Horticulture CRSP Project Report - crsps. 8.22/14... · Horticulture CRSP Project Report ... marketing…

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  • HorticultureCRSPProjectReport

    SustainableProductionandMarketingofVegetablesinCentralAmericaEvaluatinglocallyappropriatediseaseresistanttomatoandchilivarietiesinElSalvador,Honduras,andNicaraguaandsharingmarketingtechniques.

    LeadProjectInvestigators: JamesNienhuis,UniversityofWisconsinMadison,UnitedStates PeterHansonandPaulGniffke,AVRDCTheWorldVegetableCenter,Taiwan DoraElizabethHernandezCenteno,CARE,ElSalvador DonBreazeale,FundacionHundurenadeInvestigacionAgricola(FHIA),Honduras MarthaElizabethMoragaQuezada,UniversidadNacounalAgraria,Nicaragua

    ProjectSummaryThisprojectcombinedthetechnologyandbiologicalcapitaloftheUniversityofWisconsinMadisonandtheAsianVegetableResearchandDevelopmentCenter(AVRDC),Taiwan,ROCwiththemanagerialandtechnicalskillsofthreeCentralAmericaninstitutions:CARE,ElSalvador;FundacinHondureadeInvestigacinAgrcola(FHIA)incollaborationwithFintrac,Honduras;andUniversidadNacionalAgraria(UNA),Nicaragua.Allinstitutionshavehandson,fieldbasedexperienceinresearch,extension,marketing,andtheorganizationofgrowersandsmallcooperativesrunandownedbylocalwomen.AdvancedbreedinglinesprovidedbyAVRDCwereevaluatedinonfarmfieldtrialsincollaborationwithlocalcommunityleadersforresistancetotwoofthemostimportantproductionconstraintsinCentralAmerica,whiteflytransmittedbegomoviruses(tomato)andanthracnose(pepper).Fielddayswereorganizedateachlocationwithlocalgrowers,womensgroups,andcommunityleaders.AregionalsciencebasedworkshopwasorganizedattheUniversityofZamoranoinHonduraswithparticipationofcooperatorsfromeachcountry.Toenhancetheworldviewofregionalleadersandtogainhandonexperienceinvegetableproductionandinnovativemarketingstrategies,aworkshopwasheldinSpanishatUniversityofWisconsinMadison.ProjectObjectives

    1. Developmentofnewtechnologytoidentifydiseaseandvirusresistantgermplasmresourcesintomato(begomoviruses)andchilipeppers(anthracnose)thatcanbeutilizeddirectlyascultivarsinmoresustainablesmallscalevegetableproductionenterprisesor,alternatively,serveasparentsinshorttermplantbreedingprojects.

    2. Developmentofhumanandinstitutionalcapability,focusingonwomenscooperativesintheregion.

    3. Increaseregionalknowledgeofbestmanagementstrategiesforsustainablevegetableproduction.

    4. Increaseregionalknowledgeofdifferentmarketstrategies.

    SomefamiliesinElSalvadorwereabletogrowtomatoesforthefirsttimeafteridentifyingvirusresistantcultivars.

  • ProjectReportNarrativeSubmittedbyJamesNienhuis

    ViraldiseasesaretheprincipallimitationtosustainableandprofitableproductionoftomatoesandpeppersformostsmallfarmersinCentralAmerica.Weidentifiedtomatolinesthatarenotonlyvirusresistant,andthushigheryielding,moreprofitableandmoresustainablebutalsohavequalitycharacteristicsthataredesirableformarketing.ThesecultivarslowerriskforsmallscalefarmersinCentralAmerica.Inaddition,weorganizedcommunityfielddayswithwomensgroupsandcommunitiestodiscussthevegetableevaluationtrialsandenablethemtochoosethecultivartheywanted.WealsoorganizedregionalparticipatoryworkshopsinthetargetcountriesandinternationalworkshopsinWisconsintodiscusstheresultsandplan,asagroup,howbesttoproceed.Thus,weachievedourgoals.Thatisthegoodnews.Nowthebadnews.Muchtoourdismay,afterindentifyinghighyieldinggermplasmwithvirusresistance,wequicklylearnedthatwewouldhavenoimpacttosustainableproductionbysmallfarmersandwomensgroupsbecausenoseedwasavailableofthesuperiorcultivars.Moreover,wealsoquicklylearnedthatimportingseedintoCentralAmericancountrieswasaveryexpensiveandbureaucraticprocessalmostimpossible.Thus,thelogicalextensionofthisImmediateImpactProjectwasourphasetwoprojectSemillasdeEsperanzainwhichweproposetoproduceseedineachtargetcountry.TheoverallimpactwillbebasedonsuccessoftheSemillasdeEsperanzaproject.PartnersThequalityanddiversityofthepartnershipswithstakeholdersinourtargetcountrieswasanunexpectedbenefittothisproject.TheWorldVegetableCenter(AVRDC)wasourtechnologyplatform.Theywereacriticalpartner.Notonlydidtheyhavetomatoesandpeppersthathadbeenbredforvirusresistance,butalsothegermplasmhadbeentestedinsimilartropicalproductionenvironmentsinAsiaandAfrica;thus,weknewbeforehandthatAVRDCgermplasmhadareasonablyhighprobabilityofsuccessintropicalCentralAmerica.Inaddition,acriticaladvantageofworkingwithAVRDCwastheydidnotimposeintellectualpropertyrightsovertheirgermplasmwhichdirectlybenefitedthewomensgroupswithwhomweareworking.Thethreeincountrypartnerswereverydiverse,buteachbroughtauniqueperspectivetoourproject.

    i. CAREisveryhandsonworkingtoalleviatepovertyandworkingwithwomensgroups.ThestrengthofCAREisconnectiontothecommunityandcommunityorganization,especiallywithwomensgroups.OurprojectcomplimentedCAREbyprovidingtheonecriticalaspectthattheylackedaccessandknowledgeoftechnology.EvaluatinggermplasmiscompletelynewtoCARE;yetinbothMorazn,ElSalvadorandTajomulco,Guatemala,CAREisevaluatinggermplasmincooperationwithruralpoorandwomensgroups.PartofthesuccessofthegermplasmevaluationwithwomensgroupswasthatmanyoftheCAREpersonnelwereinfactagronomists,theyhadtheskillstosuccessfullyevaluategermplasmtheysimplyhadneverhadaccesstotechnology.

    ii. TheUniversidadNacionalAgraria(UNA)inNicaraguahadstrongprofessorsandstudentswhoidentifiedwomensgroupsinDinambaandTismaNicaragua.Incooperationwithwomensgroupstheyplantedthegermplasmevaluationtrialsinbothlocationsand,itappearedtome,UNApersonnelclearlyenjoyedhavinganimpactinthecommunity.Thus,inadditiontothedirect

    Weidentifiedtomatolinesthatarenotonlyvirusresistant,andthushigheryielding,moreprofitableandmoresustainablebutalsohavequalitycharacteristicsthataredesirableformarketing.

  • impactsofthisproject,perhaps,withUNAweplantedtheseedsofatraditionofcommunityoutreachthatmayextendwellbeyondthisproject.

    iii. Ourthirdpartner,waslaFundacionHondureadeInvestigacionAgricola(FHIA).Theyareprofessionalagriculturalresearchers;theiroutreach,isthroughanAIDfundedNGO,FINTRAC.FINTRAChasworkedwithcommercialgrowersinHonduras,butnowhasanewprojectthatisfocusingontheruralpoor,smallgrowersandwomensgroups.TheFHIAbasedFINTRACrepresentative,AndrewMedicott,participatedinourregionalmeetinginHondurasinNovemberof2010.FHIAdidathorough,carefulandprofessionalevaluationoftheAVRDCgermplasmandprovidedadetailedreportwhichisavailableuponrequestfromHorticultureCRSP.

    ImpactinCostaRicaCostaRicawasnotfundedbythisprojectbut,duetointerestofProfessorCarlosRamirezoftheInstitutoTecnolgicodeCostaRica(ITCR)inSanCarlos,theydidparticipate.TheAVRDClinesarebeingevaluatedatNadayureandHojancha,ruralareasinwhichtomatoproductionbysmallfarmersislimitedbydisease.ITCRandlocalfarmersintheregionarecooperatingintheevaluationofthelinesatnocosttoourproject.Inaddition,ITCRsentsixstudentsandfacultytoparticipateinour2010UWbasedworkshoponOrganicandSustainableVegetableProductionandMarketingITCRstudentsandfacultypaidallcostsassociatedwiththeirparticipationintheUWbasedworkshop.ProfessorRamirezisawidelyrecognizedregionalexpertongreenhousedesignandprotectedproductionoftomatoesandpeppers;thus,ProfessorRamirezhasbecomeacriticalmemberofthenewSemillasdeEsperanzaproject.BecauseofITCRsinterestinourHortCRSPproject,IwasaskedtoservedasmajorprofessorforProfessorCarlosRamirezforhisPh.D.Thus,atnoadditionalcosttotheHortCRSPwewillparticipateintheformationofanewPh.D.levelregionalprofessionalinCentralAmerica.Inaddition,anotherprofessorfromITCR,Prof.XiomaraMata,aplantpathologist,willbecomingtotheUniv.ofWisconsinasavisitingprofessorinthefallof2011.TheHortCRSPprojectisnotpayinganyofherexpenses.IpointoutthesecollaborationswithCostaRicaandITCRonlytohighlighthowthisHortCRSPprojecthasleveragedparticipationandhadanimpactinhighleveltraininginsistercountrieswhoarenotpaidbyHortCRSP.Thisisabenefitofaregionalproject.AboutHorticultureCRSPHorticultureCRSP(fundedbyUSAIDunderAwardEPPA000900004)providesfundingtorealizetheopportunitiesofhorticulturaldevelopment,improvefoodsecurity,improvenutritionandhumanhealth,provideopportunitiesfordiversificationofincome,andadvanceeconomicandsocialconditionsoftheruralpoor,particularlywomen.HorticultureCRSPismanagedbytheUniversityofCalifornia,Davisandhasnearly30projectsinover20countries.Formoreinformation,visit:http://hortcrsp.ucdavis.edu/.

  • ProjectPerformanceIndicators

    4.5.1AgricultureEnablingEnvironmentProject

    AchievementsNumberofindividualswhohavereceivedUSGsupportedshorttermagriculturalenablingenvironmenttrainingFemale

    50

    NumberofindividualswhohavereceivedUSGsupportedshorttermagriculturalenablingenvironmenttrainingMale

    40

    4.5.2AgricultureSectorProductivityProject

    AchievementsNumberofnewtechnologiesormanagementpracticesunderresearchasaresultofUSGassistance.

    50

    NumberofnewtechnologiesormanagementpracticesmadeavailablefortransferasaresultofUSGassistance.

    50

    NumberofnewtechnologiesormanagementpracticesbeingfieldtestedasaresultofUSGassistance.

    50

    NumberofproducersorganizationsreceivingUSGassistance. 3Numberofcommunitybasedorganizations(CBOs)receivingUSGassistance. 3Numberofcommunitybasedorganizations(CBO)whohaveadoptednewtechnologiesormanagementpracticesasaresultofUSGassistance.

    3

    Numberofwomensorganizations/associationsassistedasaresultofUSGinterventions. 3NumberofindividualswhohavereceivedUSGsupportedshorttermagriculturalsectorproductivityorfoodsecuritytrainingFemale

    60

    NumberofindividualswhohavereceivedUSGsupportedshorttermagriculturalsectorproductivityorfoodsecuritytrainingMale

    40

    Numberofresearchprojectsand/ortechnologiesofpotentialbenefittoU.S.horticulturalindustries

    2

    CapacityBuilding(HorticultureCRSPIndicators)Project

    AchievementsNumberofhostcountryinstitutions,agenciesandorganizationsindirectcooperationorcollaboration

    3

    Numberofworkshopsconductedforhostcountryinstitution,agency,andorganizationpersonnel 3Numberofhostcountryprofessionalsattendingworkshops,trainingconferences,orsimilarFemale

    14

    Numberofhostcountryprofessionalsattendingworkshops,trainingconferences,orsimilarMale

    31

    Numberofcertificatetrainingprogramsconducted 1Numberofcertificatesearnedbyhostcountryprofessionals Female 9NumberofcertificatesearnedbyhostcountryprofessionalsMale 11NumberofU.S.facultyprovidingtrainingorinstructioninhostcountry Female 1NumberofU.S.facultyprovidingtrainingorinstructioninhostcountryMale 2Numberofhostcountryextensionworkers,universityfacultyorotherhostcountryprofessionalsinvolvedinprovidingtrainingtootherhostcountryprofessionalsFemale

    3

    Numberofhostcountryextensionworkers,universityfacultyorotherhostcountryprofessionalsinvolvedinprovidingtrainingtootherhostcountryprofessionalsMale

    1

    NumberofhostcountryprofessionalsdirectlyinvolvedinconductionHortCRSPresearchactivitiesFemale

    3

    NumberofhostcountryprofessionalsdirectlyinvolvedinconductionHortCRSPresearchactivitiesMale

    3