Finale 2008

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  • Hng dn s dng phn mm Finale 2008_ LMP

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    MC TIU 1. Chp ca khc bng phn mm Finale 2008. 2. ng dng phn mm Finale 2008 dy ht. 3. ng dng phn mm Finale 2008 dy tp c nhc. 4. To c s d liu cho cc ng dng khc (PowerPoint, n phm in t, CD

    Audio)

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    PHN TH NHT : TNG QUAN V CHNG TRNH FINALE 2008 1. Tng qut:

    Chng trnh chp nhc Finale c phin bn mi nht hin nay (2007) l Finale 2008, s dng cc thit b MIDI v tp tin MIDI lm nn tng cho chng trnh. Vi phin bn mi nht ny, ngi ta c th phi nhc trn Finale v xut ra tp tin m thanh dng .wav vi h thng mu m thanh nhc c gi lp (Virtual Studio Technique Instruments).

    Chng trnh Finale c th chy c lp trn mt my tnh thng thng m khng cn phi gn thm thit b ngoi vi. Tuy nhin, khai thc ht tnh nng ca chng trnh, ngi dng nn s dng thm n phm in t vi giao din MIDI.

    2. Mt s cng c c bn: 2.1 Thanh trnh n: Menu

    2.2 Thanh cng c: chng trnh Finale 2008 c 8 thanh cng c c bn. 2.2.1 File Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n tp tin.

    2.2.2 Edit Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n son tho.

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    2.2.3 View Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n hin th bn nhc.

    2.2.4 Options Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n ty chn hin th hnh nt

    2.2.5 MIDI Menu Toolbar: cng c c chc nng lin quan n vic ghi nhc qua microphone.

    2.2.6 Help Toolbar: cng c c chc nng lin quan n phn tham kho, gip .

    2.2.7 Layout Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n phn hin th v sp t trang.

    2.2.8 View Percent Toolbar: thanh cng c c chc nng lin quan n t l hin th ca cc i tng.

    2.3 Bng cng c: chng trnh Finale 2008 c 7 bng cng c c bn. 2.3.1 Bng cng c chnh:

    2.3.2 Bng cng c cao cp:

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    2.3.3 Bng cng c iu hng:

    2.3.4 Bng cng c nhp nt n gin

    2.3.5 Bng cng c nhp du lng n gin

    2.3.6 Bng cng c Smart Shape

    2.3.7 Bng cng c Special Tools

    2.4 Thanh iu khin Playback:

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    PHN TH HAI : CHP CA KHC 1. To tp tin mu:

    Vic to mt tp tin mu rt c ch v ngi dng c th tit kim kh nhiu thi gian cho cc thao tc ging nhau trong cng mt cng vic.

    to mt tp tin mu cho mt ca khc ting Vit n gin, m chng trnh v lm theo cc bc sau: 1.1 Chn Default Document trong ca s Launch Window (Ca s ny xut hin khi khi ng chng trnh mc nh hoc nhn Ctrl+Shift+N):

    1.2 Chn kiu hin th trang View Page View (Nhn Ctrl+E chuyn i qua li gia cc kiu hin th):

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    chng trnh t ng hin th trang Page View mi khi khi ng, chn Edit Program Options v iu chnh nh hnh di y:

    1.3 nh dng trang:

    Click chn biu tng : iu chnh l trang v v tr cc khung nhc bng cc thanh iu chnh trn mn hnh chnh hoc chnh chi tit bng cc lnh trong menu Page Layout.

    1.4 iu chnh font ch: Chng trnh Finale khng h tr font Unicode g ting Vit, cn iu

    chnh font ch phn li ca v phn vn bn ting Vit cho ph hp (nh hai loi font ch ABC hoc VNI).

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    Chn lnh Document Document Options (Ctrl+Alt+A): iu chnh font v n v o lng l centimeters nh trong hnh.

    Chn biu tng trn bng cng c chnh.

    Chn i tng Text trn mn hnh (nh ta bi, tc gi,), chn lnh Text Character Settings (Ctrl+T), iu chnh font ch ph hp:

    Vi cng c ny, ngi dng cng c th thm hp ch bng cch click kp chut tri vo bn nhc.

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    1.5 Xa hin th s th t nhp: Chn biu tng

    trn bng cng c chnh. Chn lnh Measure Edit Mesure Number Regions: click Delete xa. 1.6 Lu tp tin mu:

    Chn lnh File Save As: Lu tp tin vi nh dng l Ca khuc.FTM vo th mc cha tp tin mu mc nh ca chng trnh l C:\Program Files\Finale 2008\Templates.

    1.7 M tp tin mu, t s nhp v ha biu: Chn lnh File New Document From Template, chn Ca khuc.FTM v click nt Open

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    Chn biu tng trn bng cng c chnh.

    Click kp con tr vo nhp u tin, iu chnh thng s trn hp thoi thay i s nhp:

    Chn biu tng , click kp con tr vo nhp u tin, iu chnh thng s trn hp thoi thay i ha biu. Vi cng c ny, ngi dng cng c th dch ging mt bn nhc chp sn. 2. Nhp nt n gin Simple Entry: Chng trnh Finale 2008 c rt nhiu phng php nhp nt, trong khun kh tp ti liu ny, chng ti gii thiu cch nhp nt Simple Note Entry, cch nhp nt n gin v hiu qu nht vi h thng my tnh khng kt ni vi MIDI Keyboard. 2.1 Nhp nt bng chut:

    Chn biu tng trn bng cng cng c chnh. Chn hnh nt trn bng cng c nhp nt n gin v click vo v trn khung nhc nhp nt. C th chn mt ln nhp nt t 1 n 6 mc sau:

    Hnh nt

    Du chm di

    Du thng, ging, bnh hoc nng cao hay h thp na cung

    Du ni

    Chm ba

    Nt nh

    Chn mt ln nhp du lng t 1 n 4 mc sau:

    Du lng (t lng trn kp n lng mc nm) Du chm di Chm ba Nt nh

    (B chn mt mc bng cch click chn biu tng mt ln na).

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    Sau khi nhp, c th chnh sa bng cch chn biu tng v click chut mt hoc nhiu ln trn hnh nt hoc du lng:

    Biu tng xa nt hoc du lng.

    Biu tng thay i cao ca nt nhp. 2.2 Nhp nt bng bn phm vi h thng phm tt: Finale cho php nhp nt bng bn phm vi nhiu phm tt rt tin dng. 2.2.1 Chn hnh nt bng phm s:

    2.2.2 Nhp nt bng phm ch (Tham kho trn menu Simple Simple Edit Commands Enter Note:

    Enter 0 A B C D E F G

    Nhp nt ti v tr xc nh trn khung nhc

    Nhp du lng

    Nhp nt La

    Nhp nt Si

    Nhp nt Do

    Nhp nt R

    Nhp nt Mi

    Nhp nt Fa

    Nhp nt Sol

    (C th kt hp mc 2.2.1 v 2.2.2 nhp nt mt cch nhanh chng bng bn phm my tnh)

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    2.2.3 Thm qung:

    - Thm qung bn trn nt c chn:

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Ctrl+Shift+9

    Qung ng m

    Qung 2

    Qung 3

    Qung 4

    Qung 5

    Qung 6

    Qung 7

    Qung 8

    Qung 9

    - Thm qung bn di nt c chn:

    Shift+2 Shift+3 Shift+4 Shift+5 Shift+6 Shift+7 Shift+8 Shift+9

    Qung 2 Qung 3 Qung 4 Qung 5 Qung 6 Qung 7 Qung 8 Qung 9

    2.2.4 Thm chnh xc cao ca nt

    Ging nh mc 2.2.3 nhng vi tn nt c nh sn:

    Ctrl+Enter Shift+A Shift+B Shift+C Shift+D Shift+E Shift+F Shift+G

    Thm nt ti v tr ti v tr xc nh trn khung nhc

    Thm nt La

    Thm nt Si

    Thm nt Do

    Thm nt R

    Thm nt Mi

    Thm nt Fa

    Thm nt Sol

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    2.2.5 Thay i cao Thay i cao ca nt c chn (S dng phm Alt, Shift v phm mi tn ln hoc xung):

    Alt+Up Arrow Alt+Down Arrow Alt+Shift+Up Arrow

    Alt+Shift+Down Arrow

    Di nt ln mt bc Di nt xung mt bc

    Di nt ln mt qung 8

    Di nt xung mt qung 8

    2.2.6 Du ha bt thng

    = - N Shift+= Shift+- + (b phm s)

    - (b phm s)

    Ctrl+Shift+- P

    Du thng

    Du ging

    Du bnh

    Du thng kp

    Du ging kp

    Nng ln na cung

    H xung na cung

    Thm hoc b du ha nhc nh

    Thm hoc b du ngoc n

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    2.2.7 Mt s thao tc thay i hnh nt c nhp

    Delete Xa nt hoc du lng

    H n hoc hin hnh nt hoc du lng

    L Thay i hng ui nt

    Shift+L Hng mc nh ca ui nt

    / Ni hoc khng ni trng

    Shift+/ Ni trng mc nh

    Alt+/ Ni trng nm ngang

    T Ni n nt k tip

    Shift+T Ni n nt pha trc

    Ctrl+F Quay du ni theo hng ngc li

    Ctrl+Shift+F T ng iu chnh hng du ni

    R Thay i nt thnh du lng hoc ngc li

    Alt+G Bin i nt thng thnh nt hoa m hoc ngc li

    \ Thay i mt nt thnh nt ng m ca chnh nt

    2.2.8 Thm hoc thay i mt s k hiu

    Numpad* Ctrl+Numpad* X Alt+C Alt+K Alt+T

    Thm k hiu gn vi hnh nt

    Thm k hiu gn vi nhiu hnh nt lin tip

    Thm k hiu din t sc thi cng

    Thay i kha

    Thay i ha biu

    Thay i nhp

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    2.2.9 Thay i trng : h thng phm tt thay i trng ca nt c chn.

    Alt+8 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt trn kp

    Alt+7 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt trn

    Alt+6 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt trng

    Alt+5 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt en

    Alt+4 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt mc n

    Alt+3 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt mc kp

    Alt+2 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt mc ba

    Alt+1 Thay i nt c chn thnh nt mc bn

    Alt+` Thay i nt c chn thnh nt mc nm

    . Thay i nt c chn thnh nt c chm di

    9 To chm 3

    Alt+9 To chm nt vi trng c l

    2.2.10 Mt s lnh iu hng

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    Backspace Xa nt c chn bng cng c hoc v tr tr nt trn mn hnh

    Up Arrow a tr nt ln mt bc

    Down Arrow a tr nt xung mt bc

    Shift+Up Arrow a tr nt ln mt qung 8

    Shift+Down Arrow a tr nt xung mt qung 8

    Left Arrow Chn nt k bn tri

    Right Arrow Chn nt k bn phi

    Ctrl+Left Arrow Chn nt nhp k bn tri

    Ctrl+Right Arrow Chn nt nhp k bn phi

    Ctrl+Up Arrow Chn nt bn trn

    Ctrl+Down Arrow Chn nt bn di

    Ctrl+A Chn ht nt trong hp m

    3 Mt s cng c khc

    3.1 K hiu gn vi nt Cng c Articulations

    Thng thng, nhp k hiu gn vi nt, ngi dng chn cng c , tr chut vo nt v click kp chut tri, chn k hiu trong bng v click nt Select.

    Tuy nhin, ngi dng c th s dng nhng phm tt nhp k hiu mt cch nhanh chng hn (Tham kho bng Articulation Selection, phm tt th hin gc trn bn phi. V d: S l du staccato, F l du min nhp,). thm k hiu,

    chn cng c , nhn gi phm tt v chn nt hoc nhm nt bng cch click chut tri trn nt hay r chut tri trn nhm nt. 3.2 K hiu ch sc thi

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    Cng c Expression : Cch thc nhp