Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme
Programme written by team: Kimmo Heikka, Kristiina Jokelainen and
Jukka Ters from The Regional Council of Lapland
Cover photos: Lapland The North of Finland www.onlyinlapland.com;
Stora Enso; Agnico-Eagle, Kittilan kaivos
Other photos in order of appearance: Stora Enso; Detria.fi; Juha
Pyhjrvi; Lappset Group Ltd; Hotel & Igloovillage Kakslauttanen;
Timo Ari; Agnico-Eagle, Kittil mine; Lapland The North of Finland;
Arctic Power, Kalle Junttila; Regional Council of Lapland, Lapland The
North of Finland; Mikko Jokinen
Layout and graphic design: Markus Ylikoski / Reddo Partners Ltd
Regional Council of Lapland
Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme
Regional Council of Lapland, November 2013
Table Of ContentsForeword 7
1. Introduction 101.1 Finlands Strategy for the Arctic Region2013 121.2 Definition of the Arctic operational environment 131.3 Global drivers of Arctic growth 14
2. Lapland: The Most Arctic Region In The European Union 152.1. Current state analysis: Lapland 2013 15
2.1.1 Viewpoints of Laplands economic actors concerning the Arctic 172.1.2 Lapland of industries - Arctic business 192.1.3 Lapland of innovations 232.1.4 Lapland of expertise 252.1.5 International Lapland 282.1.6 Sustainable Lapland 29
3. Vision And Strategy Of Laplands Arctic Specialisation 333.1 Vision 333.2 Six cornerstones of Arctic development in Lapland 343.3 Strategic Arctic priorities of industries in Lapland 36
3.3.1 Priorities of Arctic business in Lapland 373.4 Education and RDI as part of Laplands Arctic specialisation 40
4 Implementation Of Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme 414.1 Implementation of selected priorities in 2014-2020 41
4.1.1 Refining Arctic natural resources 414.1.2 Utilising Arctic natural conditions 424.1.3 Cross-cutting development for Arctic growth 42
4.2 Detailed presentation of proposals for action 444.1.1 Refining Arctic natural resources 44
4.1.2 Utilising Arctic natural conditions 484.1.3 Cross-cutting development for Arctic growth 51
4.2 Roadmap 20142020 57
5. Programme Monitoring and Assessment 625.1 Introduction 625.2 Role of monitoring and assessment 625.3 Monitoring and assessment of the Arctic Specialisation Programme 63
ANNEX The streering group of the Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme 67
7ForewordEverybody is today talking about Arcticness, emphasising either threats or opportunities, depending on the speaker and viewpoint. There are major global factors of change behind all this, ranging from climate change and fluctuations in the balance of power in global economy to the increased demand for natural resources. Climate change and the possible melting of polar ice may lead to opening up a new sea route to the Arctic Ocean and a new commercial route to Asia, which has gradually become the centre of power of the new global economy. Climate change will also facilitate the exploitation of minerals and natural resources in northern regions. It has been estimated that almost one fourth of the worlds unexploited oil and gas resources are located in Arctic regions.
In this change of the operational environment, Finland has begun to define its national position with regard to Arctic development prospects: the Council of State revised Finlands national Arctic Strategy in August 2013. The revised strategy emphasises the increasing importance of the Arctic Region and the idea of whole Finland as an Arctic country.
As an action programme for Finlands most Arctic Region, Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme can be considered to specify Finlands national Arctic Strategy. The programme takes the objectives of the national strategy to a more concrete level and brings Laplands role and importance in Arctic development prospects to the level it deserves. Furthermore, the programme is Laplands response to the European Unions Smart Specialisation concept for the next programming period.
The programme highlights Laplands natural resources and natural conditions, their sustainable utilisation, and increasing value added. Laplands strong spearhead sectors are still tourism and the mining industry, and opportunities have also been
sought in bioeconomy. The key of the programme is the strong positioning of our region as part of national and international Arctic development. In the future, Lapland will be more distinctively profiled into an international centre of Arctic transport, information and telecommunications.
Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme has been prepared jointly by Laplands regional actors. I wish to thank all the parties who have contributed to this programme for their committed efforts that show faith in the future. For us in Lapland, Arcticness shows as vast potential. The opportunities offered by energy, logistics and abundant natural resources are waiting to be exploited. Above all ordinary, it is safe to say that Lapland is the best Arctic region!
Mika Riipi County Governor
8SummaryThe European Commission has introduced the Smart Specialisation1 policy concept in order to support the regions of the EU and to boost competitiveness and innovation. Smart specialisation strategies help regions integrate their development efforts through EU financing. Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme focuses on the points of departure and opportunities of Laplands smart specialisation and on concrete draft proposals. The key target group in the programme is financing authorities and Laplands development organisations.
Arctic regions are important in global terms, so they also arouse international interest from the point of view of finance, expertise, education and research. Finlands new national Arctic strategy also relies on this approach and the fact that Finland as a whole is part of the Arctic Region. Lapland, Finlands northernmost region, is an essential part of Finlands Arctic character, considering that of the people living to the north of the 60th latitude, almost every third is a Finn2.
The following development cornerstones have been identified in the preparation of Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme: accessibility, the sustainable utilisation of natural resources and natural conditions, increasing value added, making more efficient use of the expertise already accumulated in Lapland, and Arctic pride. The programme recognises the role of Lapland as an Arctic living environment, in which development efforts are constantly pursued in close interaction with inhabitants and the Arctic nature. The key objective is to identify and develop Arctic fields of
business whose sustainable utilisation will offer Lapland opportunities to exploit its commercial expertise in the short, medium and long term. Another aim is to offer employment to inhabitants and provide companies with preconditions for new business.
According to the vision of Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme 2030, Lapland will enjoy a leading position in exploiting and commercialising Arctic natural resources and conditions. Lapland will also be the centre of international arctic transport, information and telecommunications. From the point of view of Laplands future, the aspects to be highlighted are the sustainable utilisation of natural resources and natural conditions and increasing value added. The most important Arctic spearhead sectors in Lapland are the mining and metal industry, tourism and bioeconomy. Although Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme focuses on specific sectors, it also challenges others to innovate new, strong spearhead sectors. The expertise that has accumulated in Lapland will be utilised across several sectors. The unexploited draft innovations generated by companies, research institutes and educational institutions in Lapland will be investigated systematically.
Laplands Arctic Specialisation Programme contains proposals for action for the period 2014-2020. The proposals are divided into three main categories: the refining of Arctic natural resources, utilisation of Arctic natural conditions and cross-cutting development enabling Arctic growth. The programme contains some 50 specified proposals for action. The programme is linked with Laplands Arctic Specialisation roadmap, which sets out the phasing of the various actions for the period 2014-2020. In addition, the programme describes
9the structure of financing innovations and business in Lapland, within the framework of which the actions will be implemented. The proposals for action of the Arctic programme will be integrated with broader regional development work by means of a regional assessment and monitoring model.
1. Introducti onThe promoti on of innovati on is one of the key prioriti es of the European Unions regional policy for the next programming period (2014- 2020). The purpose of the Smart Specialisati on concept launched by the European Union3 is to help regions fi nd innovati on opportuniti es in their own sectors and services. In practi ce, smart specialisati on refers to specialisati on in which economic growth is based on uti lising competence structures to develop the regional business sector.
Smart specialisati on helps fi nd interacti on between and within diff erent sectors, services and technologies both in and between regions. Financial aid is allocated from structural funds on the conditi on that regional and nati onal Smart Specialisati on strategies have been prepared4 . One of the most important aims of the Smart
Specialisati on strategy is to assist regions in integrati ng their development eff orts with the EUs fi nancial instruments and programmes in order to create mutually complementary proposals for acti on.
Lapland is Finlands most Arcti c region, which is developed in view of the internati onal, nati onal and regional operati onal environment and its Arcti c special features. The enti re Lapland is an
3 htt p://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/newsroom/detail.cfm?id=361&lang=en
4 htt p://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/infor-mat/2014/smart_specialisati on_fi .pdf
Arcti c Region, which requires combining public fi nancing and private investments and maximising the benefi ts of the inputs made in the region.
Laplands Arcti c Specialisati on Strategy under the theme Lapland - A Strong Arcti c Expert was prepared in an ERDF project by the Regional Council of Lapland between October 2012 and November 2013. The work largely followed the six-phase guidelines issued by the European Commission (Figure 1).
The Regional Council of Lapland assigned Laplands Arcti c Specialisati on Programme the status of a Smart Specialisati on Strategy. The programme was prepared along with developing the 2014-2017 Innovati on Programme for the Lapland University Consorti um. The Arcti c Specialisati on Programme was integrated with the regional
operati onal programme and emphasises the most important regional drivers and emerging spearhead sectors.
The Arcti c Specialisati on Programme highlights in parti cular soluti on models that take account of the special features of the region. In additi on, perspecti ve is needed on how the inputs from diff erent fi nancing programmes and instruments can be channelled to joint development projects. At the same ti me, the eff ects of fi nancing can be maximised and effi cient use made of the diminishing resources. The increased internati onal interest shown
Figure 1: Phases of the Smart Specialisati on Strategy
Integration of monitoring
and evaluation mechanisms
Implementation,denition of a coherent policy mix, roadmaps
and action plan
denition of a coherent policy mix, roadmaps
Identication of priorities
Developing an overall vision of the
regions futureoverall vision of the
Governance: Ensuringparticipation and
Governance: EnsuringAnalysis of regional context and potential
towards Arctic regions also calls for actions to manage Arctic knowhow and expertise in Arctic conditions.
The Regional Council of Lapland assigned
the status of a Smart Specialisation Strategy.
Different types of analysis and planning methods have been used in the preparation of the programme in order to take account of the needs and views of a large group of actors. Interviews, workshops and regional hearings were arranged during the preparation process, peer evaluation was sought at the international level, and the progress of the work was presented at different venues.
A steering group consisting of several members was appointed to the project. The work was presented to the group
regularly and the group was consulted for feedback on the choices made in the priorities. A number of stakeholder meetings and workshops were arranged during the project, theme interviews were conducted with companies and economic stakeholders, and an electronic business survey was carried out. In addition, a broad consultation was arranged with the most important stakeholders towards the end of the programme preparation process. The authors of the programme participated in future workshops, which were organised as part of the regional operational programme work and by higher education institutions. Existing thematic strategies and programme documents were also used as background material. The integration of the Arctic Specialisation Programme with other regional development efforts was ensured through extensive stakeholder work and participatory actions.
A group of development priorities and values was selected for use as the basis and starting point of the Arctic Specialisation Programme, as shown in the figure below (Figure 2).
Figure 2: Lapland as an arctic expert and actor / Laplands Arctic Programme
1.1 Finlands Strategy for the Arctic Region520136
Based on the guidelines issued by the Finnish Government, Finlands Strategy for the Arctic Region was revised by a working group, which published the document Finlands Strategy for the Arctic Region 2013 - Decision in Principle of the Council of State 23 August 2013 in August. According to the document, Finlands revised Strategy for the Arctic Region 2013 is based on comprehensiveness and a broad-based approach. The Strategy comprises the following themes: vision, Finlands Arctic population, education and research, Finlands Arctic business,
5 Nordregio/J. Roto.6 http://valtioneuvosto.fi/tiedostot/julkinen/arktinen_strategia/Suomen_arktinen_strategia_fi.pdf
stability and the environment, international Arctic cooperation, and the objectives and implementation of the programme.
According to the vision of the revised national Arctic strategy, Finland will be an active operator capable of sustainably combining environmental business opportunities through inte...