Hadith term paper LP

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  • 8/8/2019 Hadith term paper LP


    Sanad :Yahya b. Yahya, Malik, Ibn Syihab, Urwah b. Zubair, and Aishah r.a..

    Content :Aisha reported that the Messenger Of Allah (pbuh) prayed one night in the mosque and

    people also prayed along with him. He then prayed on the following night and there were

    many people. Then on the 3rd night or 4th night (many people) gathered there, but the

    Messenger Of Allah (pbuh) did not come out to them (for leading the Tarawih prayer). When

    it was morning he said; I saw what you were doing, but i desisted to come to you (and lead

    the prayer) for I feared that this prayer might became obligatory for you. He (the narrator)

    said; It was the month of Ramadhan.

    Validity : Sahih

    Source : From Muslim; Book 4, Number 1666

    Lesson :

    Biography of the narrators:

    y Imam Maliky Ibn Syihaby Urwah b. Zubairy Aishah r.a.

  • 8/8/2019 Hadith term paper LP


    Imam Malik

    Name: Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abi Aamir .

    Kunya: (Patronymic filial name): Abu Abdillah .

    Lineage: Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abi Aamir bin Amr bin al -Harith bin Ainmaan

    (Uthmaan) bin Khuthail (AL-ASBAHEE-a royal tribe branch of Himyar in Yemen).

    Year of Birth: According to Hafiz Zhahabi, Samaani ibn Farhoon, and others Imaam Malik

    was born in the year 93 A.H. due to the report of Yahya bin Bukair one of the elder students

    of the Imaam. Others have said he was born in 90 A.H. some say in 95 A.H. and Yafee

    reports in Tabaqaatul-Fuqaha, 94 A.H. Extraordinarily, he remained in the womb on his

    mother for more than the usual 9 months. Some say two years while others say he remained

    in her womb for three years.

    Place of Birth: Madinah

    His Demise: The great Imaam reached the age of 84 or 86 or 87 or 90 years when he became

    ill on a Sunday and this illness continued to get worse for three weeks until on the 11th or

    14th of Rabi-al-Awwal 179 A.H. he passed away. He was buried in the famous graveyard in

    Madinah called Jannatul-Baqee.

    His Children: The great Imaam left behind three sons: Yayha, Muhammad, and Hammad

    Appearance: Tall, well-built, fair complexion, blond -haired, large-eyes and nose, broad

    forehead with hardly any hair on it referred as (Asla) in Arabic ) . He had a very profuse and

    thick beard that reached down to his chest. . He used to wear very elegent and expensive

    clothing, usually wearing white, and frequently changing them. He would put on Musk and

    other fragrances on his clothing. He would wear his turban and have part of it come down

    underneath his chin and the tail of it between his two shoulders. He would also wear a

    shawl-like garment that would cover the head and shoulders.

    Education and Knowledge: He learned and memorized the Quran in his youth. He recited to

    Imaamul-Qurra, Nafi bin Abdur-Rahman (whose recitation is the foundation of the entire

    Muslim Ummah today and he passed away in the year 169 A.H.) and also received his

    (Sanad) certification and permission to teach others from him. The Imaams memory wasalso extraordinary. He himself said that anything I would record in my memory would never

    be forgotten again. It is reported about the Imaam that he had the best memory in all of

    Hijaz, likewise in the knowledge of Hadith and Fiqh. Imaam Shafiee (RA) says about him, If

    Malik and Ibn Uyainah where not here, the knowledge of Hijaaz would be gone. Imaam

    Zhahabi say, There remains no scholar in Madinah after the Tabieen comparable to Imaam

    Maliks knowledge, jurisprudence, eminence, and memorization.

  • 8/8/2019 Hadith term paper LP


    He practiced extreme care in regards to narrating Hadith for just anyone. Imaam Malik says,

    I do not accept knowledge from four types of people;

    (1) A person well-known to be foolish, even though all the other people narrate from him ,

    (2) A person involved in committing heresy and calling others towards the innovation in


    (3) A person who lies in regular conversation with people, even though I do not accuse him

    as liar in regards to Hadith,

    (4) And a person who is pious worshipper or scholar, but does not properly and correctly

    memorize what he narrates.

    It was said to Imaam Malik, Why dont you take narrations from Amr bin Dinaar? Hereplied, I went to him (Amr bin Dinaar and I found him narrating Hadith to others while in a

    standing position. So I thought to myself that the Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa

    Sallam) is too great and majestic to take them in a standing position.

    His Teachers and Instructors: Imaam Malik would only take knowledge from those men who

    were famous for their cleanliness, piety, and truthfulness, who were distinct in

    memorization and jurisprudence. The teachers mentioned in Muwatta from whom he

    narrated Hadith from are 95 in totol all of who were from Madinah.

    His Eminent Pupils and Students: 1. Imaam Muhammad 2. Imaam Shafiee 3. Abdullah binMubarak 4. Laith bin Saad 5. Shubah 6. Sufyaan Thawri 7. Ibn Juraij 8. Ibn Uyainah 9. Yahya

    al-Qattaan 10. Ibn Mahdi 11. Abu Aasim al -nabeel 12. Abdur-Rahman Auwzaaee

    Books Written by Imaam Malik: Imaam Malik wrote many books that can be referred to in

    the introduction of Oujasul-Masaalik (commentary of Muwatta Imaam Malik). Muwatta

    Imaam Malik is the first Hadith work after the Quran arranged into juristic Sections and

    organized accordingly. Imaam Bukhaaris Saheeh is secondary to the work of Imaam Malik in

    this regards. Then after these two (Imaam Malik and Imaam Bukhaari) others followed, like

    Imaam Muslim and Imaam Tirmizi, who based there books upon theirs. (Allamah Abu Bakr

    ibn al-Arabi).

    Source: Retrieved from http://momin.ca/biography/biography-of-imam-malik/#more-22.

  • 8/8/2019 Hadith term paper LP


    Ibn Syihab

    Name: Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Abdillah Ibn Harits Ibn Zahrah Ibn kilab Ibn Marrah al-

    Quraisy al-Zuri.

    Demise: At Syabadon 123 H, some says on 125 H.

    Copied from Biografi az-Zuhri in Tahdzib at Tahdzib : Ibn Hajar Asqalani 9/445