Madinah Munawwarah

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Virtues and Etiquettes Visiting the Raudha Mubaarak Significant Places By: Madrasah Taleemuddeen


<ul><li>1. Madinah MunawwarahVirtues and EtiquettesVisiting the RaudhaMubaarakSignificant PlacesPrepared byMadrasah Taleemuddeen</li></ul><p>2. Title: Madinah MunawwarahPublished Madrasah Taleemuddeenby: 4 Third AvenueP.O.Box 26393Isipingo BeachDurban4115South AfricaTel:+ 27 31 902 9818Fax:+ 27 31 902 Open permission is granted for the reprinting of this bookprovided it is not for gain and without any alterations A humble appeal is directed to the readers to offersuggestions, corrections etc. to improve the quality of thispublication in the future. May Allah Ta`ala reward you forthis. The compilers, editors, sponsors and typesetters humblyrequest your du`aas for them, their parents, families,mashaayikh and azaatizah. 3. IntroductionThe heart of every Believer is closelyattached to Rasulullah (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam) and his blessed city. Hence,every Muslim aspires to undertake ajourney to visit the Raudha Mubaarak andoffer his Salaams directly to the mostbeloved of Allah Ta`ala Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).This journey is a means of great spiritualupliftmentand inner-purification.However, due to lack of knowledge orneglect, many people merely pass throughas tourists, thereby depriving themselvesof the immense virtues and benefits. In1 4. fact, due to disrespect and disregard forthe sanctity of the blessed places, manyreturn worse off.In order to acquaint the general publicwith the basic knowledge with regard tothe sacred places as well as the etiquettes,a series of talks were held in manyMasaajid of Durban by various speakers.Alhamdulillah, these programs werereceived well and many expressed thebenefit they attained there from. Thisbooklet in your hand is a compilation of 2 5. the summary of the talks delivered on thissubject.1May Allah Ta`ala make it a means ofbenefit for the Ummah at large and blessevery person visiting MadinahMunawwarah with the love of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and returnhim/her completely purified, Aameen.1 Recordings of these programs can bedownloaded from the Madrasah website andobtainable on cd from the Madrasah bookshop. 3 6. Madinah MunawwarahWords cannot describe the love andattachment that every Believer possessesfor Madinah Munawwarah. It is the ardentwish and desire of every Believer to bepresent in Madinah Munawwarah at alltimes and enjoy the serenity, peace andblessings that are found in the blessedcity.Virtues of Madinah MunawwarahIndeed, Madinah Munawwarah is the envyof all the cities in the world, for it holdswithin its soil the best of all creation,Sayyiduna Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi 4 7. Wasallam).The great fortune andpreferenceaffordedto MadinahMunawwarah can be easily seen in the factthat Allah Ta`ala specifically chose it forthe Hijrat (migration), residence andresting place of Nabi (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam). It is a place abounding withblessings. Be it the skies, the sand, the air,everything in Madinah Munawwarah isblessed. The Ahaadeeth mention manyvirtues of Madinah Munawwarah. Few ofwhich are mentioned below. Allah Ta`ala namedMadinahMunawwarah as Taabah (the pureone). (Saheeh Muslim #3357)5 8. I was commanded to migrate to sucha city that devours (supersedes) allother cities. They call it Yathrib,whereas it is Madinah. It expells evilones just as a furnace removes the dirtoff iron. (Saheeh Bukhari #1871) Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) madespecial Du`aafor MadinahMunawwarah: O Allah! Grant MadinahMunawwarah double the blessings Yougranted Makkah Mukarramah. (SaheehBukhari #1885) Whoever bears the difficulties andhardships of Madinah Munawwarahwith forbearance, I shall intercede or 6 9. be a witness for him on the Day ofQiyaamah. (Saheeh Muslim #3344)Etiquettes of Madinah MunawwarahIt is indeed a great honour and privilegefor a person to undertake this spectacularjourney and become the neighbour ofRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) for afew days. In order to take maximumbenefit from this great city and to avoidreturning empty-handed, one is requiredto adopt the proper conduct. There aremany aspects a person needs to considerwhile in Madinah Munawwarah, but for thesake of brevity just a few are mentionedbelow. 7 10. One needs to correct his intentionfrom home. One needs to ask oneselfwhy am I undertaking this journey?It is indeed a great calamity for one toundertake such a momentous journeywith an incorrect intention such asboasting, showing off or shopping,etc. Ones intention should be to visitNabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and topresent salaam directly to him. What agreat good-fortune! Nabi (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam) has stated, Whoevercomes to visit me with no othermotive (driving him to come to me),then it is a right upon me to intercedeon his behalf on the Day of8 11. Qiyaamah. (Al-Mu`jamul Kabeer#13149) Duringthejourney toMadinahMunawwarah, ones enthusiasm andexcitement should increase, since oneis being blessed with the opportunityof visiting ones beloved. One shouldrecite abundant Durood as well as readand discuss the life of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), so that thelove for Rasulullah (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam) isincreased and thethoughts are focussed on him. Thesefeelings should escalate and increaseas one comes closer and closer toMadinah Munawwarah.9 12. One should not harm, speak ill, orhurt the feelings of the people ofMadinah Munawwarah. They are theneighbours of Rasulullah (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam). Nomatterwhatcolour they may be, whether they areArab or not, we must respect thembecause they are the people of the cityof Rasulullah(SallallahuAlaihiWasallam).In one Hadeeth,Nabi(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) mentions:Whoever plots against the people ofMadinah Munawwarah, he will bedestroyed just as salt dissolves inwater. (Saheeh Bukhari #1877)10 13. One should constantly recite DuroodShareef while in Madinah Munawwarah. One should ensure that all his Salaahare performed in Musjid Nabawi. Nabi(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) mentioned:A single Salaah in my Musjid is betterthan a thousand Salaah in any otherMusjidexceptMusjidul Haraam.(Saheeh Bukhari #1190) One should endeavour to adopt theSunnah attire at all times, especiallywhilein Madinah Munawwarah.Special care should be shown tolengthening the beard, keeping thepants above the ankles, wearing theTopee, etc. 11 14. Women shouldbe particular ofobserving Hijaab and Niqaab, ensuringtheir faces are covered. While thismust be observed at all times, the veryleast is to adopt it in these holy landsas a token of respect. Inshallah there ishope that by affording the Hijaab andNiqaab their due importance in theselands, one will be blessed with theability of observing it throughoutones life. One should be watchful of onescompanyandshouldnot beinfluenced by the wrong ideologies ofothers, since all types of people arefound in these holy lands. 12 15. One must be extremely cautious ofcommitting any sin on this sacredland. Negligence should not be showntoanysin,moreespeciallyintermingling of men and women,watching television, taking photos ofanimate objects, etc. Just as rewardsare multiplied in these blessed lands,so too are sins increased and regardedmore seriously in the court of AllahTa`ala. One should spare some time and visitthe various historical sites in MadinahMunawwarah and its surroundingssuch as Musjid Qubaa, Badr, Uhud etc,to bring back the memories of Nabi13 16. (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and theSahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) andtheir sacrifices for the cause of Islam. Make Du`aa for death in MadinahMunawwarah. As Umar (RadiyallahuAnhu) made Du`aa, O Allah, grant memartyrdom in Your path and grantme death in the city of Your beloved(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). (SaheehBukhari #1890) 14 17. VISITING THE RAUDHA MUBAARAKVirtues of visiting the RaudhaMubaarak:Presenting oneselfinthe court ofRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) isone of the greatest acts of worship, forwhich great rewards and virtues havebeen promisedintheAhaadeeth.Hereunder are a few virtues: My intercession becomes necessaryfor the one who visits my grave.(Sunan Daaraqutni #2695/Shu`abul Imaan#3862) 15 18. Visiting me after my death is akin to visiting me during my lifetime. (Sunan Daaraqutni #2694/Shu`abul Imaan #3855) The one who visits me with this being his sole intention will be in my company on the day of Qiyaamah. (Shu`abul Imaan #3856)(A detailed discussion on the authenticity of thesenarrations can be seen in the book Shifaaus Siqaamli Ziyaarati Khairil Anaam of the Hadeeth MasterTaqiyyud Deen As-Subki (Rahimahullah) and otherdetailed works on this subject.)One of the greatest virtues is that when aperson presents himself before Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and offers hissalaam, Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi 16 19. Wasallam) personally listens and replies tohis salaam. (See Shifaaus Siqaam and AlqoululBadee` of Shamsud Deen As-Sakhaawi Rahimahullah)Together with the virtues, visiting theRaudha Mubaarak has always been thepractice of the Ummah since the time ofthe Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum).Mulla `Ali Qari (Rahimahullah) the greatQari, Mufassir, Muhaddith and Faqeeh writes: Visiting Rasulullah (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam) is one of the greatest actsof worship, most virtuous of deeds, mostpromising means of attaining high ranksand is close to the position of thecompulsory actsaccordingto theconsensus of the Muslims, regardless of17 20. those who oppose this view. (ManaasikMulla `Ali Qari pg. 502)By this last statement Mulla `Ali Qari(Rahimahullah) refers to some people whodo not ascribe to any Mazhab. Under thepretext of directly following the Quraanand Hadeeth they contradict the entireUmmah and baselessly claim that it isimpermissibletotravel to MadinahMunawwarah with the intention of visitingRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).However, this view is against the practiceof the Sahaabah and Taabi`een and is thedirect result of abandoning the followingof the illustrious Imaams of Fiqh.18 21. Qaadhi`Iyaadh (Rahimahullah)says:Visiting the Qabr of Rasulullah (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam) is an accepted andunanimously agreed practice amongst theMuslims and an encouraged virtuousdeed. (Shifaaus Siqaam pg. 53)Etiquettes of visiting the RaudhaMubaarak:When visiting the Raudha Mubaarak issuch an important and meritorious act,then obviously it deserves utmost respectand etiquette. There are many etiquettesof visiting the Raudha Mubaarak, thedetails of which are not within the scope19 22. of this article. However a few shall belisted below: In principle, we should understandthat during the entire journey toMadinah Munawwarah and the visit tothe RaudhaMubaarak,the mainelement is love. If one has true lovefor Rasulullah(SallallahuAlaihiWasallam), then no one needs toinstruct him how he should conducthimself in the esteemed presence ofRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).All theseetiquetteswouldbedisplayed instinctively by him. 20 23. The intention for visiting MadinahMunawwarah should be purely to visitRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). One should not feel that he is visitinga dead person, rather it is the belief ofthe Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa`ah thatRasulullah(SallallahuAlaihiWasallam) is alive in his grave. (Refer toShifaaus Siqaam, Alqoulul Badee` and otherdetailed books on this subject.) Upon reaching Madinah Munawwarah,one should settle down as quickly aspossible (without rushing), take abath, wear ones best clothes andapply `Itr (as one does on the days ofJumu`ah and `Eid).21 24. Proceed to the Musjid Nabawi keepingin mind the sacredness of the landupon which one is walking. Beabsolutely grateful to Allah Ta`ala forbestowing one with thisgreatopportunity despite not being worthyof it. It is preferable to give some Sadaqahbefore presentingoneselfattheRaudha Mubaarak. Enter the Musjid fulfilling all theetiquettes. Read two Rakaats of Tahiyyatul Musjid,preferably in the Riyaadhul Jannah if22 25. possible, otherwise in any other placein the Musjid. Engage in Du`aa, by firstly thankingAllah Ta`ala for affording one thisgreatopportunity andsecondlybegging Him for His forgiveness.Thereafter, one should implore AllahTa`ala to cleanse ones heart and makeone befitting of appearing before theaugust presenceofRasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Proceed to the Raudha Mubaarak withutmostrespect, with the heartbrimming with the love of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and with 23 26. the tongue constantly engaged inDurood. Present oneselfbefore Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and offerones Salaam to him imagining himreplying to the Salaam and with thefull conviction that he does reply tothe Salaam. Instead of reading the Salaam from acard or book in parrot-fashion, oneshould rather offer short forms ofSalaam with full concentration, e.g.As Salaatu was Salaamu `alaika yaRasulallah or As Salaamu `alaikaAyyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi waBarakaatuh.24 27. Convey the Salaams of others in thismanner, As Salaatu was Salaamu`alaika ya Rasulallah min (the personsname). Request Rasulullah (Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam) for his intercession on theDay of Qiyaamah. Engage in Du`aa to Allah Ta`ala for allones needs. There is great hope ofthis Du`aa being accepted. Remain standing in front of theRaudha Mubaarak for as long as oneremains focused. Move slightly to the right and offerSalaam to Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anhu)25 28. in these words, As Salaamu `alaika yaAba Bakr, and move further to theright and offer Salaam to `Umar(RadiyallahuAnhu) saying, AsSalaamu `alaika ya `Umar.If one follows these few guidelines, withconcentration and the correct frame ofmind, it will be a means of receivingtremendous benefit from this visit to theRaudha Mubaarak, Insha-Allah.MayAllah Ta`ala bless us with theopportunity of presenting our impuresouls and bodies in the esteemed court ofRasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) overand over again with true love and respect, 26 29. and then returning from there purifiedand forgiven, Aameen. 27 30. Significant places in Madinah MunawwarahThe entire city of Madinah Munawwarah isblessed. Just as the soil of MadinahMunawwarah is sacred, likewise the skiesabove Madinah Munawwarah are alsoblessed. The city which was chosen to bethe residence of the Greatest of allhumanity and the Leader of the Prophets(Alayhimus Salaam) can never be just likeany other ordinary tract of land. AllamahSamhoodi (Rahimahullah)enumeratesninety nine virtues of MadinahMunawwarah in his magnum opus, Wafaaul Wafaa, and thereafter adds, thesewere the virtues that I could remember.28 31. However, the reality is that Barakaat(special blessings of Allah Ta`ala) arewidespread all over the entire city.However, there are certain places withinMadinah Munawwarah that have additionalsignificance. The purpose for visitingthese places should be to rekindle theImaani spirit within ourselves and ourfamilies. It must not be a mere tour ofthese Mubaarak places. Rather, we shouldreturn filled with the great wealth ofImaan, admiration, respect, and love fo...</p>