JURNALISM, ANUL 1-2, CURS 12
PRESENT SIMPLE: AFFIRMATIVE FREQUENCY ADVERBS (prezentul simplu: afirmativ adverbe de frecven)
Statements (afirmaii): we use the present simple to describe general facts,
repeated actions and habits, things that are always true (folosim prezentul simplu pentru a descrie fapte generale, aciuni repetate i obiceiuri, lucruri care sunt ntotdeauna adevrate)
# general facts (fapte generale) I like milk. ( mi place laptele) Maria plays basketball. (Maria joac baschet) They speak Turkish. ( Ei vorbesc limba turc). We live in Australia. (Noi trim/locuim n
Australia). # repeated actions and habits (aciuni repetate i obiceiuri) Harry often arrives late. ( H adesea ajunge trziu) I usually get up at 7.30. ( De obicei m scol la 7.30) I walk to school every day. ( Merg la coal zilnic) My brother usually walks with me. ( Fratele meu de
obicei merge cu mine). # things that are always true (lucruri care sunt ntotdeauna
adevrate) The sun rises in the east. ( Soarele rsare la est) The earth goes round the sun. ( Pmntul se nvrte
n jurul soarelui). I walk (merg, m plimb) We walk You walk They walk BUT (dar) he walks She walks It walks Spelling (ortografierea): go ( a merge) goes Miss (a rata, a-I lipsi) misses Watch ( a privi) watches Wash ( a spla) washes Relax ( a se relaxa) relaxes Always (mereu), usually (de obicei), often ( adesea), sometimes (uneori), never
(niciodat) always 100% Tim always wears jeans. (Tim poart intotdeauna blugi) usually 80% I usually go to bed at 9.30. (Eu de obicei m culc la 9.30) often 60% Sue often goes to the cinema. (Sue merge deseori la cinema) sometimes 40% Sam sometimes walks to school. (Sam uneori merge la coal.)
never 0% It never rains here in August. (Niciodata nu plou aici n august)
The frequency adverb goes between subject and verb. (adverbul de freven este plasat ntre subiect i verb): Monday always comes after Sunday. (Luni vine ntotdeauna dup duminic) Practice: 1. Complete each sentence with a verb from the box. ( Completai propoziiile cu verbele date mai jos): arrive ( a sosi) like ( a i plcea) live ( a tri/locui) rain ( a ploua) start ( a ncepe) teach ( a preda)
a) David likes chocolate. b) It.here in November. c) Liz.with her family in Italy. d) George often.late. e) The lesson..at 6.00. f) Kate and Jim.English in Spain.
2. Underline the correct word in each sentence. (Subliniai cuvntul corect n fiecare propoziie):
a) Juan and Carmen live/lives in Madrid. b) Harry watch/watches television every evening. c) I usually go/goes to school by bus. d) It never snow/snows in this city. e) Sam live/lives in that house. f) You never clean/cleans your teeth! g) Carol get/gets up early every day. h) All the buses leave/leaves from this bus-stop.
3. Complete each sentence. Use the verb and frequency adverb in brackets. (Completai fiecare propoziie. Folosii verbul i adverbul de frecven din paranteze.)
a) Tina (sometimes, miss) sometimes misses the bus to school. b) I (never, get up).before 6.00. c) We (usually, have)..a holiday in August. d) Jim and Helen (often, go).to the theatre. e) I (often, sing)..in the shower. f) Pat (sometimes, play)..football on Sunday. g) You (never, finish)your homework! h) Our teacher (always, wear)a tie.
PRESENT SIMPLE: NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS (prezentul simplu: forma negativ i interogativ)
# Negatives (forma negativ): I dont like ice-cream. ( Nu-mi place ngheata) She doesnt eat chocolate. ( Ea nu mnnc
ciocolat) I do not walk He does not walk. We do not walk. I dont walk. He doesnt walk. We dont walk. You do not walk. She does not walk. They do not walk. You dont walk. She doesnt walk. They dont walk. It does not walk. It doesnt walk. # Examples: I dont drink coffee. ( Nu beau cafea). Tom doesnt play tennis. (Tom nu joac tennis) They dont speak Italian. ( Ei nu vorbesc italiana). We dont live in France. ( Noi nu locuim n Frana). # Questions (ntrebri, interogativul): Do you walk to school or do you take the bus? (Mergi pe jos la coal sau iei autobuzul?) I usually walk. ( de obicei merg pe jos). Do I walk? Does he walk? Do we walk? Do you walk? Does she walk? Do they walk? Does it walk? # Examples: Do you like ice-cream? (ti place ngheata?) Does Ana play basketball? (Ana joac basket?) Does Harry often arrive late? ( Harry ajunge trziu des? Do they speak Italian? (Ei vorbesc limba italian?) Do you live in Australia? (Locuiesti/triesti n Australia?) Do you usually get up at 7.30? ( De obicei te scoli la 7.30?) # Careful! (Atenie)!: I walk, you walk, we walk BUT: he walks, she walks, it walks He walks BUT: Does he walk? I dont walk. BUT: He doesnt walk. She doesnt walk.
Practice: 1. Complete each sentence. Put the words in brackets into the correct order. (Completai fiecare propoziie. Punei cuvintele din paranteze n ordinea corect): a) Our (smoke, not, teachers, do).teachers do not smoke at school. b). Where (Helen, live, does).? c) (do, not, go, we)..to the cinema on Friday. d) (David, does, ride).a bike? e) (play, do, you)..football after school? f) Kate (like, does, not)oranges. g) I (lunch, usually, have).at 1.30. 2. Complete each sentence. Use the words in brackets. (Completai fiecare propoziie. Folosii cuvintele din paranteze): a) Mary (like, not)..does not like.baseball. b) (wash, Peter).his face every morning? c) (watch, you)..television every day? d) I (eat, not, often)fruit. e) (have, we)homework today? f) My friends (live, not)near my house 3. Write a question or a negative sentence. (Scriei o ntrebare sau o propoziie negativ): a) Jack get up at 7.00.Does Jack get up at 7.00? b) Alice and Mike walk to work.? c) Jack leave home at 8.00..? d) Alice and Mike relax in the evening.? e) Alice and Mike not/like tennisAlice and Mike dont like tennis. f) Jack not/wear school uniform. g) Alice and Mike not/use computers.. h) Jack not/do his homework
PRESENT CONTINUOUS: AFFIRMATIVE (prezentul continuu: afirmativ) Statements (afirmaii): we use the present continuous to talk about actions
happening at the moment. (folosim prezentul continuu pentru a vorbi despre aciuni care se petrec la momentul vorbirii)
I am sitting in my car. ( Stau/ed acum n maina mea) Shes watching television. (Ea se uit acum la televizor)
I am waiting (eu atept) He is waiting We are waiting. Im waiting. Hes waiting. Were waiting. You are waiting. She is waiting They are waiting. Youre waiting. Shes waiting. Theyre waiting. It is waiting. Its waiting.
Examples: Im studying English. (Acum studiez englez) My brothers talking on the telephone now. (Fratele meu vorbete acum la
telefon) Were swimming in the sea. (Acum notm n mare) Sues reading a book at the moment. (Sue citete o carte n momentul
sta) Spelling (ortografierea): a) verbs with two vowels and ending in one consonant, add ING
(verbele cu dou vocale i terminate ntr-o consoan, adaug ING) Wait waiting b) Verbs ending in e, drop e and add ING (la verbele terminate
n e, se taie e i se adaug ING) Make making Decide deciding Write writing c) Verbs ending with one vowel and one consonant, double the
consonant (verbele terminate ntr-o vocal i o consoan, dubleaz consoana) Sit sitting Swim swimming Cut cutting d) Verbs ending in ie, change ie to Y (verbele terminate n ie,
schimb ie n Y) Lie lying Tie tying Die dying e) Verbs ending in a vowel and y, add ING (verbele terminate
n vocal i y, adaug ING) Stay staying Play playing Say saying Practice: 1. Write sentences (present continuous) (Scriei propoziii cu prezentul continuu): a) I/eat..Im eating. b) They/listen.. c) She /come.. d) You / move. e) It / rain.. f) We / sing.
2. Complete this letter. Pur the verbs in brackets into the present continuous. (Completai aceast scrisoare. Punei verbele din paranteze la prezentul continuu) Dear Jim, We (1) (have)are having.a terrible holiday. It (2) (rain)..I (3) (sit)..in the hotel. I (4) (watch)..television. Tom and Peter (5) (play).computer games. Alice (6) (read).a book. Susan (7) (make)a cup of coffee. The baby (8) (cry).I want to go home. All the best, George
PRESENT CONTINUOUS: NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS (prezentul continuu: forma negativ i interogativ)
# Negatives (forma negativ): Im not walking to school today. (Nu merg pe jos
la coal azi)
I am not waiting (eu nu atept acum)
He is not waiting We are not waiting
Im not waiting He isnt waiting We arent waiting (Hes not) (Were not) You are not waiting She is not waiting They are not waiting You arent waiting She isnt waiting They arent waiting (Youre not..) (Shes not) (Theyre not) It is not waiting It isnt waiting (Its not waiting) Examples: Im not drinking milk, Im drinking cola. (Acum nu beau lapte, beau cola) They arent playing football. Theyre playing rugby. (Ei nu joac fotbal acum, joac rugby). #Questions (ntrebri, interogativul): Are you walking to school today? ( Mergi pe jos la coal azi?) Am I waiting? Is he waiting? Are we waiting? Are you waiting? Is she waiting? Are they waiting? Is it waiting? Examples: What are you doing? (Ce faci acum?) Im fixing my bike. ( mi repar bicicleta) Are you reading? (Citeti?) No, Im not reading. (Nu, nu citesc)
Careful! (Atenie!): It is better to use the contractions in statements and negatives! ( este mai bine s utilizai formele scurte n afirmaii i negaii). Practice: 1. Change the statements into questions (Trecei de la forma afirmativ la cea i