Japanese Grammar

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[]

/thanks to/

[] /about, as/ [] /right in the middle of/ [] /since; ever since; from here on/

[] /against, contrary to/ [] /although, despite/ [] /despite; though; although; in spite of/ []

/as a result of/

[] /to; for/ [] /upon, after/ [] /based on, under/ [] /a, per, each/ [] /of all the ... / especially / only / just/ [] [] /nothing more than/ /to begin with ... and also .../ /from ... until/

[]

[] /not only, but also.../ [] /increasing tendency/ [] /just, only/ [] /in addition to/ [] /is surely because ; not surprising that ; It was worth / [] /if (it's) not; unless/ [] /a lot/ [] /as always/ [] /without/ [] /1) just, only, simply, merely; 2) as much as X wants/like/can (whatever, anything)/ [] /this, especially (emphasis),very/ [] /when/ /no alternative, /depending on/ no option but to.../ [] []

[]

/will not [expresses a little uncertainty]/

definitely/ immediately/

[]

/(It's been) decided; expected; almost

[] /as soon as I noticed,

/if one did; if one were to/ [] [] [] /for,

[] /not just, but also/ along with/

/the more... the more... as facing, toward, aimed at/

[] /completely; until the end/ [] /if .. is possible, then.../ [] /no way to/ ; [; ] /If I don't , I can't ; I can't unless I ./ Irresistibly/ thing is that..../ [ same state)/ ] /just, for good, once and for all (keeps on [] /Cannot help -ing; Unbearably; ] /Very; Quite; The

[

[]

/nothing else to do but.../

[] /just because/ [] /without/ [] /before ... (something bad happens); while ... still (being OK), while (state still continue) and before the state is finished/ like/ [] [] [] [] [] [] /due to/ /if (one had) 's perspective/ /If ~ just If ~ only/ /not just, limited to/ /I realized/ by/ /explain causes, reasons, grounds/ [] /no need to/ [] /there is such a thing (essence), feels

[]

/through,

I'd/

[] [] [] [] []

/on the contrary/ /that thing called/ /even if; assuming/ /but/ /just as I'd, right at the moment when /regarding,

, [, ] about, concerning/ [] [] [] /to; for/

/because of (that thing)/ /on the other hand, on the other side, one-way/

[] /on the one hand . . . [can also mean "on the other hand"]/ [] /definitely; without a doubt/ /won't (do something)/ /probably won't/ /Both(,,,,)and(,,,,,)/ [] [] []

[] /to make./ [] /To be possible, to be conceivable/ [] /won't you?/ [] /Don't do ~/ + () [] /not very, not much/

[] /to get, to win, to be possible/ [] /to be possible, to be likely/ [] /each time, whenever, either way/ [] /(thing) you know? isn't it?/ [] /In order to do/ [] /particularly thanks to/ [] /as if/ [] /as if, practically/ [] /(1)Even; (2)Given, (Judging) From/By/ /on the occasion ; [; ] of; at; in; before; prior to/ [] of); in; upon (doing something)/

/when; on the occasion of; at (the time

[]

/when/ /as well as; with; along with; at the same time; /not always, not necessarily/

[] when; as; while/

[] [] []

/over; span(ning)/ /toward; to; in contrast to; whereas; in

regard to; in; per/ [] /before [action]/ [] /at/on/in this case/ [] stop doing/ [] [] /to show/ /in one's own way, one's own style/ /am determined to/ [] /cannot help but, cannot

[]

/not until, only after/

; [; ] /Can't help but ; Extremely ; Very / [] /assume, regard X as ~ , suppose/ / than/ [] /as soon as, the instant/ [] /It does not (necessarily) mean that ;

I don't mean that ; It is not (true) that ; It is not the case that [] to/ /nothing but; merely; none other

[] /in order to, [] /despite/

[] /so long as, since/ [] /to affect the senses (to taste, to smell of, to feel like, to give the sensation of etc.)/ [] /As for ~ concerning ~/ [] /worry about, there is a possibility,

there is fear that/ [] /The 'copula' : expresses conditions. X is Y./ [] /'s, of/ [] /also/ [] /please/

other./ [] /

[]

/this, that and the

/as; in the capacity of/ [ /] /I am about to / I

was about to/ [] /Is (animate)/ [00.03] /Basic Grammar Terms/ [] /([verb]-te, connects two sentences)/ [] /Introduction to Verb Conjugation/ [] /from, you can judge, [] /Ichidan verbs/ [] /not necessarily/ [] /When I think it may/ based on/

[in progress]

[] /it must mean, it boils down to/

[] /(with -ve) neither ... nor , also not, either/ [] /how much/ [] /by means of, by, [action] at a place/ [] /(location marker, time marker, direction marker)/ [] /isn't it?/ [] /What/ [] /(honorific) respected-___/

[] /because/ [] /looks like/ [] /Style/ [] /(particle used by na-adjectives)/ [] /Used much like the of na-adjectives - somewhat

archaic./ [] /Turn a phrase ending in a verb into a 'noun phrase'/ [] /each time, every time, whenever/ [] /as; in proportion to; with/ [] /To decide on, to choose/ [] /Existence of possibility/ /(Adds emphasis - sentence ending particle)/ []

[]

/Please ____ (request form)/

[] /to, from (indirect object marker)/

[] /'ha (wa)' used to indicate contrast/ [] /I hear that/ [] /Vm, ~ difficult to/ [] /Ab, seems (/ [] /VmN slight tendency toward, seems like, feels so../ [] /Vru, since; now that; once; as long as/ [] [] [] [] [] [] /Vm, [] /Vm, capable of (a bad thing)/ /exceeding, above/ /point of view/ /N, On/ /V, ought to, must/ /Vpm, impossible to/ Looks like/ /To become/

[]

[] /whether, the question of (sub sentence question)/

[] /why?, what for?/ [] /Vm, tend to, sensitive to/ of/ [] /a thing that, the thing/ [] /Vm, -ing/ [] /Vru, (negative command - sentence ending particle)/ [] [] [ ] [] [-] /Vm, despite while, although/ /covered with; littered with; infested with,full /? (for casual questions)/ /? (for casual questions)/ /even if/ /Vte, (Definitely, completely [often to ones

[] regret] do V)/ [ ] [] [] /but/ [] /but/

[] /till, to/ /Vte, (te-form verb + contrastative ha /a bit.../ /but, however/ wa)/

[]

[] []

/However, but/ /from (the point of view)/

[] /if, when (verb form)/ [] /if/ [] /To be, is (formal equivalent of [da])/

[] /to do (irregular verb)/

[] /? (sentence ending particle - question) [F]/ [] /throughout, through, during all/ () [()] not ; it is not that not / /it isn't the case that

[] /I wonder.. (Based on question particle.)/ (= ) [] /Vn, As well not to ~/ [] /! (exclamation mark, add emphasis, denote new information being imparted)/ [] /'topic marker' (also shown as 'wa')/ [] /(subject marker)/ [] /N, to want something (desirative)/ [] /Vm, wanting to do ___/ [] /V, To say to (do something)/ asking someone to ask someone else to try to/ [] /V, do something (indirect order)/ [] /V,

[] /'object marker' (also shown as 'o') / [] /area passed through ()/

[] /(marks point of departure) / [] /[Verb Phrase] with all your [Noun Phrase]/ [] /? (basic question particle)/ [] /(adds emphasis) [female]/ [] /Vm, middle of doing...continues to/ [] /indicates direction of verb. Also pronounced 'e'/ [] /should do Vru/ [] /if/

[] /meaning; reason; circumstances/ [] /Vte (Continuing states, experience, repetative events)/ doing currently/

[]

/Vte something has been purposely put into

a state/ [] option is something/

/(often it'd be better to do __) Such-and-such an

[] /more ____/ [] /than, rather than/ [] /why don't we/

[] /Vm na (positive command - sentence ending particle)/ [] /became a rule; been decided that; expected to; supposed to/ [] /as hard as possible/ [] /keep on doing .../ [] /started but not finished/ [] /based (up)on/ [] /just at the time when/ [] /can't avoid doing x/ [] /in the end, result/ [] /in that way/ to feel X [] /be dying to do something, strongly, can't help it.../ [] [] [] [] [] [] [] /as far as, /rather/ as long as, until,

/because (of a negative thing)/ unless/

/incredible!/ /have someone do something for you/ /with effort/ apparently, I heard/ probably, isn't it?/ /seem, look like, /I guess, wonder,

[]

[] /verb-totally/ [] /appearance, looks, seems/ [] /by the way/ [] /...said; no matter what/

[] /leaving aside, aside from/ [] /Vm, verb~together, mutually/ [] [] /vain; hopeless/ /place, time, occasion/

[]

/not only, but also

starting with/

[] /whether, if/ [] /considering ..., for .../ [] /Since; Take the opportunity afforded by to / [] /not at all; far from; anything but; out of the question/ [] [] [] [] /in any case, anyway/ /I decided, it was decided, it is a rule/ /To be decided, to be arranged/ /while doing A, I had a chance to do B, /on the opportunity of/ [] /looks

since doing A anyway, do B/ []

like or seems like/ /while doing A, do B/ [] instead of Noun /

[]

/instead of / in place of/ []

/use Noun

[] /to make up for, [] /is (inanimate)/ [] [] /my utmost, [] /at least,

in exchange for/

/passive verb ending/ at most/

at most a small thing/

[] /as expected, after all/ [] /suddenly, by coincidence/ [] /without thinking, despite myself/

[] /carelessly, without thinking/ [] /Writing system based on ancient chinese pictographs/ [ ] /from the point of view, based on/ [] /for/

[

] /as, along with, like/ [] /in line with, in keeping with/ [] /rather, more than/ [] /depending on, according to/ ] /ignoring, leaving aside/ things)/ [] [ as expected (used for positive /really, as was expected/ []