Ingls de Baloncesto - Basket para todos de Baloncesto Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan `ngel Lozano Piedehierro 3 1. POSICIONES/FUNCIONES DE LOS JUGADORES

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<ul><li><p>NDICE</p><p>FEDERACIN ESPAOLA DE BALONCESTO</p><p>Escuela Nacional de Entrenadores FEB</p><p>Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro</p><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Glosario</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 2</p><p>1. POSICIONES/FUNCIONES DE LOS JUGADORES...................................3</p><p>1.1. OTRAS POSICIONES/FUNCIONES ............................................................4</p><p>2. LA PISTA DE BALONCESTO......................................................................5</p><p>3. ACCIONES EN ATAQUE Y DEFENSA ......................................................9</p><p>4. ATAQUE ......................................................................................................10</p><p>4.1. TCNICA-TCTICA INDIVIDUAL ..........................................................10</p><p>4.2. TCTICA COLECTIVA..............................................................................21</p><p>5. DEFENSA.....................................................................................................30</p><p>5.1. TCNICA-TCTICA INDIVIDUAL ..........................................................30</p><p>5.2. TCTICA COLECTIVA..............................................................................33</p><p>6. REGLAMENTO ...........................................................................................38</p><p>7. VARIOS........................................................................................................44</p><p>8. BIBLIOGRAFA: .........................................................................................46</p><p>8.1. ATAQUE: .....................................................................................................46</p><p>8.2. DEFENSA:....................................................................................................46</p><p>8.3. ENTRENAMIENTO: ...................................................................................46</p><p>8.4. PGINAS EN LA RED:...............................................................................47</p><p>8.5. PGINAS DE LA RED RECOMENDABLES:...........................................47</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 3</p><p>1. POSICIONES/FUNCIONES DE LOS JUGADORES</p><p>Center (Centre): Pvot (5).Often the tallest player on the team. Normally plays close to thebasket and is responsible for getting rebounds and blocking shots.</p><p>Forwards: Alertos. Two players generally positioned closer to the basket than the guards. Theyoften assume a floor position along the perimeters of the free-throw lane and manoeuvre bothinside and outside.</p><p>Guards: Base y escolta. They are the two players who typically move the ball from thebackcourt into the frontcourt. They usually handle setting up plays and passing to team-matescloser to the basket.</p><p>Perimeter player: Jugador de permetro. The position usually played by the guards andforwards (around the three point line).</p><p>Point Guard: Base. He is usually a leaders team on the floor who initiates the offence andcontrols the tempo of the game.</p><p>Post Player: Poste. The position usually played by the center.</p><p>Power Forward: Alero alto. He is usually the bigger, stronger forward who plays close to thebasket and is responsible for rebounding and inside scoring.</p><p>Shooting Guard: Escolta. He is generally, the player who takes the majority of the shots fromthe perimeter, many of which are three-point attempts. A guard who is depended on to shootmore and handle the ball less than the point guard; often a good three-point shooter</p><p>Small Forward: Alero bajo. Usually bigger than the guards but smaller than the powerforward; responsibilities include both inside and outside work.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 4</p><p>1.1. OTRAS POSICIONES/FUNCIONES</p><p>Ball Handler: Quien maneja el baln (base). Player controlling the ball; can also mean aplayer known for his skilful handling of the ball.</p><p>Goaltender: Jugador ms atrasado en una situacin en la que se realiza un 2 contra 1 enuna defensa presionante.</p><p>Outlet: Receptor del primer pase de contraataque. He is a player that sets up near thesideline for a pass from a defensive rebounder. This pass will initiate the offensive fast break.</p><p>Pivot: Pvot. The position a player takes with their back to the basket, either at the top or on theside of the free throw lane. This is also called the post position.</p><p>Playmaker: Base. The point guard who usually sets up plays for his team-mates.</p><p>Shooter: Tirador. He is a player who takes a shot at the basket.</p><p>Sixth Man: Sexto jugador. He is the first substitute to come off the bench to replace a starter.</p><p>Starting Line-up: Quinteto inicial. These are the five players who begin a game for one team.</p><p>Substitute: Sustituto. He is a player who comes into the game to replace a player on the court.</p><p>Swing Man: Jugador adaptable a varias posiciones exteriores. He is a player who can playboth the guard and forward positions.</p><p>Trailer: Carrilero. Post player or bounder who trails the fast break.</p><p>Wing: Ala. He is a player who is running the outside lane on the fast break. Also a player whois positioned at the foul-line extended area during the half-court offence.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 5</p><p>2. LA PISTA DE BALONCESTO</p><p>Backboard: Tablero. It is the flat surface directly behind the basket. The basket is connected tothe backboard.</p><p>Backcourt: Pista defensiva. It is that half of the basketball court that is the farthest from theoffensive basket. Also, the position played by the guards.</p><p>Ball side: Lado del baln. The side of the court on which the ball is located (Also called thestrong side).</p><p>Baseline: Lnea de fondo. It is also called the end line. This line extends across both ends of thecourt behind the baskets.</p><p>Basket: Canasta. It consists of the rim and the net.</p><p>Blocks: Marcas para delimitar la zona para los reboteadores en un tiro libre. It is the squaremarkings six feet from the baseline on each side of the lane.</p><p>Bucket: Canasta. It is other name for the basket or a field goal.</p><p>Center circle: Crculo central. It is the circular area at midcourt where jump balls take place.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 6</p><p>Centerfield: Centro de la cancha. A rea a b o v e the c irc le o r th ree -p o in t l i n e in the m id d leo f t h e c o urt in the o ffe ns ive en d w here an o ffensive p layer is p ositio ned to rece ive an o u tle tpass in case h i s team m ates are in trouble and are having d i f f i c u l t y reversing the basketball.T his enables the offensive team to have a p layer back for defensive balance. It m ay a lsodescribe the area above the nail on the free -throw lin e used to provide w eak-side defensivehelp.</p><p>Charity stripe: Lnea de tiro libre. It is a term used to define the free throw line.</p><p>Court: Pista. It is the area on which a basketball game is played; bounded by 2 sidelines and 2end lines, containing a basket at each end.</p><p>Cylinder: Cilindro imaginario que est directamente encima del aro. It is the imaginary areadirectly above the basket where goaltending or basket interference can occur.</p><p>Defensive board: 1) Tablero de defensa. It is the backboard behind the basket a team isdefending. 2) Rebote defensivo. It is a defensive rebound.</p><p>Division line: Lnea de medio campo. See center line.</p><p>Eight-Second Line: Lnea de centro de campo. It is the half-court line is the ten-second line.When a team is advancing the ball up the court from their defensive end, they have ten secondsto get the ball across the half-court line.</p><p>End Line: Lnea de fondo. It is also called the baseline. This line extends across both ends ofthe court behind the baskets</p><p>Floor: Cancha. It is the area of the court within the end lines and sidelines.</p><p>Forecourt: Pista de ataque. See frontcourt.</p><p>Foul lane: Zona. The painted area 19' x 16' (12' in college) bordered by the end line and the foulline, outside which players must stand during a free-throw; also the area an offensive playercannot spend more than 3-seconds at a time in.</p><p>Foul line: Lnea de tiro libre. It is the line 15' from the backboard and parallel to the end linefrom which players shoot free-throws.</p><p>Free throw circle: Lnea de tiro libre. It is a 12-foot restraining circle bisected by a free throwline, which is sometimes used for jump balls.</p><p>Free Throw Lane: Zona. The area bordered by the end line, the free throw line, and twoconnecting lines forming a twelve foot lane. This is also called "the paint".</p><p>Free Throw Line: Lnea de tiro libre. It is the line 15 feet from the backboard and parallel tothe end line from which players shoot free-throws (also called the "foul line").</p><p>Free-Throw Line Extended: rea a los lados del tiro libre. A parallel position extended tothe right or left of the free-throw line by a few feet.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 7</p><p>Frontcourt: Pista de ataque. It is the offensive area of the basketball court from the midcourtline to the baseline. Also the positions played by the forwards and center.</p><p>Hash mark: Marca en la banda a unos 8,53m del fondo. It is one of the four lines extending 3feet in from a sideline, 28 feet from and parallel to a baseline.</p><p>H ash m arks at the lane: M arcas de separacin para los tiros libes en la zona.</p><p>High Post: Poste alto. An area of the court located near the free-throw line.</p><p>Hoop: Canasta. The basket.</p><p>Inbounds: Cancha. The area within the end lines and sidelines of the court; also the act ofbringing the ball into this area by means of a throw-in.</p><p>In-the-Paint: Zona. The inside area of the free throw lane that is painted a different colour thanthe rest of the court.</p><p>Key: Zona y crculo del tiro libre. It is the area consisting of the foul circle, foul lane and free-throw line.</p><p>Lane Line: Lneas laterales de la zona. These are the lines at the side of the lane extending downfrom the free-throw line.</p><p>Lane: Zona. The area running from the end line to the free-throw line and extending 12 feetacross is called the lane. It's also known as the "paint".</p><p>Low Post: Poste bajo. An area of the court located near the basket.</p><p>Midcourt area marker: Marca en la banda a unos 8,53m del fondo. It is one of four linesextending 3 feet in from a sideline, 28 feet from and parallel to a baseline.</p><p>Midcourt Line: Lnea de centro de campo. It is the line in the middle of the basketball courtthat separates the frontcourt from the backcourt.</p><p>Midcourt: Zona central de la cancha. It is the portion of the court between the midcourt areamarkers.</p><p>Midline: Lnea de centro del campo. See Midcourt Line.</p><p>M idpost: Poste m edio. It is th e a rea o u tsid e th e lan e h alf w a y b e tw een the fo u l lin e and th elo w b lo ck .</p><p>N ail: Poste alto.</p><p>Offensive board: 1) Tablero de ataque. The backboard behind the basket a team is shooting at.2) Rebote ofensivo. An offensive rebound.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 8</p><p>Out of Bounds: Fuera de banda. It is the area outside of and including the end lines andsidelines.</p><p>Paint: Zona. It is the area inside the free-throw lane.</p><p>Perimeter: Permetro. It is the area outside the three-second lane area.</p><p>Pinch Post: rea alrededor del codo de la zona. Elbow area.</p><p>Post: Poste. It is the area on either side of the free-throw lane.</p><p>Plug: Poste alto.</p><p>Right lane midpoint: Poste medio.</p><p>Rim: Aro. It is an 18-inch metal ring that's attached to a backboard and holds a net.</p><p>Shot Clock: Reloj de posesin. A clock that limits the time a team with the ball has to shoot it.</p><p>Sidelines: Bandas. These are the two boundary lines that run the length of the court.</p><p>Strong Side: Lado fuerte. It is the side of the basketball court on which the ball is beingcontrolled. If the ball is either passed or dribbled across court, then that side becomes the strongside.</p><p>Short corner: rea en el fondo a 1m de la zona. T h e a rea o n th e b ase lin e ap p rox im ate lyth ree fee t o u ts id e th e free -th ro w lan e w h ere team s w an t a b ig m an to re lo cate b eh in d th ede fen ce w h en p layin g again st zone defences o r w here w e w an t b ig m en to s lid e to afte r se ttin g asc reen fo r a cu rlin g o r d riv ing team -m ate.</p><p>Three-Point Line: Lnea de triple (6,25m). Semi-circle that is 19 feet, 9 inches from the basketat all points. This has varying distances for the different levels of competition.</p><p>Three-Second Lane: Zona. An area that extends from the baseline under the basket to the free-throw line (also called the "key").</p><p>Time Line: Lnea de centro de campo. See Eight-Second Line.</p><p>Top of the Key: Parte alta de la zona. It is the semi-circle that extends beyond the free-throwline.</p><p>Weak Side: Lado dbil. The side of the basketball court without the ball.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 9</p><p>3. ACCIONES EN ATAQUE Y DEFENSA</p><p>Jump Ball: Salto entre dos. A jump ball starts every game and occurs when a referee tosses theball into the air between two players from opposite teams. During games a jump ball is calledwhen two players from opposite teams gain possession of the ball at the same time. Playersinvolved in a jump ball must tap the ball to a team-mate to gain possession.</p><p>One-on-one: Uno contra uno. It is the description of a situation in which two opposing playersconfront one another with no assistance from team-mates. It may arise on a one-player fast breakagainst a single defender or when a team has cleared out the side of the court where the ball islocated.</p><p>Rebound: Rebote. It means securing the ball off the backboard or the rim after a missed fieldgoal or free-throw attempt.</p><p>Tapoff: Salto entre dos. See tipoff.</p><p>Tip-Off: Salto entre dos. It is the initial jump ball that starts the game.</p><p>To bang the boards: Ir al rebote agresivamente. It means to go after a rebound veryaggressively.</p><p>To bang the glass: Ir al rebote agresivamente. Same as bang the boards.</p><p>To crash the boards: Ir al rebote agresivamente. Same as bang the boards.</p><p>Downcourt: Desplazamiento de un extremo a otro de la pista. It is moving from thebackcourt toward the frontcourt, or toward the offensive basket.</p><p>To grab a rebound in traffic: Coger un rebote entre muchos jugadores.</p><p>At game speed: A la velocidad real de juego.</p></li><li><p>Ingls de Baloncesto</p><p>Federacin Espaola de Baloncesto Juan ngel Lozano Piedehierro 10</p><p>4. ATAQUE</p><p>4.1. TCNICA-TCTICA INDIVIDUALAhead: Pase a la esquina. Action when the ball is passed from the wing to the corner up the court inearly offence or in transit ion from offence to defence.</p><p>Air Ball: Tiro que no toca ni aro ni tablero. It is a shot that completely misses the rim and thebackboard.</p><p>Alley-Oop Pass: Pase arqueado cenca del aro para recibir y anotar. It is a pass thrown witha high arc near the basket so a team-mate can make a leaping catch and score in a single motion.</p><p>Ar...</p></li></ul>

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