Mirko Grcic - Srpska Sakralna Geografija

  • Published on
    13-Apr-2015

  • View
    127

  • Download
    9

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<p>K</p> <p>BULLETIN OF THE SERBIAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY 2010. XC - . 3 YEAR 2010 TOME XC - N 3O UDC 911.3:2:380.8 DOI:10.2298/GSGD1003023G</p> <p> A *11</p> <p> , 3/3, , </p> <p>: . , , . . , . : , , , .</p> <p> . , . , . , . , , , . , , , , , . . (Religious Conference Managgement Association), . 4,4 14,7 . 1994. 2006. (www.rcmaweb.org). , . ( ), * E-mail: mirko@gef.bg.ac.rs 146010 .</p> <p>24</p> <p>(), ( ), (), (), ( ), (). , . . , ( Hagia Polis ). ( ) . , ( ., 1926. . 264). (), 2 , , . . . ( 326-333 .) . (614 .). (1149 .), , , , . : ( : ), ( Anastasis . ), , . , . , . , , . . . , omphalos . . . : (Via Dolorosa) (Via Crucis), , ; ( ), , , . , , , , . , ( ), , ; 3 . , ( , , 1, 6-12), , 40 . ( , , , , . ). . . , . 4</p> <p>2 , , . , . , calvaria, . , . . . , , axis mundi, . 3 gat emanim . 4 , , , .</p> <p>25</p> <p> : - . , ; - . . . ; . ; - . , ; - , . ; . , . (. ) , . . . . , () . . . . , , . , , . , , . XVII . 40 . , , , . , , . . (230 km --), . , (280337), , 330. , , . (527565) . , . , , 3000 ( ), . VI , , . , (uruvija M., 2007). (2.285 m . .) ( ). 750 , , , . , 3750 , . . ,</p> <p>26</p> <p> . , , . . , , . , , . , , 6 10 . - . . . - (). 330. . . . 353. . 451. . . . , - . , (4190 m . .), . 11 (XII-XIII .), : (6 ) (4 ), . ( ). . (-), (-), , . , . . ( ). . (-), . (-), (-) , (-). . . . , , . (Bidder I., 1959). , 1000 . . . . , XIIXIII , (Grupa autora, 1990, . 96-102). , ( ) ( ., 1988). XX , , , 1939. . , . , Via Recta ( ), . , , , . . , . ( , The Chapel of Hanania), . , . , . , , . . . . , , , . , . , </p> <p>27</p> <p>. . . . ( ) , . , . , , , . II . , ( ). V ., . , , . , . . , (. , . , . ) (. , . , . ). () , . : . . . . . , . . , , . , , . , . . . , , . 60 km (), , . V , . . 390. . , 412 . . , . , ( ., 1995., 255-267). , . IV . ( V VII .), - , (618. .) (630. .). (641661. .) ( ., 2008., 125). . , . . , . . , , . , . . , , . , , </p> <p>28</p> <p> . , , . . - . , () 5 . . : , , , . 1054. . . (). , . , 15 . : (), ( ), ( , ), , , , , , , , , , , , . . . : , , . , . . , . , , . , (. ). , . , . 2 . , (56 ., ), , , ( ), , , , . , , , . 500 ., 300 ., 240 ., 84 ., 50 ., 50 . , . . , , , . , , , . . 7080 . , 5</p> <p> , .</p> <p>29</p> <p> . , 3 . . 25 . , ( 4 .), (900 .), (400 .), (400 .), (300 ., ). 30 . , 5 , 3 . . , , ( 20 .). ( 10 . ) , . 6,5 . , 500 ., 1,2 ., 700 ., 1,5 . . 6 () 8 . , 6 . (2 .) (500 ., ). . (800 .), (350 .), . , . , . , , , , , , , , . , , . 1996. . 182 ., 3,6 % . . , , , , , , , , ( ). (7 .), (700 .), (500 ., ). 1 . , , , , . , , (700 .), (400 .) ( 150 .). , 700 . ( ), 120 ., 15 . ( , 8-10 .), 20 ., 10 . . </p> <p>6</p> <p> , , , . 1219. . . . . , , .</p> <p>30</p> <p> . . (. ths Hagion Oros ) (339 km2). 2.033 m . . . VII IV . X . 1913. . , . IX 1045. . , , . 963. . ( 9251002). 7 . XI . 1046. . 180 , 15.000. 1917. . 9.000 1968. . 1.600, 1971. 1145. , 1998. . 1588. , 358 . 60 , ( ., 2004). 20 : , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . ( 80 ), (15), (51) , . 12 600 . . , 11.000 . ( ., 1994., 19-20). , , , . XI , XV . 25 , : . , , , , . . , , . . 95-96 . . (), . . , 1088. . . . . , 1972. . , : 8 , , 7</p> <p> ( V ), , ; , 40 , . 8 (. panagia ), . , , , .</p> <p>31</p> <p>, . (. , ) . . , . . . , , . , . . 865. . 870. , 1870. . . , . , , . , . . X . . , . 1.147 m. . ., . X ., 2 km . XII , , , , . 1335. . 1833. . : , , 6843. (1335), 5- ( ., 2006, . 48). , , . . . 1469., 1480. 1491. , , , II. , , . , 1550. , ( ) ( ., 2006, . 58). 1833. . , , , . 36 (18391844). , ( 300) 1981. . 160 . , , , ( , ) , (XI .) , , .</p> <p>32</p> <p> . , , XIXII XIII , - ( ., 2008., . 93). 14 . . , . . , XX . , , . I , 867. 876. . , (): , ( ). , , . . 304. , Sirmijumu ( ) , ( ., 2001., . 200). I, 313. , Naissusu (). , , . . V ( 426. .) ( ., 2001., . 176). . , , . IX X ., . , 9 , VI ( ., 1998, . 124 466). , , . IX . . . () 1219. . 225 , (XXIV ). , , , , , ( , 2007). 1183. . , . . , . 34 km . 1175. ., 1000 m . . , () . (), 1171. . - , , . , XII . 1198. ., XXII , , 9</p> <p> ; .</p> <p>33</p> <p> . , . , , 1347. . ( ., 2006. . 101-103). . , , . VIII . III , . , , . . . , . . . . 1217. . . , . (1208), , (1230), . . , , . . , . . XIII . 1766. . , . , . 1234. ., , . , , . XVI . . . , 1594. ., . , 16 km , I. . 12721276. ., . , , , 1270. . , XIII ( ., 2006., . 109). 40 , . : (1307. .), (1316) (1315). - . , (1335. .) (1330), . , . . , , (XIII .), . ( XIII .), , . (XV .), . . (. 16 ), - (10 ), (5 , , , ). (, ,</p> <p>34</p> <p>, ), (, ), ( , ), ( , ). . (XII .), ( XIII XIV .), (XVII .), , . . , . . , , 1610. , , 1671. , 1665. . (12. ), 100.000 , . , ( 2001. .). , , , . ( ). (), 1. , . 10 ( ) (XIV XV ), , , . . . . (. ), ( . ) ( ). , . , 1594. , . . , . . , , . , , 1700 . . , . . , , . . (XVIXVII ). ( ) XV . . (). . , . , . , . .</p> <p>10 . 1204. . , . 1799. ., . , I. , , . , 1978. , .</p> <p>35</p> <p> 988. , , , , . XIV , 1598. . . . . ( 1744) ( 1797). - - ( 1598), (1833) (2004), . 480 13 . , 1931. ., . ( ), : XV , , , XVI . . 1377. . . ( , 1313/13141392), , . XIV . , , . - (. . ). XVXVIII . : ( 142223) . , (15591585), (1476) - (16351638). , 1919. . . , . . , . (1360 1430), 1988. . . . . - - , . XI , . - . , . . XII XVIII . , , . - 11 . ( ) 1656. . . - , . (XVII .) . , . . - - . XVIII .11</p> <p>() (. orans, orantis , ), o . , , , . .</p> <p>36</p> <p> , . . . . - , , XV . . . - . - , , 1155. . . (XIX .). 1. - , 10 . . II. - . - , . , , 1329. . . 1819. . 1977. . . 12 250.000 , . - , . 70 km , , . , . , . , . , . . . , , I. - , . . . . . - , , . 1613. . . 1652. ., . . - , ( ) . . . , , . 1395. . . , , . ( ) , . . , , , XV . . ( ) XI , . 1341. . 1393. , . . -. 150 , . , , .12</p> <p>37</p> <p> ( ., 2008, . 85). - 1380. , . . , ( ., 2009). . . , , , , . , . , , . , , , , , , , . . . . , . . (2005): , I, , . Grupa autora (1990): Svjetska kulturna i prirodna batina. INCAFO S. A. Prosvjeta, Zagreb. . (2009): , , . 13, . . (2011): , , . . (1926): . . . (1995): . , . 1 (1995). . Jackowski A. (1991): Zarys geografii pielegrzymek. ZNUJ, MVI, Prace geograficyne, z. 85, Krakow. . (1988): , . King R. (1972): The Pilgrimage to Mecca: Some Geographical and Historical Aspects, Erdkunde, Bd. 26. Heft 1/4, 1972. . . (2004): , , . . (2006): , , . . (2001): , , . Nasti D. (1997): Jerusalim - istorija i vodi, igoja, Beograd. . (2006): . . . . ( 1994): , . . (1992): , XVI , , 27-28 VIII 1991, . . (1988): (17. ), , 1988. (2007), ....., . . (2006): , , . . (2009): , , . uruvija M. (2007): Faktori razvoja turizma na Sinajskom poluostrvu. Z. Andrejevi, Beograd. . . (2008): , , . www.rcmaweb.org</p> <p>UDC 911.3:2:380.8 DOI:10.2298/GSGD1003023G</p> <p>SACRAL GEOGRAPHY OF ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY AND RELIGIOUS TOURISM MIRKO GRI*11</p> <p>University of Belgrade - Faculty of Geography, Studentski trg 3/3, Belgrade, Serbia</p> <p>Abstract: Introductory part of the paper briefly presents the case study of sacred geography. This scientific discipline, as a branch of cultural geography, deserves more attention due to the development of cultural tourism and the protection of cultural heritage in globalization. Aim is to systematize and display characteristics of sacred objects and places of pilgrimage in the traditional orthodox Christianity. The author hopes that this work will attract the attention of geographers and intellectual circles, and stimulate researchers to devote greater attention to this important and current issue. Key words: sacral geography, migration of pilgrimage, religious tourism, Orthodox Christianity</p> <p>Introduction Sacral geography is a part of cultural geography which explores the range of relationships of cultural groups to space. It examines these relationships through the prism of religious tradition, which always has a geographic component. Method of research is fundamentally different here than in the geography of religion. This is not exploring a religion in the space, but it is a space in the religion. Research has their own cultural patterns, religious texts, stereotypes of behavior, and the task of researchers is to discover the specifics of a particular religion relationship to space. Space with point of view of most religious traditions is polarized in a certain way, and aloof holy cities, rivers, mountains and other geographical areas, which have become objects of bowing, where pilgrims come. Today, the number of visitors is growing due to religious places of religious tourism development. According to the Association for religious conferences management (Religious Conference Management Association), religious tourism is booming. This segment of the tourist demand has increased from 4.4 to 14.7 million travels between the 1994th and 2006th (www.rcmaweb.org).</p> <p>The Holy Land of Christianity In early Christianity, a sort of geographical altar were the places related to the life of Jesus Christ. There are, after all, Bethlehem (his birth), Jericho (the baptism), Nazareth (early life), the region of Tiberian lakes (Wonderland), Mount Tabor (Transfiguration), Jerusalem (death and resurrection) and Mount of Olives near Bethany (Ascension). In the Christian tradition the center of the universe is Jerusalem,...</p>