Kelln Solar The Power of the Future Wind & Solar in Saskatchewan Now and To Come University of Regina Sustainable Energy Symposium 17 March 2008
2 2 2 Outline Energy Forms Energy 101 Wind & Solar The Here and Now Wind & Solar The Potential Wind & Solar Whats Required Renewable Energy Making It Work
3 3 3 Energy Forms Energy 101 Energy 101
4 4 4Non-Renewables Uranium natural- occurring material which is used to create electrical energy by fission (splitting of the nucleus) Fossil Fuels materials which we combust and which were created millions of years ago by the compression of natural material into hydrocarbon reserves of what we know as: coal, crude oil, natural gas, and tar sands
5 5 5 Co-generation Using otherwise waste energy from one function to provide energy for another function For example, using waste heat from an ice plant to heat a rink and/or other buildings Or, using heat from an electrical generator to provide energy for a heating application
6 6 6 Renewable Energies Those forms of energy which are considered to be relatively infinite in supply, as long as there is sunlight, including: Those forms of energy which are considered to be relatively infinite in supply, as long as there is sunlight, including: Biomass plant material used to create fuel, either burned as solid fuel such wood, straw, grain pellets, or more refined forms, such as ethanol and bio-diesel.
7 7 7 More Renewables Hydro energy which is used directly by powering water wheels to do work (i.e.- old grain mills) or indirectly to produce electricity through the use of turbines. Tidal energy created by capturing the large movement of water in tides.
8 8 8 More Renewables Solar energy which is derived directly from the capturing of the suns rays (thermal or electrical energy) Wind energy which is derived from the movement of air caused by the heating of the sun (mechanical or electrical energy)
9 9 9 Wind Forms of Use Mechanical used to directly drive such things as windmills for grain milling, water pumping, or aeration in water bodies Electrical used to generate electricity
10 10 10 Solar Energy Forms of Use Thermal using the suns infra-red radiation directly, or indirectly, to provide heat Electrical transferring energy from the suns light spectrum into useable electrical power.
11 11 11 Solar Thermal Energy Passive Use direct heating by the suns rays striking an object (i.e. a rock, dark object, or as in heating a room using a window) Active Use - indirect use of the suns heat through the use of solar collectors and mechanical means of heat distribution.
12 12 12 Abundant Renewables for Saskatchewan Biomass large area with many arable acres. Ethanol and bio-diesel are under development Wind among the best resource availability in the world. Solar even with short winter days, and especially with our long summer days, with our clear skies we have great insolation
13 13 13 Wind & Solar The Here and Now The Here and Now
14 14 14 Wind Energy We are highly dependent on fossil-fuel generated energy - in Saskatchewan, about 60-70% of electrical power comes from coal, and 10-15% from natural gas, balance from hydro and wind Wind energy production represents less than 5% of current power
15 15 15 Solar Energy - Passive Sometimes by design, more often by happenstance, our buildings are heated in part directly by the sun on a daily basis Passive Solar energy hard to measure but already an important contribution Well designed residences can get at least 1/3 heating from passive solar
16 16 16 Solar Energy - Active For heating we rely mostly on natural gas with some use of electricity Solar energy both electrical and thermal production is so small currently as to be almost unmeasurable
17 17 17 Wind & Solar The Potential The Potential
18 18 18 Wind and Solar The Potential We have more insolation (sunlight reaching the earth) in Saskatchewan than Germany or Japan or Spain We have among the best wind opportunities in the world - more wind potential than Denmark, which produces about 25% of its power by wind
19 19 19 Wind and Solar The Potential Energy Conservation Solar Pool Heating Solar Domestic Hot Water Wind Generation Solar Space Heating Solar Electric
20 20 20 Wind & Solar Whats Required Whats Required
21 21 21 Wind & Solar Whats Required The previous SK Government Green Plan had a target of 20% of all our energy requirements (for electrical and heating needs) to be met by renewables by 2030. We need to move forward aggressively now to meet even that target, which other jurisdictions plan to meet by 2020.
22 22 22 Wind & Solar Whats Required The Plain Fact Only if we reduce our use of energy in general, will renewables - including wind and solar - be able to make a significant percentage of our energy used. Of the three Rs Reduce is the first
23 23 23 Wind & Solar Whats Required Remember this, if nothing else: $1 in Energy Conservation = $3-$5 in Energy Generation
24 24 24 Wind & Solar Whats Required We need to have de-centralized small scale energy producers throughout the province some providing energy/heat for their own needs and some providing power to the grid These can be in the form of solar thermal or solar electrical or independent wind producers
25 25 25 Wind & Solar Whats Required Sask Power needs to be a positive partner in the progress of wind and solar power Sask Power needs to be pro-active in charting what areas can accept what kind of de-centralized power production using existing infrastructure
26 26 26 Wind & Solar Whats Required Net-metering instituted in September 07 means small-scale power producers (under 100 Kw) can deduct their production from their consumption and pay for the difference (the net amount)
27 27 27 Wind & Solar Whats Required 25% Grants for installed small-scale power producers need to be extended and enlarged (was $300,000 to end of this prov. fiscal year)
28 28 28 Wind Whats Required Currently, wind power is mostly owned by Sask Power and located in south-east Saskatchewan Ownership will need to be broadened and also the locations of wind generators to capture varying wind potentials
29 29 29 Solar Whats Required There are currently funds for solar hot water systems for existing residential application about 15-25% of installed costs 2 panel system (4ft x 8 ft panels) can reduce DHW heating costs by 60% Incentives must be larger at first to reach a critical mass of acceptance
30 30 30 Solar Thermal Whats Required There are currently funds for solar pool heating and solar hot water systems for institutions and businesses 25% federal and 25% provincial There needs to be more promotion of the solar hot water program in particular
31 31 31 Solar Electrical Whats Required To make solar electrical production happen will require a substantial drop in $/watt for solar electrical panels or high feed-in tariffs Ontario pays $0.42 per KwHr for solar- generated power (note: Sask Power retail rate is about $0.09 per KwHr) saves them on deferred infrastructure costs
32 32 32 Renewable Energy Making It Work Making It Work
33 33 33 Renewable Energy Making It Work Educate individuals, communities and businesses create a new (old) conservation ethic around the use of energy Inform people about energy conservation and sustainable energy programs through effective advertising and promotion
34 34 34 Renewable Energy Making It Work Eliminate the provincial sales tax on energy conservation products and renewable energy installations Develop incentives/ disincentives programs i.e. carbon tax, targeted grant programs, higher feed-in tariffs
35 35 35 Renewable Energy Making It Work Develop skills programs in educational institutions Develop a new renewable energy industry and make Saskatchewan a leader in renewable energy skills and adoption
36 36 36 Renewable Energy Making It Work Develop programs for energy upgrading of existing building stock Require new construction/production to incorporate extreme energy-efficiency
37 37 37 Renewable Energy Making It Work Require new construction to incorporate passive solar features through siting and building features Require new construction to incorporate renewable energy systems, or at least to accommodate future renewable energy installations.
38 38 38 Renewable Energy Making It Work 66 KwHr Grid-TiedWindMachineFortBattlefordHistoricSite
39 39 39 Renewable Energy Making It Work 9.0 Kw SolarElectricGrid-Tied FortBattlefordHistoricSite
40 40 40 Renewable Energy Making It Work SolarPoolHeatingAssiniboiaSK
41 41 41 SolarHotWaterCypressHillsProv.Park
42 42 42 Outline Energy Forms Energy 101 Wind & Solar The Here and Now Wind & Solar The Potential Wind & Solar Whats Required Renewable Energy Making It Work
43 43 43 For Things Solar .. Contact Kelln Solar 731-2224 (Lumsden SK) or go to or go firstname.lastname@example.org Kelln Solar The Power of the Future