Emergency Response Plan - unintentionally, ... Patient has symptoms consistent with a life-threatening illness or ... of such an accident, the following procedures will be enacted: 1

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<ul><li><p>EMERGENCY AND INCIDENT RESPONSE PLAN </p><p> Project: _________________ </p><p> Agency: ________________ </p></li><li><p>Index </p><p>Sl. No. </p><p>Contents Page No. </p><p>1 Scope and Purpose </p><p>3 </p><p>2 Definitions </p><p>3-4 </p><p> Responsibilities </p><p>4 </p><p>3.1 General Organisation </p><p>4 </p><p>3.2 the Construction Manager </p><p>4 </p><p>3.3 Health and Safety Manager </p><p>4 </p><p>3.4 contractor and Construction Manager </p><p>4 </p><p>3.5 First Aid Team 4 </p><p>3.6 The Emergency Response Team 4-5 </p><p>3.7 Duties of Safety Personnel not engaged in ERT 5 </p><p>4 Common Hazards 6 </p><p>5 EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDELINES </p><p>6 </p><p>5.1 Reporting and First Step Procedure </p><p>7 </p><p>5.2 Emergency Response Guidelines </p><p>7-16 </p></li><li><p>1 SCOPE AND PURPOSE </p><p>This document is the Emergency Procedure and Incident Response Plan applicable for the Construction project (associated to the HEALTH &amp; SAFETY PLAN). </p><p>This document identifies the most common hazards that can occur on the </p><p>construction site, the likelihood of their occurrence, the possible impact on </p><p>the property and the estimated impact on health and safety. </p><p>It defines the general provisions taken to cope with emergencies and it </p><p>provides also detailed guidelines designed to better cope with natural, </p><p>industrial, or medical emergencies that can take place during the </p><p>construction, erection and commissioning phases. </p><p>The guidelines describe the actions required by the personnel of the </p><p>Contractor, Contractors, Sub-Contractors, and visitors in the event of a listed </p><p>emergency. </p><p>2 DEFINITIONS </p><p>Sl.No. Definition </p><p>1 Incident: </p><p>A relatively insignificant event that might have serious consequences. </p><p>2 Accident: </p><p>An unforeseen event or one without an apparent cause, anything that </p><p>occurs unintentionally, a misfortune or mishap, especially one causing </p><p>injury or death. </p><p>3 Hazard: </p><p>Source or situation with a potential for harm in terms of injury or ill health, </p><p>damage to property, damage to the workplace, the environment, or a </p><p>combination of these. </p><p>4 Hazard Identification: </p><p>Process of recognizing that a hazard exists and defining its </p><p>characteristics. </p><p>5 Emergency Situation: </p><p>A sudden occurrence, a combination of circumstances, a danger </p><p>demanding immediate remedy or action. </p></li><li><p>6 Medical Emergency: </p><p>Critical: Patient has symptoms consistent with a life-threatening illness or </p><p>injury with a high probability of death if immediate action is not taken </p><p>7 Nominated Person: A person is nominated and entitled by the </p><p>_____________________________ company Construction Manager to carry </p><p>out emergency responses and ensure the safety of the personnel during </p><p>an Emergency situation. The Nominated Persons are designated with </p><p>reference to their knowledge and training (First-aid, fire fighting, etc). A </p><p>list of the Nominated Persons with their assigned mission in case of </p><p>emergency situations is established and updated when necessary. </p><p>3 RESPONSIBILITIES </p><p>3.1 General organization </p><p>The Emergency Procedure and Response Plan are based on separate </p><p>organizations, medical facilities and structures, with a cooperation and </p><p>coordination unit: of the Emergency Response Team (ERT). </p><p>Each Construction Contractor shall define and maintain its own organization </p><p>and coordinate each other, especially in case of large emergency. </p><p>3.2 The Construction Manager </p><p>The Head Contractor Construction Manager serves as the Emergency </p><p>Director and is responsible for: </p><p>a) Approving the list of nominated persons - E.R.T. - (Emergency Response </p><p>Team) </p><p>b) Ensuring that the Emergency Procedures is issued and updated if </p><p>necessary, </p><p>c) Protecting the health and safety of all personnel, employees during </p><p>emergency and accounting for all by conducting an assembly roll </p><p>call, </p><p>d) Authorizing the site-wide evacuation of personnel, as needed. </p><p>e) Authorizing assistance from off-site emergency service organizations </p><p>(e.g., ambulance companies, hospitals, health departments, fire </p><p>brigade, law enforcement agencies </p></li><li><p>- Ensuring that a written report about the emergency situation has been </p><p>drawn up. </p><p>3.3 Safety In charge </p><p>The Safety Incharge shall: </p><p>a) Identify, evaluate, natural and industrial hazards and determine the </p><p>likelihood of their occurrence, their impact on health and safety and </p><p>on property, </p><p>b) Ensuring that all personnel, employees, contractors and </p><p>subcontractors have been provided with an initial site safety briefing </p><p>and to communicate the nature, level and degree of hazards </p><p>expected on site, </p><p>c) Ensuring that first-aid training and qualification for E.R.T., H.C. </p><p>Supervisors and Contractors &amp; Sub-Contractors foremen involved on </p><p>site activities have been provided, </p><p>d) Ensuring that site personnel are aware and acquainted with all </p><p>applicable emergency response guidelines and receive regular </p><p>briefings when significant changes are made in the emergency </p><p>procedures, safety plan(s) or the guidelines, </p><p>3.4 Contractors Construction Managers </p><p>The Contractors Project and/or Construction Managers are responsible for the </p><p>Safety at work areas where they are executing the works, according to their </p><p>own Health &amp; Safety Plan and/or Emergency Response Plans which will be </p><p>issued before the beginning of works and updated as required. </p><p>They shall keep an injury and accident logbook for statistics. </p><p>3.5 First aid team </p><p>The project requires the establishment of first aid centre : </p><p>3.6 The Emergency Response Team (E.R.T.) </p><p>The Emergency Response Team includes people listed in Appendix 1. </p><p>In case of Emergency, the E.R.T. personnel are notified via communication </p><p>devices (mobile and/or fixed telephone, Walki/Talkie, etc., see appendix 1) </p><p>and shall immediately go to the scene of an emergency in order to assess the </p><p>situation and direct necessary immediate protective actions. </p></li><li><p>If the E.R.T. is unable to safely access the scene, they shall assemble at any </p><p>other suitable location to determine where they will establish the command </p><p>post. </p><p>3.7 Duties of Safety Personnel Not Engaged in ERT </p><p>Safety personnel not attached to the ERT will, depending on the place and </p><p>the nature of emergency, take the following action: </p><p>a) Ensure that all personnel in the respective areas have started to </p><p> evacuate, </p><p>b) If required, direct personnel in the safe direction up to the assigned </p><p> Evacuation Assembly Area, </p><p>c) Check for potentially dangerous situations directly or indirectly incurred </p><p> by the evacuation process. Report these incidents immediately to </p><p> Safety Officers so that necessary corrective actions shall be taken to </p><p> safe the situation prior to return to work. </p><p>4 COMMON HAZARDS </p><p>A full analyse of all common hazards that may occur on sites or camps of this </p><p>project during the work phase has been conducted in order to define the </p><p>main and most important of them, and to classify them in terms of likelihood </p><p>of occurrence, estimation of the impacts that they could bring on health and </p><p>safety or on property. </p><p>For those of these events which have been classified with a most likely </p><p>occurrence and which present major impacts on both health &amp; safety and </p><p>on property, the issuing of Emergency Response Guidelines prior to their </p><p>potential arising will facilitate the organization of the tasks and duties of the </p><p>ERT. Common Emergencies are: </p><p>Sl.No. Emergency Sl.No. Emergency </p><p>1 Fall of Material/Men from Height </p><p>5 Electric Shock </p><p>2 Collapse of Scaffolding 6 Outbreak of fire </p><p>3 Collapse of shuttering 7 Outbreak of fuel barrel while loading/unloading </p><p>4 Cave-in of Earth </p></li><li><p>5 EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND GUIDELINES </p><p>5.1 Reporting and first steps procedure </p><p>Any person witnessing an emergency situation or an unusual occurrence </p><p>shall immediately call the E.R.T., i.e. : </p><p>The E.R.T. shall immediately report to the area / building identified to assess </p><p>the situation and direct necessary protective actions. </p><p>Upon evacuation, the nominated person or next senior employee of each </p><p>Evacuation Assembly Area defined by the Construction Contractor Manager </p><p>shall perform accountability. This shall be performed quickly and the results </p><p>shall be reported to the E.R.T. </p><p>5.2 Emergency response guidelines </p><p>The purpose of these guidelines is to establish standard procedures to follow in </p><p>the event of the most likely and hazardous situations determined by the </p><p>above analysis: </p><p>A. Medical emergency </p><p>B. Fire / Major structural fire </p><p>A.Medical Emergency </p><p>The purpose of this guideline is to establish a standard procedure to follow in </p><p>the event a medical emergency occurs on the construction site. In the event </p><p>of such an accident, the following procedures will be enacted: </p><p>1. A person witnessing a medical emergency on site will immediately call the E.R.T. : </p><p>The witness will not attempt to move seriously injured personnel, but, after </p><p>calling for Help: </p><p>a. Check if the accident scene is safe </p><p>b. Provide first aid, only if trained so </p><p>c. Wait for instructions from Medical Team (ambulance to be activated </p><p> only on Doctors instructions; </p><p>d. Later on, interview all other witnesses, prepare appropriate reports. </p></li><li><p>2. Upon notification, the E.R.T. will : </p><p>a. Call immediately the corresponding Doctor, </p><p>b. Dispatch a nominated person to the location, to help the witness and </p><p> assess the situation if necessary. </p><p>5.3 The following list covers basic actions to take in an emergency. These steps </p><p> apply to almost any emergency and should be followed in sequence: </p><p> Stay calm </p><p> Assess the situation </p><p> Take command </p><p> Provide protection </p><p> Aid and manage </p><p> Maintain contacts </p><p> Guide emergency services </p><p>Stay calm- your example can influence others and thereby aid the </p><p>emergency response. </p><p>Assess the situation- Determine what happened and what the emergency is. </p><p>Look at the big picture. What has happened to whom and what will continue </p><p>to happen if no action is taken? Try to identify the cause that must be </p><p>controlled to eliminate immediate, ongoing, or further danger. </p><p>Take command- the most senior person on the seen should take charge and </p><p>call, or delegate someone to call, emergency services. And explain the </p><p>situation. Assign tasks for controlling the emergency. This action also helps to </p><p>maintain order and prevent panic. </p><p>Provide protection- Eliminate further losses and safeguard the area. Control </p><p>the energy source causing the emergency. Protect victims, equipment, </p><p>materials, environment and accident scene from continuing damage or </p></li><li><p>further hazards. Divert traffic, suppress fire, prevent objects from falling, shut </p><p>down equipment or utilizes and take other necessary measure. Preserve the </p><p>accident scene; only disturb what is essential to maintain life or relive human </p><p>suffering and prevent immediate or further losses. </p><p>Aid and manage- provide first aid or help those already doing so. Manage at </p><p>the scene. Organize the workforce for both a headcount and emergency </p><p>assignments. Direct all workers to a safe location. This makes it easier to </p><p>identify the missing, control panic, and assign people to emergency duties. </p><p>Maintain contact- Keep emergency services informed of situation. Contact </p><p>utilities such as gas where required. Alert management and keep them </p><p>informed. Exercise increasing control over the emergency until immediate </p><p>hazards are controlled or eliminated and cause can be identified. </p><p>Guide emergency services- Meet services on site. Lead them to emergency </p><p>scene. Explain ongoing and potential hazards and cause(s), if known. </p><p>COMMUNICATION OF PROCEDURE : </p><p>To be effective, an emergency Response Procedure must be clearly </p><p>communicated to all site personnel. The following activities should be </p><p>considered. </p><p> Review the procedure with new site subcontractors and new workers to </p><p>ensure that it covers their activities adequately. </p><p> Review new work areas in operating plants to ensure that new hazards are </p><p>identified and covered in the procedure. </p><p> Review the procedure with the Environment Health and Safety </p><p>representatives on a regular basis to address new hazards or significant </p><p>changes in site conditions. </p></li><li><p>I. COLLAPSE OF EARTH: </p><p>In case collapse of Earth the following action to be taken immediately. </p><p>1. Asses the situation quickly. Arrange to collect all the persons at the </p><p>Central Assembly Area and take head count. </p><p>2. Find out the number of persons missing. </p><p>3. Call for First Aid personnel available at the site along with First Aid Box. </p><p>4. Ascertain if any workmen are completely trapped under the collapsed </p><p>earth or inside or in between scaffolding materials. </p><p>5. Place barricading and caution tape around the accident site. </p><p>6. If any workman is completely trapped inside, take the following steps. </p><p> Carefully remove the material around the trapped person and if </p><p>necessary use hand shovel with utmost care. </p><p> Try to guide the trapped to come out. Never try to pull out the trapped </p><p>person by forceful means. </p><p> Give First Aid first. </p><p> Arrange for shifting the injured personnel to the First Aid clinic. </p><p> Contact nearest Hospital and shift the injured for further treatment. </p><p>II COLLAPSE OF SCAFFOLD/SHUTTERING: </p><p>In case collapse of Scaffold/Shuttering the following action to be taken </p><p>immediately. </p><p>1. Assess the situation quickly. Arrange to collect all the persons at the </p><p>Central Assembly Area and take head count. </p><p>2. Find out the number of persons missing. </p><p>3. Call for First Aid personnel available at the site along with First Aid Box. </p><p>4. Ascertain if any workmen are completely trapped under the </p><p>scaffolding materials. </p><p>5. Place barricading and caution tape around the accident site. </p><p>6. If any workman is completely trapped inside, take the following steps. </p><p> Carefully remove the material around the trapped person. </p></li><li><p> Try to guide the trapped to come out. Never try to pull out the trapped </p><p>person by forceful means. </p><p> Give First Aid first. </p><p> Arrange for shifting the injured personnel to the First Aid clinic. </p><p> Contact nearest Hospital and shift the injured for further treatment. </p><p>III. FALL OF PERSON/MATERIAL FROM HEIGHT: </p><p> In the event of fall of a person/Material from height, the following actions </p><p>shall be taken by the Site Engineer/Site Supervisor. </p><p>1. Comfort him and assure confidence in him that he will be alright. </p><p>2. Remove the material around the person if any. </p><p>3. Enquire if he has any internal injury. </p><p>4. If any visible swelling or fractures is suspected, do not shift or move the </p><p>person. </p><p>5. Arrange for medical stretcher to move the person to the First Aid Clinic. </p><p>6. If bleeding injury is noticed, keep the injured part elevated from ground </p><p>and tie a bandage firmly. </p><p>7. Shift the person to First Aid Clinic and administer First Aid. </p><p>* If the injured is unconscious the following actions shall be taken </p><p> immediately by the First Aider: </p><p> Comfort him and assure confidence in him that he will be alright. </p><p> Check for any visible injuries. </p><p> Give him cardio pulmonary resuscitations by trained personnel. </p><p> After restoring normally, place the injured in recovery position. </p><p> Shift the person to First Aid Cli...</p></li></ul>

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