Katrina news coverage

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  • 1. Kori Valentine Peter Martin Amy Joseph Arielle Mellen Terra Neukam

2. PRIOR TO KATRINATrend #1: Less popular forms of media had stronger media coverage 3. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE?

  • Engineering News Record -September 27, 2004
  • Predictions of more frequent big storms hitting the U.S. in the next decades could challenge existing construction techniques, building codes and evacuation procedures
  • Hurricane Ivan and the devastation to Florida
  • Explores the bigger picture (Louisiana, Mississippi)

4. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE?

      • The citys levee system is adequate for 90% to 95% of likely storms. It's the other five to 10% that scare me, senior project manager. (on Louisiana)
  • Infrastructure improvements needed
  • Written by seven prominent journalists
    • i.e. Tom Sawyer, Richard Korman
        • Credibility
        • Objective information
  • Variety of sources: Engineers, city officials, etc.

5. WHAT WAS INEFFECTIVE?

  • HURRICANE ANDREW ; Down to the Basics: Hunting For Food, Water and Shelter
        • The New York Times August 26, 1992
  • Focus on Miamis response only
  • Does not explore the bigger picture

6. DURING KATRINATrend #2: Coverage from mainstream media was vague immediately before and after Hurricane Katrina first hit; It seemed as if the mainstream media made light of the situation.

  • Why?
    • Reporters were not knowledgeable enough
    • Miscommunications

7. WHAT WAS INEFFECTIVE?

  • The Times PicayuneIssues Hurricane Watch - August 27, 2005
      • Southeast Louisiana certainly has a good chance of landfall or at least feeling the effects of KatrinaThere could be some topping of levees
      • The storm moved west atabout 7 mphand was expected to take agradualturn west-northwest through the early afternoon. Landfall is expected early Monday.
  • CNN News Coverage
      • Focuses on the problems, not how people can help
        • Stories of individuals who cannot communicate with outside world
        • No mention of programs that have been set up to aid these people

8. INEFFECTIVE

  • CNN Weather Report - August 29, 2005
    • Instilling panic
    • Making light of the situation
  • "I don't want to alarm anyone that New Orleans is filling up like a bowl.
    • The New York Times -August 31, 2005
      • Treaster, J. & Kleinfield, N. (2005). New Orleans is inundated as 2 levees fail; much of gulf coast is crippled; toll rises.The New York Times,pp . 1A .
    • Incorrect source
      • Michael Brown (FEMA) vs. David Vitter (LA Senator)

9. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE?

  • NPR- August 28, 2005
    • Joe Suhayda: Potential to be flooding up until midpoint of second story building in the French Quarter because New Orleans is below sea level
    • Why is this effective?
      • Expert vs. citizen was on-site reporting
      • Brings in outside knowledge
        • Levees are only strong enough to withhold a Category 3 storm and this has become a Category 5
      • Listener realizes what is actually going
        • No sugarcoating details
        • Clear that this is not an average storm

10. DURING KATRINATrend #3: It isnt until the event actually happens that it becomes news; nobody knows until it is too late.

  • Mainstream media started to accurately report on Katrina once it had already hit (August 30 th )

11. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE

  • City a Woeful Scene,The Times Picayune- August 30, 2005
    • Reaches out to help every citizen (locally AND nationally) understand what has happened and the current situation
    • Examples:
      • Why levees failed to protect
      • Extent of the damage
      • Looting problem and resulting danger
      • Authority response (ex: what are police officers doing to help)

12. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE?

  • New Orleans is Now Off Limits; Pentagon Joins in Relief Effort, The New York Times - August 31, 2005
    • Detailed overview of situation in New Orleans
    • Why damage is so bad
    • Steps national government has taken

13. After the Crisis

  • Trend #4: Most news is effective and extremely informative in the time following the crisis.

14. AFTER THE CRISIS

  • Political Storm Brewing Over Katrina Disaster, The Times Picayune - Septemberm 3, 2005
    • Government and FEMA admit they were unprepared
    • Answers to What went wrong?
    • Gives answers that the entire nation needs to know

15. WHAT WAS EFFECTIVE?

  • News sources caught onto effective reporting trends = Effective Reporting
    • What happened? How did it all happen? What went wrong? What is currently happening?
    • Main topics
      • Government response
      • Relief efforts
      • Prevention measures for future
      • How to help
      • Articles more narrowly focused
        • Detail on specific topic vs. overview of situation
          • Ex: Local papers focused on means of survivalwhere to get food, numbers to call

16. WHAT WAS INEFFECTIVE?

  • Majority effective, but still some examples of ineffective
  • Hurricane Dealt Blow to Popularity of Katrina as Baby Name ,The New York Times,May 13, 2007
  • Katie Couric News Clip
    • Is this credible?
      • Based on her opinions
    • Comments from unknown sources
      • This source said

17. RECAP

  • Prior to Katrina
    • Non-mainstream sources (i.e. NPR, Engineering and Contracting News) provided more useful information that mainstream media never focused on
  • During Katrina
    • Mainstream media started to accurately report on Katrina once it had already hit (August 30 th )
      • It isnt until an event actually happens that it becomes news
  • After Katrina
    • Most news seemed to be effective and informative