FAO, the New Strategic Framework, and the Role of the New Strategic Framework, and the Role of Statistics ... governance, gender mainstreaming

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  • FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS 1 AFCAS 23, 2013

    FAO, the New Strategic Framework, and the Role of Statistics

    Josef Schmidhuber Statistics Division (ESS)

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 2 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Outline

    Introduction/Background

    The new Strategic Framework

    Statistics within the new Strategic Framework

    Recommendations for discussion by AFCAS members

  • Background

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 4 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Introduction/Background

    FAO vision in support of three Global Goals of Member countries: A world free from hunger and malnutrition where food and agriculture

    contribute to improving the living standards of all, especially the poorest, in an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable manner

    Three Global Goals that Member countries aim to achieve:

    1. eradicate hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; 2. eliminate poverty through economic and social progress for all; and 3. ensure sustainable management and utilization of natural resources.

    2010, FAO introduces a Results Based Management hierarchy with:

    Strategic Framework - 10 year horizon Medium Term Plan (MTP) 4 year horizon Operational Programme of Work and Budget (PWB) 2 year horizon

    to allocate resources in line with FAOs 2-year budget cycle

  • Background 1: the old SF

    FAOs PWB is highly multi-disciplinary, its admin structure is mono-disciplinary, with weak coordination, risk of duplication

    IEE: Silo/department structure impedes synergies, risks duplication.

    Budget allocation by mono-disciplinary Departments.

    Too many SOs, SO coordination not fully formalized/ensured.

  • OLD SF Departments/Disciplines/ Silos AG ES FO FI TC NR Inputs/products/services

    No SOCs: Weak

    coordination thru Depts.

    SO-A

    SO-B

    SO-C

    SO-D

    SO-...

    SO-X

    SO-Y

    Supply driven

  • Background 2: the new SF

    New SF: FAO implements an RBM system as of 2014

    Budget allocation by SO (only 5 SOs) Coordination by SOCs, demand driven Admin, technical and training expertise,

    etc. still rests with Departments/Divisions Matrix between SOs and Depts. Dual role of statistics: output AND function

  • NEW SF Departments AG ES FO FI TC (NR) Inputs/products/services

    SOC

    s SO-1 SO-2

    SO-3

    SO-4

    SO-5

    O6 Other

    Chapters

    Demand driven

  • The new Strategic Framework

  • Eradication of Hunger

    Elimination of Poverty

    Sustainable Management and use of

    Natural Resources

    1) Hunger Eradicated

    3) Poverty Reduced

    4) Equity through

    Sustainable Systems

    5) Societies Resilient to

    shocks

    Results Results Results Results Results

    2) Agricultural Productivity & Sustainability

    Improved

    technical quality, knowledge & services, governance, & gender mainstreaming

    FAOs Vision: A world free from hunger and malnutrition where food and agriculture contribute to improving the living standards of all,

    especially the poorest, in an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable manner

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 11 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Strategic Objectives in the new SF

    1. SO1: Contribute to the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition

    2. SO2: Increase and improve provision of goods and services from agriculture, forestry and fisheries in a sustainable manner

    3. SO3: Reduce rural poverty

    4. SO4: Enable more inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems at local, national and international levels

    5. SO5: Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises.

    6. Objective on technical quality, knowledge & services, governance, & gender mainstreaming

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 12 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Rationale for the new Strategic Framework

    New SF expresses impact to be achieved in countries, regions and globally over a long-term timeframe (ten-years), and adopts a matrix structure for the delivery of the programme of work.

    Includes five Strategic Objectives (SOs), along with a sixth technical objective focused on technical quality, knowledge and services and the two cross-cutting themes of gender and governance.

    FAOs PWB is highly multi-disciplinary, but its old admin structure and budget allocation was mono-disciplinary, with risk of duplication due to silo/department structure.

    New SF aims to integrate specialized expertise of Divisions and Departments into multi-disciplinary SOs, and to move to demand driven SOs.

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 13 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Key benefits of the new Strategic Framework

    It aligns FAO priorities with organizations strategic objectives, and ensures all FAO activities support one or more of these strategic objectives (SO).

    It is demand driven, focusing on desired outcomes at country level, then identifying what is needed to get there.

    Duplication is reduced by moving towards elimination of departmental and divisional silos.

    Expertise across the organization is better leveraged.

    Cost efficiencies are exploited from reduced duplication, and by ensuring staff have skills required to meet organizational priorities.

  • Statistics in the new Strategic Framework

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 15 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Statistics in the New Strategic Framework

    1. Statistics is a core function of FAO and represents a highly visible area of the Organizations work.

    2. Heightened emphasis on evidence-based decision-making in governments and organizations puts greater focus on role of statistics and its part in measuring and monitoring progress towards national and international development goals and targets.

    3. FAO is at the forefront of these tasks, performing an essential role in helping to reduce hunger and poverty by informing decision-making through the provision of reliable and timely data.

  • Outcome Country capacity to use, collect, analyze and disseminate data is strengthened

    Output (A)

    Methods for the collection,

    compilation, dissemination,

    analysis and use of data under

    different data domains are

    developed and shared

    Output (B) Country support

    provided to strengthen national

    statistical institutions and to

    improve the competencies of

    national statisticians in collecting, analysing and

    disseminating data

    Output (C) High quality and internationally

    comparable data are produced

    and accessed by all countries

    Results chain proposed for statistics in 6.02

    Output (D) Strengthened FAO

    statistics governance and coordination (Chief

    Statistician & IDWG on Statistics)

    and improved internal capacity to analyze

    political & development challenges and to monitor

    & evaluate the PWB

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 17 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Statistics in the New Strategic Framework

    FAO has a decentralized statistical system, with statistical activities taking place in several divisions across its seven departments.

    Director of Statistics Division (ESS) in also the Chief Statistician of FAO, tasked with coordinating statistical activities of FAO, as well as with other international organizations.

    Statistics now fit within an SF with concrete and demand-driven objective, and serves 2 additional and vital purposes:

    1. Evidence base on which priorities are set.

    2. Objective measures of progress in achieving objectives.

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 18 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Statistics in the New Strategic Framework

    1. Statistics as an evidence base to set priorities. SO1 - despite sufficient capacity in the world to produce enough

    food, an estimated 842 million people in 2011-13, or around one in eight people in the world, suffered from chronic hunger, with Africa facing the highest prevalence of undernourishment.

    SO2 - food supply chain has increased waste, including 24% of freshwater, 23% of crop land, and 23% of fertilizer wasted globally.

    SO3 - about 75% of the worlds poor live in rural areas, affecting about 875 million people.

    2. Statistical indicators as objective measures of progress in

    achieving objectives. MDG 1 to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger: target of halving,

    between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger, measured by the prevalence of undernourishment (PoU).

    2003 Maputo Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security: allocation of at least 10 percent of national budgets to agriculture and rural development

  • Recommendations

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 20 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Challenges & Recommendations for Discussion

    Challenges: Developing sound indicators of progress towards meeting strategic

    objectives; Ensuring countries provide data necessary to estimate good indicators Ensuring FAO develops, in partnership with international organizations

    and country-level experts, solid methodologies behind statistics and indicators

    Ensuring a governance structure to meet the challenges Recommendation: FAO establish a Commission on Agricultural Statistics at Global Level in order to: a. ensure better coordination and standardization of activities and

    recommendations emanating from Regional Commissions and bodies; b. provide a global forum for Country Representatives to review and endorse

    methodological and other normative work; and c. Create process to peer-review FAO data and methodologies.

  • Thank you

  • AFCAS 23, 2013 28 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

    Results Based Management & Planning Framework

    Slide Number 1OutlineBackgroundIntroduction/BackgroundBackground 1: the old SFSlide Number 6Background 2: the new SFSlide Number 8The new Strategic FrameworkSlide Number 10Strategic Objectives in the new SFRationale for the new Strategic FrameworkKey benefits of the new Strategic FrameworkStatistics in the new Strategic FrameworkStatistics in the New Strategic FrameworkSlide Number 16Statistics in the New Strategic FrameworkStatistics in the New Strategic FrameworkRecommendationsChallenges & Recommendations for DiscussionThank youSlide Number 22Slide Number 23Slide Number 24Slide Number 25Slide Number 26Slide Number 27Results Based Management & Planning Framework

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