(y 4 c1apanc4, no moim a(inoc14m, nipno ni(1nopn1n i nannan1n opnrinanrnnn rpenrknn i nepk.cnon. 1ekc1 i noro amic1 na nnc1y ykpaincrky ni1yprinny mony. He cmncn i ninr moci npani. Hpo1e - ne nnecok nnme o(noi nenoknnkanoi ocon. B ocnony rpenrkoro 1ekc1y 4 kna(y nenepenepmeny npank nn(a1noro cpannycrkoro ni1ypric1a Ioapa - Jacobus Goar: Euchologion sive Rituale Graecorum, 2-na editio Venetia 1720. Hop4( a rpenrknm 1ekc1om Ioap (ac (ockonannn na1nncrknn nepekna(. Hk npank pecnek1ynana Cn4m. Konrperani4 (n4 Cxi(nix Hepkon npn ana(enni namoro nepk.cnon. Cnyennka. Hpo inmi (epenrni i (onominni nocinnkn - (nn. poa(in Lepenrni aaro1onnenn4. B nepekna(i 4 epy (o ynarn ni1yprinnnn acnek1 ykpaincrkoi monn y ni(pianenni ni( ininnoro. Bini4 cnyn1r niananni Bora i Booro o`4nnenn4 (n4 -7- ay(ynann4 namoi nipn; nnpomaknn namy nipy, nona ni(ro1onn4c nac (o ynac1i n cn41nx Bonx Tainc1nax. A n hi1yprii, oconnno n hi1yprii nipnnx, mn ne 4k nipni, Bora ni1acmo, cnannmo, nicn4mn nennnacmo, c1acmo npnnacnnkamn Tainc1na ni(kynnenn4 i nxo(nmo n n114 Booro napc1na. Tomy ni1yprinna mona nonnnna y1n mnnoanynna, meno(inna, noe1nnna, ne npoaainna, ney(enna, cn41kona, yponnc1a. Taknmn nnac1nnoc14mn nonnnni nnma1n nepe(ycim ni1yprinni rnmnn. Ykpaincrka mona, 4ka cnock mnnoanynnic1k (opinnkc i1anincrkin, ia cnoim ara1c1nom cnnonimikn, moe aa(ononrnn1n ni nnmorn. Tpea 1ako c1apa1ncr, an 1ekc1 nepekna(y cnoimn ckna(amn ni(xo(nn (o npnnn41nx y namin Hepkni napo(nnx i xy(onnx ni1yprinnnx nacninin. Hpo1e - o(ne aaynaenn4, na 4ke 4 1y1 i nck(n, anep1an nnnrny ynary - (opannn nepekna( mycn1r y1n npannnrnnn i ne moe amin41n ao amenmyna1n nepnicnoro orocnoncrkoro amic1y cnona ao kon1ekc1y. hi1yprinna i orocnyona nepekna(na i 1nymanna npan4 nnmarac ara1o anann4 i 1py(y. Tpea (ope ana1n rpenrky, nepk.cnon. i na1nncrky monn, i noni1nk ykpaincrky, na 4ky pon1rc4 nepekna(. Tako anann4 inmnx mon, nepe(ycim nimenrkoi, i1anincrkoi i cpannycrkoi, na 4ki mn ne macmo (ye (opi nepekna(n a rpenrkoro Cnyennka, c (ye noaane. Ln4 ni1yprinnnx nepekna(in Hepkna noknnkyc hi1yprinny komicik, y ckna(i 4koi nonnnni y1n (opi monoananni n orocnonn, 4ki n peaynr1a1i mak1r (a1n nipnnn nepekna( nop4( a nankpamok ykpaincrkok monok. Takoi knanicika1nnnoc1i, c1oponoc1i i (annnnoc1i ne nnmarac1rc4 (n4 annnannnx ni1epa1ypnnx nepekna(in. Bepynn (o ynarn nonnmi npnnnnnoni nnmorn, 4 n nonnin cmnpennoc1i mymy ckaaa1n, mo mo4 npan4 ne c (ockonanok i nnnepnnok. ponk nen nepekna( y (en`41(ec41nx pokax moro n114, npankk cam, nenpomennn niknm, ea (npek1nn moix anepxnnkin, ea o(noi nopa(n n nomoni monnnx ekcnep1in, ea inrm (ockonanoro anann4 ykpaincrkoi noni1nroi monn i ocininnoro npanonncy n cynacnin Ykpaini, ea kpamnx i nannonimnx ininnnx i ni1yprinnnx cnonnnkin i inmnx nocinnkin. k cn4mennk 4 nnpan (ymnac1npcrky npank, ynaaknn mo n namin ic1opnnnin cn1yanii nona yna n c inrm konenna ni naykona. To aa nnmn 1a n moe me inmnmn kpn1epi4mn mona i 1pea poaninkna1n nk mok npank ne(ockonanok. Hpo1e c nannni panii, aa(n4 4knx 1pea ii npnnn41n i poarn4(a1n. Hepe(ycim apoaymino, mo n4 npan4 ne c npnananena (o eanocepe(nroro (pyky i orocnyonoro nn1ky. i ninr c nkaaa1n icpapxii moci YIKH (1a n icpapxii Ykpaincrknx Hpanocnannnx Hepkon Knincrkoi 1pa(nnii) na nonani nponemn n ny(n monnoro, ni1yprinnoro i orocnoncrkoro xapak1epy n Cnyennkax, 4ki aanmnn n a`n4aky a ic1opnnnnm nepexo(om Ykpaincrkoi Hepknn a nepk.cnon`4ncrkoi na nny ykpaincrky. Mo4 npan4 nennkinnena, ii mac nnkinnn1n hi1yprinna Komci4 ari(no a pimenn4m i nnanom Ha1pi4pmoro cnno(y. Bona c nnme 1nninnnm apaakom i npnnnnkom, 4knn nkaayc, 4k 1pea (oxo(n1n (o npannnrnoro ni1yprinnoro nepekna(y, mo ykpaincrka hi1ypri4 mana naipneny ykpaincrky mony, an 1i, mo (ope anak1r ykpaincrky, me inrm y1imanncr nek, a 1i, mo ii ne anak1r, ne nnnnncr a hi1yprii 1akoi, 4koi ne (anno nemac n napo(i, a nnnnncr i monnnncr npannnrnok i nnc1ok. B 1in nini 4 nacamnepe( onpanknan nnan i na( npani, noc1annnmn a priori nnpaani me1o(nnni npnnnnnn, ea 4knx naykona npan4 yna eaycnimna. (Lnn. poa(in Me1o(nnni -8- nonoenn4). hi1yprinna komici4 moe ix npnnn41n, aminn1n ao (ononnn1n. 3a 4knm nnanom i aa 4knmn me1o(amn ynn aponeni (o1enepimni nepekna(n Cnyennkin, ne ana1n, npo nnx nix1o nir(e ne ara(yc. May1r ix ne yno, o 4kmo ynn, 1o n nncni(i mn mann croro(ni (aneko kpamy mony. 3 nepekna(om Cnyennka Boec1nennoi hi1yprii cn. Inana 3ono1oyc1oro nama cn41a Hepkna c1oi1...

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