Doing multiple choice tests

  • Published on
    04-Feb-2017

  • View
    213

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • MT S GI LM BI THI TRC NGHIM Trong phn ny chng ti s trnh by mt s gi cch lm cc cu hi trc nghim di dng cu n (single sentence) v di dng mt bi c (a text) 1. Cc cu hi trc nghim di dng cu n. Trong khi luyn cng nh trong phng thi, th sinh cn lu tm n cc c im sau ca cc loi cu ny: Th nht, cc cu ny kim tra tng i ton din kin thc ngn ng (ng php, ng m, t vng, vv) v k nng s dng ngn ng (vit v c). V th th sinh cn c k yu cu lm bi v xc nh nghe xem kin thc m ngi thit k thi mun kim tra l g Th hai, cn c ht cu dn v c bn la chn xc nh xem:

    t loi cn in vo ch trng l danh t, ng t, hay tnh t ,vv ngha ca t cn in vo ch trng cho ph hp vi ngha ca ton cu dng thc ng php ca t cn phi in vo ch trng.

    Chng ta hy cng phn tch mt v d cu sau:

    Tony was............. when he passed the entrance exam.

    A. tired B. pleased C. like D. pleasure Trong cu trn, chng ta thy t cn in vo ch trng phi l mt tnh t v t ny i sau ng t to be. Vy ta loi c cc phng n C (ng t) v D (danh t). Trong s hai tnh t cn li (A v B), th p n B (pleased) l hp ngha trong vn cnh ca cu. Th ba, k c khi nhn thy t ng cho ch trng, th sinh cn phi c c bn phng n cho v yu cu ca bi c th, v thng l chn phng n ng nht. Trong s cc phng n cho c th c ti hn mt phng n ng, nhng trong b cnh ca cu , ch c mt phng n ng nht. c bit l khng nn dch t ting Vit sang ting Anh, sau la chn phng n, v d trong cu sau:

    Mrs. Lan has been elected to be the _____ of the hotel.

    A. director B. manager C. boss D. chair Trong cu ny, chng ta thy c bn phng n u c ngha l ngi ng u (gim c, ngi qun l, sp, ch tch) ca mt n v, c quan, t chc. Trong cu trn, nhiu th sinh cho rng t boss l tt nht v n bao hm ngha chung nht. Phng n ny cng ng, nhng trong bi cnh ca cu ny th phng n manager l ng nht v y l ngi qun l ca mt khch sn a hotel. Th t, k c khi khng quyt nh c phng n no l phng n ng, th sinh cng khng nn qu lo s m hy bnh tnh loi b nhng phng n c kh nng b sai nhiu. Thng thng ngi ra thi a vo hai phng n chc chn sai. Cn trong hai phng n cn li, hy la chn phng n mnh cm thy l ng hn. Tt nhin cm gic v ngn ng ca chng ta cng c th sai, nhng la chn mt trong hai phng n cn li vn tt hn l lm m hon ton, v d

  • It took Lan a long time to find the pair of shoes that .............. her blue trouserss.

    A. liked B. fitted C. agreed D. matched Trong s cc phng n trn, chng ta c th loi c ngay cc phng n A v C v ngha khng ph hp. Nu khng phn bit c s khc nhau gia hai p n B v D, th sinh nn theo cm tnh ca mnh la chn mt trong hai, v kh nng ng ca chng ta s l 50/50 ch khng phi l 25/100. Trong trng hp trn phng n D l ng v ngha ca cu l hp v mu sc. Cui cng l trong bt k trng hp no cng khng nn b mt cu no v c nu chn sai cng khng b tr im. 2. Bi c hiu trc nghim (multiple-choice comprehension questions). Bi tp c hiu nhm kim tra kh nng c bng mt ly thng tin la chn phng n ng cho cc cu hi v bi c . C nhng yu cu ly thng tin chnh (main idea), ly thng tin chi tit (details). Thng thng cc cu hi yu cu th sinh chn ng thng tin v d kin v s liu (facts and data) c trong bi. Cng c th c nhng cu kh hn, yu cu th sinh phi hiu c Nn (implied idea) hoc kin, quan im (opinion) ca tc gi i vi vn c nu trong bi c. Tuy nhin trong cc k thi gn y, ch yu cc cu hi ca phn ny ch yu cu th sinh xc nh ng thng tin v d kin v s liu. Trong bi thi trc nghim, hai loi hnh c hiu ph bin nht l c v la chn t chnh xc nht in vo ch trng, v c sau la chn phng n tr li ng nht cho mt s cu hi v bi c nh minh ha trong phn 2 trn. C nhiu quan im khc nhau v cch lm bi ny. V c bn th cc chuyn gia v thi c a ra hai cch chnh. Cch th nht l c cc cu hi trc sau c bi tm thng tin tr li cc cu hi . Cch ny thng dng cho cc bi c di, v d trong cc bi thi c hiu ca IELTS. Cch th hai l c bi trc, sau c cc cu hi v quay tr li bi tm thng tin tr li. C th cc bc thc hin cch lm ny nh sau:

    1. c nhanh mt lt t u n cui. Mc ch ca ln c ny l nm c ch ca bi vit v ni dung s lc ca n. Trong khi c, th sinh b qua mi t mi. Thm ch nu khng hiu c mt cu no cng c th b qua c tip.

    2. c k cu hi v tt c cc phng n A, B, C, D, sau xc nh xem ch no trong bi c c thng tin gip la chn phng n ng nht. Cn ch trng n cc t ng ngha gia bi c v cc phng n

    3. Khi la chn cu tr li, lun lun kim tra li bc 2 trn m bo chc chn l xc nh ng ch c thng tin cho cu hi mnh ang tr li.

    4. chn c phng n tr li ng nht, trc ht nn loi b phng n chc chn sai (v s liu, d kin, vv), phng n khng c thng tin trong bi c, phng n ch ng mt phn cn li phng n cui cng l phng n ng nht.

    5. Cn phn tch tht k tt c cc phng n m ngi ra a ra v phng n tr li ng nht c khi ch khc mt t so vi cc phng n cn li.

  • 6. Khi a ra quyt nh la chn phng n ng nht, khng nn s dng kin thc ca mnh v vn c bn ti (hoc cc kin thc khng c nu trong bi c. Phng n ng nht phi l phng n tr li chnn xc nht da vo thng tin c trong bi c.

    Nh nu trn, trong s bn phng n a ra c ti ba phng n mang tnh gy nhiu (distractor). Nhng phng n gy nhiu ny c th l cc t hoc cu khng ng, ch ng mt phn, hoc thng tin trong phng n khng c trong bi c, hoc mt t dng trong phng n khc vi t dng trong bi c (VD: trong bi l t should cn trong phng n l t could trong bi l t must cn trong phng n l t will, vv. Chnh v vy th sinh nn c tht k tt c cc phng n a ra. Chng ta cng phn tch mt bi c hiu lm v d minh ha.

    In August 1964, an American man named Norman Cousins suddenly became very ill. Within a week, he was in hospital, unable to move his arms and legs and feeling terrible pain. It was impossible for him to sleep. His doctor said that it was unlikely that he would get better.

    Cu hi: Norman Cousins went to hospital because he .........

    A. was unable to sleep. C. felt extremely unwell. B. found he couldnt laugh. D. would never get better again.

    c tt c cc phng n trn, chng loi ngay c phng n B v thng tin khng c trong bi c. Phng n D c cha mt s t ging nh trong bi c nhng cng khng ng v trong bi vit l His doctor said that it was unlikely that he would get better. Phng n A thoi nhn c v ng v trong bi c cu It was impossible for him to sleep. Nhng c k li ta thy l sau khi nhp vin ri Norman mi khng ng c, cn trc th ta khng bit, v trong bi khng a thng tin ny. Vy ch cn phng n C l ng nht v extremely unwell l ng ngha vi very ill i vi bi c hiu di dng chn t ng nht in vo ch trng, chng ta cng c th p dng phng thc lm bi nh trn. Ngoi ra cc bn nn tham kho thm v cch la chn phng n ng nht cho trc nghim cu n (single-sentence multiple- choice) nh trnh by trn (phn a).

Recommended

View more >