Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha

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    18-Dec-2015

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  • Slide 1
  • Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha
  • Slide 2
  • Japan and Its Relationship to Asian Mainland
  • Slide 3
  • Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha I. Nippon (Ch. Jih-pen) = Source of the Sun A. Uji Period ca. 300552 B. Age of Reforms 552710 C. Nara Period 710794 D. Heian Period 7941185 E. Kamakura Period 11851333 F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns 13361573
  • Slide 4
  • A. Uji Period ca. 300552 1. rice (from China) 2. paper (from China) 3. ink (from Korea) 4. ideographs and calligraphy (from China) 5. religion Shinto 6. political views (differ from Chinese)
  • Slide 5
  • B. Age of Reforms 552710 1. Buddhism Introduced 552 (or 538) 2. Shtoku Taishi (regent: 593622) 3. Taika (Great Reform)
  • Slide 6
  • Shinto Amaterasu Sun Goddess Susanoo Ocean God Kami deities
  • Slide 7
  • Kami 18 th -century Shinto revivalist Motoori Norinaga (1730 1801): The word kami refers, in the most general sense, to all divine beings of heaven and earth that appear in the classics. More particularly, the kami are the spirits that abide in and are worshipped at the shrines. In principle human beings, birds, animals, trees, plants, mountains, oceansall may be kami. According to ancient usage, whatever seemed strikingly impressive, possessed the quality of excellence, or inspired a feeling of awe was called kami.
  • Slide 8
  • 1. Buddhism Introduced 552 (or 538 a. Mahayana b. becomes state religion 685
  • Slide 9
  • 2. Sh toku Taishi (regent: 593622) a. the Ruler in the Land Where the Sun Rises b. Seventeen Article Constitution 604 c. adopted Chinese calendar 604 d.twelve ranks for court officials (kabune system) 603 (revised 684, 701)
  • Slide 10
  • Shtoku Taishi (572622; regent: 593622) Prince Shotoku flanked by younger brother (left Prince Eguri) and first son (right: Prince Yamashiro), drawn by an unknown artist (8 th century)
  • Slide 11
  • 3. Taika (Great Reform) a. all land put under public ownership/based on Tang system 646 b. nation-wide system of post roads c. uniform system of taxation
  • Slide 12
  • C. Nara Period 710794 1. geomancy used to select site of capital 2. Horyuji seat of Buddhist power
  • Slide 13
  • Nara Kyoto Area
  • Slide 14
  • D. Heian Period 7941185 1. capital moved to Heian-Kyo (Kyoto) [influenced by plan of Chang-an] 2. formalized court etiquette 3. poetry writing (31 syllables; limited topics) 4. calligraphy
  • Slide 15
  • D. Heian Period 7941185 5. memoirs, diaries, and the world's first novel a. Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji (Monogatari) b. Murasaki Shikibu, Diary and Poetic Memoirs c. Izumi Shikibu, Diary d. Sei Shnagan, Pillow Book e. Sarashina, As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams 6. Fujiwara Epoch 8661068 (regents)
  • Slide 16
  • Murasaki Shikibu at Ishiyama-dera (1767) Woodblock by Suzuki Harunobo (17241770) Boston Museum of Fine Arts
  • Slide 17
  • Murasaki Shikibu, depicted by Tosa Mitsuoki (16171691), from his illustrations of The Tale of Genji (late 17 th century)
  • Slide 18
  • In this 13th-century painting, from the Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emakimono, drunk, disarranged, and disordered Heian courtiers are shown joking and flirting with court ladies.
  • Slide 19
  • Sei Sh nagon shown gazing at the snow (1872), painting by Utagawa Yoshitora
  • Slide 20
  • Toda-ji Great Southern Gate with sika deer
  • Slide 21
  • Toda-ji Main Gate (13 th century)
  • Slide 22
  • Todai-ji Great Southern Gate from Isuien Garden
  • Slide 23
  • Layout of Old and New Kyoto
  • Slide 24
  • Miniature model of Nagaokakyo Chodoin (Old Kyoto)
  • Slide 25
  • The Heian Capital (Kyoto)
  • Slide 26
  • Model of Heian-kyo
  • Slide 27
  • Zao Gongen, Heian period, 11th?12th century, Japan, Gilt bronze
  • Slide 28
  • E. Kamakura Period 11851333
  • Slide 29
  • Alleged portrait of Minamoto no Yoritomo (11471199; Shogun 11921199)
  • Slide 30
  • F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns 1336 1573