Logistics Notes

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LOGISTICS SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

2006 .

......................................................................................1 ...............................................................................................................2 ...............................................3 1.1 .................................................................................................................3 1.2 Logistics................................................................3 .........4 1.2.1 & ...................................................................................4 1.2.2 ...............................................................5 1.2.3 ..........................................................5 1.2.4 ..................................................................................................6 1.2.5 ........................................................................................6 1.2.6 .....................................................................................................6 1.2.7. ..................................................6 1.2.8 ............................................................................7 1.3 Marketing & ....................................................7 2. .................................................................................9 2.1 ...................................................................................................................9 3. ...................................................11 3.1 .....11 3.2 .................................................................................................................12 4. ..............................................................................14 4.1 .............................................................................14 4.1.1 .............................................................................14 4.1.2 ......................................................................15 5. ...................................................................................16 5.1 ...................................................................................17 5.2 (f1ow entities)....................................................17 5.3 .....................................................................................17 .....................................................................................................................................19 6. .....................20 6.1 .....................................................20 6.3 ............................................................21 6.4 ....................21 6.5 .......................................................................................22 6.6 ................................................................................................23 6.6.1 .................................................................................24 7. & ....................................................................25 8. ....................................................27 8.2 ...................................................................30 8.3 ...........................................................................31 ...............................................................................................32

1.1 . (Logistics) , , , . ( ), . . Logistics , , . 1.2 Logistics Logistics : 1. 2. 1 Logistics : 1

Logistics : (Warehousing) (Material Handling) (Protective Packaging) (Purchase) (Product Scheduling) (Information Support) Logistics

1 Logistics

/

1.2.1 & o Logistics. 2/3 logistics. logistics . (intermodal multimodal

transport). .. 1.2.2 logistics . . . . 1/3 logistics. , . 1.2.3 logistics ( & , ). logistics. . . 2

T1+T2+T3, 1 2 3 1.2.4 . , , , .. 1.2.5 (.. ..). , .. 1.2.6 . , .. 1.2.7. , .

( ) . 1.2.8 Logistics , , Logistics, , , , .. Logistics . 3 Logistics

1.3 Marketing & Marketing .

. . (Just In Time J.I.T). To marketing . 4 Logistics

. : .

2. 2.1 / . . 5

o . . . : (, ..).

/ . . , ( ) ( ) . . , .

3. 3.1 (*) 6

( ) . :

: 1. 2. , ( ). . (*) . 3.2 : . (.. , .

7

. .. . , .. .. , , .. . .. , - ..

4. ... .. , , .. 4.1 Logistics . 4.1.1 .. . . 8

, . . Logistics . logistics . , Logistics . 4.1.2 ... . ... . . "80-20", 80% 20% .

5. . 9

4-1 (1) (x1, y1). (2) (x2 ,y2). (2 1). o ( ) 5.1 . , .. , 1 \: , .. , , 5.2 (f1ow entities) ( ) . , .. , , , , (containers). 5.3 . . , ,

. 1: 2: : : (, ) / (, )

: 3: TOY 4: 5:

6. .. : 1 POBH (Facility Locatio Problems) , , 2. POBH (Vehicle Routing Problems). 3. POBH (Vehicle Schedulig Problems) 4. POBH (Vehicle Routing and Schedulig Problems). 6.1 ( ) ... . ... . 1 "" 6.2 - /

6.3 / . "" "" / 6.4 - .. . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. : 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. .

6.5 .. , .. , , . : , .. , , , , , .. , ,

, . : N(V,A) V () V , , . (,j) Cij ("") ; () . , () . 6.6 " " . u : , cl . : , , . , ( ).

: , , , , .., . 6.6.1 . ' , , ' ", , ' " . . "" () (). "" , ().

7. & . . 1. : . 2. : . : 3. Marketing / : . marketing; . . image 4. : , i ,

.

8. . , . . , . . , : o . . . ( , stock, , , ..) , , , , , service. , . (, . ,.) .

, . . , , , , stock ... " " ' . ( ), . ( ) . . . : (, ,

, ..). () ' service , Logistics Logistics , ; stocks . Servic