Huong Dan Ve Mach-mo Phong-PCB Voi Proteus 7.1

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<ul><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 1 </p><p> Bin son: Nhm 4 Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng </p><p>inh Ch Thnh ---- dinhchithanh@gmail.com L T Thnh Cng. Trn Ngc Khoa. Nguyn Xun. Cao Xun Qu. </p><p> Bn quyn thuc v cc thnh vin ca nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng. Trong qu trnh bin son chng ti khng ly ti liu ca bt k c nhn v t chc no. Bt k ai s dng ti liu ny u phi tn trong quyn tc gi, vui lng ghi r ngun gc khi pht hnh li ti liu ny. </p><p> Ti liu ny c tham kho min ph.</p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 3 </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 4 </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 5 </p><p> HNG DN THIT K V M PHNG MCH IN T BNG PHN MM PROTEUS 7.1 </p><p>1. GII THIU </p><p> Proteus l phn mm ca hng Labcenter dung v s nguyn l, m phng v thit k mch in. Gi phn mm gm c phn mm chnh : </p><p> ISIS dng v s nguyn l v m phng ARES dng thit k mch in. </p><p> C th tm hiu thng tin v ti bn dng th chng trnh ti website ca nh sn xut : http://www.labcenter.co.uk/ </p><p> Sau khi ti v qu trnh ci t chng trnh bnh thng . Sau khi ci t thnh cng bn s thy chng trnh trong Start menu. </p><p>2.0.HNG DN S DNG 2.1. V S NGUYN L VI ISIS </p><p>2.1.1. GII THIU GIAO DIN S DNG </p><p> v s nguyn l, vo Start Menu khi ng chng trnh ISIS nh hnh 1.1. Chng trnh c khi nng v c giao din nh hnh 2.1.1.1 </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 6 </p><p> Hnh 2.1.1.1 </p><p>Pha trn v pha phi ca chng trnh l cc cng c ta c th thit k s nguyn l. Phn gia c mu xm l ni chng ta v mch. </p><p> Section mode: Chc nng nay chn linh kin </p><p> Component mode: Dng ly linh kin trong th vin linh kin </p><p> t lable cho wire Bus: </p><p> Terminal: Cha Power, Ground, </p><p> Graph: Dng v dng sng, datasheet, tr khng </p><p> Generator Mode: Cha cc ngun in, ngun xung, ngun dng </p><p> Voltage Probe Mode: Dng o in th ti 1 im trn mch, y l 1 dng c ch c 1 chn v khng c tht trong thc t </p><p> Curent Probe mode: Dng o chiu v ln ca dng in ti 1 im trn wire </p><p> Virtual Instrument Mode: Cha cc dng c o dng v p, cc dng c ny c m phng nh trong thc t </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 7 </p><p> y l nhm cng c v cc k hiu, ch thch </p><p> Mt s ty chn ca chng trnh. Set BOM Scrip </p><p> Cng c ny dng xut danh sch cc loi- s lng linh kin s dng trong mch </p><p> thay i, chn System/Set BOM Scrip </p><p>Chng ta c add, edit, delete loi linh kin ma ta mun </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 8 </p><p>Vi cng c ny, sau khi thit k mch nguyn l xong ta c th xc nh c mt cch nhanh chng loi v s lng linh kin m ta dng trong mch tin cho vic mua linh kin lp mch V d ta c bng thng k nh sau: </p><p>Bill Of Materials For OCL VISAI Design Title : OCL VISAI Author : DINH CHI THANH 04DT2 Revision : 1 Design Created : Sunday, August 05, 2007 Design Last Modified : Friday, August 24, 2007 Total Parts In Design : 50 </p><p>21 Resistors </p><p> Quantity: References Value 2 R1, R2 0R22 2 R3, R5 1k 2 R6, R15 3.3k 1 R7 2.7k 3 R8, R10, R13 10k 3 R9, R22, R24 1.5k 1 R11 680 2 R12, R14 390k 1 R17 4 2 R18, R19 270 </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 9 </p><p> 1 R21 220 1 R23 500 </p><p>6 Capacitors </p><p> Quantity: References Value 1 C1 0.33uF 1 C2 3.3uF 1 C3 100u 1 C4 1200uF 2 C5, C6 33u </p><p>11 Transistors </p><p> Quantity: References Value 1 Q1 2N3773 2 Q2, Q10 MJE340 1 Q3 2N6609 2 Q4, Q11 MJE350 1 Q5 BC327 4 Q6-Q9 2N2219 </p><p>7 Diodes </p><p> Quantity: References Value 6 D1-D3, D5-D7 1N4148 1 D4 LED-RED </p><p>5 Miscellaneous </p><p> Quantity: References Value 4 RV1-RV4 100 1 RV5 50k </p><p>Thursday, October 25, 2007 3:43:57 PM </p><p> Set Environment </p><p>Ty chn ny cho php ngi dng thay i : s ln Undo (Ctrl+Z), times auto save, number of file on file menu, vv </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 10 </p><p> Set Sheet Size Cho php ngui dng iu chnh kich thc sheet, c th chn A3, A2.. </p><p> Set sheet editor Thy di font, size text, .. </p><p> Set keyboard mapping Cho php Designer to cc phm tt thc hin cc lnh . </p><p> Trc ht chn Command Group, </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 11 </p><p> Sau chn lnh mun t phm tt. Trong mc Key for command ta g vo Key m ta mun. V d cho lnh Open Design l Ctrl+O </p><p> Set Animation Option </p><p>Cho php hin th chiu ca dng in, cc mc logic, frame per second khi Simulation </p><p> Simulation option Thay di nhiu mi trung, sai s,. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 12 </p><p> lu cc thit lp, chn Save Preferrence Ngoi ta cn c mc thay i giao din s dng nh mu sc ca bn v, graph, Nn mc nh </p><p>2.1.2. CCH LY LINH KIN </p><p> ly linh kin, nhn vo pha tri ca chng trnh v thc hin nh sau: </p><p> bm vo biu tng Component Mode , sau bm vo ch P hoc nhn phm tt P trn Keyboad. </p><p> Hoc cng c th Right Click trn Editting Window v chn Place </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 13 </p><p>Khung chng trnh Pick Devices hin ra nh hnh : </p><p> 1 l tm kim linh kin, ch cn g t kha vo, v d nh mun tm BJT 2N2222 th ti g 2N2222 nh hnh v ( khng phn bit ch hoa v ch thng). </p><p> 2 l cc nhm linh kin lin quan n t kha cn tm. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 14 </p><p> 3 l nhm con ca linh kin, v d nh transistor th c BJT, FET </p><p> 7 l tn nh sn xut </p><p>Khoanh s 4 l k hiu (Schematic) trn s nguyn l </p><p> Hnh 2.1.2.1 Khoanh s 5 l hnh dng trn s mch in (PCB), v d nh BJT c nhiu kiu ng </p><p>gi nh TO18, TO220, vv </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 15 </p><p>Khoang s 6 l kt qu ca vic tm kim linh kin. </p><p> Double Click vo linh kin cn ly, lp tc linh kin s c b sung vo bn lm vic l vng mu trng ph bn tri . Xem hnh di </p><p>2.1.3. MT S THAO TC C BN Giao din chnh ca chng trnh gm 2 phn vng ch yu sau: </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 16 </p><p> Zooming C th dng Zoom in, Zoom out, Zoom Area trn menu Tools bar </p><p> C th dng Mouse Scrool: t con tr chut ni cn phng to, thu nh </p><p>v xoay Scrool mouse C th dng phm tt m ta thit lp cho chng trnh </p><p> ly linh kin ra v v mch, chn linh kin vng mu trng ni trn. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 17 </p><p>V d ta chn 741,Khi trn khung Overview xut hin Schematic cua linh kin </p><p>Sau a chut qua vng Editting Window, khi hnh dng linh kin hin ra c mu . </p><p>Ta ch vic chn v tr t linh kin ph hp v Click, kt qu nh sau. </p><p> Mt c im rt hay ca phn mm ny l c th phng to thu nh vng lm vic bng cch dng Scroll ca chut. Nhn F8 Zoom 100% </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 18 </p><p> Move linh kin . </p><p> Chn linh kin </p><p> Right Click v chn Drag Objject </p><p>Sau ta c th di chuyn linh kin sang mt v tr khc </p><p> Ta cng c th Copy, Move, Rotate, Delete linh kin bng cch chn nhm cng c sau. </p><p> Wire. chn cng c Selection Mode </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 19 </p><p> Sau a chut li chn linh kin, khi con tr chut c dng mt cy bt mu xanh </p><p> Click vo chn linh kin ni dy vo chn , sau a chut n chn cn li m ta mun </p><p> B thao tc ni dy, ta Right Click Delete wire bng cch Right Click 2 ln ln dy Hnh dng ng i ca dy di qua cc im m ta click chut </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 20 </p><p> Wire repet Khi cn ni dy gia cc chn ca hai linh kin gn nhau, ta c th dng </p><p>phng php ni dy lp li Cch lm nh sau: </p><p> Ni hai chn bt k lm mu Double click vo cc chn tip theo, dy s c t ng ni </p><p> Move wire Tng t nh Block move </p><p> To edit a wires topology after routing : </p><p> Ta cng c th Rotate/Mirror linh kin trc khi t n trong Editting Window bng cch chn nhm cng c , s thay i c hin th trn Overview </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 21 </p><p> Editing Part Labels C th n hoc hin tn, gi tr ca linh kin bng cch . </p><p> Right Click /Edit Properties </p><p> Check/Uncheck Hidden </p><p> Block editing move/copy c khi linh kin ta lm nh sau: </p><p> Chn cng c Selection tools Ko chut v chn c khi linh kin </p><p>Right Click v chn Move/Copy </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 22 </p><p> Design Explorer y l cng c gip ta c ci nhn ton cnh thit k </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 23 </p><p> Cha danh sch gm tn, kiu, thng s,circuit/package </p><p> Hin th nhng thiu st ca mch </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 24 </p><p>T xc nh linh kin con thiu st b sung </p><p>Hoc nu thit k PCB layout thi c th bit c v tr trn Board ( linh kin c hightlight </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 25 </p><p>2.1.4. CC CNG C CHNH </p><p> Ground </p><p>K hiu trn s </p><p> Power C k hiu nh sau </p><p> Cung cp nng lng cho mch, ty theo cch t tn cho ngun m ta c ngun m hay dng. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 26 </p><p> Nu t l + th ta c ngun dng, ngc lai c ngun m th t tn cho ngun l trc gi tr in th </p><p> Nu t tn cho Power l VCC hay VEE th gi tr in th nhn c l +/-5V </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 27 </p><p> Ngoai ra cn c cc Terminal default lm cc cc giao tip </p><p>V d nh sau </p><p> Lable bn v c gn gng, ta c th dng Lable t cho wire. Cch lm nh sau. Trn wire, Right Click v chn Place wire lable </p><p>Sau mt hp thoi hin ra, t tn cho wire, v d ta t l VCC </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 28 </p><p>Khi in th trn wire ti im c gi tr bng VCC </p><p> Text Scrip Chc nng ny dng t text ln bn v. s dng chc nng ny ta lm nh sau: </p><p> Click icon . Sau click trn vng cn t text, Mt ca s mi hin ra. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 29 </p><p> Nu c file *.txt th nhn Import import file ti Text Scrip </p><p> Subcircuit y l phng php to subcircuit, subcircuit c thit k trn mt child sheet, mastersheet cha subcircuit. </p><p>Click Icon , ta s c cc dng c thit k subcircuit nh sau: </p><p> Default : dng k hiu subcircuit Input/output: cc u vo v u ra cho subcircuit. Power/Gnd: cung cp ngun cho subircuit. Bus: cc ng dn cho subcircuit </p><p>Cch lm nh sau: Trc ht chn cng c DEFAULT v k hiu subcircuit </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 30 </p><p>Double Click rename </p><p> t input/output terminal cho subcircuit. </p><p> Chn cng c input/output v a chut ra mp ca subcircuit. </p><p> Double Click click vo input/output Rename. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 31 </p><p> Click v c kt qu sau: </p><p>Tip theo Right Click ln subcircuit v chn Goto Child Sheet </p><p>Khi mt New Design xut hin, ta ch vic thit k subcircuit nh bnh thng. V d subcircuit ny l 2 in tr song song Ta c s mch nh sau: </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 32 </p><p>Ch t tn cho cc input/output Right Click v chn Exit to parent sheet </p><p>By gi ta ang Parentsheet. kim tra kt qu ta c th mc mch nh sau. </p><p>Ch s ca Ampemetet=0.1A cho thy SUB1 c tc dng nh subcircuit thit k. </p><p> Multisheet y l chc nng cho php chng ta m rng thit k trn nhiu sheet khi m bn </p><p>v thit k ca chng ta qu cht chi them mt newssheet ta chn menu Design/New sheet </p><p>Khi mt sheet mi c m ra, ta c th t tn cho newssheet nh sau. </p><p>C th ghi cc ch thch ca thit k trong phn Edit sheet notes </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 33 </p><p>Khung note hin ra nh sau: </p><p>C th remove, hoc chuyn n cc sheet khc bng menu design/remove. </p><p>Hoc cng c th nhn phm tt Page Up/Down </p><p> lin kt mch in gia cc sheet chng ta cn phi t cc terminal cho cc wire </p><p>Cc cc c tn ging nhau s c ngm nh ni vi nhau </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 34 </p><p> Voltage Probe </p><p> o dng in ta dng Vn k. Cch lm nh sau: </p><p>Chn cng c Virtual Instrusment Mode , ta c cc loi dng c nh sau. </p><p>Chn cng c DC Volt. </p><p> y l dng c o in th 1 chiu, Chn c du + c ni vo im c in th cao hn Chn c du oc ni vi im c in th thp hn. Khi gi tr trn vn k chnh l gi tr, chiu v ln ca in th gia 2 </p><p>im cn o. Ta c th thay i thang o ca Von k bng cch Double Click vo Vn k v </p><p>thay i Display range. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 35 </p><p>Trong hnh v di chng ta c hai in tr R1 v R2 mc ni tp nhau. Ngun R2(1) =12V. Hiu in th trn R1 o c l +6V nh ch s ch ra trn Vn k. </p><p> Current Probe o cng dng in ta chn cng c DC Ammeter c k hiu nh sau. </p><p>Tng t nh Vn k ta c th thay i Display Range cho ph hp vi gi tr cn o. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 36 </p><p>Ampe k c mc ni tip nh sau. </p><p>Gi tr ch ra trn Ampe k chnh l gi tr v chiu dng in chy qua R1 v bng 0.06A. </p><p>Nu chng ta thay i Display Range , ng h s hin th nh sau. </p><p>Gi tr o c l +60mA. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 37 </p><p> AC Voltage Probe Chn cng c AC Voltmeter. </p><p>Cng c ny o hiu in th hiu dng gia hai im. Ta cng c th thay i Display Range cho ph hp vi gi tr cn o. </p><p>V d ta c mch in sau. Ngun xoay chiu c f=50Hz, bin l 12V. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 38 </p><p>Gi tr trn AC Voltmeter l =4.24V l gi tr hiu dng trn R1. </p><p> AC Current Probe Cch s dng tng t nh cc loi trn. </p><p> Voltage Probe Mode. y l mt cng c khng c trong thc t v n ch c 1 chn. o in th ti mt </p><p>im no trn mch in ta t Voltage probe mode ti im . Gi tr ch ra l hiu in th gia im v t. </p><p>K hiu ca n nh sau: </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 39 </p><p> Current Probe Mode y cng l mt cng c ch c 1 chn, n c tc dng o chiu v ln dng in ti </p><p>1 im trn mch. Cch s dng n cng nh Voltage Probe Mode , nhng n c them mi tn ch chiu </p><p>ca dng in chy trong dy. </p><p>2.1.5. V CC LOI TH cho vic m phng c chnh xc v trc quan, Proteus c cc cng cu v </p><p>th tn hiu analog, tn hiu s, phn tch Fourier, datasheet, c tuyn truyn t , nhiu, c tuyn tho tn svv. Rt hay ! </p><p>2.1.5.1. TN HIU ANALOG. v dng sng ca tn hiu ta chn cng c Graph . Ta c danh sch cc loi </p><p>cng c nh sau. </p><p>Chn dng th analog, v ln mt hnh ch nht. </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Trng H Bch Khoa Nng 40 </p><p>Bt c loi th no cng c cch v chung nh vy. Double Click vao Graph va v Edit Graph. </p><p> Graph title l tiu ca Graph, v d nh la Vin. Start time l thi gian bt u v tn hiu. Stop time l thi gian kt thc v tn hiu Left Axis lable l tn ca trc tung Right Axis lable l tn ca trc honh. </p><p>Chng ta cn phi khai bo im v tn hiu, v d y ta c th chn Vin l tn hiu ngun cung cp. </p><p>Right Click vo Graph v chn Add trace </p></li><li><p>Hng dn s dng Proteus 7.1 </p><p>Nhm 4- Lp 04DT2-Tr...</p></li></ul>